Posts filtered by tags: History[x]


Frida Kahlo: The Complete Paintings Collects the Painter’s Entire Body of Work in a 600-Page, Large-Format Book

Most of us who know Frida Kahlo’s work know her self-portraits. But, in her brief 47 years, she created a more various body of work: portraits of others, still lifes, and difficult-to-categorize visions that still, 67 years after her death, feel drawn straight from the wild currents of her imagination. (Not to mention her elaborately illustrated diary, previously featured here on Open Culture.) Somehow, Kahlo’s work has never all been gathered in one place. That, along with her enduring appeal ...
Tags: Art, Facebook, Books, College, History, Bbc, Seoul, Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo, Taschen, Lozano, Kahlo, Colin Marshall, 21st Century Los Angeles, Frida Diego, Casa Azul Frida

What Makes Edward Hopper’s Nighthawks a Great Painting?: A Video Essay

“Even though you may live in one of the most crowded and busy cities on Earth, it is still possible to feel entirely alone.” Though hardly a novel sentiment, this nevertheless makes for a highly suitable entrée into a video essay on Edward Hopper’s Nighthawks. Its creator is gallerist and Youtuber James Payne, whose channel Great Art Explained has already taken on the likes of Leonardo’s Mona Lisa, Michelangelo’s David, Andy Warhol’s Marilyn Diptych, and Hieronymus Bosch’s The Garden of ...
Tags: Art, Facebook, New York, College, History, Earth, Seoul, Alfred Hitchcock, Edward, Hopper, Edward Hopper, Jo, Leonardo, Josephine, Payne, Wim Wenders

Epidemics in Western Society Since 1600: A Free Online Course from Yale University

From Yale University comes an unfortunately timely course, Epidemics in Western Society Since 1600. Recorded before the outbreak of COVID-19, the 25 lecture course, presented by historian Frank Snowden, covers the following ground: This course consists of an international analysis of the impact of epidemic diseases on western society and culture from the bubonic plague to HIV/AIDS and the recent experience of SARS and swine flu. Leading themes include: infectious disease and its impact on societ...
Tags: Facebook, Snowden, College, History, Yale, Albert Camus, Yale University, COVID, Frank Snowden

The Epic of Gilgamesh, the Oldest-Known Work of Literature in World History

You’re probably familiar with The Epic of Gilgamesh, the story of an overbearing Sumerian king and demi-god who meets his match in wild man Enkidu. Gilgamesh is humbled, the two become best friends, kill the forest guardian Humbaba, and face down spurned goddess Ishtar’s Bull of Heaven. When Enkidu dies, Gilgamesh goes looking for the only man to live forever, a survivor of a legendary pre-Biblical flood. The great king then tries, and fails, to gain eternal life himself. The story is pa...
Tags: Facebook, College, Iraq, History, Earth, Noah, Literature, Baghdad, The New Yorker, Metropolitan Museum Of Art, George, Nineveh, Gilgamesh, Utnapishtim, Enkidu, Durham NC Follow

The Meaning of Hieronymus Bosch’s Spellbinding Triptych, The Garden of Earthly Delights

Hieronymus Bosch was born Jheronimus van Aken. We know precious little else about him, not even the year of his birth, which scholar Nicholas Baum guesses must have been right in the middle of the fifteenth century. But we do know that the artist was born in the Dutch town of ‘ s-Hertogenbosch, better known as Den Bosch, to which his assumed name pays tribute. It is thus to Den Bosch that Baum travels in the The Mysteries of Hieronymus Bosch, the 1983 BBC TV movie above, in search...
Tags: Art, Facebook, Television, College, History, Bbc, Catholic, Seoul, Bosch, Erasmus, Baum, Taschen, Hieronymus Bosch, Den Bosch, Hertogenbosch, Colin Marshall

Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji: A Deluxe New Art Book Presents Hokusai’s Masterpiece, Including “The Great Wave Off Kanagawa”

Like most Japanese masters of ukiyo-e woodblock art, Katsushika Hokusai is best known mononymously. But he’s even better known by his work — and by one piece of work in particular, The Great Wave off Kanagawa. Even those who’ve never heard the name Hokusai have seen that print, arresting in its somehow calm turbulence, or at least they’ve seen one of its countless modern parodies and tributes (most recently, a large-scale homage in the medium of LEGO). But when he died in 1849, the prolific a...
Tags: Art, Facebook, Books, College, History, Seoul, Fuji, Mount Fuji, Kanazawa, Taschen, Hokusai, Kanagawa, Katsushika Hokusai, Colin Marshall, 21st Century Los Angeles, Andreas Marks

Discover Japan’s Oldest Surviving Cookbook Ryori Monogatari (1643)

Maybe your interest in Japan was first stoked by the story of the seventeenth-century sh?gun Tokugawa Ieyasu and his campaign to unify the country. Or maybe it was Japanese food. Either way, culinary and historical subjects have a way of intertwining in every land — not to mention making countless possible literary and cultural connections along the way. For the curious mind, enjoying a Japanese meal may well lead, sooner or later, to reading Japan’s oldest cookbook. Published in 1643, the su...
Tags: Facebook, Books, Japan, College, History, Food & Drink, New York Times, Korea, Tokyo, Seoul, Edo, Colin Marshall, Hiroshige, Tokyo National Museum, 21st Century Los Angeles, Max Miller

B.F. Skinner Demonstrates His “Teaching Machine,” the 1950s Automated Learning Device

The name B.F. Skinner often provokes darkly humorous references to such bizarre ideas as “Skinner boxes,” which put babies in cage-like cribs, and put the cribs in windows as if they were air-conditioners, leaving the poor infants to raise themselves. Skinner was hardly alone in conducting experiments that flouted, if not flagrantly ignored, the ethical concerns now central to experimentation on humans. The code of conduct on torture and abuse that ostensibly governs members of the...
Tags: Psychology, Facebook, Education, College, History, Harvard, Noam Chomsky, Durham NC, Skinner, American Psychological Association, Watters, Solanki, Audrey Watters, Ladies Home Journal, Abhishek Solanki, Gillian Anderson Josh Jones

A Billion Years of Tectonic-Plate Movement in 40 Seconds: A Quick Glimpse of How Our World Took Shape

We all remember learning about tectonic plates in our school science classes. Or at least we do if we went to school in the 1960s or later, that being when the theory of plate tectonics — which holds, broadly speaking, that the Earth’s surface comprises slowly moving slabs of rock — gained wide acceptance. But most everyone alive today will have been taught about Pangea. An implication of Alfred Wegener’s theory of “continental drift,” first proposed in the 1910s, that the single g...
Tags: Facebook, Science, College, History, Earth, Antarctica, Seoul, PANGEA, Alfred Wegener, Colin Marshall, 21st Century Los Angeles, Pangaea Continental, Kenorland, Dietmar Müller, Michael Tetley, Euronews Antarctica

Leon Theremin Advertises the First Commercial Production Run of His Revolutionary Electronic Instrument (1930)

“The theremin specifically, and Leon Theremin’s work in general is the biggest, fattest, most important cornerstone of the whole electronic music medium. That’s were it all began.” — Robert Moog In the mid-twentieth century, the theremin — patented by its namesake inventor Leon Theremin (Lev Sergeyevich Termen) in 1928 — became something of a novelty, its sound associated with sci-fi and horror movies. This is unfortunate given its pedigree as the first electronic musical instrumen...
Tags: Facebook, Music, Japan, College, History, Bbc, United States, Beethoven, Henderson, Paul Jackson, New York Philharmonic, Draper, Vallee, Josh Jones, Moog, Wendy Carlos

Watch Footage of the Allies Rolling Through a Defeated German Town in April, 1945: Restored & Colorized with AI

Early April, 1945. The Soviets are closing in on Germany, liberating Warsaw, Krakow, and Budapest. American troops have crossed the Rhine. Adolf Hitler won’t live to see May. World War II is coming to an end. This footage, taken from film by American troops in and around Nordhausen, Germany, shows the wreckage of a defeated nation. Enhanced by AI into 60fps, with color and atmospheric sound added, it’s another of YouTube’s increasing library of old footage that looks like it was sh...
Tags: Facebook, Youtube, College, Germany, San Francisco, History, Budapest, Dora, KCRW, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, National Archives and Records Administration, Warsaw Kraków, US Army Signal Corps, Nordhausen, Allies Rolling Through a Defeated German Town, Rhine Adolf Hitler

Hear Bach’s Brandenburg Concertos Played on Original Baroque Instruments

“Subtle and brilliant at the same time, they are a microcosm of Baroque music, with an astonishingly vast sample of that era’s emotional universe.” — Ted Libbey  The portfolio, the demo, the head shot, the resume…. These are not materials made for general consumption, much less the praise and admiration of posterity. But not every applicant is Johann Sebastian Bach, who wrote his six Brandenburg concertos, in essence, “because, like pretty much everyone throughout history, Bach nee...
Tags: Facebook, Music, College, History, Npr, Vivaldi, Pierre Boulez, Johann Sebastian Bach, Bach, Brandenburg, Prussia, Josh Jones, Durham NC Follow, Brandenburg Concerto, Ted Libbey, Frederick Wilhelm

Watch Artisans Make Hand-Carved Championship Chess Sets: Each Knight Takes Two Hours

Whether because of the popularity of Netflix’s The Queen’s Gambit or because of how much time indoors the past year and a half has entailed, chess has boomed lately. Luckily for those would-be chessmasters who’ve had their interest piqued, everything they need to learn the game is available free online. But the deeper one gets into any given pursuit, the greater one’s desire for concrete representations of that interest. In the case of chess players, how many, at any level, have tr...
Tags: Facebook, Games, College, India, New York City, History, Netflix, Seoul, Amritsar, Golden Temple, Marcel Duchamp, Colin Marshall, 21st Century Los Angeles, Facebook Watch Artisans Make Hand

Hiroshige, Master of Japanese Woodblock Prints, Creates a Guide to Making Shadow Puppets for Children (1842)

Even if the name Utagawa Hiroshige doesn’t ring a bell, “Hiroshige” by itself probably does. And on the off chance that you’ve never heard so much as his mononym, you’ve still almost certainly glimpsed one of his portrayals of Tokyo — or rather, one of his portrayals of Edo, as the Japanese capital, his hometown, was known during his lifetime. Hiroshige lived in the 19th century, the end of the classical period of ukiyo-e, the art of woodblock-printed “pictures of the floating world.” In that...
Tags: Art, Facebook, Japan, College, History, United States, Tokyo, Seoul, Gretel, Jim Henson, Edo, Utagawa Hiroshige, Colin Marshall, Lotte Reiniger, Hiroshige, 21st Century Los Angeles

The Intimacy of Frida Kahlo’s Self-Portraits: A Video Essay

“Culture has come to prize this quality in creative work: the ability to grab people quickly,” and “above pretty much anything else” at that. So says Evan Puschak, who should know: as the Nerdwriter, he runs a popular eponymous channel on Youtube, where everything depends on getting and holding the viewer’s increasingly fleeting attention. Even under such pressures, Puschak has managed to maintain one of the most thoughtful cultural channels around, previously featured here on Open...
Tags: Art, Facebook, College, History, Fleetwood Mac, Seoul, Edward Hopper, Evan Puschak, Jean Luc Godard, Frida Kahlo, Frida, Kahlo, Colin Marshall, Puschak, 21st Century Los Angeles

Discover the 1820’s Color-Coded System for Memorizing Historical Events, Which Resembled Modern Art (1820)

On first encountering Antoni Ja?wi?ski’s “Polish System,” I couldn’t help but think of Incan Quipu, the system that used knotted cords to keep official records. Like Quipu, Ja?wi?ski’s system of colored squares relies on an extreme shorthand to tell complex stories with mnemonic devices. But maybe that’s where the similarities end. Ja?wi?ski’s invention (circa (1820) does not so much resemble other forms of communication as it does the abstract art of the following century. “Ja?wi?ski’s Métho...
Tags: Google, Facebook, College, Time, America, History, Pitts, Josh Jones, Piet Mondrian, Quipu, Agnes Martin, Constantine the Great, Hanne Darboven, Joseph Priestley, Durham NC Follow, Emma Willard

The Conspiracy Behind the Iconic Statue, the Venus de Milo

The Venus de Milo is one of art’s most widely recognized female forms. The Mona Lisa may be the first stop on many Louvre visitors’ agendas, but Venus, by virtue of being unclothed, sculptural, and prominently displayed, lends herself beautifully to all manner of souvenirs, both respectful and profane. Delacroix, Magritte, Dali, and The Simpsons have all paid tribute, ensuring her continued renown. Renoir is that rare bird who was impervious to her 6’7” charms, describing her a...
Tags: Travel, Art, Facebook, Greece, College, France, History, David, Vatican, Hercules, Mars, Hermès, Vox, Venus, Napoleon, Louvre

The Acoustics of Stonehenge: Researchers Build a Model to Understand How Sound Reverberated within the Ancient Structure

It’s impossible to resist a Spinal Tap joke, but the creators of the complete scale model of England’s ancient Druidic structure pictured above had serious intentions — to understand what those inside the circle heard when the stones all stood in their upright “henge” position. A research team led by acoustical engineer Trevor Cox constructed the model at one-twelfth the actual size of Stonehenge, the “largest possible scale replica that could fit inside an acoustic chamber at the University of...
Tags: Facebook, England, Science, College, Bower, History, University Of Salford, Cox, Royal College of Art, Josh Jones, Trevor Cox, Nigel Tufnel, Durham NC Follow, Bruce Bower, Rupert Till

Michelangelo’s David: The Fascinating Story Behind the Renaissance Marble Creation

Like many schoolchildren, and, for that matter, Goliath, the Biblical giant who was felled by a slingshot, I am a bit of a Philistine. I admit that the first and, for a long time, primary thing that compelled me about Michelangelo’s David ( 1501-1504) was the frankness with which a certain part of his anatomy was displayed. Mugs depicting him with a strategically placed fig leaf that dissolves in response to hot liquid, Dress Me Up David fridge magnets, and an endless parade of risqué me...
Tags: Art, Facebook, Youtube, College, History, Rome, David, Florence, Rodin, Leonardo, Payne, Michelangelo, Piazza della Signoria, Duomo, Beth Harris, James Payne

How Radical Gardeners Took Back New York City

New Yorkers’ relationship to New York City community gardens is largely informed by how long we’ve lived here. Do you remember the 60s, when a fiscal crisis and white flight resulted in thousands of vacant lots and abandoned buildings in low income neighborhoods? Activists like Hattie Carthan and Liz Christy sprung from such soil, creating youth programs, hauling away debris, and putting constant pressure on elected officials to transform those urban wastelands into green oases. Verd...
Tags: Travel, Facebook, College, New York City, Environment, History, Nature, Brooklyn, Vox, Stuyvesant, Rudy Giuliani, Christy, East Harlem, New York City New York City, Ayun Halliday, Hattie Carthan

The Long-Lost Pieces of Rembrandt’s Night Watch Get Reconstructed with Artificial Intelligence Most of us know Rembrandt’s masterpiece by the name The Night Watch, but it has a longer original title: Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq. By the same token, the version of the painting we’ve all seen — whatever we happen to call it — is smaller than the one Rembrandt originally painted in 1642. “In 1715, the monumental canvas was cut down on all four sides to fit onto a wall between two ...
Tags: Art, Facebook, Technology, College, History, New York Times, Amsterdam, Rembrandt, Seoul, Rijksmuseum, Town Hall, Militia Company of District II, Frans Banninck Cocq, Colin Marshall, 21st Century Los Angeles, Nina Siegal

The Artistic & Mystical World of Tarot: See Decks by Salvador Dalí, Aleister Crowley, H.R. Giger & More

The tarot goes back to Italy of the late Middle Ages. Every day here in the 21st century, I see undeniable signs of its cultural and temporal transcendence: specifically, the tarot shops doing business here and there along the streets of Seoul, where I live. The tarot began as a deck for play, but these aren’t dealers in card-gaming supplies; rather, their proprietors use tarot decks to provide customers suggestions about their destiny and advice on what to do in the future. Over the past five ...
Tags: Art, Facebook, Games, College, History, Italy, James Bond, Salvador Dalí, Seoul, Carl Jung, Aleister Crowley, Taschen, Giger, Colin Marshall, Albert Broccoli, 21st Century Los Angeles

Every Roman Emperor: A Video Timeline Moving from Augustus to the Byzantine Empire’s Last Ruler, Constantine XI

Famed Roman orator and consul Cicero is celebrated as a staunch defender of the Republic, and of traditional Roman morality and civic virtues. He was also a shrewd opportunist who survived the Republic’s demise and lived to tell about it, although he supported Julius Caesar’s rival Pompey in the contest for control of Rome. When Caesar became a dictator, he forgave Cicero. And when Caesar was murdered, Cicero applauded: Our tyrant deserved his death for having made an exception of the on...
Tags: Facebook, College, Spain, History, Rome, Egypt, National Geographic, Istanbul, Pompey, Julius Caesar, Cicero, Banos, Augustus, Caesar, Celts, Constantinople

The NCAA "seeks immunity from the normal operation of the antitrust laws" — and loses.

In the new Supreme Court case, NCAA v. Alston. It's unanimous. Gorsuch writes the opinion. A snippet:From the start, American colleges and universities have had a complicated relationship with sports and money. In 1852, students from Harvard and Yale participated in what many regard as the Nation’s first intercollegiate competition—a boat race at Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire. But this was no pickup match. A railroad executive sponsored the event to promote train travel to the picturesque la...
Tags: Supreme Court, Education, Law, Football, Sports, West Virginia, History, Harvard, Yale, Antitrust, Ncaa, West Virginia University, Lafayette, Herald, Cuba, Princeton

Mrs Livingstone, I presume? Museum to feature role of explorer’s wife

Revamped gallery to reveal the importance – and presence – of Mary Moffat in missionary’s life and travelsDr Livingstone, the Scottish explorer and Christian missionary in Africa, was a hero for Victorian schoolboys, his reputation enhanced by exuberant biographies. But next month the reopening of a museum on the banks of the River Clyde, following a £9.1m investment, is to set his famous story in a broader context.The cliche runs that behind every great man stands a great woman. In Livingstone’...
Tags: Education, Scotland, Africa, UK News, History, Culture, Feminism, Museums, Colonialism, Christian, Exploration, Livingstone, Mary Moffat

Day of history, discussion, hope: LA County joins nation to mark first Juneteenth national holiday

Daphne Glass, 70, of Rancho Cucamonga dances during the 31st Annual Pomona Valley Juneteenth Family Jazz and Arts Festival at Ganesha Park on Saturday, June 19, 2021. The event comes after Juneteenth, a day commemorating the emancipation of African American slaves, was officially recognized as a federal holiday. (Photo by Trevor Stamp, Contributing Photographer) Community members gathered to celebrate the 31st Annual Pomona Valley Juneteenth Family Jazz and Arts Festival at Ganesha Park on Sa...
Tags: New York, Texas, News, Education, Holidays, Minneapolis, Congress, Washington, Government, Senate, US, America, Los Angeles, Sport, Joe Biden, Ap

Black history is more than Juneteenth, Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks

The first time Olani LaBeaud learned in detail about Juneteenth — a day in history that marks the end of slavery in America — was toward the end of high school, in an AP history class. She was in her first year of college at Cal State Long Beach when she heard about the Tulsa Massacre — a race riot in 1921 when mobs of White residents, some deputized and given weapons by city officials, attacked Black residents and destroyed homes, killing more than 800 people and wounding many others. LaBeaud, ...
Tags: News, Education, Minneapolis, California, America, Diversity, Sport, Joe Biden, History, Soccer, Union, Lincoln, Race Relations, Martin Luther King Jr, Jim Crow, Black

What Makes Leonardo’s Mona Lisa a Great Painting?: An Explanation in 15 Minutes

The Mona Lisa may be on display at the Louvre, but best of luck appreciating it there. The first obstacle, quite literally, is the crowd that’s always massed around it (or, in the time before social-distancing policies, was always massed around it). Even if you maneuver your way to the front of the camera-phoned throng, the painting itself hangs within a thick glass case — can’t have a repeat of the 1911 theft — and has dimensions in any event much smaller than people tend to imagine. Af...
Tags: Art, Facebook, College, History, Pablo Picasso, Seoul, Louvre, Mona Lisa, Da Vinci, Leonardo, Payne, Leonardo da Vinci, Hieronymus Bosch, James Payne, Guillaume Apollinaire, Colin Marshall

Watch an Accurate Reconstruction of the World’s Oldest Computer, the 2,200 Year-Old Antikythera Mechanism, from Start to Finish

There’s nothing like an ancient mystery, especially one as seemingly insoluble as the origins of “the world’s first computer,” the Antikythera mechanism. Discovered off the coast of the Greek island of Antikythera in 1901, the corroded collection of gears and dials seemed fake to scientists at first because of its ingeniousness. It has since been dated to 100 to 150 BC and has inspired decades of research and speculative reconstruction. Yet, no one knows who made it, and more importantly...
Tags: Facebook, Astronomy, Science, Youtube, College, History, World, Smithsonian, Josh Jones, Antikythera, Durham NC Follow, University College of London, Freeth, Tony Freeth, Adam Wojcik, Antikythera Mechanism Research Project

The Age of Cathedrals: A Free Online Course from Yale University

From Yale professor Howard Bloch comes Age of Cathedrals, an online course that offers “an introduction to some of the most astonishing architectural monuments the world has ever known—Gothic cathedrals,” including Notre Dame, Chartres, and Saint-Denis. The course description adds: “We shall study the art, literature, intellectual life, economics, and new social arrangements that arose in the shadow of the cathedrals and that were such an important part of the revival of cities in the tw...
Tags: Art, Facebook, College, History, Harvard, Yale, Online Courses, Rembrandt, Goya, Yale University, Leonardo, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Howard Bloch, Age of Cathedrals, Notre Dame Chartres

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