Posts filtered by tags: History[x]


“The Most Intelligent Photo Ever Taken”: The 1927 Solvay Council Conference, Featuring Einstein, Bohr, Curie, Heisenberg, Schrödinger & More

A curious thing happened at the end of the 19th century and the dawning of the 20th. As European and American industries became increasingly confident in their methods of invention and production, scientists made discovery after discovery that shook their understanding of the physical world to the core. “Researchers in the 19th century had thought they would soon describe all known physical processes using the equations of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell,” Adam Mann writes at Wired. But “t...
Tags: Google, Science, College, Jerusalem, History, Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein, Brussels, Marie Curie, Einstein, Facebook Twitter, Redditor, Mann, Solvay, Josh Jones, James Clerk Maxwell

How Levi’s 501 Jeans Became Iconic: A Short Documentary Featuring John Baldessari, Henry Rollins, Lee Ranaldo & More In his memoir Living Carelessly in Tokyo and Elsewhere, the American Japanologist John Nathan remembers evenings in the 1960s spent with Yukio Mishima, whose work he translated into English. “I listened raptly as he recited passages from The Tale of the Heike that revealed the fierceness and delicacy of Japan’s warrior-poets, or showed me the fine calibration of the Chinese spectrum,” Nathan writes. “One night he stood up abruptly from behind h...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Fashion, Japan, California, College, History, Neil Young, Marlon Brando, Tokyo, Henry Rollins, Seoul, Levi, Tom, Facebook Twitter, Nathan

A 3,000-Year-Old Painter’s Palette from Ancient Egypt, with Traces of the Original Colors Still In It

It’s a good bet your first box of crayons or watercolors was a simple affair of six or so colors… just like the palette belonging to Amenemopet, vizier to Pharaoh Amenhotep III (c.1391 – c.1354 BC), a pleasure-loving patron of the arts whose rule coincided with a period of great prosperity. Amenemopet’s well-used artist’s palette, above, now resides in the Egyptian wing of New York City’s Metropolitan Museum of Art. Over 3000 years old and carved from a single piece of ivory, the palette is mar...
Tags: Google, Art, College, New York City, History, Egypt, Museums, Nile, White, Metropolitan Museum Of Art, Facebook Twitter, Jenny Hill, Ayun Halliday, Greg Kotis, Osiris, Akhenaton

How the Bicycle Helped Usher in the Women’s Rights Movement (Circa 1890) The early history of the bicycle did not promise great things—or anything, really—for women at the dawn of the 19th century. A two-wheeled bicycle-like invention, for example, built in 1820, “was more like an agricultural implement in construction than a bicycle,” one bicycle history notes. Made of wood, the “hobby horses” and velocipedes of cycling’s first decades rolled on iron wheels. Their near-total lack of suspension led to the epithet “b...
Tags: Google, New York, Congress, College, France, San Francisco, History, Atlantic, Ohio, Vox, Belle Epoque, Facebook Twitter, Adrienne LaFrance, Josh Jones, Susan B Anthony, London Paris

How the Bicycle Accelerated the Women’s Rights Movement (Circa 1890) The early history of the bicycle did not promise great things—or anything, really—for women at the dawn of the 19th century. A two-wheeled bicycle-like invention, for example, built in 1820, “was more like an agricultural implement in construction than a bicycle,” one bicycle history notes. Made of wood, the “hobby horses” and velocipedes of cycling’s first decades rolled on iron wheels. Their near-total lack of suspension led to the epithet “b...
Tags: Google, New York, Congress, College, France, San Francisco, History, Atlantic, Ohio, Vox, Belle Epoque, Facebook Twitter, Adrienne LaFrance, Josh Jones, Susan B Anthony, London Paris

A 16th-Century Astronomy Book Featured “Analog Computers” to Calculate the Shape of the Moon, the Position of the Sun, and More

Pop-up book enthusiasts like Ellen Rubin will know what volvelles are; you and I may not, but if you’ve ever moved a paper wheel or slider on a page, you’ve used one. The volvelle first emerged in the medieval era, not as an amusement to liven up children’s books but as a kind of “analog computer” embedded in serious scientific works. “The volvelles make the practical nature of cosmography clear,” writes Katie Taylor at Cambridge’s Whipple Library, which holds a copy of Cosmographia. “Read...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Books, Astronomy, College, History, Cambridge, Seoul, Atlas Obscura, Facebook Twitter, Johannes Kepler, Katie Taylor, Colin Marshall, Ellen Rubin, 21st Century Los Angeles, Whipple Library

A Look Inside William S. Burroughs’ Bunker When everybody had one or two vodkas and smoked a few joints, it was always the time for the blowgun. —John Giorno From 1974 to 1982, writer William S. Burroughs lived in a former locker room of a 19th-century former-YMCA on New York City’s Lower East Side. When he moved on, his stuff, including his worn out shoes, his gun mags, the typewriter on which he wrote Cities of the Red Night, and half of The Place of Dead Roads, a well-worn copy of Th...
Tags: Google, Books, College, Life, New York City, Poetry, History, Architecture, Beverly Hills, Literature, Kansas, John, Cia, Patti Smith, William, Coke

Discover the First Illustrated Book Printed in English, William Caxton’s Mirror of the World (1481)

The printing history of early English books may not seem like the most fascinating subject in the world, but if you mention the name William Caxton to a book historian, you may get a fascinating lecture nonetheless. Caxton, the merchant and diplomat who introduced the printing press to England in 1476, was an unusually enterprising figure. He first learned the trade in Cologne and was pressured to begin printing in English after the success of his translation of the Recuyell of the Historyes of...
Tags: Google, Books, England, College, History, Earth, Cologne, Francis Bacon, Royal Society, Princeton, Facebook Twitter, Troye, Meier, Josh Jones, Chaucer, Shakespeare Cervantes

20 Lessons from the 20th Century About How to Defend Democracy from Authoritarianism: A Timely List from Yale Historian Timothy Snyder

Image by Rob Kall, via Flickr Commons Timothy Snyder, Housum Professor of History at Yale University, is one of the foremost scholars in the U.S. and Europe on the rise and fall of totalitarianism during the 1930s and 40s. Among his long list of appointments and publications, he has won multiple awards for his recent international bestsellers Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin and last year’s Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning. That book in part makes the argument that...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Europe, Putin, College, Russia, America, Ukraine, History, Power, George Orwell, Yale, The Guardian, Hitler, Albert Camus, Peter Pomerantsev

Behold an Interactive Online Edition of Elizabeth Twining’s Illustrations of the Natural Orders of Plants (1868)

Of all the varied objects of creation there is, probably, no portion that affords so much gratification and delight to mankind as plants. —Elizabeth Twining “Who owned nature in the eighteenth century?” asks Londa Schiebinger in Plants and Empire, a study of what the Stanford historian of science calls “colonial bioprospecting in the Atlantic World.” The question was largely decided at the time by “heroic voyaging botanists” and “biopirates” who claimed the world’s natural resources as their ow...
Tags: Google, Europe, Books, Science, London, College, Stanford, History, Britain, Colchester, Facebook Twitter, Curtis, Dulwich Picture Gallery, Josh Jones, Kew, Werner

Flair Magazine: The Short-Lived, Highly-Influential Magazine That Still Inspires Designers Today (1950)

All magazines are their editors, but Flair was more its editor than any magazine had been before — or, for that matter, than any magazine has been since. Though she came to the end of her long life in England, a country to which she had expatriated with her fourth husband, a Briton, Fleur Cowles was as American a cultural figure as they come. Born Florence Freidman in 1908, she had performed on herself an unknowable number of Gatsbyesque acts of reinvention by 1950, when she found herself in a ...
Tags: Google, Facebook, England, Design, London, College, John Lennon, America, History, Magazines, Connecticut, Paris, Marilyn Monroe, Anna Wintour, Lucian Freud, Seoul

University College London apologises for role in promoting eugenics

Links to early eugenicists such as Francis Galton a source of ‘deep regret’ to institutionUniversity College London has expressed “deep regret” for its role in the propagation of eugenics, alongside a promise to improve conditions for disabled staff and students and a pledge to give “greater prominence” to teaching the malign legacy of the discredited movement.The formal apology for legitimising eugenics – the advocacy of selective breeding of the population often to further racist or discrimina...
Tags: Students, Education, Race, UK News, History, Higher Education, Universities, University administration, Ucl, University College London, Francis Galton, UCL (University College London, Higher education policy, institutionUniversity College London

How to Draw the Buddha: Explore an Elegant Tibetan Manual from the 18th-Century

Some religions prohibit the depiction of their sacred personages. Tibetan Buddhism isn’t quite so strict, but it does ask that, if you’re going to depict the Buddha, you do it right. Hence aids like the Tibetan Book of Proportions, which provides “36 ink drawings showing precise iconometric guidelines for depicting the Buddha and Bodhisattva figures.” That description comes from the Public Domain Review, where you can behold many of those pages. Printed in the 18th century, “the book is likely ...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Books, Tibet, College, Religion, Los Angeles, History, Nepal, Victoria, Seoul, Leonard Cohen, Buddha, Facebook Twitter, Albert Museum, Gupta

Animation Pioneer Lotte Reiniger Adapts Mozart’s The Magic Flute into an All-Silhouette Short Film (1935) When Lotte Reiniger began making animation in the late 1910s, her work looked like nothing that had ever been shot on film. In fact, it also resembles nothing else achieved in the realm of cinema in the century since. Even the enormously budgeted and staffed productions of major studios have yet to replicate the stark, quavering charm of her silhouette animations. Those studios do know full well, however, what Reiniger realized long before: tha...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Music, Indonesia, College, Germany, History, Animation, Seoul, Mozart, Gretel, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Facebook Twitter, Eastern, Colin Marshall, Papageno

Rome’s Colosseum Will Get a New Retractable Floor by 2023 — Just as It Had in Ancient Times

Rome wasn’t built in a day. But one of its most renowned attractions could be returned to its first-century glory in just two years — or at least, part of one of its most famous attractions could be. In our time, the Colosseum has long been a major Roman tourist destination–one that lacks even a proper floor. Visitors today see right through to its underground hypogeum, an impressive mechanical labyrinth used to convey gladiators into the arena, as well as a variety of other performers, willing...
Tags: Travel, Google, Facebook, College, History, Rome, Architecture, Italy, Seoul, Pompeii, Peter, Colosseum, Facebook Twitter, Verona Italy, Mueller, Colin Marshall

Antonio Gramsci Writes a Column, “I Hate New Year’s Day” (January 1, 1916)

I want every morning to be a new year’s for me. Every day I want to reckon with myself, and every day I want to renew myself. No day set aside for rest. I choose my pauses myself, when I feel drunk with the intensity of life and I want to plunge into animality to draw from it new vigour. “Everyday is like Sunday,” sang the singer of our mopey adolescence, “In the seaside town that they forgot to bomb.” Somehow I could feel the grey malaise of post-industrial Britain waft across the ocean when I...
Tags: Google, Politics, College, History, Britain, Current Affairs, Marilyn Monroe, Facebook Twitter, Josh Jones, Gramsci, Socialist Party, Marvell, Durham NC Follow, Antonio Gramsci, Andrew Marvell, Bob Dylan Woody Guthrie

Archaeologists Discover an Ancient Roman Snack Bar in the Ruins of Pompeii Have you ever wondered what generations hundreds or thousands of years hence will make of our strip malls, office parks, and sports arenas? Probably not much, since there probably won’t be much left. How much medium-density fibreboard is likely to remain? The colorful structures that make the modern world seem solid, the grocery shelves, fast food counters, and shiny product displays, will return to the sawdust from which they came. Back in ant...
Tags: Google, Greece, College, History, Bbc, Food & Drink, Italy, Starbucks, Cinnabon, Pompeii, Peter, Facebook Twitter, Josh Jones, Mount Vesuvius, Durham NC Follow, Mount Vesuvius Re Created

How Martin Luther King Jr. Got C’s in Public Speaking–Before Becoming a Straight-A Student & a World Class Orator

How many Americans have never heard the name of Martin Luther King Jr.? And indeed, gone more than half a century though he may be, how many Americans have never heard his voice, or can’t quote his words? Long though King will doubtless stand as an example of the English language’s greatest 20th-century orators, he once showed scant academic promise in that department. Tweeting out an image of his transcript from Crozer Theological Seminary, where King earned his Bachelor of Divinity, Harvard’s...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Education, College, Stanford, America, History, Albert Einstein, Philadelphia, Seoul, King, Martin Luther King Jr, Morehouse, Facebook Twitter, Carson, Morehouse College

When Albert Einstein & Charlie Chaplin Met and Became Fast Famous Friends (1930)

Photo via Wikimedia Commons “You do not really understand something unless you can explain it to your grandmother,” goes a well-known quote attributed variously to Albert Einstein, Richard Feynman, and Ernest Rutherford. No matter who said it, “the sentiment… rings true,” writes Michelle Lavery, “for researchers in all disciplines from particle physics to ecopsychology.” As Feynman discovered during his many years of teaching, it could be “the motto of all professional communicators,” The Guard...
Tags: Google, Elsa, Science, Instagram, Film, California, College, San Francisco, History, Albert Einstein, Einstein, Feynman, Charlie Chaplin, Universal Studios, Facebook Twitter, Chaplin

In 1896, a French Cartoonist Predicted Our Socially-Distanced Zoom Holiday Gatherings

Imagine that, this time last year, you’d heard that your family’s holiday gatherings in 2020 would happen on the internet. Even if you believed such a future would one day come, would you have credited for a moment that kind of imminence? Yet our videoconference toasts this season were predicted — even rendered in clear and reasonably accurate detail — more than 120 years ago. “My wife is visiting her aunt in Budapest, my older daughter is studying dentistry in Melbourne, my younger daughter i...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Technology, College, History, Budapest, Magazines, Paris, Melbourne, Seoul, Belle Epoque, Thomas Edison, Facebook Twitter, Jules Verne, Batavia, Alexander Graham Bell

Stream 48 Hours of Vintage Christmas Radio Broadcasts Featuring Orson Welles, Bob Hope, Frank Sinatra, Jimmy Stewart, Ida Lupino & More (1930-1959) The Golden Age of American Radio began in the 1930s and lasted well into the 50s. That makes nearly thirty Christmases, not one of which passed without special broadcasts by the major networks. This Christmas, thanks to The World War II News and Old Time Radio Channel on Youtube, you can experience the Golden Age’s three decades through 48 straight hours of holiday broadcasts. Strung like an audio garland in chronological order, these begin wit...
Tags: Google, Facebook, New York, Nbc, Molly, College, Orson Welles, America, History, Radio, Cbs, Seoul, Frank Sinatra, Oscar Wilde, Bob Hope, Facebook Twitter

When Our World Became a de Chirico Painting: How the Avant-Garde Painter Foresaw the Empty City Streets of 2020 This past spring, media outlets of every kind published photos and videos of eerily empty public spaces in cities like Beijing, New York, Milan, Paris, and Seoul, cities not known for their lack of street life. At least in the case of Seoul, where I live, the depopulated image was a bit of an exaggeration, but taken as a whole, these stunned visual dispatches from around the world reflected a real and sudden change in urban life caused by this ...
Tags: Google, Art, Facebook, College, History, Seoul, Florence, Dante, Jackson Pollock, Manet, Facebook Twitter, Evan Puschak, De Chirico, Colin Marshall, Giorgio de Chirico, Puschak

Why Is Napoleon’s Hand Always in His Waistcoat?: The Origins of This Distinctive Pose Explained If the name of Napoleon Bonaparte should come up in a game of charades, we all know what to do: stand up with one foot in front of the other, stick a hand into our shirt, and consider the round won. Yet the recognition of this pose as distinctively Napoleonic may not be as wide as we assume, or so Coleman Lowndes discovered in the research for the video above, “Napoleon’s Missing Hand, Explained.” Asked to act out the image of Napoleon, not all...
Tags: Google, Art, Facebook, College, Wikipedia, Russia, History, Ted, David, Bill Murray, Napoleon Bonaparte, Bill, Vox, Seoul, Charlie Chaplin, Napoleon

Three Amateur Cryptographers Finally Decrypted the Zodiac Killer’s Letters: A Look Inside How They Solved a Half Century-Old Mystery If we envision serial killers as figures who taunt law enforcement with cryptic messages sent to the media, we do so in large part because of the Zodiac Killer, who terrorized northern California in the late 1960s and early 70s. Though he seems to have stopped killing more than half a century ago, he remains an object of great fascination (and even became the subject of David Fincher’s acclaimed film Zodiac in 2007). As thoroughly as the case h...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Math, California, College, Ars Technica, History, New Orleans, Seoul, David Fincher, Zodiac, Dan Goodin, Facebook Twitter, Colin Marshall, Goodin, 21st Century Los Angeles

160,000+ Medieval Manuscripts Online: Where to Find Them

“Manuscripts are the most important medium writing has ever had,” declares the Centre for the Study of Manuscript Cultures at the Universität Hamburg. Under the influence of a certain presentist bias, this can be hard to believe. We are conditioned by what Marshall McLuhan described as The Gutenberg Galaxy: each of us is in some way what he called (in gendered language) a “Gutenberg Man.” From this point of view, “manuscript technology,” as he wrote in 1962, does “not have the intensity or powe...
Tags: Google, Books, College, History, Facebook Twitter, Josh Jones, Marshall McLuhan, McLuhan, Durham NC Follow, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Bibliotheca Palatina, Codex Gigas, Universität Hamburg, Cambridge Heidelberg Universities Behold

Isaac Newton Theorized That the Egyptian Pyramids Revealed the Timing of the Apocalypse: See His Burnt Manuscript from the 1680s

Today one can behold the pyramids of Giza and feel the temptation to believe that the ancient Egyptians knew something we moderns didn’t. Just imagine, then, what it must have felt like in the 17th century, when the recovery of lost ancient knowledge was still very much an active enterprise. Back then, no less formidable a mind than Sir Isaac Newton suspected that to understand the pyramids would be to understand much else besides, from the nature of gravity — a subject on which he would become...
Tags: Google, Facebook, College, Religion, History, Neil Degrasse Tyson, Isaac Newton, Seoul, Newton, Temple, Giza, Company, Facebook Twitter, Ezekiel, Sotheby, South Sea

When Italian Futurists Declared War on Pasta (1930) We must fight against puddles of sauce, disordered heaps of food, and above all, against flabby, anti-virile pastasciutta. —poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti Odds are Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, the father of Futurism and a dedicated provocateur, would be crestfallen to discover how closely his most incendiary gastronomical pronouncement aligns with the views of today’s low-carb crusaders. In denouncing pasta, “that absurd Italian gastronomic relig...
Tags: Google, Art, College, New York City, Georgia, History, Food & Drink, Italy, Salvador Dalí, Mussolini, Naples, Julia Child, Benito Mussolini, Moma, Facebook Twitter, Bovino

The Hertella Coffee Machine Mounted on a Volkswagen Dashboard (1959): The Most European Car Accessory Ever Made

Current auto-industry wisdom holds that no car without cup holders will sell in America. Though this also seems to have become increasingly true across the rest of the world, I like to imagine there still exists a country or two whose driving public holds fast against that particular design vulgarism. Such places would, of course, lie deep in unreconstructed Europe, where nobody can go long without coffee. The solution? The Hertella Auto Kaffeemachine, the first and only known dashboard-mounted...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Europe, Technology, College, History, Food & Drink, Wes Anderson, Serbia, Volkswagen, Seoul, Facebook Twitter, Roland Barthes, Le Corbusier, Colin Marshall, Honoré de Balzac

The Sistine Chapel of the Ancients: Archaeologists Discover 8 Miles of Art Painted on Rock Walls in the Amazon

All images by José Iriarte Over twelve thousand years ago, some of the first humans in the Amazon hunted, painted, and danced with the massive extinct mammals of the ice age: giant sloths and armadillos, ice-age horses, and mastodons…. How do we know? We have pictures, or rock paintings, rather–many thousands of them made around 12,500 years ago and only recently “found on an eight-mile rock surface along the Guayabero River the Colombian Amazon,” Hakim Bishara reports at Hyperallergic. The pre...
Tags: Google, Amazon, Art, College, History, Exeter University, Facebook Twitter, Josh Jones, Hyperallergic, Barbara Ehrenreich, Bishara, Durham NC Follow, Iriarte, José Iriarte, Hakim Bishara, Ella Al Shamahi

Why Butt Trumpets & Other Bizarre Images Appeared in Illuminated Medieval Manuscripts In illuminated manuscripts, Medieval Europe can seem more like Monty Python and the Holy Grail than the grim tales of grey-faced, mildewed kings, monks, knights, and peasants turned out by the Hollywood dozen. Yes, life could be brutal, bloody, disease-ridden, but it could also be absurdist and unintentionally hilarious, qualities that reach their apex in the weirdness of Hieronymus Bosch’s “painful, horrible” musical instruments in his Garden ...
Tags: Google, Art, Europe, Books, Hollywood, College, History, Monty Python, Bosch, Facebook Twitter, Josh Jones, Hieronymus Bosch, Durham NC Follow, Michelle Brown

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