Health


 

Discrimination may contribute to decline of 'birthweight advantage' in black immigrants

Black women have the highest prevalence of low birthweight babies compared to other racial and ethnic groups, but black immigrants typically have much better outcomes than their U.S.-born counterparts. Yet, little has been known about whether this "healthy immigrant" effect persists across generations.
Tags: Health


Using advanced microscopy techniques to see single molecules of telomerase in living cells

Canadian scientists have achieved a first in the study of telomerase, an essential enzyme implicated in aging and cancer.
Tags: Health


Brain activity studies are not as useful as previously thought

Hundreds of published studies over the last decade have claimed it's possible to predict an individual's patterns of thoughts and feelings by scanning their brain in an MRI machine as they perform some mental tasks.
Tags: Health


New technique opens the door to treating genetic forms of hearing loss

Using a new genetic engineering technique, known as base editing, researchers from Boston Children's Hospital and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, have restored hearing in mice with a known recessive genetic mutation.
Tags: Health, Harvard, Boston Children s Hospital, Broad Institute of MIT


People with severe vision loss less accurate in judging the distance of closer sounds

People with severe vision loss can less accurately judge the distance of nearby sounds, potentially putting them more at risk of injury, according to new research published in the journal Scientific Reports.
Tags: Health


AFFiRiS announces preclinical results of monoclonal antibody mAB C6-17 in Huntington's

AFFiRiS, a clinical-stage biotechnology company developing novel disease-modifying specific active immunotherapies, today announced that detailed preclinical results with its monoclonal antibody mAB C6-17 to treat Huntington's Disease were published in the peer-reviewed journal Neurobiology of Disease.
Tags: Health, HUNTINGTON


How COVID-19 affects people with Down Syndrome

A new study published in June 2020 on the preprint online server medRxiv reports on the increased risk of COVID-19 in Down Syndrome (DS) and certain characteristic features that are found in this population segment.
Tags: Health


Scientists uncover why developing nerve cells take a wrong turn

A group of scientists from CECAD, the Cluster of Excellence 'Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases,' have found a mechanism by which neurodevelopmental diseases concerning neurons can be explained: The loss of a certain enzyme, UBE2K, impeded the differentiation of stem cells by silencing the expression of genes important for neuronal differentiation and, therefore, the development and generation of neurons.
Tags: Health


Trastuzumab emtansine as a preferred second-line choice after horizontal dual blockade

Volume 11, Issue 22 of Oncotarget reported that despite relevant medical advancements, metastatic breast cancer remains an incurable disease.
Tags: Health


Study explores the role of mi RNAs in anticancer effect exerted by physical activity

Volume 11, Issue 22 of Oncotarget reported that the goal of this study was to explore the involvement of mi RNAs in beneficial effects exerted by physical activity in breast cancer prevention.
Tags: Health


Discharge-ready patients still breathing out SARS-CoV-2 particles, finds study

In just five months, the COVID-19 paralyzed huge cities, confined billions to their homes, and brought economic activity to a standstill in much of the world. Tens of thousands of patients became critically ill, overwhelming healthcare facilities. Even as many recovered and were ready to go home, a new study published in May 2020 on the preprint server medRxiv reports that a significant number of patients ready to go home still have virus particles in their exhaled breath.
Tags: Health


Chapman University survey highlights effects of COVID-19 on physical and mental health

The Chapman University National COVID-19 and Mental Health Survey provides an in-depth look at the experiences of 4,149 adults living in the United States.
Tags: Health, Chapman University, COVID, Chapman University National COVID, Mental Health Survey


Coronavirus Australia live update: NSW records one week with no community transmission as Morrison calls recession ‘heartbreaking’

Federal government unveils homebuilder stimulus as Covid-19 commissioner Nev Power appears at inquiry into government’s response to pandemic. Follow all today’s news• PM says he ‘didn’t want to see a recession ever again in Australia• Exclusive: flawed data from tiny US company used by WHO • Follow the global coronavirus live blog • Download the free Guardian app to get the most important news notifications 2.29am BST AAP has an update on WA’s biosecurity restrictions:Coronavirus-related bio...
Tags: Health, Australia, US, Australia news, Australian politics, Western Australia, Australian economy, Morrison, WA, Coronavirus outbreak, Nev Power


Genetic variations linked to COVID-19 severity

A new report by researchers from Thailand's Mahidol University and published on the preprint server medRxiv in May 2020 reports that the clinical severity of COVID-19 may be linked to the genetic makeup of the patient in addition to external factors.
Tags: Health, Thailand, Mahidol University


Tumors cause disruption of the immune system throughout the body, study finds

Cancer treatment has advanced with the advent of immunotherapies that, in some cancers, can overcome tumors' ability to evade the immune system by suppressing local immune responses.
Tags: Health


COVID-19 lockdowns negatively impact lifestyle behaviors in children with obesity

Lockdowns implemented across the world due to the COVID-19 pandemic have negatively impacted diet, sleep and physical activity among children with obesity, according to University at Buffalo research.
Tags: Health, University at Buffalo


Kawasaki-like inflammatory syndrome appears to be more common in children of African ancestry

An inflammatory syndrome in children and adolescents, believed to be linked to covid-19, seems to be more common among children of African ancestry, finds a small study from a hospital in Paris, published by The BMJ today.
Tags: Health, Paris, Bmj


AI can be used to expand the role of chest X-ray imaging in COVID-19 diagnosis

According to a recent report by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers, artificial intelligence (AI) should be used to expand the role of chest X-ray imaging -- using computed tomography, or CT -- in diagnosing and assessing coronavirus infection so that it can be more than just a means of screening for signs of COVID-19 in a patient's lungs.
Tags: Health, Johns Hopkins Medicine


Researchers investigate memory recall in healthy, older adults

Even among healthy people, a faltering memory is often an expected part of aging - but it's not inevitable.
Tags: Health


Study sheds new light on how respiratory virus breaks into cells to cause infection

New research from University of Alberta microbiologists has shed new light on how the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)--one of the most common viral infections--breaks into our cells to cause infection.
Tags: Health, University Of Alberta


Women's risk for cardiovascular disease is lower than that of men

Women's risk of falling ill with cardiovascular disease, and dying from it, is lower than that of men of the same age, irrespective of where in the world they live.
Tags: Health


A tailored public health approach could guide the next phase of COVID-19 pandemic

A tailored public health approach that accounts for variation in risks across populations, places and time could guide the next phase of Canada's coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) response, argue authors in a commentary in CMAJ.
Tags: Health, Canada


Researchers design new microfluidic device to help detect blood clots

Researchers in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Texas A&M University are working on an entirely new way to detect blood clots, especially in pediatric patients.
Tags: Health, Texas, Department of Biomedical Engineering


Coronavirus Australia live updates: Scott Morrison calls recession 'heartbreaking' as he unveils HomeBuilder stimulus – latest

Covid-19 commissioner Nev Power to appear at inquiry into government’s response to pandemic. Follow all today’s news• PM says he ‘didn’t want to see a recession ever again in Australia• Exclusive: flawed data from tiny US company used by WHO • Follow the global coronavirus live blog • Download the free Guardian app to get the most important news notifications 1.25am BST The Covid committee has got underway - Nev Power has confirmed he flew his private jet to Canberra on Monday.That’s in rela...
Tags: Health, Australia, US, Australia news, Australian politics, Canberra, Scott Morrison, Australian economy, New Guinea, Samantha Maiden, Matt Anderson, Balikpapan, Coronavirus outbreak, Nev Power, Leslie James Hanlon


Phase III clinical trial shows benefit of rituximab for pediatric Burkitt lymphoma

Results of the phase III Inter-B-NHL-ritux 2010 clinical trial reported today in the New England Journal of Medicine show 95 percent three-year survival for pediatric patients with advanced B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with the addition of anti-cancer immunotherapy rituximab to standard chemotherapy.
Tags: Health, NHL, New England Journal of Medicine, Burkitt


First hair-baring human skin organoid may one day help prevent hair loss

A new, hair-sprouting dollop of human skin created in the lab might one day help prevent hair loss.
Tags: Health


Brief animated video effective in spreading the word about antibiotic risks

Antibiotics are important drugs that can save lives, but using them too often can lead to dangerous strains of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. New Penn State research explores how to communicate risk while encouraging people to seek information on their own.
Tags: Health, New Penn State


UC physician-researcher explores why TAVR doesn't work well for some patients

A University of Cincinnati physician-researcher says unlocking the key to how platelets function before, after and during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) may provide insight as to why some patients undergoing the heart procedure have better outcomes than others.
Tags: Health, UC, University Of Cincinnati, TAVR


Artificial red blood cells mimic the favorable properties of natural ones

Scientists have tried to develop synthetic red blood cells that mimic the favorable properties of natural ones, such as flexibility, oxygen transport and long circulation times.
Tags: Health


Showers, toilets and washbasins may act as SARS-CoV-2 reservoirs despite low environmental transmission

In their new research paper currently available on the medRxiv* preprint server, scientists from the University of Bonn in Germany demonstrated that indirect environmental transmission most likely plays only a minor role in the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). However, certain potentially neglected viral reservoirs have to be taken into account when introducing epidemiological measures.
Tags: Health, Germany, University of Bonn



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