Testing reveals 11 percent of people in Geneva infected with SARS-CoV-2

Now, a team of researchers at Geneva University Hospitals has found that less than 11 percent of the population in Geneva has contracted the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Their research is published in the journal The Lancet.
Tags: Health, Geneva, Geneva University Hospitals

Controlling SARS-CoV-2 upon resumption of the Spanish football league

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic first emerged in Wuhan City, China, in December 2019. Since then, it has spread throughout the world, infecting more than 8 million people. Social distancing measures were imposed in most countries, isolating people in their homes, banning congregations, including schools, parties, and even sports events.
Tags: Health, Wuhan City China

A new technology to print 3D tissues directly in the body

In the TV series Westworld, human body parts are built on robotic frames using 3D printers. While still far from this scenario, 3D printers are being increasingly used in medicine.
Tags: Health

Multilevel interventions improve overall rate of HPV vaccinations

New research from Boston Medical Center shows that providing education and training to pediatric and family medicine providers about the importance of human papillomavirus vaccines, in tandem with healthcare systems changes including starting an HPV vaccination series before the age of 11, improves the overall rate of HPV vaccinations among adolescent patients.
Tags: Health, Boston Medical Center

Study shows how brain synapses change over the course of life

Why do children think and behave differently from adults? Why do we become forgetful in old age? Researchers have shown for the first time how the connections between the brain's nerve cells, the synapses, change over the course of life, and likely affect our processing of information.
Tags: Health

Human antibodies provide powerful protection against SARS-CoV-2 in animal tests

A team led by Scripps Research has discovered antibodies in the blood of recovered COVID-19 patients that provide powerful protection against SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes the disease, when tested in animals and human cell cultures.
Tags: Health, Scripps Research

Apotex recalls some Metformin batches due to possible carcinogen

Metformin, a prescription drug for people with type II diabetes, helps maintain blood glucose levels. Apotex Inc., a Canadian pharmaceutical corporation, is voluntarily recalling some batches of its metformin drug, sold under the brand name APO-Metformin ER (extended-release).
Tags: Health, Apotex Inc, Apotex

Alcohol taxes have never been lower, study says

Inflation has reduced American alcohol tax rates by 70% since 1933, according to a new study from Boston University School of Public Health published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
Tags: Health, Boston University School of Public Health

Artificial intelligence helps reduce 'communication gap' for nonverbal people

Researchers have used artificial intelligence to reduce the 'communication gap' for nonverbal people with motor disabilities who rely on computers to converse with others.
Tags: Health

Tracing coronavirus habitats with genomics

Now, a new study by researchers at the University of Ottawa and published on the preprint server bioRxiv in June 2020 reports the differences in genomes of viruses that are exposed to antiviral proteins vs. those that are not. This host-derived pressure on the virus to adapt may help devise newer ways to build an effective vaccine.
Tags: Health, University of Ottawa

Study reveals worrying trend of designer drug use in Australia

In a sign that designer drugs are becoming more prevalent in Australia, synthetic cathinones - commonly known as 'bath salts' - have been detected in the nation's wastewater in the largest study of its kind in the country.
Tags: Health, Australia

Millimeter-thick cell-laden hydrogel fiber helps control blood glucose in diabetic mice

Type 1 diabetes mellitus results from an irreversible autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic β-cells requiring life-long substitution of insulin.
Tags: Health

Breakthrough drug significantly delays onset of type 1 diabetes, study finds

Emily Sims, M.D. today shared new findings that a breakthrough drug significantly delays the onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D).
Tags: Health, Emily Sims

Inhaled steroids reduce ACE2 expression in COPD lungs

A new study by scientists at Imperial College London, University of Newcastle and Prokarium, and published on the preprint server bioRxiv* in June 2020 examines the role played by inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in the risk of acquisition of COVID-19 infection by COPD patients.
Tags: Health, Imperial College London University of Newcastle

Study delves into causes of post-trauma nightmare occurrences

It's been estimated that up to 88% of survivors of rape or molestation suffer from persistent nightmares that can occur multiple times per week, seemingly at random.
Tags: Health

Trio of studies identifies new human antibodies that target SARS-CoV-2 virus

A trio of papers describes several newly discovered human antibodies that target the SARS-CoV-2 virus, isolated from survivors of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV infection.
Tags: Health

Genetic marker may predispose African Americans to cardiac complications from COVID-19

Nearly one out of every 10 African Americans has a genetic variant that puts them inherently at an increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death.
Tags: Health, COVID

U.S. and European SARS CoV-2 mutation enhances transmission, increases infectivity

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that is causing the COVID-19 pandemic across the world has undergone a genetic mutation in the density of functional spikes on the virus, says a new study. This has led the virus to become highly infectious and easily transmissible between humans.
Tags: Health

Researchers report the prevalence of COVID-19 infections in pregnant women

Universal testing of pregnant women admitted to labor and delivery units is part of a multipronged approach to reducing transmission of the virus that causes COVID-19 in hospitals and clinics.
Tags: Health

Irregular circadian rhythm in older adults associated with increased risk of Parkinson disease

Older men who have a weak or irregular circadian rhythm guiding their daily cycles of rest and activity are more likely to later develop Parkinson's disease, according to a new study by scientists at the UC San Francisco Weill Institute for Neurosciences who analyzed 11 years of data for nearly 3,000 independently living older men.
Tags: Health, Parkinson, UC San Francisco Weill Institute for Neurosciences

COVID-19 linked to drop in pediatric asthma emergency department utilization

The number of patients visiting the emergency department for asthma treatment dropped by 76% in the first month of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study by researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
Tags: Health, Children s Hospital

Researchers examine how neurons represent the direction of a moving object during self-motion

Our brains use various reference frames--also known as coordinate systems--to represent the motion of objects in a scene.
Tags: Health

TB transmission from animals to humans may be much higher than previously estimated

The number of human tuberculosis cases that are due to transmission from animals, as opposed to human-to-human transmission, may be much higher than previously estimated, according to an international team of researchers.
Tags: Health

Experimental drug to prevent deadly blood coagulation in patients with COVID-19

The British Heart Foundation is funding a trial for an experimental drug that could prevent the life-threatening blood clots that are seen in the lungs of the patients with COVID-19 or those infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The drug named TRV027 is said to normalize the hormonal imbalance that can be seen in patients developing COVID-19, experts said.
Tags: Health, British Heart Foundation

Electronic health information exchange increases disease reporting and completeness of information

Disease tracking is an important area of focus for health departments in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Tags: Health

Stanford researchers test the first biohybrid version of artificial synapse

In 2017, Stanford University researchers presented a new device that mimics the brain's efficient and low-energy neural learning process.
Tags: Health, Stanford, Stanford University

Vegetarians have lower BMI and are less extroverted than meat-eating people

According to a survey by the Allensbach Institute, more than 6.1 million Germans stated last year that they were vegetarians, 400,000 more than two years earlier.
Tags: Health, Allensbach Institute

Red Cross to begin testing donor blood for Covid-19 antibodies

The American Red Cross will now test all blood, plasma and platelet donations for Covid-19 antibodies, the organization said Monday.
Tags: Health, Red Cross, COVID

Common cholesterol-lowering drug linked to improvement in gut microbiota

There is a clear link between improved gut microbiota and one of our most common cholesterol-lowering drug groups: statins.
Tags: Health

GLP-1-based medicine for diabetic patients does not cause pancreatitis

About 50,000 Danish diabetic patients are treated with GLP-1-based medicine. GLP-1 is a hormone that reduces the blood sugar and inhibits the appetite, and it is a frequent treatment for type 2 diabetes and obesity.
Tags: Health

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