Health


 

Platelets may be contributing to COVID-19

The current pandemic of COVID-19 is characterized mainly by severe acute respiratory distress of the lungs, but other organ dysfunctions are also being observed, including the heart and blood vessels. Now, a new paper published on the preprint server medRxiv* in June 2020 describes the abnormal activation of platelets in this disease and the link between this phenomenon and poor outcomes for COVID-19 patients.
Tags: Health


Researchers create a web-based COVID-19 knowledge base powered by AI

Researchers from Florida Atlantic University's College of Engineering and Computer Science, in collaboration with FAU's Schmidt College of Medicine, have received a one-year, $90,000 National Science Foundation RAPID project grant to conduct research using social networks and machine learning, facilitated by molecular genetics and viral infection, for COVID-19 modeling and risk evaluation.
Tags: Health, National Science Foundation, FAU, Schmidt College of Medicine, COVID


Whole genome sequencing can improve diagnosis and treatment of patients with rare diseases

A research programme pioneering the use of whole genome sequencing in the NHS has diagnosed hundreds of patients and discovered new genetic causes of disease.
Tags: Health, NHS


Study examines statin use among nursing home residents nearing the end of life

Cardiovascular disease (also called heart disease) is one of the most common medical conditions older adults face. In nursing homes, almost half of all older adult residents have been diagnosed with problems affecting the heart and/or blood vessels.
Tags: Health


Study: Linking hospital and other databases can predict risk of opioid overdoses

A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that the odds of a fatal opioid overdose were 1.5 times higher for individuals with one to two visits to the emergency department for any medical issue than for people with no hospital visits.
Tags: Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health


International trial shows better option for treating people with inoperable anal cancer

People with inoperable anal cancer treated with carboplatin-paclitaxel had fewer complications and lived longer than those who received another chemotherapy that has been more often administered.
Tags: Health


Researchers examine deintensification of diabetes treatment for older adults with limited life expectancy

One in four people aged 65 or older has diabetes. The disease is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States and a major contributor to heart disease.
Tags: Health, United States


Making AI systems to diagnose more like a doctor

Artificial intelligence (AI) is an important innovation in diagnostics, because it can quickly learn to recognize abnormalities that a doctor would also label as a disease.
Tags: Health


A 'quick and easy' COVID-19 test developed for population-scale screening

Global endeavors to fight the Covid-19 pandemic heavily rely on accurate, fast and frequent tests for the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 - "test, test, test", as the World Health Organization has bluntly put it.
Tags: Health, World Health Organization


A stereo sense of smell subconsciously guides navigation in humans

"If in doubt, always follow your nose," said Gandalf in The Lord of the Rings. Despite Gandalf's advice, humans tend to regard themselves as "microsmatic" - having a poor sense of smell.
Tags: Health, Gandalf


New project aims to track coronavirus using human waste

Recent studies in the Netherlands and other places have shown that the presence of SARS-Coronavirus-2, or the novel coronavirus, can be detected in human waste.
Tags: Health, Netherlands


A metabolic enzyme drives B cell lymphomas and could be a potential drug target

Scientists at the Sloan Kettering Institute have found that increased activity of a normal metabolic enzyme can lead to cancer. The enzyme, SHMT2, is a driver of a large portion of B cell lymphomas and could be a potential drug target.
Tags: Health, Sloan Kettering Institute


Study finds entry point for curbing the evolution of antibiotic resistance

The team of Professor Tobias Bollenbach from the Institute for Biological Physics at the University of Cologne has published a study on a new approach to improving the effectiveness of antibiotics in bacterial infections.
Tags: Health, Tobias Bollenbach


Coronavirus has infected 220 LA Police Department staff, 60 Fire Department employees as of Wednesday

A total of 220 members of the Los Angeles Police Department and 60 employees with the  city’s fire department have contracted coronavirus as of Wednesday, June 24, officials said. As many as 113 police staff and 30 members of the fire department have since recovered and returned to duty, Los Angeles Police Officer Tony Im and officials with the city’s Emergency Operations Center said. Most of the currently infected patients were recovering at home, however several police department employees rem...
Tags: Health, News, Police, Los Angeles, Sport, Public Health, Soccer, Disneyland, Local News, Lapd, San Pedro, Los Angeles County, Fire Department, Los Angeles Police Department, San Fernando Valley, Schiff


Gov. Gavin Newsom (D-CA) issued a public warning a...

Gov. Gavin Newsom (D-CA) issued a public warning as new coronavirus cases in California reached a record high.
Tags: Health, California, Gavin Newsom


Coronavirus Australia update: Victoria records 33 new Covid-19 cases and Qantas says it will cut 6,000 jobs – live news

State’s rise in cases continues as Victorian premier Daniel Andrews announces ‘suburban testing blitz’. Follow liveVictoria’s spike in cases continuesQantas announces job cuts, restructuring and recapitalisingFollow our global coronavirus live blogDownload the free Guardian app to get the most important news notifications 2.35am BST Further to that post about the ABS job vacancies is this statement from the bureau:Job vacancies in the private sector fell by 45 per cent, and by 29 per cent in...
Tags: Health, Business, Australia, Australia news, Australian politics, Sydney, Qantas, Victoria, Melbourne, Scott Morrison, Daniel Andrews, Australian economy, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Gladys Berejiklian, Coronavirus outbreak


Increase in sedentary behavior can contribute to cardiovascular health deterioration

The adverse side effects of the social isolation measures implemented to combat COVID-19 include an increase in sedentary behavior and physical inactivity, which can contribute to a deterioration in cardiovascular health even in the short term. Older people and people with chronic diseases tend to be most affected.
Tags: Health


PCOS subtypes associated with distinct genetic variations, finds study

Researchers working on a National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded study found that polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has distinct subtypes that are associated with genetic variations.
Tags: Health, National Institutes of Health NIH


Short-term exposure to low level air pollution can affect gene expression

New data from a landmark study by Monash University researchers raises concerns that even short-term exposure to low level air pollution can affect gene expression, leaving us at risk of diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
Tags: Health, Monash University


High deductible health plans are widening racial health gaps, study says

First-of-its-kind study finds that black cancer survivors on these plans are far more likely to struggle to afford health care and medicine than their white counterparts, while black and white cancer survivors on other types of plans are equally unlikely to face these challenges.
Tags: Health


School nurses critical to safe reopening of schools

Sudden school closures in the United States were undertaken to reduce COVID-19 transmission this spring. Those closures were not typical, and how and when schools reopen will create a set of new norms, with unique stressors for students, families, school personnel, and communities.
Tags: Health, United States


Study identifies world's first genetic and environmental risk factor for common childhood epilepsy

A new study of childhood epilepsy has identified the world's first environmental risk factor for the disease - maternal smoking in pregnancy, and discovered a new genetic association with the condition, pointing to potential new treatments for the disease.
Tags: Health


Tiny protein in mitochondria has a big impact on health and longevity, study shows

A new study led by researchers at the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology is the first to demonstrate that a tiny protein has a big impact on health and longevity in both animals and humans.
Tags: Health, USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology


New assay rapidly tests SARS-CoV-2 neutralization and screens antivirals

Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, have developed a new platform that can rapidly test neutralizing antibody activity against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and perform high-throughput screening of potential antiviral agents.
Tags: Health, University of Texas Medical Branch Galveston


Effective neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 by synthetic nanobodies targeting the spike protein

In their recent bioRxiv paper, a multinational group of researchers reported rapid isolation and characterization of nanobodies from a synthetic library (known as sybodies) that target the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein – with a strikingly high neutralization ability.
Tags: Health


Bayer settles lawsuits from cancer patients over Roundup weed killer in $10 billion agreement

The settlement, which covers most of the lawsuits claiming Roundup can cause cancer, is not an admission of liability or wrongdoing, Bayer says.
Tags: Health, Bayer


One person has died and 465 people have gotten sick after interacting with pet poultry

One person has died and 86 have been put into the hospital in the latest outbreak of salmonella connected to pet poultry, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Wednesday.
Tags: Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Coronavirus Australia update: Qantas says it will cut 6,000 jobs – live news

Collapse of billions of dollars in revenue leaves little choice, Alan Joyce says. Follow latestQantas announces job cuts, restructuring and recapitalisingFollow our global coronavirus live blogDownload the free Guardian app to get the most important news notifications 12.28am BST It’s Thursday, which means it is ‘Peter Dutton on Ray Hadley love in day’ - but not today!The Sydney radio 2GB shockjock just said Dutton was on leave “for a couple of weeks”. 12.22am BST Some context for the ar...
Tags: Health, Business, Christopher Nolan, Australia, Australia news, Australian politics, Sydney, Qantas, Melbourne, Scott Morrison, Peter Dutton, Daniel Andrews, Australian economy, Dutton, Alan Joyce, Ray Hadley


ACE inhibition in kidney could influence pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2

The dynamics of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) expression in the kidney could have implications for the infectivity and pathogenicity of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), say researchers.
Tags: Health


Preventing a plague: fighting Kenya's locusts

Locust-trackers in Kenya are fighting to control the country's worst invasion of locusts for more than 70 years.
Tags: Health, Kenya



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