Research looks at aerobiomes, trees and implications for public health

In a recent bioRxiv preprint paper, Jake M. Robinson and colleagues study the dynamics of 'aerobiome' - the collection of microorganisms in a given airspace, with respect to the height from the ground level.
Tags: Health, Jake M Robinson

MIT researchers unravel the molecular structure of key coronavirus protein

MIT chemists have determined the molecular structure of a protein found in the SARS-CoV-2 virus. This protein, called the envelope protein E, forms a cation-selective channel and plays a key role in the virus's ability to replicate itself and stimulate the host cell's inflammation response.
Tags: Health, Mit

Women with kidney failure have low rates of contraceptive use, research finds

New research from the University of Cincinnati finds that women with kidney failure have low rates of contraceptive use.
Tags: Health, University Of Cincinnati

Study reveals a previously undetected repertoire of cancer driver genes

A new study, led by researchers from the University of California, Irvine, has deepened the understanding of epigenetic mechanisms in tumorigenesis and revealed a previously undetected repertoire of cancer driver genes.
Tags: Health, University of California Irvine

Hearing test could help identify newborns with autism

For years, researchers have known through numerous studies that hearing and other sensory systems of adults and children who have autism differ from children or adults without autism.
Tags: Health

Some people had non-neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 prior to COVID-19

A recent study examined several medical records and found that while past human coronavirus exposures are not linked to decreased SARS-CoV-2 infections, they are associated with reduced COVID-19 severity.
Tags: Health

Individuals with spinal cord injury show improvements in mobility with exoskeleton-assisted walking

Exoskeletal-assisted walking is safe, feasible, and effective in individuals disabled by spinal cord injury, according to the results of a federally funded multi-site randomized clinical trial.
Tags: Health

Study: E-cigarette users have 43% increased risk of developing respiratory disease

A growing body of evidence points to the health risks of using e-cigarettes (or "vaping"). But because e-cigarettes are marketed as a less harmful alternative to traditional cigarettes, it has been difficult to tell whether the association between vaping and disease is just a matter of smokers switching to vaping when they start experiencing health issues.
Tags: Health

Neuroscientists identify astrocytes as master 'conductors' of the brain

In the orchestra of the brain, the firing of each neuron is controlled by two notes--excitatory and inhibitory-- that come from two distinct forms of a cellular structure called synapses.
Tags: Health

Study identifies potential treatment to postpone development of osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA), a widely acknowledged cause of disability that affects patients' quality of life and has significant economic impact through healthcare costs and loss of earnings.
Tags: Health

Study helps quantify racial and ethnic disparities in pediatric diabetes treatment

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the third most common pediatric chronic disease in the United States, and the risk of the disease has risen sharply in non-Hispanic Black (NHB) children in the last 20 years, data show.
Tags: Health, United States

New model can predict the risk of adverse side effects of cancer treatment

The risk of serious adverse effects on the blood status and bone marrow of patients during chemotherapy can be predicted by a model developed at Linköping University, Sweden.
Tags: Health, Linkoping University

Nearly two in five Americans likely to attend large holiday gatherings despite COVID-19

A new national survey by The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center finds that although a majority of Americans plan to take precautions at holiday gatherings, such as social distancing and asking those with COVID symptoms not to attend, many will also put themselves at risk.
Tags: Health, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

JNCCN: Cost-effectiveness of olaparib for metastatic pancreatic cancer

Studies have shown that utilizing a PARP inhibitor in the management of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer who harbor BRCA 1/2 mutations is clinically beneficial.
Tags: Health

COVID-19 pandemic associated with patient willingness to enroll in cancer clinical trials

A significant portion of cancer patients may be less likely to enroll in a clinical trial due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.
Tags: Health

250,000 cases of child abuse or neglect may have gone unreported in U.S. COVID pandemic

A recent study published in the journal Child Abuse and Neglect has reported that the number of child maltreatment reports and child welfare interventions decreased significantly in New York City during the initial phase of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
Tags: Health, New York City, Child Abuse And Neglect

Hantavirus can also be transmitted by wild or domesticated rats

A group of researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have confirmed Germany's first-ever case of animal-to-human transmission involving a specific species of virus known as the 'Seoul virus'.
Tags: Health, Germany, Seoul, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin

Scott Morrison says national cabinet endorses national vaccination policy – live news

PM and premiers meet as Covid-19 cases plummet; state of the climate report contains bleak weather warning; Australians brace for war crimes investigation. Follow all the latest news and updates, live 2.35am GMT But from everything Scott Morrison was saying, then doesn’t it follow that Australia won’t be accepting international students until there is a vaccine?Morrison:I don’t know if night follows day in that way. I mean, the key constraint at the moment, in people coming in, is the capac...
Tags: Health, Australia, Australia news, Australian politics, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Pfizer, Scott Morrison, Western Australia, Paul Kelly, Coronavirus

Mink farms potential viral reservoirs for SARS-CoV-2

A new study published in the journal Science in November 2020 describes the probable transmission of the virus between farmed minks and humans working on the mink farm, even with biosecurity measures in place and the culling of infected farms as soon as an infection is reported.
Tags: Health

New prediction model may make it easier to find which infants will develop NAS

A new Vanderbilt-designed prediction model may make it easier to determine which infants will go on to develop neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), a drug withdrawal syndrome in newborns that occurs after exposure to opioids during pregnancy.
Tags: Health, Nas, Vanderbilt

Bispecific sybodies show potential against SARS-CoV-2

As the search for effective antivirals against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues, a new study published on the preprint bioRxiv in November 2020 discusses the role of synthetic nanobodies or sybodies in neutralizing the virus by binding to its receptor-binding domain (RBD) on the spike protein.
Tags: Health

World Health Assembly endorses new road map for neglected tropical diseases for 2021−2030

Today, delegates attending the virtual session of the Seventy-third World Health Assembly overwhelmingly endorsed the new road map for neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) for 2021−2030.
Tags: Health, World Health Assembly

Promising SARS-CoV-2 N epitope for more accurate diagnostic and surveillance antibody testing

A new study published on the preprint server bioRxiv in November 2020 describes the virus's N protein as a promising epitope for serology.
Tags: Health

Global measles cases increase to 869,770 in 2019

Measles surged worldwide in 2019 reaching highest number of reported cases in 23 years. Highlighted in a publication by the World Health Organization and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, measles cases worldwide increased to 869,770 in 2019, the highest number reported since 1996 with increases in all WHO regions.
Tags: Health, World Health Organization

Exercise classes decrease loneliness and social isolation in older adults

Older adults who joined group exercise classes experienced decreased loneliness and social isolation, according to a new Cedars-Sinai study conducted before the COVID-19 pandemic.
Tags: Health

Many women consider using cannabis to treat gynecological conditions

A significant number of women would consider using cannabis to treat gynecological conditions, primarily gynecological pain.
Tags: Health

SARS-CoV-2-induces temporary loss of smell in mice

Now, a new study published on the preprint server bioRxiv in November 2020 presents the onset of olfactory dysfunction (loss of smell) in mice infected with the virus, examining this process at the cellular level. In doing so, this study throws more light on this curious symptom and COVID-19’s manifestations outside the lungs.
Tags: Health

Modeling suggests lower COVID-19 cases in Lombardy's second wave

Researchers found a negative association between the number of excess deaths during the first wave of the epidemic and the number of second-wave cases. This could be because of both a sort of herd immunity and changes in behavioral response.
Tags: Health, Lombardy

UC Davis First In Region For Rapid Test That Detects COVID-19 And Flu

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Tags: Health, News, Time, Local, Seen On, Syndicated Local, Sacramento, Davis, Cbs, Flu, UC Davis, Biden, Tran, UC Davis School of Medicine, Nam Tran, Coronavirus

Convalescent plasma in COVID-19 can be effective, especially early in disease

A team of researchers in the United States have conducted an extensive literature review looking at the usage of convalescent plasma from recovered COVID-19 patients to treat those with an impaired immune system. Their study, titled “Therapeutic use of convalescent plasma in COVID-19 patients with immunodeficiency: A systematic review,” has been released on medRxiv*, the preprint server.
Tags: Health, United States

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