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Psychology Around the Net: February 16, 2019

Are you ready to get all the latest on whether or not talking to bots is good for your mental health, how your occupation can affect how effective your depression treatments are, and the difference between shameful secrets and guilty secrets (and which ones hurt us more)? We hope so, because we have all that and more in this week’s Psychology Around the Net! Can Talking to a Bot Help You Feel Better? Maybe…but at what cost? Says psychologist and MIT professor Sherry Turkle: “We expect more fr...
Tags: Psychology, Motivation, Technology, Sleep, Study, Research, Mit, Depression, Treatment, Anxiety, Guilt, Sexuality, Sex Life, Columbia University, Bots, Asmr


New technique uses acoustic waves to measure the stiffness of living cells

MIT engineers have devised a new, noninvasive way to measure the stiffness of living cells using acoustic waves. Their technique allows them to monitor single cells over several generations and investigate how stiffness changes as cells go through the cell division cycle.
Tags: Health, Mit


Insulin in a pill from MIT researchers

People who need daily injections such as those with Type 1 diabetes would be happy to know that researchers at the MIT have come up with a specially devised pill that could deliver injections when swallowed.
Tags: Health, Mit


Syringe-pill injects you on the inside

Biomedical engineers prototyped a pill that integrates a syringe to inject insulin into the floor of the stomach. From Science News: The shape is designed to guide the device to rest, cap down, on the floor of the stomach. There, it sticks a needle tip composed almost entirely of insulin a few millimeters into the mucus membrane lining the stomach. Once the insulin needle tip dissolves, the device passes through the rest of the digestive system. Thanks to the dearth of sharp pain receptors ...
Tags: Post, News, Medicine, Boston, Medical, Mit, Diabetes, Biomedical, Brigham and Women 's Hospital, Giovanni Traverso


MIT’s insulin pill could replace injections for people with diabetes

Insulin pills have long been a kind of Holy Grail for people living with diabetes. A research team at MIT believes it may have taken an important step toward that dream with a new blueberry-sized capsule made of compressed insulin. Once ingested, water dissolves a disk of sugar, using a spring to release a tiny needle made up almost entirely of freeze-dried insulin. The needle is injected into the stomach — which the patient can’t feel, owing to a lack of pain receptors in the stomach. Once ...
Tags: Health, Science, Africa, Tech, Mit


MIT’s insulin pill could replace injections for people with type 2 diabetes

Insulin pills have long been a kind of Holy Grail for people living with diabetes. A research team at MIT believes it may have taken an important step toward that dream with a new blueberry-sized capsule made of compressed insulin. Once ingested, water dissolves a disk of sugar, using a spring to release a tiny needle made up almost entirely of freeze-dried insulin. The needle is injected into the stomach — which the patient can’t feel, owing to a lack of pain receptors in the stomach. Once ...
Tags: Health, Science, Africa, Tech, Mit, Insulin


High pollution is making the Chinese miserable, researchers say

China's economy is growing at 8 percent per year, but its citizens aren't getting any happier.New research from MIT analyzed 33 million posts from Sina Weibo (the Chinese version of Twitter) and compared their expressed happiness with local pollution levels. The study shows that high-pollution days are making Chinese civilians significantly less happy. None As London industrialized in the 19th and 20th centuries, it produced fog—a lot of it. On particularly bad days, London was choked with a thi...
Tags: Psychology, Health, Weather, London, China, Environment, Mit, Pollution, Innovation, Oscar Wilde, Sina Weibo, Sina Weibo China, Zheng, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Siqi Zheng


Soft pill to track the insides of the stomach developed

Engineers from MIT have successfully developed a soft pill that is indigestible. Once ingested it swells within the stomach and becomes a soft ping pong ball that can stay within the stomach for a long period of time.
Tags: Health, Mit


Study shows how specific mutations in SYNE1 gene may increase bipolar disorder risk

A new study by researchers at The Picower Institute for Learning and Memory at MIT finds that the protein CPG2 is significantly less abundant in the brains of people with bipolar disorder and shows how specific mutations in the SYNE1 gene that encodes the protein undermine its expression and its function in neurons.
Tags: Health, Mit, Picower Institute for Learning and Memory


MIT researchers design inhalable form of mRNA

Messenger RNA, which can induce cells to produce therapeutic proteins, holds great promise for treating a variety of diseases. The biggest obstacle to this approach so far has been finding safe and efficient ways to deliver mRNA molecules to the target cells.
Tags: Health, Mit


Is wasp venom the next healthcare revolution?

Researchers are looking at the venom of wasps, bees, and arachnids to develop life-saving medical therapies.Researchers at MIT created synthetic variants of a peptide found in wasp venom that proved an effective antibiotic.With the "post-antibiotic era" looming, synthetic peptides could provide a way to maintain global health initiatives.Two of the most common phobias are the fear of insects and fear of needles, so it's little wonder that people with apiphobia and spheksophobia aren't keen for ...
Tags: Health, Animals, Mit, Bacteria, Public Health, Medical Research, Innovation, Disease, World Health Organization, Illness, Insects, AMP, AMR, Molecular Biology, Pseudomonas, Timothy Lu


Why being busy is a modern sickness

Constantly being busy is neurologically taxing and emotionally draining.In his new book, Jon Kabat-Zinn writes that you're doing a disservice to others by always being busy. Busyness is often an excuse for the discomfort of being alone with your own thoughts. None Of all the books from last century we can turn back to for guidance, Alan Watts's The Wisdom of Insecurity: A Message for an Age of Anxiety is particularly suited for this task. Published in 1951, Watts knew post-World War II America ...
Tags: Psychology, Failure, America, Los Angeles, Mit, Mindfulness, Depression, Creativity, Innovation, Fear, Derek, Goal-setting, Watts, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Culver City, Alan Watts


MIT researchers develop antimicrobial peptides from South American wasp’s venom

The venom of insects such as wasps and bees is full of compounds that can kill bacteria. Unfortunately, many of these compounds are also toxic for humans, making it impossible to use them as antibiotic drugs.
Tags: Health, Mit


Scientists discover important hallmark of aging in neuronal cells

MIT researchers have discovered that free radicals cause a build-up of short RNA snippets which could contribute to neuronal ageing and cognitive decline.
Tags: Health, Mit


RFID stickers could signal contaminated food

If a food item isn’t safe to eat, it’s best to find that out before someone eats it. But manual testing of every jar and bottle isn’t possible, even when a threat, like the recent baby food scare, is known. MIT researchers have found a way to check many items instantly, non-invasively, and from a distance — using the RFID tags many products already have. RFID, or radio frequency identification, uses a tiny antenna embedded in a sticker or label that’s activated and powered by radio waves at a...
Tags: Health, TC, Science, Tech, Mit, Rfid, Machine Learning, Fadel Adib


Predictive model could improve sepsis care

Researchers from MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital have developed a predictive model that could guide clinicians in deciding when to give potentially life-saving drugs to patients being treated for sepsis in the emergency room.
Tags: Health, Mit, Massachusetts General Hospital


RapidSOS, an emergency response data provider, raises $30M as it grows from 10K users to 250M

Every day, there are around 650,000 emergency service callouts via 911 for medical, police and fire assistance in the US; and by their nature these are some of the most urgent communications that we will ever make. But ironically in the age of smartphones, connected things and the internet, these 911 calls are also some of the most antiquated — with a typical emergency response centre still relying on the humans making the calls to tell them the most basic of information about their predicaments...
Tags: Health, Startups, TC, Motorola, New York, Enterprise, Fcc, Microsoft, Funding, New York City, Israel, US, Mit, Harvard, Rapidsos, Founders Fund


MIT neuroscientists discover how the brain overcomes its difficulties

Imagine trying to write your name so that it can be read in a mirror. Your brain has all of the visual information you need, and you're a pro at writing your own name.
Tags: Health, Mit


MIT researchers devise way to help blood cells regenerate after radiation therapy

Patients with blood cancers such as leukemia and lymphoma are often treated by irradiating their bone marrow to destroy the diseased cells. After the treatment, patients are vulnerable to infection and fatigue until new blood cells grow back.
Tags: Health, Mit


Probiotic/antibiotic combination could eradicate drug-resistant bacteria

In the fight against drug-resistant bacteria, MIT researchers have enlisted the help of beneficial bacteria known as probiotics.
Tags: Health, Mit


New automated model identifies dense breast tissue in mammograms

Researchers from MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital have developed an automated model that assesses dense breast tissue in mammograms -- which is an independent risk factor for breast cancer -- as reliably as expert radiologists.
Tags: Health, Mit, Massachusetts General Hospital


How are sadness and happiness like diseases? They're infectious, study finds

Is sadness a sickness? It appears to spread like one, a new study has found. Researchers at Harvard University and MIT wanted to see if a mathematical model developed to track and predict the spread of infectious diseases such as SARS and foot-and-mouth disease could also apply to the spread of happiness -- and found that it worked.  They used data collected from 1,880 subjects in the Framingham Heart Study, a long-term research effort that has followed subjects since 1948 (and added some new...
Tags: Health, Research, Mit, Mental Health, Depression, Harvard University, Reuters, Tami Dennis, Infections, Rachel Bernstein


MU, MIT researchers evaluate accuracy of new technology to monitor blood glucose levels

For those living with diabetes, monitoring blood glucose accurately is necessary to prevent diabetes-related complications such as heart attacks, blindness and coma.
Tags: Health, Mit


uBiome is jumping into therapeutics with a healthy $83 million in Series C financing

23andMe, IBM and now uBiome is the next tech company to jump into the lucrative multi-billion dollar drug discovery market. The company started out with a consumer gut health test to check whether your intestines carry the right kind of bacteria for healthy digestion but has since expanded to include over 250,000 samples for everything from the microbes on your skin to vaginal health — the largest data set in the world for these types of samples, according to the company. Founder Jessica Richman...
Tags: Health, Startups, TC, Y Combinator, Biology, Stanford, Massachusetts, Funding, San Francisco, Tech, Ceo, Mit, Harvard, Microbiology, Cambridge, Ibm


MIT researchers teach a neural network to recognize depression

A new technology by MIT researchers can sense depression by analyzing the written and spoken responses by a patient. The system, pioneered by MIT’s CSAIL group, uses “a neural-network model that can be unleashed on raw text and audio data from interviews to discover speech patterns indicative of depression.” “Given a new subject, it can accurately predict if the individual is depressed, without needing any other information about the questions and answers,” the researchers write. The most import...
Tags: Psychology, Startups, TC, Apps, Mit, Mental Health, Depression, Csail, James Glass, Tuka Alhanai, Distress Analysis Interview Corpus


George Church’s genetics on the blockchain startup just raised $4.3 million from Khosla

Nebula Genomics, the startup that wants to put your whole genome on the blockchain, has announced the raise of $4.3 million in Series A from Khosla Ventures and other leading tech VC’s such as Arch Venture Partners, Fenbushi Capital, Mayfield, F-Prime Capital Partners, Great Point Ventures, Windham Venture Partners, Hemi Ventures, Mirae Asset, Hikma Ventures and Heartbeat Labs. Nebula has also has forged a partnership with genome sequencing company Veritas Genetics. Veritas was one of the fir...
Tags: Health, Startups, TC, Science, Biology, Privacy, Big Data, Funding, Tech, Ceo, Smartphone, Mit, Genetics, Genomics, Biotech, Bio


Artificial intelligence in medicine: not ready for prime time

July was an interesting month for artificial intelligence in medicine. A study from MIT found when human doctors order tests on patients, they factor in something that artificial intelligence is not currently aware of. The authors analyzed charts of about 60,000 ICU patients admitted to Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. By looking at physician progress notes with positive or negative sentiments in patient records, they derived scores which they correlated with the number of diagnos...
Tags: Health, Boston, Tech, Mit, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Oncology/Hematology


Autoimmune response contributes to vision loss in glaucoma patients

A research team from Massachusetts Eye and Ear and MIT has shown that immune cells in the eye that developed in response to early exposure to bacteria are a key contributor to progressive vision loss from glaucoma, the second leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world.
Tags: Health, Mit, Massachusetts Eye and Ear


New sensor allows scientists to measure cancer cell's response to chemotherapy drug

MIT chemical engineers have developed a new sensor that lets them see inside cancer cells and determine whether the cells are responding to a particular type of chemotherapy drug.
Tags: Health, Mit


Machine-learning model automates design of new molecules to accelerate drug development

Designing new molecules for pharmaceuticals is primarily a manual, time-consuming process that's prone to error. But MIT researchers have now taken a step toward fully automating the design process, which could drastically speed things up -- and produce better results.
Tags: Health, Mit



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