Health


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Why large groups of people often come to the same conclusions

Large groups of people everywhere tend to come to the same conclusions.In small groups, there's a much wider diversity of ideas.The mechanics of a large group make some ideas practically inevitable. People make sense of the world by organizing things into categories and naming them. "These are circles." "That's a tree." "Those are rocks." It's one way we tame our world. There's a weird correspondence between different cultures, though — even though we come from different places and very differe...
Tags: Psychology, Decision Making, Amazon, Facebook, Social Media, Personality, Innovation, Collaboration, University of Pennsylvania, Debate, Cooperation, Nature Communications, Annenberg School for Communication, Damon Centola, Douglas Guilbeault, Network Dynamics Group NDG


How to Talk with a Conspiracy Theorist: What the Experts Recommend

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JpInOs1Fyno Why do people pledge allegiance to views that seem fundamentally hostile to reality? Maybe believers in shadowy, evil forces and secret cabals fall prey to motivated reasoning. Truth for them is what they need to believe in order to get what they want. Their certainty in the justness of a cause can feel as comforting as a warm blanket on a winter’s night. But conspiracy theories go farther than private delusions of grandeur. They have spilled i...
Tags: Psychology, Google, Politics, College, Current Affairs, Reddit, University of Pennsylvania, Vox, Bill Nye, Daniel, Facebook Twitter, Pew Research, Josh Jones, University of California Irvine, Cass Sunstein, MIT Technology Review


How to Talk with a Conspiracy Theorist (and Why People Believe Conspiracy Theories in the First Place): What the Experts Recommend

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JpInOs1Fyno Why do people pledge allegiance to views that seem fundamentally hostile to reality? Maybe believers in shadowy, evil forces and secret cabals fall prey to motivated reasoning. Truth for them is what they need to believe in order to get what they want. Their certainty in the justness of a cause can feel as comforting as a warm blanket on a winter’s night. But conspiracy theories go farther than private delusions of grandeur. They have spilled i...
Tags: Psychology, Google, Politics, College, Current Affairs, Reddit, University of Pennsylvania, Vox, Bill Nye, Daniel, Facebook Twitter, Pew Research, Josh Jones, University of California Irvine, Cass Sunstein, MIT Technology Review


Community burden of COVID-19 linked to survival rates of hospitalized patients

High rates of COVID-19 in the county where a hospital is located appears to reduce survival rates among hospitalized patients with the virus, according to a new study from researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and at UnitedHealth Group.
Tags: Health, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, COVID


Study finds no significant change in preterm or stillbirth rates during COVID-19 pandemic

Despite early reports suggesting a decline in preterm births during the COVID-19 pandemic period, an analysis by researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found no change in preterm births or stillbirths at two Philadelphia hospitals in the first four months of the pandemic.
Tags: Health, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Children s Hospital


Teledermatology improves access to care, reduces consult time

A new study from researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Independence Blue Cross shows that when patients' primary care doctors were able to photograph areas of concern and share them with dermatologists, the response time for a consultation dropped from almost 84 days to under five hours.
Tags: Health, University of Pennsylvania, Independence Blue Cross, Perelman School of Medicine


A 30-minute conversation may spread COVID-19 more easily than sharing a bedroom. Here's why quiet is a key virus-fighting strategy.

Teachers wearing masks attend a meeting at Jean-Jaures elementary school in Cenon near Bordeaux, France on May 11, 2020 amid preparations to re-open primary schools. Mehdi Fedouach/AFP via Getty Images Talking loudly spreads more potentially virus-laden gunk than being quiet. Boisterous, long conversations should be considered a risky activity during the pandemic. A new study conducted in Singapore found that 30 minute conversations may even spread the coronavirus more than sharing a bedro...
Tags: Japan, Texas, Science, News, France, Berlin, Singapore, US, Trends, Getty Images, Mental Health, Public Health, Atlantic, Arizona, Linguistics, National Institutes of Health


Penn researchers awarded $5.4 million to find genetic risk markers for testicular cancer

The international hunt to find more genetic risk markers for testicular cancer is expanding. A team of researchers led by Katherine L. Nathanson, MD, deputy director of the Abramson Cancer Center and the Pearl Basser Professor for BRCA-Related Research in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, was recently awarded $5.4 million over five years from the National Institutes of Health to continue the long-standing genomics work of the TEsticular CAncer Consortium (TECAC).
Tags: Health, National Institutes of Health, University of Pennsylvania, Penn, Perelman School of Medicine, Abramson Cancer Center, Katherine L Nathanson, BRCA Related Research


Impaired blood clot contraction predicts imminent postoperative thrombosis

The co-authors are employees of the Protein-Cell Interactions Lab of Kazan Federal University (Natalia G. Evtugina, Alina D. Peshkova, and Lab Head Rustem I. Litvinov) in cooperation with Interregional Clinical Diagnostic Center, Kazan, Russia (Arseniy A. Pichugin) and University of Pennsylvania (John W. Weisel and Rustem I. Litvinov by his primary employment).
Tags: Health, University of Pennsylvania, Natalia G Evtugina Alina D Peshkova, Rustem I Litvinov, Kazan Russia Arseniy A Pichugin, John W Weisel


Deep Science: Alzheimer’s screening, forest-mapping drones, machine learning in space, more

Research papers come out far too rapidly for anyone to read them all, especially in the field of machine learning, which now affects (and produces papers in) practically every industry and company. This column aims to collect the most relevant recent discoveries and papers — particularly in but not limited to artificial intelligence — and explain why they matter. This week, a startup that’s using UAV drones for mapping forests, a look at how machine learning can map social media networks and pre...
Tags: Health, TC, Sweden, Congress, America, Tech, Artificial Intelligence, Portugal, Brazil, Machine Learning, Ibm, University of Pennsylvania, Computer Vision, Carnegie Mellon University, Penn, Don


$2 million gift helps create the Gutmann Leadership Scholars Program at Penn Nursing

University of Pennsylvania President Amy Gutmann and her husband, Michael Doyle, have a made a $2 million gift to the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing's Innovating for Life and Living Campaign, as part of the University's Power of Penn Campaign. The gift, which brings the couple's total giving to Penn to $4.5 million, will create the Gutmann Leadership Scholars Program at Penn Nursing.
Tags: Health, University of Pennsylvania, Penn, Michael Doyle, Penn Nursing, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Amy Gutmann, University s Power of Penn Campaign


What stops people from changing their minds?

When you want someone to see things differently and to abandon their previous stance, sometimes persistence is not key. "Too often we think change is about pushing," says Jonah Berger, author of the book The Catalyst: How to Change Anyone's Mind, and a marketing professor at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. "We think if we just come up with one more way people will eventually come around." Through speaking with people who have successfully changed minds of others, Berg...
Tags: Psychology, Business, Politics, Activism, Relationships, Communication, Brain, Innovation, University of Pennsylvania, Mind, Berger, Social Change, Wharton School, Jonah Berger


Researchers show the effectiveness of incorporating virtual driving assessment system into driver's licensing process

Researchers from Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the University of Pennsylvania's Annenberg Public Policy Center have demonstrated the feasibility of incorporating a virtual driving assessment system into the driver's licensing process in Ohio.
Tags: Health, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Children s Hospital, Annenberg Public Policy Center


Why social media has changed the world — and how to fix it

Are you on social media a lot? When is the last time you checked Twitter, Facebook, or Instagram? Last night? Before breakfast? Five minutes ago?If so, you are not alone — which is the point, of course. Humans are highly social creatures. Our brains have become wired to process social information, and we usually feel better when we are connected. Social media taps into this tendency."Human brains have essentially evolved because of sociality more than any other thing," says Sinan Aral, an MIT pr...
Tags: Psychology, Facebook, Europe, Books, Internet, California, Youtube, Russia, Los Angeles, Social Media, Society, Mit, Netflix, Innovation, Community, University of Pennsylvania


Researchers discover specific cellular pathway involved in lung tissue regeneration

Researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have identified a cellular pathway that can be targeted with a naturally occurring drug to stimulate lung tissue regeneration, which is necessary for recovery from multiple lung injuries.
Tags: Health, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Children s Hospital


We're ignoring one of the most obvious ways to avoid spreading the coronavirus: stop talking so much

Teachers wearing masks attend a meeting at Jean-Jaures elementary school in Cenon near Bordeaux, France on May 11, 2020 amid preparations to re-open primary schools. Mehdi Fedouach/AFP via Getty Images Talking loudly may spread the virus to others better than being quiet. It's possible that this is part of the reason why English speakers have had higher infection rates than the Japanese.  But that doesn't mean we should all go silent.  Talking to others is one of the most important things ...
Tags: Japan, Texas, Science, News, France, Berlin, US, Trends, Mental Health, Public Health, Atlantic, Arizona, Linguistics, National Institutes of Health, University of Pennsylvania, Anthony Fauci


25 psychological tricks that will help you ace a job interview

Getty Images While you should be as prepared as possible for a job interview, researchers have found certain psychological tricks could give you an extra boost. Holding your hands open makes you seem sincere, while wearing red signals power. Here are other psychological tricks you can play on interviewers to help you land the job. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.  Interviewers are people just like you.That means they're susceptible to the same psychological preferences ...
Tags: Psychology, Work, Jobs, Amit Kumar, Brown University, Careers, Trends, Strategy, Research, Canada, Harvard University, Columbia University, University of Pennsylvania, University of Florida, Job Interview, Alan


New dual CAR T cell immunotherapy shows enhanced therapeutic potency to fight HIV

A recent study published in the journal Nature Medicine, led by researchers Todd Allen, PhD, a professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and group leader at the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, and Jim Riley, PhD, a professor of Microbiology in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, describes a new Dual CAR T cell immunotherapy that can help fight HIV infection.
Tags: Health, Harvard, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Nature Medicine, Ragon Institute of MGH MIT, Todd Allen, Jim Riley


Experts Call For Independent Commission Separate From FDA To Review Coronavirus Vaccines

(CNN) — Citing criticism of government agencies and increasing public distrust of vaccines, several prominent physicians and experts are calling for the creation of an independent commission to review data from coronavirus vaccine trials before a vaccine is allowed on the market. The US Food and Drug Administration regulates vaccines, and its OK is all that’s needed to put one on the market. The physicians fear, however, that after several government blunders during the pandemic, a layer of revi...
Tags: Health, UK, Cdc, White House, Massachusetts, US, Nas, Cnn, Harvard, Fda, University of Pennsylvania, Anthony Fauci, Nih, Oprah, Financial Times, Nyu


New criteria to differentiate between frontotemporal dementia and LATE disease

Working with their colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania, researchers at the University of Kentucky have found that they can differentiate between subtypes of dementia inducing brain disease.
Tags: Health, University of Pennsylvania, University of Kentucky


SARS-CoV-2 exposure five times more likely among Black and Hispanic pregnant women

Black and Hispanic pregnant women in Philadelphia are five times as likely as white and Asian women to have been exposed to the novel coronavirus, according to a new study led by Scott Hensley, PhD, an associate professor of Microbiology in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and Karen Marie Puopolo, MD, PhD, an associate professor of Pediatrics and neonatologist at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. The study was published today in Science Immunology.
Tags: Health, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Scott Hensley, Karen Marie Puopolo


International research collaboration to investigate the role of immune system in health

An international research collaboration to pioneer the field of immuno-cardiology and investigate ways to harness the power of the immune system to improve recovery from heart attacks will be led at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania by Jonathan Epstein, MD, executive vice dean, chief scientific officer and the William Wikoff Smith Professor of Cardiovascular Research.
Tags: Health, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Jonathan Epstein, William Wikoff Smith


Summer may decide fate of leading shots in coronavirus vaccine race

People on six continents already are getting jabs in the arm as the race for a COVID-19 vaccine enters a defining summer, with even bigger studies poised to prove if any shot really works — and maybe offer a reality check. Already British and Chinese researchers are chasing the coronavirus beyond their borders, testing potential vaccines in Brazil and the United Arab Emirates because there are too few new infections at home to get clear answers. The U.S. is set to open the largest trials — 30,00...
Tags: Health, Business, England, Science, News, Senate, Sport, Britain, Soccer, South Africa, House, Oxford, United Arab Emirates, Food And Drug Administration, Brazil, World Health Organization


Study identifies new gene variants tied to type-2 diabetes

After examining the genes of more than 200,000 people all over the world who have type-2 diabetes, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Veterans Health Administration's Corporal Michael J. Crescenz Veterans Affairs Medical Center found hundreds of genetic variants never before linked to the disease.
Tags: Health, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Veterans Health Administration


Penn’s CEET receives $8 million grant for environmental health research

The Center of Excellence in Environmental Toxicology at the University of Pennsylvania received an $8 million grant, to be distributed over the next five years, from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, a renewal of its P30 Environmental Health Sciences Core Center grant.
Tags: Health, University of Pennsylvania, Penn, Center of Excellence in Environmental Toxicology, P30 Environmental Health Sciences Core Center


R&D Roundup: ‘Twisted light’ lasers, prosthetic vision advances and robot-trained dogs

I see far more research articles than I could possibly write up. This column collects the most interesting of those papers and advances, along with notes on why they may prove important in the world of tech and startups. In this edition: a new type of laser emitter that uses metamaterials, robot-trained dogs, a breakthrough in neurological research that may advance prosthetic vision and other cutting-edge technology. Twisted laser-starters We think of lasers as going “straight” because that’s ...
Tags: Health, Startups, TC, Science, Electronics, Tech, University of Pennsylvania, Biotech, Robotics, Laser, Optics, University of the Witwatersrand, Prosthesis, Market Analysis, Extra Crunch, R&D Roundup


Dogs Are Being Trained to Sniff Out Coronavirus Cases

  As reported by the Washington Post, it makes sense that if dogs have the ability to sniff the presence of certain diseases, they could be trained to sniff out the coronavirus. As some states move to reopen after weeks of shutdowns, infectious-disease experts say the prevention of future coronavirus outbreaks will depend on scaling up testing and identifying asymptomatic carriers. Now, eight Labrador retrievers — and their powerful noses — have been enlisted to help. The dogs are the...
Tags: Health, Florida, Washington Post, Pets, University of Pennsylvania, Otto, TheStarryEye Astrologer, Pawpourri, Coronavirus, Working Dog Center, Cynthia M Otto, Penn 's School of Veterinary Medicine


'Senolytic' therapy blunts liver tumor progression in animal models

"Senotherapy," a treatment that uses small molecule drugs to target "senescent" cells, or those cells that no longer undergo cell division, blunts liver tumor progression in animal models according to new research from a team led by Celeste Simon, Ph.D., a professor of Cell and Developmental Biology in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and scientific director of the Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute.
Tags: Health, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Developmental Biology, Celeste Simon


"Ordinary speech can emit small respiratory droplets that linger in the air for at least eight minutes and potentially much longer..."

"... according to a study published Wednesday that could help explain why infections of the coronavirus so often cluster in nursing homes, households, conferences, cruise ships and other confined spaces with limited air circulation. The report, from researchers at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and the University of Pennsylvania, was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a peer-reviewed journal. It is based on an experiment that u...
Tags: Health, Games, Lisa Kudrow, Law, Friends, Bill Murray, University of Pennsylvania, Snl, Kissing, Speaking, National Academy of Sciences, WaPo, Gilda Radner, Joel Achenbach, Saliva, Ann Althouse


Don't worry about making a mistake. It's how we learn.

Humans learn best when avoiding too much complexity and getting the gist of situations, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania.Instead of remember every detail, we learn by categorizing situations through pattern recognition. We wouldn't retain much if we considered a high level of complexity with every piece of information. Humans learn in patterns. Take a bush that you pass every day. It's not particularly attractive; it just happens to exist along your norm...
Tags: Psychology, Facebook, Learning, Education, Neuroscience, Intelligence, Innovation, University of Pennsylvania, Vaccines, Kahn, Derek, Don, Lynn, Homo, Louis Pasteur, Christopher Lynn



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