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Nine books to make you think about gender politics in the political sphere

Every year in March we celebrate Women’s History Month, a perfect time to be inspired by the triumphs of real-life heroes. Let us not forget the path it took to get this far and the tribulations that these women endured. Society has come so far since the induction of the 19th Amendment, but we still have a way to go. We have compiled a list of titles that explore the ups and downs of this journey as well as present bold ideas to improve the future.1. Credible Threat by Sarah SobierajGreta Thunbe...
Tags: Books, Politics, Featured, Beyonce, India, Society, Earth, United States, Feminism, Coding, Emma Watson, Women in politics, Intersectionality, Social Sciences, Ivanka Trump, Gender Politics

Beyond polemics: debating God in early modern India

The early modern period in India (roughly from 1550 to 1750) has been increasingly understood as a time of heightened religious self-awareness—the fertile soil from which Hinduism emerged as a unified world religion. Yet it was also a tumultuous period of intense rivalry across scholarly and religious communities. Scholars debated one another on matters of doctrine and religious practice, turning as well a critical gaze toward the founding figures of their respective schools of thought. Traditio...
Tags: Asia, Books, Featured, Religious Freedom, India, Religion, History, Advaita Vedanta, Hinduism, Hindu, Vedas, South India, Vedanta, Arts & Humanities, Colonial India, Tamil Nadu South India

Darwin’s theory of agency: back to the future in evolutionary science?

Was Darwin a one-trick pony? The scientists who most praise him typically cite just one of his ideas: natural selection. Do any know that his theory of evolution—like his take on psychology—presumed all creatures were agents? This fact has long been eclipsed by the “gene’s-eye view” of adaptation which gained a strangle-hold over biology during the twentieth century—and hence over sociobiology and today’s evolutionary psychology. Are current efforts to revise this view—emphasising “new” topics l...
Tags: Books, Featured, Harvard, Charles Darwin, Galapagos Islands, Darwin, Natural Selection, Mendel, Huxley, Science & Medicine, Psychology & Neuroscience, Earth & Life Sciences, Richard Lewontin, Lewontin, Subtopics, Julian Huxley

Ten empowering books to read in celebration of Black History Month

Anna J. Cooper once said: “the cause of freedom is not the cause of a race or a sect, a party or a class—it is the cause of human kind, the very birthright of humanity.”In observance of Black History Month, we are celebrating our prize-winning authors and empowering scholarship spanning a variety of topics across African American history, the civil rights movement, Black Lives Matter, the Harlem Renaissance, jazz, and more. Explore our reading list and update your bookshelf with the most recent ...
Tags: Books, Music, Featured, Africa, America, History, Biography, Louis Armstrong, Black History Month, Trump, Angela Davis, Nat King Cole, Editor's Picks, Stewart, Armstrong, Locke

Isaac Newton’s London life: a quiz

Isaac Newton is known as the scientist who discovered gravity, but less well-known are the many years he spent in metropolitan London, and what precisely he got up to in that time…How well do you know the latter part of Newton’s life? Test yourself with this quiz from Patricia Fara, author of Life after Gravity: Isaac Newton’s London Career: Featured image by Luke StackpooleThe post Isaac Newton’s London life: a quiz appeared first on OUPblog.
Tags: Books, London, Featured, History, Gravity, Isaac Newton, British, Newton, Science & Medicine, Quizzes & Polls, Physics & Chemistry, Subtopics, Patricia Fara, Luke StackpooleThe

John Rawls: an ideal theorist for nonideal times?

Fifty years ago, the publication of John Rawls’s A Theory of Justice started a conversation in political philosophy that continues today. Rawls’s voice remains central in contemporary philosophical debates across a wide variety of topics—from arguments about principles of economic justice to questions of fair policies for international relations; from basic philosophical methodology to the grounds of democratic legitimacy.Despite the enduring significance of Rawls’s work in contemporary politica...
Tags: Books, Politics, Featured, Justice, Law, Philosophy, Social Sciences, Sen, Mills, Rawls, Amartya Sen, John Rawls, Arts & Humanities, 20th Century Philosophy, Subtopics, Matthew Adams

Tips for adapting the elementary music curriculum to online teaching

Teachers of the performing arts are adapting their classes to go online. The problems and challenges range from ensuring enough physical space for movement around each student’s computer to overcoming audio and video syncing delays during the live feed. Some of the solutions include doing less movement during the class and turning off students’ video so there is less latency in the audio. But what about elementary music?Young students are inspired by seeing others move with them. The teacher can...
Tags: Books, Music, Usa, Featured, Education, Social Sciences, Salvador, Elizabeth Caldwell, Music Education, Arts & Humanities, Subtopics, Elementary Music Education, Lyda, Kim Milai, Elementary Music, Online Teaching

Five themes in Asian Shakespeare adaptations

Since the nineteenth century, stage and film directors have mounted hundreds of adaptations of Shakespeare drawn on East Asian motifs, and by the late twentieth century, Shakespeare had become one of the most frequently performed playwrights in East Asia. There are five striking themes surrounding cultural, racial, and gender dynamics. Gender roles in the play take on new meanings in translation, and familiar and unfamiliar accents expanded the characters’ racial identities. 1. What’s in a name?...
Tags: South Korea, Hong Kong, Books, Featured, Literature, Manhattan, William Shakespeare, Akira Kurosawa, Shakespeare, Hamlet, George Lucas, Leia, Romeo, Baz Luhrmann, Lucas, Thich Nhat Hanh

Which literary heroine are you? [quiz]

To best celebrate the online launch of the Oxford World’s Classics, discover which literary heroine you are most like with our quiz. Are you the witty and headstrong Lizzie Bennet? More of the steadfastly independent Jane Eyre? Or another illustrious literary heroine? Find out now! Featured image by Jess BaileyThe post Which literary heroine are you? [quiz] appeared first on OUPblog.
Tags: Books, Featured, Literature, Quiz, Multimedia, Jane Eyre, Arts & Humanities, Online products, Quizzes & Polls, OWC Oxford World's Classics, Subtopics, Lizzie Bennet, Jess BaileyThe

Grove Music’s 2021 spoof article contest is now open!

I think we can all agree that recent months of pandemic and political unrest have been difficult ones, and often entirely bereft of humor. I am therefore pleased to announce the revival of the Grove Music Online Spoof Article Contest 2021.Spoof articles have had a long history with Grove Music. Grove’s particular style and format have inspired all kinds of parodies. In previous iterations of the contest, we’ve received articles on instruments (“Musical Cheesegrater” submitted by Caroline Potter ...
Tags: Books, Music, Featured, Elise, Grove, Oxford University Press, Arts & Humanities, Online products, Caroline Potter, Grove Music Online, Anna Lise Santella, Sara Levine, Joanna Wyld, Grove Music, Subtopics, Daniel Melamed

Joseph Riepel and a very long hello

Joseph Riepel’s celebrated music theory treatise, Anfangsgründe zur musicalischen Setzkunst, unfolds in a lively and witty manner. Most of its chapters are framed in the guise of lessons, presented as dialogues between a teacher and student. The teacher is a bit of a goofball who peppers the lessons with numerous sarcastic asides, often at the expense of mathematically oriented music theorists whose approaches he finds too dry and inartistic. The student is no mere pushover, and on numerous occa...
Tags: Books, Music, Featured, Haydn, Joseph Haydn, Ludwig van Beethoven, Neubauer, Arts & Humanities, Music Theory, Subtopics, Galant, Wolfgang Mozart, Joseph Riepel, Riepel, Franz Christoph Neubauer, Riepel Neubauer

The Black Death: how did the world’s deadliest pandemic change society?

Conspiracy theories abound that COVID-19 originated in a laboratory, although history provides a number of examples of global pandemics caused by a pathogen crossing over from mammals to humans. The best example is the Black Death of 1346-53, which killed around one half of the population of the known world and caused global economic output to fall by perhaps 40%. The sudden change in the behaviour of this disease was linked directly to a sustained period of extreme weather and major climatic ch...
Tags: Europe, Books, England, Featured, France, History, Rome, Britain, Ireland, British, Pandemics, Peasants, Science & Medicine, Schnabel, Subtopics, Black Death

Safety first? Considering protest reasoning 10 years on from the Arab Spring

Ten years ago, masses marched to Midan Tahrir in Cairo, triggering a protest movement that resulted in the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak. “People are fed up of Mubarak and of his dictatorship and of his torture chambers and of his failed economic policies,” an Egyptian blogger told al-Jazeera at the time: “If Mubarak is not overthrown tomorrow then it will be the day after. If it’s not the day after it’s going to be next week.”Ten years later, Mubarak is gone, but the country remains un...
Tags: Books, Politics, Featured, Eu, History, Egypt, Middle East, Protests, Al Jazeera, Mubarak, Tunisia, Arab Spring, Cairo, Social Sciences, Hosni Mubarak, Abdel Fattah al Sisi

Technology in the elementary music classroom after the pandemic

The pandemic will leave a lasting impression on music education for years to come. Even when the ending of the pandemic is finally in sight, music education will reel from the effects. When it comes to elementary music education, we thrived on incorporating ensemble performances using instruments from ukuleles to xylophones. We adored allowing our students to improvise using movements, chants, poetry, and instruments. We integrated cultural dances with social-emotional learning skills. When the ...
Tags: Books, Music, Technology, Featured, Education, Microsoft, Teaching Music, Social Sciences, LMS, Arts & Humanities, Nearpod, Subtopics, Teaching Music Online, MusicFirst Google, Matic Flipgrid, Peardeck

Online music-making with nearly no lag time—really!

Susan Alexander found a way to fill the “big, depressing hole in your life where playing music with other people used to be”—a hole caused by this year’s official restrictions on in-person gatherings to limit the spread of the COVID-19 virus. That hole grew smaller when this avocational Maryland pianist discovered JamKazam, one of several free music-making software programs that nearly eliminate the annoying lag time in sound transmission that occurs when musicians try to make music together on ...
Tags: Apple, Facebook, Books, Music, New York, Featured, Maryland, Colorado, Virginia, Canada, Dallas, Seattle, Skype, Griffin, Stanford University, Austin Texas

Droplets, Aerosols and COVID-19: Updating the Disease Transmission Paradigm

The severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent torrent of research has brought a simmering debate about how respiratory infectious diseases are transmitted to a boil, in full view of the public. The words airborne, aerosol, and droplets are now part of the daily news—but, why?Over the last decade there have been calls within the scientific community to change the vocabulary of disease transmission routes for respiratory infectious diseases because the definitions of airborne and drople...
Tags: Books, Featured, World Health Organization, Journals, Health & Medicine, Science & Medicine, Disease Transmission, Subtopics, COVID-19, Respiratory Infectious Diseases, Debora Cartagena

Was the dog-demon of Ephesus a werewolf?

Apollonius of Tyana was a Pythagorean sage and miracle-worker whose life was roughly conterminous with the first century AD. He is often, accordingly, referred to as “the pagan Jesus.” We owe almost all we know about him to a Life written by Philostratus shortly after AD 217.In one of the biography’s more striking episodes (4.10), the great man eliminates a plague (a timely subject indeed for us!) that has fallen upon the people of Ephesus. The suffering citizens send an appeal for help to him i...
Tags: Books, Featured, Werewolves, Paris, Jesus, Heracles, Ephesus, Folklore, Phasma, Smyrna, Marcellus, Pausanias, Tyana, Arts & Humanities, Classics & Archaeology, Classical Antiquity

Women & Literature: Lorraine Hansberry

Lorraine Hansberry (image via Wikimedia Commons) Lorraine Hansberry (19 May 1930-12 January 1965) was a celebrated black playwright who was born in Chicago, Illinois, and died in New York City at the age of thirty-four after a scant six years in the professional theater. Her first produced play, A Raisin in the Sun, has become an American classic, enjoying numerous productions since its original presentation in 1959 and many professional revivals during its twenty-fifth anniversary year in 198...
Tags: Books, New York, Featured, Nbc, Mississippi, Congress, New York City, America, Chicago, United States, Harry Belafonte, Washington Dc, Tennessee, Sun, Broadway, Literature

Women & Literature: Alice Walker

Alice Walker, perhaps best known for her Pulitzer Prize-winning novel The Color Purple (1982), has always been committed to social and political change. This was nowhere clearer than in The Color Purple, which brought to light questions of sexual abuse and violence in the black community, while demonstrating the liberatory possibilities inherent in every life. The Color Purple tells the story of Celie, who is the victim of systematic gender oppression, at the hands of first her stepfather and th...
Tags: Books, Featured, Mississippi, Washington, Africa, America, United States, Literature, Pentagon, World Trade Center, Alice Walker, Martin Luther King Jr, South, Wellesley, Ruth, Meridian

The Qur’an on Mary, the Mother of Jesus, and the Nativity

A mention of the infant Jesus’s birth would likely not, for most Muslims, conjure up manger scenes, a shining star, or visits from shepherds. Instead, a more likely image would be of Mary alone and in labor at the foot of a palm. Rather than a swaddled infant resting in the hay among manger animals, the Qur’an describes mother and child resting next to a spring. No shepherds gather to rejoice at Jesus’s birth in Qur’anic accounts. Instead, Mary is heckled for having a child out of wedlock.For Mu...
Tags: Books, Featured, Religion, Jesus, Matthew, James, Mary, Joseph, Muhammad, Jacob, Mary Jesus, Mary the mother of Jesus, Arts & Humanities, Surah, Maryam, Subtopics

Finding the Melford Hall Manuscript

The Melford Hall Manuscript is a large, expensively bound manuscript volume containing previously unknown witnesses of nearly 140 poems by John Donne (1572-1631), one of the most outstandingly significant poets and preachers of the early modern period. Discovered by Gabriel Heaton of Sotheby’s during a routine survey of Melford Hall in Suffolk, and restored by sale by the prestigious Brockman binders, it sold in 2018 for £475,000 (£387,500 plus auctioneer’s premium). After a high-profile sale at...
Tags: Books, UK, England, Featured, Scotland, History, Oxford, Literature, British, British Library, Suffolk, Latin, Westminster Abbey, Abbey, Sotheby, Shapiro

Biotechnology: the Pentagon’s next big thing

Biotechnology has long been an important field of scientific research. But until recently, it has never been formally considered by any military as a significant technological investment opportunity, or a technology that could revolutionize the conduct of war. For example, the Pentagon’s Defense Science Board (DSB), that helped then Secretary of Defense Harold Brown identify technologies central to the second offset strategy in 1976, and helped then deputy Secretary of Defense Robert Work identi...
Tags: Europe, Books, Politics, Featured, Australia, China, India, Defense, US, Joe Biden, US politics, Nato, Sociology, Darpa, Poland, Journals

Nineteenth-century US hymnody’s fascination with classical music

The aria Zerlina sings to Masetto, her fiancée, late in Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni is a study in sexual innuendo.Masetto’s just received a brutal beating from the Don (whose lascivious designs on Zerlina were only narrowly averted). But if Masetto will come home with her now, Zerlina coaxes, she’s ready to administer her own pleasant balm. It’s a natural cure, she says, that she carries with her everywhere. One no chemist can make. Just as erotic undercurrents threaten to surface (“Do you want ...
Tags: Books, Music, New York, Featured, Religion, US, Broadway, Beethoven, John, John Williams, Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Don, Don Giovanni, Arts & Humanities, Hymns

Obama, Trump, and education policy in US federalism

In just a few weeks, Joseph R. Biden Jr will take his oath as the 46th President of the United States. Like his predecessors in recent decades, Biden intends to use executive and administrative actions to pursue his policy agenda. In public education, a policy domain for which states assume constitutional responsibility, administrative presidency faces the forces of federalism. The presidencies of Barack Obama and Donald Trump offered contrasting lessons on the exercise of presidential power in ...
Tags: Books, Politics, Featured, Education, Obama, Congress, US, Barack Obama, United States, Sociology, Journals, Republican Party, Republican, Biden, North Carolina, Donald Trump

10 little-known facts about Sissle and Blake’s Shuffle Along

In May 1921, Shuffle Along, a musical with music and lyrics by Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake, premiered on Broadway. Written, staged, and performed entirely by African Americans, it was the first show to make African-American dance an integral part of American musical theater, eventually becoming one of the top ten musical shows of the 1920s. Despite many obstacles Shuffle Along integrated into Broadway and introduced such stars as Josephine Baker, Lottie Gee, Florence Mills, and Fredi Washington...
Tags: Books, Music, New York, Featured, Paris, Broadway, Johnson, Weir, Baker, Harlem, Miller, Broadway Musicals, Blake, Matthews, William Grant, Cotton Club

Bruce Lee and the invention of martial arts

Bruce Lee was born in San Francisco on 27 November 1940, while his parents toured the US with a Hong Kong theatre company. As a baby, he featured in Esther Eng’s Golden Gate Girl. He then went on to become a major child star in Hong Kong. As an adult, he worked in US TV and film, before gaining international fame via three Hong Kong martial arts films and one US-HK co-production, Enter the Dragon. He died from cerebral oedema on 20 July 1973, at almost exactly the moment Enter the Dragon was rel...
Tags: Hong Kong, Books, Japan, Usa, Hollywood, Featured, Media, China, Russia, Martial Arts, US, San Francisco, Britain, Bruce Lee, Lee, Braithwaite

When female peacekeepers’ “added value” becomes an “added burden”

Calls for the increased participation of uniformed United Nations female peacekeepers have multiplied in recent years, fueled in part by new scandals of peacekeepers’ sexual abuse and exploitation (SEA), tarnishing the UN’s reputation, and in part by the will to show explicit progress at the 20th anniversary of the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security. Linked to these calls, numerous UN reports and policy documents have emphasised the “added value” that fe...
Tags: Asia, Books, Politics, Featured, Africa, Sociology, United Nations, Un, Journals, UN Security Council, Gender Equality, Miguel, Social work, Gender Inequality, Social Sciences, UN Peacekeepers

So you think you know Shakespeare? [Quiz]

In order to celebrate the release of Shakespeare: A Playgoer and Reader’s Guide, we created a quiz to see how well you know Shakespeare’s plays! Put your knowledge to the test and see how many of these famous quotes you can correctly complete. Are you a beginner bard enthusiast, or are you secretly Shakespeare himself? Why not find out? The post So you think you know Shakespeare? [Quiz] appeared first on OUPblog.
Tags: Books, Featured, Literature, William Shakespeare, Shakespeare, Multimedia, Arts & Humanities, Theatre & Dance, Quizzes & Polls, Subtopics

Playing the opposite of what Brahms wrote

What might we learn from an oddity concerning the first movement of Brahms’s Violin Sonata No. 1 in G, op. 78, that has led many violin-piano duos either to ignore Brahms’s tempo markings or actually play the opposite of what he wrote?Brahms’s score is explicit. The basic tempo is Vivace ma non troppo (lively, but not overly so). Near the middle of this mostly lyrical movement, when the movement’s most agitated music begins, Brahms wrote più sostenuto (more sustained). Then, leading into the ope...
Tags: Books, Music, Featured, Beethoven, Clara, Robert, Valentino, FELIX, Brahms, Chopin, Arts & Humanities, Clara Schumann, Subtopics, Szigeti, Joseph Szigeti, Hubay

A conversation on music and autism (part two)

In the first part of Music and Autism: Speaking for Ourselves author Michael Bakan’s interview with his Chapter 7 musician co-author Graeme Gibson (who is on the spectrum) and Graeme’s parents, the renowned science fiction novelist William (Bill) Gibson and autism researcher Dr Deborah Gibson, things left off with Bill telling Michael about how being Graeme’s dad had influenced his creation of “unnervingly human” AI (Artificial Intelligence) characters in his novels. Next in the conversation, Mi...
Tags: Books, Science Fiction, Music, England, Bruce Springsteen, London, Featured, Autism, David Bowie, Literature, Nashville, Nebraska, Bill, Michael, Steely Dan, Deb

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