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A reborn Persian Empire captured Rome’s lands—and its emperor

Inspired by their powerful ancestors, the Sassanian dynasty restored Persia to imperial glory, ruling lands that stretched from Turkey to Pakistan. By Miguel Ángel Andrés-Toledo | National Geographic Alexander the Great conquered Persia in 331 B.C. and ended the Achaemenid Empire founded by Cyrus the Great. For the next five centuries, the Iranian plateau became ruled by other empires, until a new Persian dynasty took power. Fiercely proud of their roots, these new kings—the Sassanians—restor...
Tags: Silk Road, Asia, Europe, Life, China, India, Church, Jerusalem, Turkey, Iran, Syria, History, Rome, Egypt, Heritage, Pakistan


Lord Chelmsford, Viceroy of India at Jamshedpur.

Our dear friend and eminent Parsi historian Marzban Giara writes… Lord Chelmsford the Viceroy of India visited the Tata Steel plant in 1919 after the First World War. Sakchi Village in Bihar was named Jamshedpur in memory of its enterprising and foresighted founder Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata and the Kalimati railway station as Tatanagar. During the First World War M/s Tata Iron & Steel Co. Ltd. provided the Government three lakh tons of iron and benefitted the Indian Treasury by Rs.6 crores. ...
Tags: Life, India, History, Kaiser, Tata Steel, East Africa, Bihar, Jamshedpur, Chelmsford, Parsi, Mesopotamia, Sakchi, Egypt Palestine, Marzban Giara, Tata Iron Steel Co Ltd, Chelmsford Viceroy of India


Manekji Limji Hataria

Tomorrow 15th February is the baj of Manekji Limji Hataria, the Parsi missionary to Iran. A jashan will be performed at Wadiaji Atash Behram 1st floor hall in the morning at 10 a.m. Below is an article penned by our dear friend and esteeem Parsi historian Marzban J. Giara. MANEKJI LIMJI HATARIA (1813-1890) He was sent as a Parsi missionary to Iran by the Persian Zoroastrian Amelioration Society of Bombay in 1854 to better the condition of the Iranian Zoroastrians. This great and brave man ...
Tags: Life, Iran, History, Bombay, Parsi, Teheran, Shah of Iran, Yazd, Bombay Parsi Punchayet, Henry Rawlinson, Wadiaji Atash Behram, Marzban J Giara, Manekji Limji Hataria, Persian Zoroastrian Amelioration Society of Bombay, Jaziya, Tehran Kerman Yezd


America’s First Drag Queen Was Also America’s First LGBTQ Activist and a Former Slave

Negro Dive Raided. Thirteen Black Men Dressed as Women Surprised at Supper and Arrested. —The Washington Post, April 13, 1888 Sometimes, when we are engaged as either participant in, or eyewitness to, the making of history, its easy to forget the history-makers who came earlier, who dug the trenches that allow our modern battles to be waged out in the open. Take America’s first self-appointed “queen of drag” and pioneering LGBTQ activist, William Dorsey Swann, born into slavery around 1858. 30 ...
Tags: Google, Gender, Washington Post, College, France, Life, New York City, America, History, Washington Dc, Columbia University, Swann, Dorsey, Joseph, Facebook Twitter, Ayun Halliday


Farmer’s diary from 1810 shows he was more woke about homosexuality than many Americans today

A page of Tomlinson’s diary. Credit: The University of Oxford An English farmer who lived 200 years ago was more woke about homosexuality than many people today, according to an entry from his newly unearthed diary. Matthew Tomlinson was a farmer in West Yorkshire in Northern England. In January 1810, he heard about a naval surgeon who had been executed for sodomy and took to his journal to express why he thought criminalizing homosexuality was wrong. In England and Wales, homosexuality was p...
Tags: England, Wales, Life, Lifestyle, History, Homosexuality, West Yorkshire, University of Oxford, Farmer, Northern England, Diary, Ad Friendly, Queerty, Tomlinson, O'Keeffe, 19th Century


Radical Women: Stream the Getty’s Podcast That Features Six Major 20th-Century Artists, All Female

Only recently has “actor” become an acceptable gender-neutral term for performers of stage and screen. Prior to that, we had “actor” and “actress,” and while there may have been some problematic assumptions concerning the type of woman who might be drawn to the profession, there was arguably linguistic parity between the two words. Not so for artists. In the not-so-distant past, female artists invariably found themselves referred to as “female artists.” Not great, when male artists were referr...
Tags: Google, Art, New York, Podcasts, College, Life, History, Yoko Ono, Museums, New York Times, Getty, Annie, Whitney, Public Domain, Facebook Twitter, East Harlem


The silk shirt Charles I of England wore to have his head chopped off

The Museum of London will soon publicly display Charles I's execution vest for the first time. The doomed king wore the silk garment to the chopping block after his defeat in the English Civil War of the 17th century; 30 January is the 371st anniversary of his death at the Banqueting House on Whitehall. The stains are said to be vomit, not blood.
Tags: Post, Fashion, England, London, News, History, Deaths, Charles, Whitehall, Banqueting House


The Lost Neighborhood Buried Under New York City’s Central Park

New York City is in a constant state of flux. For every Nets fan cheering their team on in Brooklyn’s Barclays Center and every tourist gamboling about the post-punk, upscale East Village, there are dozens of local residents who remember what—and who—was displaced to pave the way for this progress. It’s no great leap to assume that something had to be plowed under to make way for the city’s myriad gleaming skyscrapers, but harder to conceive of Central Park, the 840-acre oasis in the mid...
Tags: Travel, Google, Europe, New York, College, Life, New York City, History, Architecture, Brooklyn, New York Times, Manhattan, Central Park, Great Britain, Public Domain, Alexander


Bestiality was not socially acceptable in medieval Europe

Sweary historian Eleanor Janega writes on her Going Medieval blog (previously) that there was never a time in medieval Europe when bestiality was socially acceptable, and brings the receipts in the form of eyewatering details on the punishments for having sex with animals. Janega mentions that, of course, any non-procreative sex was doctrinally suspect in the Christian tradition of the day, because sex was what got humankind kicked out of Eden, so the only time you should be getting it on i...
Tags: Europe, Post, News, Sex, History, Bestiality, Thomas Aquinas, Eleanor Janega, Janega


When People Gave Anti-Valentine’s Day Cards: Revisit the “Vinegar Valentines” That Spread Ridicule and Contempt

Krampus—the Christmas “half goat, half demon” of Germanic folklore—has become a figure of some fascination in popular culture recently. We might call the appetite for this “anti-St. Nicholas… who literally beats people into being nice and not naughty,” National Geographic writes, a testament to a widespread sentiment: Hang the forced cheer, Christmas can be dreadful. How much more so can Valentine’s Day feel like a big con, cooked up by marketers and chocolatiers? Though established 200 years ...
Tags: Google, New York, College, Life, History, Smithsonian, Santa, National Geographic, Facebook Twitter, Cummings, Josh Jones, St Nicholas, Geoffrey Chaucer, Franz Kafka, Durham NC Follow, Annebella Pollen


Rare artifact from queer history pops up after nearly 150 years… on Google

Researchers were stunned to recover a rare, original copy of an 1873 essay promoting the morality of same-sex relations. Titled “A Problem in Greek Ethics,” the essay was written by the English poet and cultural historian John Addington Symonds, who only published ten copies for fear of the work getting into the wrong hands. Homosexuality was very much a crime in 19th century England, and the essay, which praised the ancient Greeks’ acceptance of same-sex relations, could have landed Symonds in...
Tags: Google, England, Life, Lifestyle, History, Johns Hopkins, Richard Burton, Ad Friendly, Queerty, Baltimore Sun, Symonds, Shane Butler, Johns Hopkins University, Queer History, John Addington Symonds, Gabrielle Dean


How to Behave in a British Pub: A World War II Training Film from 1943, Featuring Burgess Meredith

Forewarned is forearmed, so in 1943, the United States Office of War Information created a training film to prevent soldiers bound for Great Britain from earning their Ugly American stripes. The excerpt above concentrates on pub etiquette, casting actor and Army Air Corps captain Burgess Meredith in the role of a discreet military Virgil, explaining in hushed tones the British penchant for non-chilled beer and smoking or reading the paper unmolested. He also cautions incoming GIs against...
Tags: Travel, Google, London, Film, NYC, Youtube, College, Life, History, Britain, Meredith, Great Britain, Bob Hope, Facebook Twitter, Virgil, Army Air Corps


Eduljee Sorabjee: The Curious Case of the ‘First’ Indian-American Citizen

Los Angeles in the 1880s was a town reinventing itself. The Gold Rush was subsiding but the air was filled with promise and there were new opportunities for those who knew how to seize them. Among these was an enterprising and ingenuous Parsi gentleman from Bombay, who “with a little money and a little mystery” was able to wrangle American citizenship and make a comfortable life for himself there. His name was Eduljee Sorabjee, a ‘rarity’ whose creative mind helped him work his way through the s...
Tags: Europe, England, New York, California, Washington, Life, India, US, America, Los Angeles, Turkey, History, Britain, Pennsylvania, New Orleans, South Pacific


A 108-Year-Old Woman Recalls What It Was Like to Be a Woman in Victorian England

The perils of old age—dementia, economic insecurity, social isolation—are receiving a lot of attention these days. How refreshing to spend three minutes in the company of a sharp-witted 108-year-old, who, responding to a question about what life was like for women in Victorian England, acts out a couple of socially relevant, period Punch cartoons, deliberately drawing attention to her shockingly well-preserved ankles in the process. Florence Pannell was born in London in 1868, 3 years af...
Tags: Google, England, London, Television, College, Life, US, History, Harvard, Paris, Reddit, Jack, Queen Victoria, Napoleon, Elizabeth Ii, Victorian England


Treasures in the Trash: A Secret Museum Inside a Working New York City Department of Sanitation Garage

Like many New Yorkers, retired sanitation worker Nelson Molina has a keen interest in his fellow citizens' discards. But whereas others risk bedbugs for the occasional curbside score or dumpster dive as an enviro-political act, Molina’s interest is couched in the curatorial. The bulk of his collection was amassed between 1981 and 2015, while he was on active duty in Carnegie Hill and East Harlem, collecting garbage in an area bordered by 96th Street, Fifth Avenue, 106th Street, and First Av...
Tags: Travel, Google, New York, College, Life, Environment, History, Creativity, Museums, K-12, Public Domain, Facebook Twitter, Molina, East Harlem, Hunter College, Aubrey Beardsley


My Fiancé Says These 'Disturbing Sites' in His Phone History Are 'Pop-Ups'

What happens when you find something something on a loved one’s phone that shouldn’t be there? What if that’s something that concerns you? We’re tackling the mysterious case of “why is that on your phone” in this week’s Tech 911, Lifehacker’s tech support column.Read more...
Tags: Sex, Oops, Porn, Phone, History, Browsing, Adult, Lifehacks


Gandhi & The Tatas

Revisiting the relationship between the Mahatma and the founders of the Tata group, from satyagraha to swaraj October 2019     |   Tata.com Throughout his public service Mahatma Gandhi, in his own words, ranged himself “seemingly against capital”. The few exceptions to this included the Tatas. On his 150th birth anniversary, we recount the Tatas’ interactions with the Mahatma. Gandhi developed a respect for the Tatas in the lifetime of Jamsetji Tata. “In whatever he did, Mr Tata never looked to...
Tags: Life, History


KM Nanavati vs State of Maharashtra: All we learnt about the landmark case from Bollywood

Before we watch web series The Verdict: State Vs Nanavati, we look back at the actual Nanavati case and how it has been presented in Gulzar’s Achanak (1973), R.K. Nayyar’s Yeh Rastey Hain Pyar Ke (1963) and Tinu Suresh Desai’s 2016 film Rustom. Written by Arushi Jain | Indian Express The Nanavati case inspired three Bollywood movies before Ekta Kapoor conceptualised it as web series The Verdict State Vs Nanavati. ALTBalaji’s latest offering The Verdict: State Vs Nanavati deals with the most se...
Tags: Life, History


19th-Century Skeleton Alarm Clock Reminded People Daily of the Shortness of Life: An Introduction to the Memento Mori

Victorian culture can seem grim and even ghoulish to us youth-obsessed, death-denying 21st century moderns. The tradition of death photography, for example, both fascinates and repels us, especially portraiture of deceased children. But the practice “became increasingly popular,” notes the BBC, as “Victorian nurseries were plagued by measles, diphtheria, scarlet fever, rubella—all of which could be,” and too often were, “fatal.” Adults did not fare much better when it came to the epidemic sprea...
Tags: Google, Art, College, Life, Boston, Tim Burton, History, Bbc, Facebook Twitter, Josh Jones, Hyperallergic, Science Museum London, Durham NC Follow, Allison Meier, Lindsey Fitzharris, Mary Queen


Jubilee Diamond & How it Saved A Tata Company

In a country obsessed with the legend of the Kohinoor, little public attention is paid to the fact that there were far larger diamonds in India until very recently. In fact many made the Kohinoor, look like a poor cousin and they had equally interesting back stories. Take for instance the 245.35 carat ‘Jubilee diamond’ which is the sixth largest diamond in the world today, making it more than double the size of the 105.6 carat Kohinoor – which by the way isn’t even in the list of top 10 diamonds...
Tags: Life, History


A New Archive Transcribes and Puts Online the Diaries & Notebooks of Women Artists, Art Historians, Critics and Dealers

While one is still comparatively young, one has many more thoughts & certainly sentiments than one is able to make use of. It seems as if these might be stored up so that in old age or when one became less prolific one could find matter to use. Every thought or suggestion could be of use. - Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, sculptor, collector, founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art, 1906 There are very few moral defenses for rummaging inside another’s private diary or sketchbook, until that ...
Tags: Google, Art, College, France, Life, New York City, History, Museums, Whitney, Facebook Twitter, Theodore Roosevelt, Ethel, Frida Kahlo, Whitney Museum of American Art, Patti Smith Laurie Anderson, Ayun Halliday


The Parsi burial ground is a sign of Rawalpindi’s rich heritage

On Murree Road, in the heart of the city, a lane leads towards a heavy iron gate that opens out on an era of Parsi history Article by Ammad Ali | Daily Times Pakistan Resting place of a WWII soldier of Royal Indian Air Force at Parsi Cemetery Rawalpindi It is a sweltering morning of June 1947. Weeks after vicious communal riots in Rawalpindi, Parsis are proffering teary-eyed goodbye to their home, Rawalpindi – standing amid Parsi cemetery on the narrow patches that part each grave, by laying o...
Tags: Life, India, History, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kabul, Mumbai, Peshawar, Hyderabad, Bombay, Gujarat, KARACHI, RAWALPINDI, Parsi, Gurpurab, Surat


Rare Vintage Photos Of Dwellers Of The Russian North Over A Century Ago

The author of this unique photo collection is a Russian photo artist Nikolay A. Shabunin (1866-1907) who dedicated all his life to the ethnography of his native region – the Mezen country and its outskirts. h/t: englishrussia Nikolay was obsessed by the Russian north, he saw how age-old traditions receded into the past and he wanted to capture the life of those people who could be called “the... Source
Tags: Photography, Design, Life, Russia, History, Retro, Ethnography, Native, Nikolay, Dwellers, Shabunin, Nikolay A Shabunin, Mezen


JRB Jeejeebhoy: Mumbai has forgotten the ‘leading historian’ who once highlighted its forgotten past

JRB Jeejeebhoy, who wrote numerous pieces on the city and its heritage from the 1920s to the 1950s, has met the fate of his subjects. History unfortunately has been superseded in favour of flighty novels and trashy periodicals, with the result that the investigation and research into the ancient annals of cities and villages have been entirely neglected. It is sincerely to be hoped that this branch of the study will interest the present and the future generations and that they will continue to c...
Tags: Congress, Life, China, Boston, History, Kaiser, Mumbai, London School Of Economics, Bombay, Gandhi, Times of India, Mahatma Gandhi, East India company, St Xavier, Nirupa Roy, Parsi Tower


The opium trader who became one of India’s richest men

On his fourth trip to China, Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy was captured by the French. It was the middle of the Napoleonic Wars and hostilities between the British and the French had carried over to the Indian Ocean. Jejeebhoy was on a British ship called the Brunswick when, off the coast of Point de Galle in present-day Sri Lanka, it came face to face with two French frigates. The Brunswick was a trade ship and didn’t have much of a crew. They didn’t stand a chance. The passengers, mostly merchants like ...
Tags: England, Life, China, India, History, South Africa, Victoria, Sri Lanka, Bombay, Gujarat, Jain, Rudyard Kipling, East Asia, Albert, Guangzhou, Chennai


Woman Models 30 Years of Japanese Fashions

In commemoration of the end of the Heisei era, a woman has modeled the various fashion trends from the 30-year era. A woman working for cosmetics company Shiseido has modeled the various looks from the Heisei era, which has now come to an end. For the purpose of the video, the era has been divided […]
Tags: Fashion, Japan, Makeup, History, Hair, Anime, Comparison, Heisei, Shiseido


Godrej and the Ballot Boxes for for India’s First Elections

When independent India was laying the groundwork for its first elections in 1952, clueless to the rest of the world, workers at a factory in Mumbai’s Vikhroli were making history. They were manufacturing the first-ever ballot boxes to be used in the general elections. At Plant 1 of the Godrej & Boyce Mfg Co Ltd, these workers burned the midnight oil to produce nearly 12.83 lakh ballot boxes within four months. Here’s the lesser-known story. The first election was a result of the continuous eff...
Tags: Life, India, History, Mumbai, Election Commission, The Times of India, Godrej, Vikhroli, Panchal, Godrej Boyce Mfg Co Ltd, Sukumar Sen, Godrej Nathalal Panchal, Vrunda Pathare, Thanewalla, Thanewala, The Times of India Vrunda


"The Lost Cause... Because the lost cause will always be a cause worth supporting."

That was a Nike slogan... for about 6 hours.Quoted in "How historians got Nike to pull an ad campaign — in under six hours" (WaPo).“In an environment where confederate monuments are so visible in the news,” Jenna Magnuski tweeted, “ . . . how?!” “What appallingly tone-deaf, historically ignorant slogan will @NikeTrail choose next?” Jeremy Neely asked. “The Trail of Tears?”Historians were not the only ones protesting. Sports and political commentator Keith Olbermann replied with hashtags: “#Shoul...
Tags: Law, Advertising, Careers, Nike, History, Civil War, WaPo, Keith Olbermann, Ann Althouse, Mottos, Jenna Magnuski, Jeremy Neely, Megan Kate Nelson


The Walls of Lucca

“Nel caso di Lucca ci si fierisce quasi sempre, anzi sempre, alla citta definita dall’ambito delle Mura. Perche di essa apprezziao non solo la forma, gli aspetti storici e urbanistici, l’esistenza di monumenti, di beni ed eventi culturali, ma anche la presenza di negozi, di attivita varie, commerciali, degli uffic pubblici e privati; della gente […]
Tags: Travel, Lifestyle, History, Culture, Architecture, Tuscany, Lucca, Italian Travel, Italian tourism, Walled Cities


Link About It: This Week’s Picks

Sleeping over at the Louvre, floating cities, what really happened to the dinosaurs and more from around the internet The UN’s Floating City Concept Presented by a group of designers, architects and engineers at a United Nations roundtable last week, this floating city could be the future of sustainable (and affordable) living. Built in a lily pad-like array of hexagonal platforms, nearly 10,000 citizens could …
Tags: Gender, Space, Science, Design, Climate Change, Sex, History, Nasa, Mit, Vogue, United Nations, Dinosaurs, Un, Airbnb, Archeology, Louvre



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