Science


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5200-year-old grains in the eastern Altai Mountains redate trans-Eurasian crop exchange

Cereals from the Fertile Crescent and broomcorn millet from northern China spread across the ancient world, integrating into complex farming systems that used crop-rotation cycles enabled by the different ecological regions of origin. The resulting productivity allowed for demographic expansions and imperial formation in Europe and Asia. In this study, an international, interdisciplinary team of scientists illustrate that people moved these crops across Eurasia earlier than previously realized, ...
Tags: Asia, Europe, Science, China, Eurasia, Altai Mountains, Fertile Crescent


5,200-year-old grains in the eastern Altai Mountains redate trans-Eurasian crop exchange

Cereals from the Fertile Crescent and broomcorn millet from northern China spread across the ancient world, integrating into complex farming systems that used crop-rotation cycles enabled by the different ecological regions of origin. The resulting productivity allowed for demographic expansions and imperial formation in Europe and Asia. In this study, an international, interdisciplinary team of scientists illustrate that people moved these crops across Eurasia earlier than previously realized, ...
Tags: Asia, Europe, Science, China, Eurasia, Altai Mountains, Fertile Crescent


Neanderthals and Denisovans Lived (and Mated) in This Siberian Cave

The Neanderthals and Denisovans -- both relatives of modern humans -- were roommates, literally, for thousands of years in a remote Siberian cave, two new studies find. Back in ancient times, this cave would have been a real estate agent's paradise; it's the only place in the world that Neanderthals, Denisovans and possibly even modern humans lived in together throughout history, the researchers found. The cave was so popular that hominins (a group that includes humans, our ancestors a...
Tags: Asia, Science, London, Australia, Germany, Russia, Canada, Siberia, University of Oxford, Eurasia, University of Wollongong, Stringer, Denisova Cave, Altai Mountains, Denisovans, Tom Higham


Siberian cave findings shed light on enigmatic extinct human species

Research published on Wednesday shed light on the species called Denisovans, known only from scrappy remains from Denisova Cave in the foothills of the Altai Mountains in Russia. While still enigmatic, they left a genetic mark on our species, Homo sapiens, particularly among indigenous populations in Papua New Guinea and Australia that retain a small but significant percentage of Denisovan DNA, evidence of past interbreeding between the species. Fossils and DNA traces demonstrated Denisovans w...
Tags: Science, Australia, Russia, Papua New Guinea, Denisova Cave, Altai Mountains


New insights into the late history of Neandertals

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, have sequenced the genomes of five Neandertals that lived between 39,000 and 47,000 years ago. These late Neandertals are all more closely related to the Neandertals that contributed DNA to modern human ancestors than an older Neandertal from the Altai Mountains that was previously sequenced. Their genomes also provide evidence for a turnover in the Neandertal population towards the end of Neandertal histo...
Tags: Science, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig Germany, Altai Mountains


A Twist in Our Sexual Encounters With Other Ancient Humans

Around 41,000 years ago, a young woman died in a cold cave, high up in Siberia’s Altai Mountains. Scientists uncovered one of her pinky bones in 2008. From it, they extracted her DNA. And from that, they deduced that she belonged to a previously unknown group of ancient hominin, whom they called the Denisovans after the cave where the finger was found.
Tags: Science, Siberia, Altai Mountains



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