Science


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Crab blood to remain big pharma's standard as industry group rejects substitute

Animal rights groups have been pushing a synthetic alternative to horseshoe crab blood in drug safety testingHorseshoe crabs’ icy-blue blood will remain the drug industry’s standard for safety tests after a powerful US group ditched a plan to give equal status to a synthetic substitute pushed by Swiss biotech Lonza and animal welfare groups.The crabs’ copper-rich blood clots in the presence of bacterial endotoxins and has long been used in tests to detect contamination in shots and infusions. Co...
Tags: Science, Environment, US, Wildlife, Conservation, Marine Life, Oceans, Endangered Species, Pharmaceuticals industry, Lonza


Alberta Energy Minister Says the Pandemic Is a 'Great Time' to Build Pipeline Due to Limits on Protests

The energy minister of the Canadian province of Alberta, Sonya Savage, told listeners to an oil trade association podcast that the coronavirus pandemic was the perfect time to move forward with the construction of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion due to bans on large protests, the Canadian Press reported.Read more...
Tags: Energy, Science, Climate Change, Environment, Oil, Gas, Conservation, Indigenous Rights, Trans Mountain, Alberta Energy, Pipelines, Coronavirus, Covid 19, Sars Cov 2, Alberta Sonya Savage


Why glass frogs have see-through skin becomes clear in study

While colour of body changes little, legs are more translucent to help amphibians to blend inThe mystery of why glass frogs have see-through skin has been solved, scientists say: the unusual feature is a type of camouflage.Glass frogs are found in tropical Central and South America, and get their name from their skin. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Biology, Environment, Animal behaviour, South America, Amphibians


Australian researchers claim world first in global race to develop better solar panels

Experimental cell using the potentially game-changing material perovskite passes a series of heat and humidity testsA team of Australian researchers are claiming a world first in a global race to develop cheaper, more flexible and more efficient solar panels after their experimental cell passed a series of heat and humidity tests.Using a type of crystal material known as perovskite, the group found that a simple glass and synthetic rubber coating around the cell was enough to stop it from degrad...
Tags: Energy, Science, Environment, Australia news, Solar Power


A landslide is imminent and so is its tsunami

A remote area visited by tourists and cruises, and home to fishing villages, is about to be visited by a devastating tsunami.A wall of rock exposed by a receding glacier is about crash into the waters below.Glaciers hold such areas together — and when they're gone, bad stuff can be left behind. The Barry Glacier gives its name to Alaska's Barry Arm Fjord, and a new forecasts trouble ahead.Thanks to global warming, the glacier has been retreating, so far removing two-thirds of its support for ...
Tags: Science, Climate Change, Environment, Water, Alaska, Geology, Innovation, Greenland, Barry, Glacier, Prince William Sound, Anchorage, Whittier, Department of Natural Resources, Hoover Dam, Lituya Bay


Rare whale with long, spiky teeth washes up at San Onofre State Beach

A rare pygmy sperm whale washed up at San Onofre State Beach. (Photos courtesy of Jim Serpa) A rare pygmy sperm whale washes up at San Onofre State Beach. (Photos courtesy of Jim Serpa) Sound The gallery will resume in seconds A rare pygmy sperm whale washes up at San Onofre State Beach. (Photos courtesy of Jim Serpa) Show Caption of Expand Jim Serpa, a former Doheny State Beach supervisor, knew what he was looking at when a lifeguard at San Onofre State Beac...
Tags: Science, Animals, Environment, San Francisco, Sport, Soccer, Noaa, San Jose, Whales, Local News, San Diego County, Pacific, Beaches, National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration, Jacques Cousteau, San Clemente


The end of plastic? New plant-based bottles will degrade in a year

Carlsberg and Coca-Cola back pioneering project to make ‘all-plant’ drinks bottlesBeer and soft drinks could soon be sipped from “all-plant” bottles under new plans to turn sustainably grown crops into plastic in partnership with major beverage makers.A biochemicals company in the Netherlands hopes to kickstart investment in a pioneering project that hopes to make plastics from plant sugars rather than fossil fuels. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Environment, Chemistry, Fossil Fuels, Ethical and green living, Netherlands, Recycling, Waste, Carlsberg, Coca Cola, Biochemistry and molecular biology, Plastics


Microplastics discovered blowing ashore in sea breezes

Finding could help solve mystery of where plastic goes after it leaks into the sea Hundreds of thousands of tonnes of mismanaged waste could be blowing ashore on the ocean breeze every year, according to scientists who have discovered microplastics in sea spray.The study, by researchers at the University of Strathclyde and the Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées at the University of Toulouse, found tiny plastic fragments in sea spray, suggesting they are being ejected by the sea in bubbles. The findings,...
Tags: Science, Education, Environment, Research, Pollution, Higher Education, Plastics, University of Strathclyde, University of Toulouse, Observatoire Midi Pyrénées


Warty comb jelly, scourge of fisheries, also eats its young

Researchers say cannibalistic tendency may help explain why the invasive creatures thriveWhen the going gets tough, most parents try to protect their offspring. But the warty comb jelly takes a different tack: it eats them.Despite initial appearances, comb jellies are not jellyfish, but belong to a different group of animals, called ctenophora, that swim using tiny hair-like projections called cilia. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Animals, Environment, World news, Wildlife, Conservation


'Murder Hornets' Are Unlikely to Murder You Personally

Asian giant hornets have probably been living in the Pacific Northwest for at least eight months now, but not until the New York Times called them “murder hornets” did we think to panic. It’s true that they’re dangerous to people and to beehives, but there’s still time to stop them from becoming established in North…Read more...
Tags: Science, Environment, New York Times, Lifehacks, Insects, Pacific Northwest


Green stimulus can repair global economy and climate, study says

Projects will deliver higher returns amid Covid-19 crisis than conventional spending, researchers claimGreen economy recovery packages for the coronavirus crisis will repair the global economy and put the world on track to tackle climate breakdown, but time is running out to implement the changes needed, new analysis has shown.Projects which cut greenhouse gas emissions as well as stimulating economic growth deliver higher returns on government spending, in the short term and in the longer term,...
Tags: Science, Environment, Green Economy, UK News, World news, Oxford University, Coronavirus outbreak


Is air pollution making the coronavirus pandemic even more deadly?

Dirty air is well known to worsen the heart and lung risk factors for Covid-19 - early research is cause for concernIn many respects, it makes perfect sense.Patients with severe Covid-19 are twice as likely to have had pre-existing respiratory diseases and three times as likely to have had cardiovascular problems. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Biology, Environment, World news, Medical Research, Air Pollution, Infectious Diseases, Microbiology, Coronavirus outbreak


Alarm over deaths of bees from rapidly spreading viral disease

Researchers study whether new strain of chronic bee paralysis virus is responsibleA viral disease that causes honey bees to suffer severe trembling, flightlessness and death within a week is spreading exponentially in Britain.Chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV) was only recorded in Lincolnshire in 2007. A decade later, it was found in 39 of 47 English counties and six of eight Welsh counties, according to data collected from visits to more than 24,000 beekeepers. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Biology, Environment, UK News, Genetics, Bees, Britain, Wildlife, Agriculture, Insects, Lincolnshire


Microplastics found in greater quantities than ever before on seabed

Currents act as conveyor belts that concentrate microplastics in hotspots, study suggestsScientists have discovered microplastics in greater quantities than ever before on the seabed, and gathered clues as to how ocean currents and deep-sea circulation have carried them there.Microplastics – tiny pieces of plastic less than 5mm in size – are likely to accumulate most densely on the ocean floor in areas that are also biodiversity hotspots, intensifying the damage they may do to marine ecosystems,...
Tags: Science, Environment, Pollution, Wildlife, Marine Life, Oceans, Plastics


Clean air in Europe during lockdown ‘leads to 11,000 fewer deaths’

Study into effects of coronavirus curbs also finds less asthma and preterm birthsThe improvement in air quality over the past month of the coronavirus lockdown has led to 11,000 fewer deaths from pollution in the UK and elsewhere in Europe, a study has revealed.Sharp falls in road traffic and industrial emissions have also resulted in 1.3m fewer days of work absence, 6,000 fewer children developing asthma, 1,900 avoided emergency room visits and 600 fewer preterm births, according to the Centre ...
Tags: Health, Europe, UK, Science, Environment, UK News, World news, Air Pollution, Sharp, Coronavirus outbreak, Centre for Research on Energy


Bondi beach and Bronte welcome back swimmers as coronavirus lockdown relaxed – in pictures

Waverley council in Sydney’s eastern suburbs has reopened Bondi, Bronte and Tamarama beaches to swimmers and surfers between 7am and 5pm on weekdays. The beaches were closed as Australia’s coronavirus restrictions came into force. They are to remain closed on weekends, and only the water is ‘open’, with sunbathing, walking and jogging on the beach not allowedFollow the latest Australia coronavirus live newsDownload the free Guardian app to get the most important news notifications Continue readi...
Tags: Photography, Science, Australia, Environment, World news, Australia news, Oceans, New South Wales, Sydney, Surfing, Swimming, Bondi Beach, Bondi, Waverley, Bronte, Coronavirus outbreak


Meteorologists say 2020 on course to be hottest year since records began

Global lockdowns have lowered emissions but longer-term changes needed, say scientistsThis year is on course to be the world’s hottest since measurements began, according to meteorologists, who estimate there is a 50% to 75% chance that 2020 will break the record set four years ago.Although the coronavirus lockdown has temporarily cleared the skies, it has done nothing to cool the climate, which needs deeper, longer-term measures, the scientists say. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Climate Change, Environment, Meteorology


Scientists create glowing plants using mushroom genes

New technique could help shed light on plants’ workings – and lead to unusual home decorEmitting an eerie green glow, they look like foliage from a retro computer game, but in fact they are light-emitting plants produced in a laboratory.Researchers say the glowing greenery could not only add an unusual dimension to home decor but also open up a fresh way for scientists to explore the inner workings of plants. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Biology, Environment, Plants


Halt destruction of nature or suffer even worse pandemics, say world’s top scientists

Exclusive: only one species is responsible for coronavirus – humans – say world’s leading wildlife expertsCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageThe coronavirus pandemic is likely to be followed by even more deadly and destructive disease outbreaks unless their root cause – the rampant destruction of the natural world – is rapidly halted, the world’s leading biodiversity experts have warned.“There is a single species responsible for the Covid-19 pandemic – us,” they said. “R...
Tags: Science, Environment, World news, Medical Research, Infectious Diseases, Wildlife, Conservation, Biodiversity, Coronavirus outbreak


Coronavirus detected on particles of air pollution

Exclusive: Scientists examine whether this route enables infections at longer distancesCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageCoronavirus has been detected on particles of air pollution by scientists investigating whether this could enable it to be carried over longer distances and increase the number of people infected.The work is preliminary and it is not yet known if the virus remains viable on pollution particles and in sufficient quantity to cause disease. Continue read...
Tags: Science, Biology, Environment, UK News, World news, Medical Research, Air Pollution, Infectious Diseases, Microbiology, Coronavirus outbreak


'Change thinking, save lives': can Rio's nudge unit halt coronavirus?

Behavioural science is being used to tackle some of Brazil’s biggest challenges, from the pandemic to extreme weatherCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageBrazil has been the Latin American country hardest-hit so far by the coronavirus pandemic, with many fearing that deaths from Covid-19 are rocketing well beyond the 2,588 officially recorded so far. The situation is particularly dire for the millions of Brazilians living in densely populated favelas where physical distan...
Tags: Science, Education, Environment, Americas, Society, World news, Natural disasters and extreme weather, Schools, Brazil, Rio De Janeiro, Flooding, Society Professionals, Jair Bolsonaro, Wilson Witzel, Coronavirus outbreak


Insect numbers down 25% since 1990, global study finds

Scientists say insects are vital and the losses worrying, with accelerating declines in Europe called ‘shocking’ The biggest assessment of global insect abundances to date shows a worrying drop of almost 25% in the last 30 years, with accelerating declines in Europe that shocked scientists.The analysis combined 166 long-term surveys from almost 1,700 sites and found that some species were bucking the overall downward trend. In particular, freshwater insects have been increasing by 11% each decad...
Tags: Europe, Science, Climate Change, Environment, World news, Wildlife, Conservation, Biodiversity, Insects


In Hawaii case, Supreme Court sees broad reach of Clean Water Act

By MARK SHERMAN WASHINGTON — The Supreme Court ruled Thursday that sewage plants and other industries cannot avoid environmental requirements under landmark clean-water protections when they send dirty water on an indirect route to rivers, oceans and other navigable waterways. Rejecting the Trump administration’s views, the justices held by a 6-3 vote that the discharge of polluted water into the ground, rather than directly into nearby waterways, does not relieve an industry of complying with t...
Tags: Science, News, Supreme Court, Washington, Environment, Uncategorized, San Francisco, Sport, Soccer, Hawaii, Donald Trump, Environmental Protection Agency, Pacific, Maui, Trump, Mark Sherman


Florida: endangered sea turtles thriving thanks to Covid-19 restrictions

Researchers are seeing an increase in nests as restrictions keep humans and harmful waste off beachesMarine life researchers in Florida say that coronavirus restrictions keeping humans and harmful waste off beaches are having a beneficial effect on the numbers of endangered leatherback sea turtles in the state.With the summer nesting season barely two weeks old, staff from the Loggerhead MarineLife Center in Juno Beach have already found and marked 76 nests of the world’s largest species of sea ...
Tags: Florida, Science, Environment, US news, Wildlife, Marine Life, Juno Beach, Loggerhead Marinelife Center, Coronavirus outbreak


Prince Harry may quit hunting over Meghan's dislike of sport, says conservationist friend

Dame Jane Goodall also reveals Duke of Sussex is finding departure from UK ‘a bit challenging’The British primatologist Dame Jane Goodall believes the Duke of Sussex will give up hunting because of his wife’s dislike for the sport, and thinks he has been finding life “a bit challenging” since the couple moved to North America.Goodall, 86, a friend of the pair who has been a guest at their Frogmore Cottage home in Windsor, said in an interview with the Radio Times that Harry and his brother, the ...
Tags: UK, Science, Media, Animals, Environment, UK News, Conservation, Cambridge, Monarchy, Prince Harry, Harry, Hunting, Primatology, Duke, Bbc Worldwide, Radio Times


Olive oil industry under increasing threat from 'olive leprosy'

Italian, Spanish and Greek farmers set to lose billions unless drastic action is taken to combat bacterium that has killed millions of treesOne of southern Europe’s most important staples, olive oil, is under pressure from a potentially deadly disease that new research shows could infect nearly all of the productive areas of Italy, Greece and Spain.Economic losses could be as high as €5bn over the next 50 years for Italy, where at least 1m trees have already died, if nothing is done to halt the ...
Tags: Europe, Science, Greece, France, Environment, Spain, Farming, Trees and forests, Italy, Agriculture, Italy Greece


Scientists create mutant enzyme that recycles plastic bottles in hours

Bacterial enzyme originally found in compost can be used to make high-quality new bottlesA mutant bacterial enzyme that breaks down plastic bottles for recycling in hours has been created by scientists.The enzyme, originally discovered in a compost heap of leaves, reduced the bottles to chemical building blocks that were then used to make high-quality new bottles. Existing recycling technologies usually produce plastic only good enough for clothing and carpets. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Environment, Recycling, Waste, Plastics


Human impact on wildlife to blame for spread of viruses, says study

Increased contact with animals likely cause of outbreaks such as Covid-19, say experts, as conservationists call for global ban on wildlife marketsCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageHunting, farming and the global move of people to cities has led to massive declines in biodiversity and increased the risk of dangerous viruses like Covid-19 spilling over from animals to humans, a major study has concluded.In a paper that suggests the underlying cause of the present pandemi...
Tags: Science, Biology, Australia, Animals, Environment, US, World news, Infectious Diseases, Wildlife, Conservation, Deforestation, Microbiology, Coronavirus outbreak, COVID


Record-size hole opens in ozone layer above the Arctic

Rare hole is result of low temperatures in atmosphere and is expected to disappear A rare hole has opened up in the ozone layer above the Arctic, in what scientists say is the result of unusually low temperatures in the atmosphere above the north pole.The hole, which has been tracked from space and the ground over the past few days, has reached record dimensions, but is not expected to pose any danger to humans unless it moves further south. If it extends further south over populated areas, such...
Tags: Science, Environment, World news, Arctic, Greenland, Ozone Layer


Oceans can be restored to former glory within 30 years, say scientists

Major review reports recovery of marine life but a redoubling of efforts is still needed The glory of the world’s oceans could be restored within a generation, according to a major new scientific review. It reports rebounding sea life, from humpback whales off Australia to elephant seals in the US and green turtles in Japan.Through rampant overfishing, pollution and coastal destruction, humanity has inflicted severe damage on the oceans and its inhabitants for centuries. But conservation success...
Tags: Japan, Science, Biology, Climate Change, Australia, Environment, US, Fish, Wildlife, Marine Life, Oceans, Whales



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