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Charles Yonge obituary

My brother Charles Yonge, who has died aged 74, was a climber, explorer and caver who opened up many new routes and discovered caves all over the world. He also carried out numerous ascents in the Rocky Mountains in Canada.Born in Chesterfield in Derbyshire, Charles was the son of Wg Cmdr John Yonge, an RAF pilot, and his wife, Enid (nee Blanch), who worked in surveillance for MI5. He was educated at Sutton Valence school in Kent and then at the University of Surrey, where he gained a degree in ...
Tags: Travel, Science, Americas, UK News, World news, Canada, Mountaineering, Geology, Raf, Exploration, Kent, Rock Climbing, Adventure Travel, Chesterfield, Rocky Mountains, University Of Sheffield

The scientific secrets inside a single grain of moon dust

While scientists have studied Moon rocks for 50 years, researchers have for the first time conducted deep analysis on a single grain of lunar dust, atom by atom. Using a common materials science technique called atom probe tomography that's not widely used by geologists, the Chicago Field Museum's Jennika Greer and colleagues probed the grain of soil -- about the width of a human hair -- and were able to learn about the Moon's surface its elemental composition. From the Field Museum: In...
Tags: Post, Space, Science, News, Moon, Geology, Greer, Chicago Field Museum, Nanoscience, Jennika Greer, Northwestern University Greer

Earth’s Oldest Asteroid Impact is Two Billion Years Old

The oldest asteroid collision on the planet, the Yarrabubba impact crater in Western Australia, is a whopping 2.229 billion years old. After analyzing minerals at the crater site, researchers have found the asteroid hit at the end of an era called Snowball Earth (one of the planet’s ice ages). Scientists, led by Dr Timmons Erickson (a geochronologist at Houston’s NASA Johnson Space Center), studied around …
Tags: Space, Science, Design, Australia, History, Nasa, Culture, Geology, Asteroids, Houston, Western Australia, Linkaboutit, Ancient History, Yarrabubba, Timmons Erickson

What Are Sinkholes and How Do They Work?

A sinkhole opened up and swallowed a bus this week in China, killing several people. A few months ago, another sinkhole opened up below a bus in my hometown of Pittsburgh; in that case, though, everybody escaped safely. Besides buses, sinkholes can also swallow cars, pedestrians, and houses. Here’s the rundown on what…Read more...
Tags: Science, Safety, China, Geology, Lifehacks, Explainers, Pittsburgh

Venus Could Have Active Volcanoes

Laboratory experiments have uncovered evidence that Venus might still be volcanically active.Read more...
Tags: Science, Geology, Venus, Planetary Science, Volcanism, Extraterrestrial Volcanism

'We Have to Go NOW': Scientists Share Their Wildest Experiences in the Field

Put aside any notions that research is a dull cycle of routine. For scientists who do field work, collecting data means taking risks, exploring remote areas, sleeping outside, and encountering wild animals and extreme weather.
Tags: Science, Geology, Paleontology, Field Work

Mars Just Spat Out the InSight Heat Probe

After some hopeful digging, Mars seems to have spat out the InSight heat flow-measuring probe.Read more...
Tags: Science, Nasa, Geology, Insight, Mars, Mars Insight, Planetary Science

Extraterrestrial Organic Matter Found in 3.3-Billion-Year-Old Volcanic Rock

Geologists in France and Italy have spotted what appear to be organic molecules from outer space in 3.3-billion-year-old rocks in South Africa, according to a new study.Read more...
Tags: Science, Geology, Meteorites, Asteroids, Astrochemistry, Chondrite

Scientists Witness the Birth of a Submarine Volcano for the First Time

Back on November 11, 2018, a planetwide rumble emanated from somewhere between eastern Africa and Madagascar. This strange signal, thought by scientists at the time to be related to a colossal but hard-to-identify magmatic process, was pinpointed to have come from 30 miles east of the island of Mayotte, beneath the…Read more...
Tags: Science, Africa, Geology, Volcanoes, Eruptions, Madagascar, Seismology, First Time, Mayotte

Beach Sands Near Hiroshima Are Still Packed With 1945 Nuclear Fallout Debris

Unusual and abundant glassy spheres found packed within the beach sands near the Japanese city of Hiroshima are remnants of the 1945 atomic bomb explosion, according to new research.Read more...
Tags: Science, Geology, Nuclear Weapons, Anthropocene, Nuclear, Hiroshima, Atomic Bombs, Mineralogy, Nuclear Fallout

A tectonic plate may have split apart, pulling Europe toward Canada

Geologists have long puzzled over a flat, featureless region off the coast of Portugal that's been the location of several earthquakes.A team may have confirmed that a drip-shaped mass, buried 155 miles below the seafloor, might be responsible for the seismic activity.If confirmed, the drip-shaped anomaly also suggests that geologists have for the first time observed the early stages of a subduction zone. None Since 1969, some geologists have been puzzled by a 7.9-magnitude earthquake struck off...
Tags: Europe, Science, Earth, Canada, Geology, Innovation, Portugal, National Geographic, Duarte, European Geosciences Union, Michael Purdy, João Duarte, Fabio Crameri, Maya Wei Haas

Possible Marsquake Detected by NASA’s InSight Lander

Using its ultra-sensitive seismometer, NASA’s InSight lander has waited patiently to detect its first marsquake. Scientists now have good reason to believe it finally happened.Read more...
Tags: Science, Nasa, Geology, Mars, Planetary Science, Insight Lander, Marsquakes, Insight Mission

'Hovercraft effect' may explain deadly speed of volcanic gas clouds

Superheated gases and rock fragments can reach speeds of up to 400mph by travelling on cushion of air, say scientistsCrouched figures, a child with its mother, a dog writhing on its back – the harrowing plaster casts of the dead of Pompeii reveal that when the end came in AD79, it was as swift as it was final.Caught in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, many died when buildings collapsed under heavy ash and pumice. But for those still alive, another catastrophe was about to hit as deadly currents o...
Tags: Science, World news, Natural disasters and extreme weather, Geology, Volcanoes, Pompeii, Mount Vesuvius

'Self-Forming' Waterfalls Could Change Our Understanding of Earth's History

Scientists observed waterfalls forming simply through the movement of water downhill in a new laboratory study—a result that could complicate our understanding of Earth’s history.Read more...
Tags: Science, Earth, Geology, Waterfalls

Spacecraft Spots Evidence That Groundwater Once Saturated Mars

Scientists report finding evidence for an ancient planet-wide groundwater system on Mars, according to a new study. The clues appeared in images taken by Mars orbiters.Read more...
Tags: Astronomy, Science, Nasa, Esa, Geology, Mars, Life on Mars, Planetary Science, Mars Exploration, Water On Mars, Mars Water

Simulated Mission in Chilean Desert Shows How a Rover Could Detect Life on Mars

By using the barren Atacama Desert in Chile as a stand-in for Mars, researchers have shown that it’s possible to use an autonomous rover-mounted drill to detect life beneath a desolate surface. Encouragingly, the test resulted in the discovery of a resilient microorganism—exactly the kind of creature that could lurk…Read more...
Tags: Science, Biology, Chile, Geology, Mars, Life on Mars, Atacama Desert, Astrobiology, Planetary Science, Extremophiles, Robotic Probes

Fake FCC Comments, Shark DNA, and the Edge of Everything: Best Gizmodo Stories of the Week

Hopefully your week has been better than leading New York politicians, like NYC Mayor Bill de Blasio and Governor Andrew “Amazon” Cuomo—both of whom are still dealing with the disastrous fallout from the failed deal to subsidize a new Amazon facility in Queens’s Long Island City neighborhood. (Adding insult to injury:…Read more...
Tags: Apple, Google, Amazon, Gaming, Science Fiction, Politics, New York, Science, Technology, Fcc, Microsoft, Climate Change, Dna, Samsung, Genetics, Physics

New Studies of Ancient Lava Add Mystery to the Dinosaur Extinction Story

Solidified lava from ancient volcanoes, over a mile thick, covers a portion of west-central India nearly the size of Texas. Contained in the dramatic and craggy striped rock are secrets scientists are only beginning to uncover—secrets that could partially rewrite the story of the dinosaur mass extinction 66 million…Read more...
Tags: Science, Climate Change, India, Geology, Dinosaurs, Paleontology, Mass Extinction, Volcanism, Geochronology, Deccan Traps, Texas Contained

Stunning New View of Mars Shows Where Ancient Flowing Water Once Carved Its Surface

Dramatic dried-up river channels over a mile wide and 650 feet deep have been detected on Mars, showcasing how the Red Planet once hosted liquid water at its surface.Read more...
Tags: Science, Geology, Mars, Planetary Science, Water On Mars

The Enduring Mystery of the Martian 'Blueberries' Discovered by Opportunity Rover

NASA has officially called an end to the historic Opportunity rover mission, ending a spectacular, 14-year adventure on the Red Planet. One of the rover’s most intriguing discoveries, however, came just two months after it landed, when it stumbled upon tiny objects bearing a startling resemblance to blueberries—the…Read more...
Tags: Science, Nasa, Geology, Mars, Opportunity, Planetary Science, Opportunity Rover, Blueberries On Mars

Magnetic north isn’t even close to where it used to be

Magnetic north has recently been moving north from Canada to Russia in a cold hurry. It's moving about 33 miles a year instead of the usual 7 miles. World navigation models had to updated ahead of schedule to catch up with it. None If you're reading this as you travel the arctic, odds are you're probably already a bit confused. Your compass has been, well, strange, lately. That's because magnetic north has been moving. Quickly. It's never been stationary, but recently it's been moving around 4...
Tags: Science, Russia, Earth, Nature, Canada, Military, Aircraft, Geology, Innovation, European Space Agency, Siberia, Mars, North Pole, Arctic Ocean, Planet, American Geophysical Union

Scientists Reveal Nature of Martian Mountain Using Ingenious Technique With Curiosity Rover

Scientists working with the Curiosity rover used a piece of its navigation equipment—an accelerometer like the one in your cellphone—in order to make an important measurement about Mars’ mysterious geology.Read more...
Tags: Science, Nasa, Geology, Mars, Curiosity Rover, Curiosity, Mars Insight, Planetary Science, Mars 2020, Planetary Astrophysics, Gravimetry

Country diary: visions of Wales's tumultuous geological past

Comins Coch, Aberystwyth: Remnants of ancient volcanoes still dominate the skyline, though much less sharply than in La Palma’s younger landscape The path up to the old quarry was wet and bordered by clumps of coarse grass, droplets of dew still hanging on to each blade. Beyond the line of trees that marks the edge of the field, dark and skeletal in their winter stasis, the sky was mottled with cloud that looked distinctly untrustworthy, with the stillness to the air that often presages showers....
Tags: Europe, Science, Wales, Environment, Spain, UK News, Geology, La Palma

Apollo Astronauts May Have Brought a Piece of Ancient Earth Back From the Moon

A re-analysis of lunar materials collected during the Apollo 14 mission has resulted in a rather astonishing conclusion: One of the rocks brought back appears to contain a small chunk of Earth dating back some 4 billion years. Incredibly, it’s now amongst the oldest terrestrial rocks known to exist.Read more...
Tags: Science, Moon, Geology, Planetary Science, Apollo Program, Lunar Rocks

A Collision With Another Planet May Have Seeded Earth With the Ingredients for Life

New research suggests that much of the material that made life possible on Earth arrived after a cataclysmic collision between our planet and a Mars-sized object billions of years ago—likely the same collision that produced the Moon, the scientists say. Read more...
Tags: Science, Earth, Moon, Geology, Earth Sciences, Planetary Science, Life On Earth, Volatiles, Lunar Geology

The Frequency of Asteroid Impacts Jumped Just Before the Dinosaur Age, New Research Suggests  

By comparing the age of impact craters on the Moon to those on Earth, researchers say they have discovered a surge in the rate of asteroid strikes starting around 290 million years ago—a finding that runs contrary to scientific convention. And indeed, not everyone is convinced by the evidence.Read more...
Tags: Science, Earth, Geology, Asteroids, Planetary Science, Impact Craters, The History Of Bigbaddabooms, Lunar Impact Craters, Earth Impact Craters

Antarctic Scientists Are About to Drill Into One of the Most Isolated Lakes on Earth

Buried beneath 4,000 feet of Antarctic ice lies Lake Mercer, a subglacial body of water that formed thousands of years ago and has been long separated from the rest of the world. A project to explore this lake—and its mysterious contents—is finally set to begin later this month.Read more...
Tags: Science, Biology, Earth, Geology, Antarctica, Extremophiles, Microorganisms, Subglacial Lakes, Antarctic Ice, Lake Mercer, Antarctic ice lies Lake Mercer

The Fossils of the 21st Century

In 100 million years, human civilization will have bit the dust. Perhaps a nuclear war scorched the planet, or a last-ditch bid to solve climate change backfired horribly. Or, more optimistically, we overcame the myriad challenges of the 21st century, took to the stars and evolved into new species on alien worlds.…Read more...
Tags: Science, Geology, Anthropocene, Deep Time, Future Fossils, Distant Future

Scientists identify vast underground ecosystem containing billions of micro-organisms

Global team of scientists find ecosystem below earth that is twice the size of world’s oceansThe Earth is far more alive than previously thought, according to “deep life” studies that reveal a rich ecosystem beneath our feet that is almost twice the size of that found in all the world’s oceans.Despite extreme heat, no light, minuscule nutrition and intense pressure, scientists estimate this subterranean biosphere is teeming with between 15bn and 23bn tonnes of micro-organisms, hundreds of times ...
Tags: Science, Biology, World news, Chemistry, Physics, Microbiology, Geology

The World's Smartest Plants, Atomic Clocks, and Whale Poop: Best Gizmodo Stories of the Week

It’s the final stretch of 2018, folks, and here at Gizmodo we’re still working hard to end this year with a bang. In the past week, we’ve covered everything from which plants are cleverer than others and NASA’s InSight lander to just how screwed up Robin Hood’s version of medieval history is and the annual White House…Read more...
Tags: Gadgets, Gaming, Space, Science, Technology, Review, Video Games, Horror, White House, Time, Robin Hood, Christmas, Painting, History, Nasa, Malware

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