Science


Posts filtered by tags: History[x]


 

Terraforming

It turns out that a large number of crannogs, manmade islands in Scottish lochs made by basically piling rocks in the water until you have stacked enough of them atop the pile to stick up out of the lake, date back further than expected. Given that doing amazing things with big rocks was something of a national pastime in Neolithic Britain, this is less surprising to me than it probably should be. . [Author: Tam]
Tags: Science, Guns, History, Tam, Neolithic Britain


How the World’s First Anti-Vax Movement Started with the First Vaccine for Smallpox in 1796, and Spread Fears of People Getting Turned into Half-Cow Babies

A cartoon from a December 1894 anti-vaccination publication (Courtesy of The Historical Medical Library of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia) For well over a century people have queued up to get vaccinated against polio, smallpox, measles, mumps, rubella, the flu or other epidemic diseases. And they have done so because they were mandated by schools, workplaces, armed forces, and other institutions committed to using science to fight disease. As a result, deadly viral epidemics began to...
Tags: Health, Facebook, UK, Science, Snowden, College, History, BBC News, Atlantic, Current Affairs, Yale, World Health Organization, Philadelphia, Jenner, Royal College of Physicians, Josh Jones


Daylight-saving time ends on November 7 - here's why we have it and why some lawmakers want to make it permanent

Sunset over the Arizona desert Shutterstock At 2 a.m. ET on November 7, Americans will "fall back" to end daylight-saving time. Common wisdom about daylight-saving time is that it originated with farming, but it really goes back to World War I. Most of the US, with the exception of Hawaii, Arizona, and many territories, recognizes daylight-saving time. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. On November 7 at 2 a.m. ET, most US states will end over eight months of daylight...
Tags: Florida, Politics, Science, News, Congress, Washington, Germany, Time, US, West Virginia, Trends, European Union, History, Features, Britain, United States


Excavating the role of Africans in the creation of the modern world

Europe would have been a marginal player in world history without the continent’s natural resources and centuries of cheap African labour The post Excavating the role of Africans in the creation of the modern world appeared first on The Mail & Guardian.
Tags: Coffee, Europe, Books, Science, Technology, Guns, Opinion, Africa, Wealth, Cotton, Web, Development, History, War, Diplomacy, Christianity


Age of Viking settlement revealed using trees and astrophysics

The Vikings reached North America long before Columbus' enslavement and brutalization of the Americas' Indigenous population, the Viking settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, was discovered six decades ago. Though many of the settlement's structures have been recreated, as accurately as dig site evidence and historical research could allow, the settlement's date has been difficult to place exactly. — Read the rest
Tags: Post, Science, News, History, Newfoundland, North America, Vikings, Fun with astrophysics, Anse aux Meadows Newfoundland


Gibraltar Falls

Anyone who's read a bunch of Poul Anderson's "Time Patrol" stories (there's an omnibus collection, by the way) will remember the setting of "Gibraltar Falls". Apparently there are some new discoveries of sediments left from both the ancient salt flats and the flood that covered them. "The serene turquoise waters of the Mediterranean Sea hide a sharp-tasting secret: a layer of salt up to two miles thick, lurking deep underneath the basin. The ghostly white minerals are one of the few traces of ...
Tags: Books, Science, Guns, Spain, History, Gibraltar, North America, SF, Mediterranean, Anderson, Tam, Amazon River, Mediterranean Sea, Sahara, Roman Empire, Poul Anderson


How Italian Physicist Laura Bassi Became the First Woman to Have an Academic Career in the 18th Century

The practice and privilege of academic science has been slow in trickling down from its origins as a pursuit of leisured gentleman. While many a leisured lady may have taken an interest in science, math, or philosophy, most women were denied participation in academic institutions and scholarly societies during the scientific revolution of the 1700s. Only a handful of women — seven known in total — were granted doctoral degrees before the year 1800. It wasn’t until 1678 that a female scholar was...
Tags: Facebook, Europe, Gender, Science, College, America, History, Physics, Italy, Benjamin Franklin, Marie Curie, Newton, Stanford University, Bologna, Laura, Josh Jones


The Historical Land Practices Behind California’s Fires

The skies of the Bay Area turned orange in September 02020, as the smoke from the complex of wildfires throughout the Bay overwhelmed the sky. Image courtesy of Long Now Speaker and photographer Christopher Michel. Here at Long Now’s offices in San Francisco, we are in the midst of California’s fire season. The fire season is an ever-expanding span of time typically judged to peak between August and October, though the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection has warned for yea...
Tags: Asia, Science, Climate Change, California, Environment, Future, Americas, San Francisco, History, Bay Area, Bay, Nps, Northern California, Thomas, U S Forest Service, Jordan Thomas


What Is the Most Important Scientific Development of the Last 50 Years?

There are people who argue, persuasively, that Hollywood films are worse than they used to be. Or that novels have turned inward, away from the form-breaking gestures of decades past. In fact, almost anything can be slotted into a narrative of decline—the planet, most obviously, but also (per our former president) …Read more...
Tags: Hollywood, Science, Biology, Dna, Environment, History, Genomics, Human Genome Project, Stanford University, Biotechnology, Life Sciences, Gene, American Petroleum Institute, Edward Teller, Molecular Biology, Kary Mullis


Jocelyn Bell Burnell Changed Astronomy Forever; Her Ph.D. Advisor Won the Nobel Prize for It

A few years back, we highlighted a series of articles called The Matilda Effect — named for the feminist Matilda Joslyn Gage, whose 1893 essay “Woman as an Inventor” inspired historians like Cornell University’s Margaret Rossiter to recover the lost histories of women in science. Those histories are important not only for our understanding of women’s contributions to scientific advancement, but also because they tell us something important about ourselves, whoever we are, as filmmaker Be...
Tags: Facebook, Gender, Astronomy, Science, College, History, Ireland, New York Times, Marie Curie, Cornell University, Margaret, Quaker, Black Eyed Peas, Burnell, Josh Jones, Ben Proudfoot


Why 'time' uses the sexagesimal system of counting

Wonder where we got the sexagesimal system? 60 seconds seems awful unwieldy in our world of base 10. It's the Sumerians. Someone on Reddit's ELI5 forum asked: "Why do we hit a limit of 60 for seconds and minutes, but then decimal for hours and milliseconds?" — Read the rest
Tags: Post, Math, Science, News, History, Reddit


*GODS LOVE DINOSAURS*

Have you ever thought about what kind of world you would create if you got the chance??? Oh, the possibilities… You’d have to have some kind of food chain though, right?!? Would life on your planet be perpetuated through a similar dance between small organisms and large ones?  THIS is the delicate balance players are […]
Tags: Crafts, Games, Math, Science, History, Logic, Board Games, Strategy games, Homeschool, Gameschooling


Benjamin Franklin on vaccination and a deadly virus outbreak

Exactly 300 years ago, in 1721, Benjamin Franklin and his fellow American colonists faced a deadly smallpox outbreak. Their varying responses constitute an eerily prescient object lesson for today's world, similarly devastated by a virus and divided over vaccination three centuries later.As a microbiologist and a Franklin scholar, we see some parallels between then and now that could help governments, journalists and the rest of us cope with the coronavirus pandemic and future threats. Smallpox ...
Tags: Asia, Science, Boston, Africa, US, History, Public Health, Canada, Innovation, West Africa, Francis, Benjamin Franklin, Vaccines, Viruses, New England, James


Migrant Invasion

If you're in to dawn-of-civilization type history, this find from Spain is pretty interesting."Beginning in the Bronze Age, the genetic makeup of the area changed dramatically. Starting in about 2,500 B.C., genes associated with people from the steppes near the Black and Caspian seas, in what is now Russia, can be detected in the Iberin gene pool. And from about 2,500 B.C. much of the population’s DNA was replaced with that of steppe people. The “Steppe Hypothesis” holds that this group spread e...
Tags: Asia, Europe, Books, Science, Guns, Russia, Spain, History, Iberia, Tam, National Geographic Society, Vilar, Miguel Vilar, Wolves of the Dawn


What Is the Most Damaging Conspiracy Theory in History?

Not every conspiracy theory is de facto bad. Vast forces really are colluding against us, with varying degrees of intent. It is when these forces are misidentified—when blame is pinned on people equally helpless, or people who are totally made up—that things can spin out of control. The events of January 6th are just…Read more...
Tags: Politics, Science, Writing, Articles, History, Tony Blair, Conspiracy Theories, George W Bush, Kennedy, Deception, Alt Right, Peter Knight, Richard Hofstadter, Joseph Parent, QAnon, Joseph Uscinski


A Billion Years of Tectonic-Plate Movement in 40 Seconds: A Quick Glimpse of How Our World Took Shape

We all remember learning about tectonic plates in our school science classes. Or at least we do if we went to school in the 1960s or later, that being when the theory of plate tectonics — which holds, broadly speaking, that the Earth’s surface comprises slowly moving slabs of rock — gained wide acceptance. But most everyone alive today will have been taught about Pangea. An implication of Alfred Wegener’s theory of “continental drift,” first proposed in the 1910s, that the single g...
Tags: Facebook, Science, College, History, Earth, Antarctica, Seoul, PANGEA, Alfred Wegener, Colin Marshall, 21st Century Los Angeles, Pangaea Continental, Kenorland, Dietmar Müller, Michael Tetley, Euronews Antarctica


The Acoustics of Stonehenge: Researchers Build a Model to Understand How Sound Reverberated within the Ancient Structure

It’s impossible to resist a Spinal Tap joke, but the creators of the complete scale model of England’s ancient Druidic structure pictured above had serious intentions — to understand what those inside the circle heard when the stones all stood in their upright “henge” position. A research team led by acoustical engineer Trevor Cox constructed the model at one-twelfth the actual size of Stonehenge, the “largest possible scale replica that could fit inside an acoustic chamber at the University of...
Tags: Facebook, England, Science, College, Bower, History, University Of Salford, Cox, Royal College of Art, Josh Jones, Trevor Cox, Nigel Tufnel, Durham NC Follow, Bruce Bower, Rupert Till


Watch an Accurate Reconstruction of the World’s Oldest Computer, the 2,200 Year-Old Antikythera Mechanism, from Start to Finish

There’s nothing like an ancient mystery, especially one as seemingly insoluble as the origins of “the world’s first computer,” the Antikythera mechanism. Discovered off the coast of the Greek island of Antikythera in 1901, the corroded collection of gears and dials seemed fake to scientists at first because of its ingeniousness. It has since been dated to 100 to 150 BC and has inspired decades of research and speculative reconstruction. Yet, no one knows who made it, and more importantly...
Tags: Facebook, Astronomy, Science, Youtube, College, History, World, Smithsonian, Josh Jones, Antikythera, Durham NC Follow, University College of London, Freeth, Tony Freeth, Adam Wojcik, Antikythera Mechanism Research Project


*HONGA* Stone Age | Resource Management | Worker Placement Math/History Game

Lots of kids want a pet and they all PROMISE they’ll be the one to look after it. Before taking the plunge, maybe try out this game where players MUST care for Honga, a very needy saber-toothed tiger. Maybe the experience of making sure he’s attended to will make kids think twice about wanting a […]
Tags: Crafts, Games, Math, Science, History, Logic, Board Games, Geography, Strategy games, Card Games, Homeschool, Gameschooling, Early Elementary, Honga


How do we know the sun is a star?

The simplest questions are often the hardest to answer.At first blush, the sun and stars are very different. The former is close and hot, the latter far away and cold.We couldn't confirm the sun to be a star until telescopes and spectroscopes were invented. Sometimes, as a scientist, you forget how much you take for granted about the amazingness of the universe. The other day, my colleagues and I traded stories about how non-scientist friends would often ask us questions that we don't even rea...
Tags: Astronomy, Science, History, Innovation, Wikimedia, JustinWick


*SPIRECREST* Everdell Expansion Strategy Board Game

The elegant Everdell saga continues into the misty and unexplored regions of the Spirecrest mountains, where friends and foes alike will be met, disasters encountered, and adventures surely had! New and exciting elements and mechanisms come to life with new meeples, a rabbit traveler (one for each critter type in the base game and all […]
Tags: Crafts, Games, Math, Science, History, Logic, Board Games, Geography, Strategy games, Homeschool, Language Arts, Everdell, Gameschooling, SPIRECREST Everdell Expansion Strategy Board, Spirecrest mountains


Leonardo da Vinci’s Notebooks Get Digitized: Where to Read the Renaissance Man’s Manuscripts Online

From the hand of Leonardo da Vinci came the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, among other art objects of intense reverence and even worship. But to understand the mind of Leonardo da Vinci, one must immerse oneself in his notebooks. Totaling some 13,000 pages of notes and drawings, they record something of every aspect of the Renaissance man’s intellectual and daily life: studies for artworks, designs for elegant buildings and fantastical machines, observations of the world around him, lists of hi...
Tags: Art, Facebook, Science, College, History, Bill Gates, Archives, Seoul, Da Vinci, Leonardo, Leonardo da Vinci, Colin Marshall, Biblioteca Nacional de España, 21st Century Los Angeles, Codex Arundel, Francesco Melzi


Where to Read Leonardo da Vinci’s Notebooks Online: A Roundup of the Renaissance Man’s Digitized Manuscripts

From the hand of Leonardo da Vinci came the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, among other art objects of intense reverence and even worship. But to understand the mind of Leonardo da Vinci, one must immerse oneself in his notebooks. Totaling some 13,000 pages of notes and drawings, they record something of every aspect of the Renaissance man’s intellectual and daily life: studies for artworks, designs for elegant buildings and fantastical machines, observations of the world around him, lists of hi...
Tags: Art, Facebook, Science, College, History, Bill Gates, Archives, Seoul, Leonardo, Leonardo da Vinci, Colin Marshall, Biblioteca Nacional de España, 21st Century Los Angeles, Codex Arundel, Francesco Melzi, App Leonardo da Vinci


Like Stalin said...

..."Dark humor is like food; not everybody gets it.""Ok, if it flashes blue its a boy and if it flashes pink its a girl." pic.twitter.com/jl8HWUs0AQ— Codex (@codexrau) April 23, 2021 [Author: Tam]
Tags: Science, Guns, History, Stalin, Tam, Teh Intarw3bz, T'hee


*THE CREW* Quest for Planet Nine Cooperative Game

Attention astronauts! Can you and your team complete 50 missions to discover whether or not the suspected ninth planet actually exists? Can you work as a team? Can you master challenges, communicate effectively, and achieve your mission??? The Crew is a trick taking game, played cooperative by 3-5 players ages 10+. The game has a […]
Tags: Crafts, Games, Math, Science, History, Logic, Strategy games, Card Games, Homeschool, Cooperative, Gameschooling


Helleborus.

 I can never remember the name of this flower.   It's Helleborus. It looks a lot like another flower I have trouble remembering, Ranunculus. Ridiculous! I end up referring to it as "Homunculus," which I know is wrong, but amuses me to say. In truth, a "homunculus" is... ... a representation of a small human being. Popularized in sixteenth-century alchemy and nineteenth-century fiction, it has historically referred to the creation of a miniature, fully formed human.... The homunculus first ap...
Tags: Science, Law, Wikipedia, History, Flowers, Chris, Caroline, Arcanum, Ann Althouse, Paracelsus, Caroline (the commenter, Chris (the commenter, Etzel Pass, Einsiedeln Schwyz, Texas Helleborus, Cf Walker Percy


He Said “Poyekhali!”

Today, Russia celebrates Cosmonautics Day (День Космон а́ втики), also known as The International Day of Human Space Flight. On April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut (Do you want to know why Russians call their astronauts cosmonauts? Read THIS B LOG ) Yuri Gagarin made the world’s first orbital flyby of the Earth (Земл я́ ). Exactly twenty years later, the first American “Space Shuttle” was launched. Since then, we have the “World’s Space party” – Yuri’s Night. Celebrate it with us! Ironic...
Tags: Space, Texas, Science, Russia, US, History, Linguistics, New Zealand, Moscow, Traditions, Yuri Gagarin, Yuri Malenchenko, Leonid, Wernher von Braun, Yuri, Saratov


Who Was the Most Evil Scientist in History?

The majority of scientists are, I’d wager, not particularly evil. Most just want to understand plants, or the Moon, or kidneys, or whatever. Conduct little experiments, marginally expand the stockpile of verifiable human truths, that kind of thing. Then there are the eugenicists, weapons/biowarfare specialists,…Read more...
Tags: Science, Articles, Reagan, History, World War Ii, Hitler, Einstein, Philip Morris, Fugitives, Josef Mengele, Edward Teller, Werner Heisenberg, Angel of Death, Mad Scientist, Charles Sturt University, Observatoire


*BELLFAIRE* Everdell Founding Celebration Resource Management Board/Card Game

The King and Queen invite YOU to celebrate The Bellfaire!  The busy lives of the Everdellian Critters carry on, and this expansion tells another spellbinding story of a year-long celebration to commemorate the Everdell Founding’s 100th birthday! This lovely expansion adds to the growing family of Everdell games. Read my reviews about the original Everdell […]
Tags: Crafts, Games, Math, Science, Media, Education, History, Logic, Literacy, Board Games, Geography, Strategy games, Card Games, Homeschool, Language Arts, Everdell


How Mary Wortley Montagu's bold experiment led to smallpox vaccine – 75 years before Jenner

A new book celebrates the trailblazing work of the English aristocrat, who successfully inoculated her daughterIt was a daring and dangerous experiment that paved the way for the development of the first safe vaccine and saved countless lives. Yet when Lady Mary Wortley Montagu deliberately infected her own daughter with a tiny dose of smallpox – successfully inoculating the three-year-old child in 1721 – her ideas were dismissed and she was denounced by 18th-century society as an “ignorant woma...
Tags: Health, Books, Science, Society, UK News, World news, History, Medical Research, Culture, Epidemics, Vaccines and immunisation, Jenner, Aristocracy, Mary Wortley Montagu, Wortley Montagu



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