Science


Posts filtered by tags: Medical Research[x]


 

Common drug could prevent thousands of head injury deaths

Researchers say tranexamic acid treatment has potential to save tens of thousands of livesA cheap and widely available drug could reduce the risk of death from common head injuries and save tens of thousands of lives each year, researchers say.Tranexamic acid slows down the breakdown of blood clots, and is already used to control heavy bleeding in people who have experienced trauma elsewhere in the body – for example from being shot or stabbed. Continue reading...
Tags: Health, Science, Drugs, Society, UK News, Medical Research


Our 'inner salamander' could help treat arthritis, study finds

Research links human ability to regrow cartilage to molecules that help amphibians sprout new limbsContrary to popular opinion, humans can regrow cartilage in their joints, researchers have found. Experts hope the research could lead to new treatments for a common type of arthritis.Osteoarthritis, in which joints become painful and stiff, is the most common form of arthritis and is thought to cause pain in about 8.5 million people in the UK alone. It is caused by a breakdown in the cartilage tha...
Tags: Health, UK, Science, Medical Research, Osteoarthritis


How a Nobel Prize winner moves from data to discovery

In 2018, Dr. Jim Allison was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering an effective way to attack cancer through immunology. In pursuing this discovery, he recruited other scientists who were curious, who cared about and were committed to science. "You have to put up with a lot of failure, 'cause if you're not, you're probably doing boring stuff," Allison says. Breakthrough Movie, Scientific Cancer Film, Woody Harrelson Breakthrough Movie, S...
Tags: Science, Cancer, Data, Discovery, Medical Research, Innovation, Disease, Woody Harrelson, Allison, Jim Allison, Nobel Prize, Human body


Nobel prize in medicine awarded to hypoxia researchers – live!

William G Kaelin, Sir Peter Ratcliffe and Gregg L Semenza share award for work on how cells adapt to oxygen availabilityNobel prize in medicine awarded to hypoxia researchers 11.07am BST This year’s prize is a true physiology award. At its heart is the body’s response to low oxygen conditions. When the body is deprived of oxygen, there is a rise in the hormone erythropoietin (EPO) – this then boosts the production of red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body. But how does a drop i...
Tags: Europe, Science, Sweden, World news, Medical Research, People in science, Nobel prizes, Science prizes, Peter Ratcliffe, William Kaelin, Gregg L Semenza, William G Kaelin


Nobel prize in medicine awarded to hypoxia researchers

William G Kaelin, Sir Peter Ratcliffe and Gregg L Semenza share 9m Swedish kronor prize for work on how cells adapt to oxygen availabilityThree scientists have shared this year’s Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for discovering how cells respond to varying oxygen levels in the body, one of the most essential adaptive processes for life.William Kaelin Jr at the Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard University in Massachusetts; Sir Peter Ratcliffe at Oxford University and the Francis Crick...
Tags: Europe, Science, London, Sweden, Massachusetts, World news, Medical Research, Harvard University, People in science, Oxford University, Nobel prizes, Science prizes, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Francis Crick Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore Maryland


Nobel prize in physiology or medicine – live!

The first of this year’s prizes is about to be announced at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm 10.15am BST My colleague Ian Sample hit a home run last year with his prediction that Allison would be a winner, which more or less exhausts our team’s luck for backing the right horse for the rest of the century. But there are no shortage of contenders for this year’s prize.Among them are the scientists behind the gene-editing technique known as Crispr – although this has also been tipped for t...
Tags: Europe, Science, Sweden, World news, Medical Research, People in science, Nobel prizes, Science prizes, Stockholm, Karolinska Institute, Allison, Ian Sample, James P Allison, Tasuku Honjo


Paralysed man walks using mind-controlled exoskeleton

French patient’s breakthrough could lead to brain-controlled wheelchairs, say expertsA French man paralysed in a nightclub accident can walk again thanks to a brain-controlled exoskeleton, providing hope to tetraplegics seeking to regain movement.The patient trained for months, harnessing his brain signals to control a computer-simulated avatar to perform basic movements before using the robot device to walk. Scientists described the trial results as a breakthrough. Continue reading...
Tags: Europe, Science, France, Neuroscience, Society, World news, Disability, Medical Research


Use of male mice skews drug research against women, study finds

Male animal bias is unjustified and can lead to drugs that work less well for womenThe male mind is rational and orderly while the female one is complicated and hormonal. It is a stereotype that has skewed decades of neuroscience research towards using almost exclusively male mice and other laboratory animals, according to a new study.Scientists have typically justified excluding female animals from experiments – even when studying conditions that are more likely to affect women – on the basis t...
Tags: Gender, Science, Biology, Drugs, Neuroscience, World news, Medical Research, Animal behaviour, Animal experimentation


Autism symptoms replicated in mice after faecal transplants

Study aims to discover whether gut microbes play a part in development of the conditionScientists have induced the hallmarks of autism in mice by giving them faecal transplants from humans with the condition.The experiments were designed to test whether the communities of gut microbes found in people with autism have a role in their symptoms, an idea that is gaining ground among researchers. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Biology, Society, World news, Autism, Medical Research


Julianna Margulies on her shocking Ebola drama: 'I panicked in my hazmat suit!'

The star of ER and The Good Wife is back – as a doctor fighting to save humanity. She gives her bodyguard the slip to talk about our imperilled planet – and her love of Sussex A-roadsBefore I meet Julianna Margulies, I spend three days staring at her bodyguard. He’s impossible to miss: one of those men whose every attempt to blend in flounders. Margulies and I are in Lille, judges at the Series Mania television festival, although our experiences differ a little. My cloak of anonymity allows me t...
Tags: Health, Ebola, Science, Television, Drama, Africa, Society, World news, Medical Research, Culture, Infectious Diseases, Television & radio, Paris, Microbiology, US television, Epidemics


Nanotechnology vs. cancer: How tiny particles sniff out the deadly disease

Cancer is an aberrant function of a normal cell, where the regulators of that cell's dividing are broken and the cell starts to divide without regulation. Left to its own devices, that dividing without regulation will overcome the entire body.Until we have a cure, early detection is the holy grail. MIT professor Sangeeta Bhatia is currently devising a simple urine test that works just like a pregnancy test to detect cancer the moment it starts.How does it work? Nanoparticles are injected into th...
Tags: Science, Technology, Biology, Medicine, Cancer, Mit, Medical Research, Innovation, Disease, Human body, Susan Hockfield, Sangeeta Bhatia


Nanotechnology vs. cancer: How tiny particles sniff out the deadly disease

In the United States, smoking cessation has resulted finally in a reduction of deaths from cancer. However, even if we were to have all the vaccines that are prescribed, and exercise all of the preventions, cancer would still be with us.Cancer is an aberrant function of a normal cell, where the regulators of that cell's dividing are broken and the cell starts to divide without regulation. Left to its own devices, that dividing without regulation will overcome the entire body.Early cancer detecti...
Tags: Science, Technology, Biology, Medicine, Cancer, Medical Research, United States, Innovation, Disease, Human body, Susan Hockfield, Sangeeta Bhatia


Teenager recovers from near death in world-first GM virus treatment

Bacteria-killing viruses known as phages offer hope of solution to antibiotic resistanceA British teenager has made a remarkable recovery after being the first patient in the world to be given a genetically engineered virus to treat a drug-resistant infection.Isabelle Holdaway, 17, nearly died after a lung transplant left her with an intractable infection that could not be cleared with antibiotics. After a nine-month stay at Great Ormond Street hospital, she returned to her home in Kent for pall...
Tags: Health, Science, US, Society, UK News, Medical Research, Great Ormond Street, Kent, Antibiotics, Isabelle Holdaway


Britons having less sex and digital life may be to blame – study

Research finds drop in sexual activity steepest for married and cohabiting couplesSex is on the decline in Britain, particularly among married and cohabiting couples, according to a major study that suggests the increasingly busy lives we lead and distractions of the internet may be partly to blame.The data comes from more than 34,000 people in the UK who took part in three waves of a large study called Natsal (national surveys of sexual attitudes and lifestyles). It shows a fall in sexual activ...
Tags: Health, UK, Science, Sex, Relationships, Life and style, Society, UK News, Medical Research, Britain


3D-Printed Organ Capable of “Breathing”

Bioengineers at Rice University and the University of Washington crafted a first-ever 3D-printed “breathing” organ. Developing an organ that can maintain (aka breathe and transmit oxygen) has proven to be the most difficult part of the research: growing living cells is simple, researchers argue, but keeping them alive is much more difficult. This lung is 3D-printed from soft gels which allow it to expand and …
Tags: Science, Design, Medicine, Tech, Medical Research, 3d Printing, Linkaboutit, University of Washington, Rice University, Organs, Organ Transplants


End to Aids in sight as huge study finds drugs stop HIV transmission

Paper says risk between male partners is zero if virus fully suppressed by antiretroviralsAids timeline: from Terry Higgins to PrEPAn end to the Aids epidemic could be in sight after a landmark study found men whose HIV infection was fully suppressed by antiretroviral drugs had no chance of infecting their partner.The success of the medicine means that if everyone with HIV were fully treated, there would be no further infections. Continue reading...
Tags: Health, Science, Society, UK News, World news, Medical Research, Aids and HIV, Terry Higgins


Form of dementia that 'mimics' Alzheimer's symptoms discovered

Disorder, known as LATE, affects different brain proteins and so may require different from of treatmentA new form of dementia that “mimics” the symptoms of Alzheimer’s and is thought to affect about one in five elderly people has been recognised in a major scientific report.The international review concluded that a substantial fraction of patients aged over 80 who were assumed to have Alzheimer’s are suffering from a different brain disorder known as LATE. The under-recognised disease is likely...
Tags: Health, Science, Society, Mental Health, Medical Research, Dementia, Older people, Alzheimer's


3D printing might save your life one day. Here's how it's transforming medicine and health care.

Medical professionals are currently using 3D printers to create prosthetics and patient-specific organ models that doctors can use to prepare for surgery. Eventually, scientists hope to print patient-specific organs that can be transplanted safely into the human body. Northwell Health, New York State's largest health care provider, is pioneering 3D printing in medicine in three key ways. None Imagine that a health emergency strikes and you need an organ transplant – say, a heart. You get your na...
Tags: Health, Science, Technology, Medicine, Future, Afghanistan, Marine, Medical Research, Innovation, Health Care, Daniel, Patel, Isaiah, Northwell Health, Lasko, Goldstein


New hope for cancer patients: Studies identity whether you will respond to chemotherapy or not

Using radiomics, two new studies identified whether patients would respond to chemotherapy or not.This breakthrough occurred by investigating tissue around the tumor, instead of only looking at the tumor itself. This could lead to the cessation of much suffering for patients that will not respond to chemo. None We can thank warfare for one of the most important medical discoveries of the 20th century. An article published in The NY Times in 1946 sums up a fascinating study on the usage of "nitr...
Tags: Science, Cancer, America, Chemistry, Medical Research, Italy, Innovation, Health Care, Bayer, Derek, Ny Times, Mukherjee, Hodgkin, New Haven, Ehrlich, Paul Ehrlich


Amy Schumer's Instagram Post Nails the Gender Disparity in Medical Research

Amy Schumer shared an Instagram photo of herself and husband Chris Fischer walking. She commented that she is still pregnant and puking because of the gender disparity in medical treatment.
Tags: Science, Amy Schumer, Medical Research, Instagram Post, Chris Fischer


Scientists create decoder to turn brain activity into speech

Technology could in effect give voice back to people with conditions such as Parkinson’sScientists have developed a decoder that can translate brain activity directly into speech.In future the brain-machine interface could restore speech to people who have lost their voice through paralysis and conditions such as throat cancer, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinson’s disease. Continue reading...
Tags: Health, Science, Cancer, Neuroscience, Society, Medical Research, Parkinson's Disease, Parkinson


Researchers 'reboot' pig brains hours after animals died

Scientists say ability to revive some brain functions will not change definition of deathThe brains of decapitated pigs can be partially revived several hours after the animal has died, researchers have revealed, with some of the functions of cells booted back up when an oxygen-rich fluid is circulated through the organ.The scientists stress that the brains do not show any signs of consciousness – for example, there was no sign that different parts of the brain were sending signals to each other...
Tags: Science, Medical Research


19th-century medicine: Milk was used as a blood substitute for transfusions

Prior to the discovery of blood types in 1901, giving people blood transfusions was a risky procedure.In order to get around the need to transfuse others with blood, some doctors resorted to using a blood substitute: Milk.It went pretty much how you would expect it to. None For the bulk of human history, medical science has been a grim affair. Modern innovations in the scientific process and medical techniques mean that we can determine with a good deal of accuracy what's going to work and what ...
Tags: Science, Medicine, Animals, Toronto, Medical Research, Innovation, Vatican, Disease, North America, Don, Howe, Human body, Karl Landsteiner, Denys, Baptiste Denys, Baron Gustaf Bonde


Even moderate intake of red meat raises cancer risk, study finds

People more or less keeping to NHS guidelines at higher risk than those who eat littleEating even the moderate amounts of red and processed meat sanctioned by government guidelines increases the likelihood of developing bowel cancer, according to the largest UK study of the risks ever conducted.The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) suggests anyone who eats more than 90g of red or processed meat per day should try to cut down to 70g or less, because of the known link with bowel cancer. ...
Tags: Health, Meat, Food, UK, Science, Cancer, Society, UK News, Medical Research, NHS, Bowel Cancer, Department of Health and Social Care DHSC


Europe at risk from spread of tropical insect-borne diseases

Scientists warn of danger from dengue fever in hotter, wetter climate in northern latitudesInsect-borne diseases such as dengue fever, leishmaniasis and encephalitis are on the rise and are now threatening to spread into many areas of Europe, scientists have warned.Outbreaks of these illnesses are increasing because of climate change and the expansion of international travel and trade, the European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases was told in Amsterdam on Saturday. Conti...
Tags: Europe, Science, Environment, World news, Medical Research, Infectious Diseases, Amsterdam, Microbiology, Insects, European Congress of Clinical Microbiology


Psychedelic renaissance: could MDMA help with PTSD, depression and anxiety?

As Australia’s first trial for psychedelic therapy for terminally ill patients gets under way, a growing movement says it could also help other conditionsIn August 2016 I went to New York for the first time. On the second evening, as the sun slipped behind the building across the street, I was sitting on a long couch on the top floor of an old church. All around me instruments were scattered on the floor – singing bowls, tuning forks, rainsticks, Tibetan bells. At the foot of a wall carpeted com...
Tags: Health, Science, Drugs, Australia news, Medical Research


Scientists reverse memory decline using electrical pulses

Working memory of older group temporarily improves to match younger group in studyA decline in memory as a result of ageing can be temporarily reversed using a harmless form of electrical brain stimulation, scientists have found.The findings help explain why certain cognitive skills decline significantly with age and raise the prospect of new treatments. Continue reading...
Tags: Health, Science, Memory, Neuroscience, Society, Medical Research, Ageing


Is the blood type diet real?

Diet plans are immensely popular and commercially successful, including the blood type diet.The diet asserts that people with different blood types need to modify their diets to eat the foods that work best for their blood type.While the diet pays lip service to science to justify its claims, it seems to rely on pseudoscience and cannot be considered evidence-based medicine. None It just takes a quick glance at some of the most popular blogs or The New York Times's bestseller list to realize tha...
Tags: Health, Science, Biology, Medicine, Medical Research, New York Times, Innovation, Adamo, Bastyr University, Human body, Peter D Adamo, D Adamo


Woman with rare gene mutations feels no pain, anxiety

A woman in Scotland was found to feel virtually no pain and report zero trace of any anxiety or depression.Her body also seems to heal injuries very quickly, leaving little or no scarring.Humans feel pain as a warning before serious injury occurs, so it's not necessarily desirable to feel absolutely no pain. None When 66-year-old Jo Cameron was about to undergo a typically painful hand surgery a few years ago, she informed the doctor that she didn't feel pain and wouldn't need anesthesia."I disr...
Tags: Science, Medicine, Scotland, Medical Research, Yale, New York Times, Innovation, Cameron, Pain, Srivastava, Raigmore Hospital, England Cameron, Human body, British Journal Of Anaesthesia, Jo Cameron, Devjit Srivastava


What anti-vaxxers are actually afraid of (it's not all about autism)

University of Pittsburgh researchers identified four major trends fueling the anti-vaxx movement. Using comments originating from a Facebook video, they documented 197 profiles as the basis of their paper. Every major medical institution agrees that vaccines are safe and effective, but the movement persists thanks to false information spread online. None Andrew Wakefield's infamous 1998 study connecting autism with the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine raised skeptical eyebrows shortly ...
Tags: Health, Amazon, Facebook, Texas, Science, Biology, Medicine, California, Medical Research, Innovation, Vaccines, Pittsburgh, Trump, Derek, University of Pittsburgh, Seigel



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