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The growth of an organism rides on a pattern of waves

When an egg cell of almost any sexually reproducing species is fertilized, it sets off a series of waves that ripple across the egg's surface. These waves are produced by billions of activated proteins that surge through the egg's membrane like streams of tiny burrowing sentinels, signaling the egg to start dividing, folding, and dividing again, to form the first cellular seeds of an organism.Now MIT scientists have taken a detailed look at the pattern of these waves, produced on the surface of ...
Tags: Science, Biology, Virginia, Mit, Nature, Oceans, Microbiology, Innovation, Physiology, National Science Foundation, Dunkel, Fakhri, Jörn Dunkel, Thomas D, Nikta Fakhri, Tzer Han Tan Jinghui Liu Pearson Miller


A stopgap measure to treat respiratory distress

Researchers at MIT and the University of Colorado at Denver propose a stopgap measure to help Covid-19 patients in acute respiratory distress: a drug called tissue plasminogen activator, which dissolves blood clots.
Tags: Science, Mit, Denver, University Of Colorado, COVID


3D Printing Foods With Complex Designs Can Trick Diners Into Eating Less While Still Feeling Full

The killer app for 3D printers might have nothing to do with quickly churning out complex parts to speed up manufacturing. 3D-printed food is promising to revolutionize the culinary experience, and by making tweaks to a meal’s printed structure, researchers have found ways to make diners feel more full while they eat …Read more...
Tags: Health, Food, Science, Research, Mit, 3d Printing, Csail


System trains driverless cars in simulation before they hit the road

A simulation system invented at MIT to train driverless cars creates a photorealistic world with infinite steering possibilities, helping the cars learn to navigate a host of worse-case scenarios before cruising down real streets.
Tags: Science, Mit


Towards an unhackable quantum internet

Harvard and MIT researchers have found a way to correct for signal loss with a prototype quantum node that can catch, store and entangle bits of quantum information. The research is the missing link towards a practical quantum internet and a major step forward in the development of long-distance quantum networks.
Tags: Science, Mit, Harvard


How to get conductive gels to stick when wet

Researchers at MIT have come up with a way of getting conductive polymer gels to adhere to wet surfaces.
Tags: Science, Mit


New sensor could help prevent food waste

MIT chemists have created a tiny sensor that can detect ethylene gas, a plant hormone, in concentrations as low as 15 parts per billion. The sensor could be used to monitor produce ripeness and prevent food spoilage.
Tags: Science, Mit


Emissions of several ozone-depleting chemicals are larger than expected

MIT researchers have found that much of the current emission of these gases likely stems from large CFC 'banks' -- old equipment such as building insulation foam, refrigerators and cooling systems, and foam insulation, that was manufactured before the global phaseout of CFCs and is still leaking the gases into the atmosphere. Based on earlier analyses, scientists concluded that CFC banks would be too small to contribute very much to ozone depletion, and so policymakers allowed the banks to remai...
Tags: Science, Mit, Cfc


How plants protect themselves from sun damage

MIT chemists have observed, for the first time, one of the possible mechanisms that have been proposed for how plants dissipate energy when they are exposed to excess sunlight.
Tags: Science, Mit


Mathematical model could lead to better treatment for diabetes

MIT researchers have developed a mathematical model that can predict the behavior of glucose-responsive insulin in humans and in rodents. They believe this model could be used to design GRIs that are more likely to work in patients with diabetes.
Tags: Science, Mit


A new model of vision

MIT researchers have developed a computer model of face processing that could reveal how the brain produces richly detailed visual representations so quickly.
Tags: Science, Mit


Integrating electronics onto physical prototypes

MIT researchers have invented a way to integrate 'breadboards' -- flat platforms widely used for electronics prototyping -- directly onto physical products. The aim is to provide a faster, easier way to test circuit functions and user interactions with products such as smart devices and flexible electronics.
Tags: Science, Mit


The case for economics -- by the numbers

In recent years, criticism has been levelled at economics for being insular and unconcerned about real-world problems. But a new study led by MIT scholars finds that the field increasingly overlaps with the work of other disciplines, and, in a related development, has become more empirical and data-driven, while producing less work of pure theory.
Tags: Science, Mit


The neural basis of sensory hypersensitivity

A study from MIT and Brown University reveals a neural circuit that appears to underlie sensory hypersensitivity in a mouse model of autism, offering a possible strategy for developing new treatments.
Tags: Science, Brown University, Mit


AI can help find more places to store captured CO2 underground

Scientists dream of storing captured CO2 emissions underground, but it can be tricky to find pockets for storing those emissions -- Earth's seismic "hum" makes it difficult to spot the low-frequency waves that would best help map the subterranean landscape. That might not be a challenge in the future thanks to AI. MIT scientists have developed a machine learning system that uses earthquakes to accurately estimate those low-frequency waves and map underground structures. The trick, accordi...
Tags: Science, Mit


How door-to-door canvassing slowed an epidemic

Liberia was the epicenter of a high-profile Ebola outbreak in 2014-15, which led to more than 10,000 deaths in West Africa. But for all the devastation the illness caused, it could have been worse without an innovative, volunteer-based outreach program Liberia's government deployed in late 2014. A study co-authored by an MIT professor shows how much that program, consisting of door-to-door canvassing by community volunteers, spread valuable information and changed public practices during the epi...
Tags: Science, Mit, Liberia, West Africa


The force is strong in neutron stars

Physicists at MIT and elsewhere have for the first time characterized the strong nuclear force, and the interactions between protons and neutrons, at extremely short distances.
Tags: Science, Mit


Instrument may enable mail-in testing to detect heavy metals in water

MIT researchers have developed an approach called SEPSTAT, for solid-phase extraction, preservation, storage, transportation, and analysis of trace contaminants. The method is based on a small, user-friendly device the team developed, which absorbs trace contaminants in water and preserves them in a dry state so the samples can be easily dropped in the mail and shipped to a laboratory for further analysis.
Tags: Science, Mit


Mirrored chip could enable handheld dark-field microscopes

Engineers at MIT have developed a small, mirrored chip that helps to produce dark-field images, without dedicated expensive components. The chip is slightly larger than a postage stamp and as thin as a credit card. When placed on a microscope's stage, the chip emits a hollow cone of light that can be used to generate detailed dark-field images of algae, bacteria, and similarly translucent tiny objects.
Tags: Science, Mit


AI discovers antibiotic that kills even highly resistant bacteria

The use of AI to discover medicine appears to be paying off. MIT scientists have revealed that their AI discovered an antibiotic compound, halicin (named after 2001's HAL 9000), that can not only kill many forms of resistant bacteria but do so in a novel way. Where many antibiotics are slight spins on existing medicine, halicin wipes out bacteria by wrecking their ability to maintain the electrochemical gradient necessary to produce energy-storing molecules. That's difficult for bacteria...
Tags: Science, Mit


Powerful antibiotic discovered using machine learning for first time

Team at MIT says halicin kills some of the world’s most dangerous strainsA powerful antibiotic that kills some of the most dangerous drug-resistant bacteria in the world has been discovered using artificial intelligence.The drug works in a different way to existing antibacterials and is the first of its kind to be found by setting AI loose on vast digital libraries of pharmaceutical compounds. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, US news, Mit, Antibiotics, Mit - Massachusetts Institute Of Technology


Antibiotic that kills drug-resistant bacteria discovered through AI

Team at MIT says halicin kills some of the world’s most dangerous strainsA powerful antibiotic that kills some of the most dangerous drug-resistant bacteria in the world has been discovered using artificial intelligence.The drug works in a different way to existing antibacterials and is the first of its kind to be found by setting AI loose on vast digital libraries of pharmaceutical compounds. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, US news, Mit, Antibiotics, Mit - Massachusetts Institute Of Technology


Cryptographic 'tag of everything' could protect the supply chain

To combat supply chain counterfeiting, which can cost companies billions of dollars annually, MIT researchers have invented a cryptographic ID tag that's small enough to fit on virtually any product and verify its authenticity.
Tags: Science, Mit


Artificial intelligence yields new antibiotic

Using a machine-learning algorithm, MIT researchers have identified a powerful new antibiotic compound. In laboratory tests, the drug killed many of the world's most problematic disease-causing bacteria, including some strains that are resistant to all known antibiotics. It also cleared infections in two different mouse models.
Tags: Science, Mit


MIT system predicts the best way to deflect an Earth-bound asteroid

We’re not in immediate danger of any asteroids colliding with Earth – at least not as far as anyone’s aware. But it’s not like it hasn’t happened before, and there is an expected near-miss coming up in 2029. Accordingly, it’s probably best to be prepared, and MIT researchers have developed a system that could help determine the best possible method to avoid a collision – long before the situation becomes desperate. An MIT team led by former MIT graduate student Sung Wook Paek describe a ‘decisio...
Tags: TC, Space, Science, Time, Tech, Earth, Mit, Asteroid, Aerospace, Bennu, Apophis, Sung Wook Paek


How to deflect an asteroid

MIT engineers devise a decision map to identify the best mission type to deflect an incoming asteroid.
Tags: Science, Mit


New machine learning method could supercharge battery development for electric vehicles

New machine learning method from Stanford, with Toyota and MIT researchers, has slashed battery testing times -- a key barrier to longer-lasting, faster-charging batteries for electric vehicles -- by nearly fifteenfold.
Tags: Science, Stanford, Mit, Toyota


Seeding oceans with iron may not impact climate change

A new MIT study suggests that iron fertilization may not have a significant impact on phytoplankton growth, at least on a global scale.
Tags: Science, Mit


Low-cost 'smart' diaper can notify caregiver when it's wet

MIT researchers have developed a "smart" diaper embedded with a moisture sensor that can alert a caregiver when a diaper is wet. When the sensor detects dampness in the diaper, it sends a signal to a nearby receiver, which in turn can send a notification to a smartphone or computer.
Tags: Science, Mit


‘Sensorized’ skin helps robots understand where the hell they are

Clumsy robots have been offered hope of improving their coordination after MIT researchers found a new way to help them find their bearings. The system gives soft robots a greater awareness of their movements by analysing motion and position data through a ‘sensorized’ skin. It works by collecting feedback from sensors on the robot‘s body. A deep learning model then analyses the data to estimate the robot‘s 3D configuration. [Read: Scientists used stem cells to create a new life-form: Organic ro...
Tags: Startups, Science, Tech, Mit, Artificial Intelligence, Robots, Neural



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