Science


Posts filtered by tags: National Institutes of Health[x]


 

Think of your COVID-19 vaccine as a seatbelt, not impenetrable armor

Marianne Ayala/Insider COVID-19 vaccines aren't perfect, and you can still get sick after you have all your shots. But a vaccinated person's infection will likely be milder, because their body has built up its defenses. Vaccines are a lot like seatbelts: they save lives, but they can't prevent crashes. See more stories on Insider's business page. Vaccines provide a strong disease-fighting advantage. But they don't make you immune to infection.When it comes to COVID-...
Tags: Science, Washington Post, US, Trends, Analysis, Delta, National Institutes of Health, Graham, John Mcdonnell, Baton Rouge, Provincetown Massachusetts, Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center, Vaccine Research Center, Hilary Young, Coronavirus, COVID


Words matter: Language can reduce mental health and addiction stigma, NIH leaders say

In a perspective published in Neuropsychopharmacology, leaders from the National Institutes of Health address how using appropriate language to describe mental illness and addiction can help to reduce stigma and improve how people with these conditions are treated in health care settings and throughout society. The authors define stigma as negative attitudes toward people that are based on certain distinguishing characteristics.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health, Nih


'We're getting further away from the end than we should be': Public health experts warn the COVID-19 pandemic is far from over

Transit passengers wear face masks as they disembark the Metro C Line, formerly Green Line, light rail train alongside the 105 Freeway at the Judge Harry Pregerson Interchange during rush hour traffic in Los Angeles, California on July 16, 2021. PATRICK T. FALLON/AFP via Getty Images COVID-19 cases have been on the rise in all 50 states, a CNN analysis found. Some areas are reinstating protective measures like mask mandates to curb the spread of the virus. Public health experts are warni...
Tags: Post, Science, Cdc, US, Trends, Cnn, Arkansas, Washington Dc, Delta, Who, World Health Organization, National Institutes of Health, World Health Organisation, Npr, Anthony Fauci, Collins


Every single person in Maryland who died of COVID-19 in June was unvaccinated. The pattern applies to other states, too.

Maryland National Guard Specialist James Truong (R) administers a Moderna coronavirus vaccine in Wheaton, Maryland, May 21, 2021 . Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images Everyone who died of COVID-19 in Maryland in June was not vaccinated, Gov. Larry Hogan said. Almost all new COVID-19 hospitalizations and deaths in the US overall are among the unvaccinated. It's even more evidence that COVID-19 vaccines work to prevent severe disease and death. See more stories on Insider's business page. ...
Tags: Health, Science, News, Maryland, Cdc, White House, US, Trends, Cnn, National Institutes of Health, Associated Press, Pfizer, Public Health England, Anthony Fauci, Centers For Disease Control And Prevention, Larry Hogan


Early findings indicate that mixing and matching coronavirus vaccines might improve your protection

A medical assistant administers a COVID-19 vaccine dose to a woman at a clinic in Los Angeles on March 25, 2021. Mario Tama/Getty Images Mixing Pfizer and AstraZeneca doses yields a greater immune response than two doses of AstraZeneca. That's according to early data from a UK study, though it hasn't been peer reviewed yet. One expert thinks it will be beneficial to get an mRNA booster after J&J's single-dose shot. See more stories on Insider's business page. The evidence i...
Tags: UK, Science, News, Los Angeles, Trends, Canada, Italy, Astrazeneca, National Institutes of Health, Pfizer, Nih, Johnson & Johnson, J J, Baylor College of Medicine, University of East Anglia, University of Saskatchewan


A map shows how many people had undiagnosed COVID-19 in the first 6 months of the pandemic, across 7 regions of the US

A bike lane in New York City. Noam Galai/Getty Images During the first six months of the pandemic, 16.8 million coronavirus cases went undiagnosed in the US. That's according to a report that compares the prevalence of coronavirus antibodies in various regions. The Mid-Atlantic saw the most undiagnosed cases - nearly 9 out of every 100 people - by July 2020. See more stories on Insider's business page. On paper, the US's summer and winter coronavirus surges look far more devast...
Tags: Science, News, US, Trends, United States, National Institutes of Health, Map, Geography, South, Mid Atlantic, Science Translational Medicine, Central US, Sadtler, Kalish, Kaitlyn Sadtler, Aria Bendix


Study suggests scientists may need to rethink which genes control aging

National Institutes of Health researchers fed fruit flies antibiotics and monitored the lifetime activity of hundreds of genes that scientists have traditionally thought control aging. To their surprise, the antibiotics not only extended the lives of the flies but also dramatically changed the activity of many of these genes. Their results suggested that only about 30% of the genes traditionally associated with aging set an animal's internal clock while the rest reflect the body's response to ba...
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health


NIH scientists describe "Multi-Kingdom Dialogue" between internal, external microbiota

National Institutes of Health scientists and their collaborators have identified an internal communication network in mammals that may regulate tissue repair and inflammation, providing new insights on how diseases such as obesity and inflammatory skin disorders develop. The new research is published in Cell.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health, Nih


The WHO's top scientist says we don't yet know if COVID-19 booster shots are a good idea

Dr. Soumya Swaminathan (left), the WHO's chief scientist. Sanchit Khanna/Hindustan Times/Getty Images The WHO's top scientist said it's too early to recommend COVID-19 vaccine booster shots. Soumya Swaminathan said we don't yet have enough data. Vaccine manufacturers are developing extra doses that could boost the immune response in fully-vaccinated people. See more stories on Insider's business page. The World Health Organization's top scientist says it's too e...
Tags: Health, UK, Science, News, Cdc, India, Trends, Bloomberg, Healthcare, Delta, Who, World Health Organization, Astrazeneca, National Institutes of Health, Pfizer, Vaccine


A man who boosted his Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine with a shot from Moderna said his side effects were a 'little more severe' the third time round

From left: Study volunteer and virologist Joseph Hyser, Chanei Henry, senior research coordinator of molecular virology and microbiology, and Dr. Robert Atmar, the principal investigator on the study. Baylor College of Medicine Scientists in the US are starting a booster shot trial, giving fully vaccinated people another jab. Participants are given a booster shot of the Moderna vaccine - whether they previously got 2 shots of an mRNA vaccine (from Pfizer or Moderna) or 1 adenovirus (J&J) s...
Tags: Science, News, US, Trends, Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Pfizer, Baylor, Johnson Johnson, Baylor College of Medicine, Moderna, Vaccine Research Center, Baylor College, Hilary Brueck, Coronavirus, Robert Atmar


Prototype may diagnose common pregnancy complications by monitoring placental oxygen

Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have developed a prototype device that could potentially diagnose pregnancy complications by monitoring the oxygen level of the placenta. The device sends near-infrared light through the pregnant person's abdomen to measure oxygen levels in the arterial and venous network in the placenta.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health


Even if the coronavirus did leak from a Wuhan lab, that wouldn't necessarily mean it was engineered

A laboratory physician at the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention prepares to test a coronavirus specimen in Chongqing, China, on May 3, 2020 Costfoto/Barcroft Media via Getty Images It's unlikely, but not impossible, that the coronavirus leaked from a Wuhan lab. US officials and public-health experts have called for further investigation of the possibility. But even if a leak did happen, that wouldn't necessarily mean the virus was engineered in a lab. See more storie...
Tags: Health, Science, News, Cdc, China, US, Trends, Joe Biden, Cnn, Genetics, Harvard, Beijing, Who, World Health Organization, National Institutes of Health, State Department


Fauci warns that the Delta coronavirus variant, first found in India, could take over in the US if people don't get their shots

Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, gives a thumbs up after receiving his first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine at the National Institutes of Health on December 22, 2020 in Bethesda, Maryland. Patrick Semansky-Pool/Getty Images Dr. Fauci said Tuesday that the highly infectious Delta variant, first found in India, could take over in the US. In the UK the Delta variant is dominant. "We cannot let that happen in the United States," he said. Fau...
Tags: Health, UK, Science, News, White House, India, US, Trends, Joe Biden, United States, Healthcare, Delta, National Institutes of Health, Pfizer, Vaccine, Anthony Fauci


Study shows how taking short breaks may help our brains learn new skills

In a study of healthy volunteers, National Institutes of Health researchers have mapped out the brain activity that flows when we learn a new skill, such as playing a new song on the piano, and discovered why taking short breaks from practice is a key to learning.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health


Fauci: We need to keep an 'open mind' about the lab leak theory of COVID pandemic's origins

Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Anthony Fauci, testifies during a US Senate Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee hearing to examine Covid-19, focusing on an update on the federal response in Washington, DC, on September 23, 2020. GRAEME JENNINGS/POOL/AFP via Getty Images Dr. Anthony Fauci said researchers should keep an "open mind" about COVID-19's origins. Some have suggested the deadly disease was leaked from a Chinese lab in ...
Tags: Science, News, Washington Post, China, US, Trends, Getty Images, Washington Dc, Who, World Health Organization, National Institutes of Health, State Department, Anthony Fauci, Wuhan, Morning Joe, Hubei


Fauci: We need to keep an 'open mind' about the lab-leak theory of the coronavirus pandemic's origins

Dr. Anthony Fauci testifying at a US Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee hearing to examine COVID-19 on September 23. GRAEME JENNINGS/POOL/AFP via Getty Images Dr. Anthony Fauci said researchers should stay open-minded about the coronavirus pandemic's origins. Some have speculated the deadly COVID-19 virus leaked from a lab in Wuhan, China. Fauci said a "fair, open investigation" was needed to determine the real source of the pandemic. See more stories on Insider...
Tags: Science, News, Washington Post, China, US, Trends, Getty Images, Who, World Health Organization, National Institutes of Health, State Department, Anthony Fauci, Wuhan, Morning Joe, Hubei, BuzzFeed News


Optic nerve firing may spark growth of vision-threatening childhood tumor

In a study of mice, researchers showed how the act of seeing light may trigger the formation of vision-harming tumors in young children who are born with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) cancer predisposition syndrome. The research team, funded by the National Institutes of Health, focused on tumors that grow within the optic nerve, which relays visual signals from the eyes to brain. They discovered that the neural activity which underlies these signals can both ignite and feed the tumors.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health


Scientists discover a new genetic form of ALS in children

In a study of 11 medical-mystery patients, an international team of researchers led by scientists at the National Institutes of Health and the Uniformed Services University (USU) discovered a new and unique form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Unlike most cases of ALS, the disease began attacking these patients during childhood, worsened more slowly than usual, and was linked to a gene, called SPTLC1, that is part of the body's fat production system.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health, Uniformed Services University USU


Open, expressive family life may reduce social deprivation effects among adopted children

An environment in which family members support one another and express their feelings can reduce the effects of social deprivation on cognitive ability and development among adopted children, suggests a small study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health. In contrast, rule-driven households where family members are in conflict may increase an adopted child's chances for cognitive, behavioral and emotional difficulties.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health


NIH scientists find that salmonella use intestinal epithelial cells to colonize the gut

The immune system's attempt to eliminate Salmonella bacteria from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract instead facilitates colonization of the intestinal tract and fecal shedding, according to National Institutes of Health scientists. The study, published in Cell Host & Microbe, was conducted by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) scientists at Rocky Mountain Laboratories in Hamilton, Montana.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health, Nih, Rocky Mountain Laboratories


Male hormones regulate stomach inflammation in mice

Scientists at the National Institutes of Health determined that stomach inflammation is regulated differently in male and female mice after finding that androgens, or male sex hormones, play a critical role in preventing inflammation in the stomach. The finding suggests that physicians could consider treating male patients with stomach inflammation differently than female patients with the same condition. The study was published in Gastroenterology.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health


Gene therapy restores immune function in children with rare immunodeficiency

An investigational gene therapy can safely restore the immune systems of infants and children who have a rare, life-threatening inherited immunodeficiency disorder, according to research supported in part by the National Institutes of Health. The researchers found that 48 of 50 children who received the gene therapy retained their replenished immune system function two to three years later and did not require additional treatments for their condition, known as ADA-SCID.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health


Dr. Fauci explains why COVID-19 vaccines work much better than natural immunity to protect you from the coronavirus

Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, gives a thumbs up after receiving his first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine at the National Institutes of Health on December 22, 2020 in Bethesda, Maryland. Patrick Semansky-Pool/Getty Images Dr. Anthony Fauci discussed new data suggesting that COVID-19 vaccines "can do better than nature." People who've had prior infections saw their immune response to COVID-19 drastically improve after receiving mRNA...
Tags: UK, Science, News, White House, US, Trends, Public Health, South Africa, Brazil, National Institutes of Health, Pfizer, Anthony Fauci, Fauci, Bethesda Maryland, Immunity, Moderna


New ultrasound technique detects fetal circulation problems in placenta

A team of researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health has developed a new ultrasound technique to monitor the placenta for impaired fetal blood flow early in pregnancy. The technique, which uses conventional ultrasound equipment, relies on subtle differences in the pulsation of fetal blood through the arteries at the fetal and placental ends of the umbilical cord, potentially enabling physicians to identify placental abnormalities that impair fetal blood flow and, if necessary, deliv...
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health


CSUN lands nearly $3 million grant to support biomedical sciences students

Cal State Northridge announced Tuesday, May 4, that it has received a nearly $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to support biomedical sciences students who want to eventually earn a doctorate. The five-year grant will fund the Undergraduate Research Training Initiative for Student Enhancement (U-RISE), which is designed to equip undergraduate students with skills that will make them more competitive for entry into graduate programs, according to the university. The grant — w...
Tags: Science, News, Education, Sport, Soccer, Community, National Institutes of Health, Lausd, Science Education, CSUN, LA County, Tom Bradley, Cal State Northridge, LA City Council, Zavala, MariaElena Zavala


NIH study identifies diverse spectrum of neurons that govern movement

In a mouse study, National Institutes of Health researchers have identified and mapped a diverse spectrum of motor neurons along the spinal cord.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health, Nih


Millions of people are missing their 2nd COVID-19 doses, and that has experts worried about herd immunity

A nurse waits at an empty table for more patients to arrive to receive a dose of the Moderna Covid-19 vaccine at a Veterans Administration (VA) Long Beach Healthcare System pop-up vaccination site at the Dae Hueng Presbyterian Church on April 17, 2021 in Gardena, California. PATRICK T. FALLON/AFP via Getty Images The CDC said millions of people who got one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine are missing their second. Some fear possible adverse reactions and others are simply unable to get the secon...
Tags: Health, Florida, Science, News, Cdc, US, Trends, Va, National Institutes of Health, Pfizer, Detroit, Centers For Disease Control And Prevention, Don, Johnson Johnson, Los Angeles California, University of Central Florida


Millions of people are missing their second COVID-19 doses, and that has experts worried about herd immunity

lechatnoir/Getty Images The CDC said millions of people who got one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine are missing their second. Some fear possible adverse reactions and others are simply unable to get the second dose. Experts worry it will only be more difficult to achieve herd immunity if that 8% increases. See more stories on Insider's business page. Over the weekend, data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed millions of Americans who've had their first vaccin...
Tags: Health, Florida, Science, Cdc, US, Trends, National Institutes of Health, Pfizer, Centers For Disease Control And Prevention, Don, University of Central Florida, Cyrus, Gladys, Venegas, Francis Collins, Brown University School of Public Health


Which is better for developing immunity: COVID-19 vaccine or natural infection?

Debate has raged over which provides better protection against COVID-19 — natural infection or vaccine injection? “Sorry Dr Fauci and other fearmongers, new study shows vaccines and naturally acquired immunity DO effectively neutralize COVID variants. Good news for everyone but bureaucrats and petty tyrants!” tweeted a combative Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul in March. A large-scale study by UC Irvine researchers may definitively settle this debate. They found that, yes, natural infection provides prot...
Tags: Science, News, Congress, California, Sport, Public Health, Soccer, National Institutes of Health, Pfizer, Biden, Disneyland, Orange County, University Of California, UCI, Riverside, Johnson Johnson


Prototype for mobile devices could screen children at risk for autism spectrum disorder

A mobile app was successful at distinguishing toddlers diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from typically developing toddlers based on their eye movements while watching videos, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The findings suggest that the app could one day screen infants and toddlers for ASD and refer them for early intervention, when chances for treatment success are greatest.
Tags: Science, National Institutes of Health



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