Posts filtered by tags: Nature Communications[x]


Producing single photons from a stream of single electrons

Researchers at the University of Cambridge have developed a novel technique for generating single photons, by moving single electrons in a specially designed light-emitting diode (LED). This technique, reported in the journal Nature Communications, could help the development of the emerging fields of quantum communication and quantum computation.
Tags: Science, University of Cambridge, Nature Communications

Nitrogen-fixing trees help tropical forests grow faster and store more carbon

New research published in Nature Communications shows that the ability of tropical forests to lock up carbon depends critically upon a group of trees that possess a unique talent -- the ability to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications

Overweight from cosmetics

Parabens are used as preservatives in cosmetics. If pregnant women use cosmetics containing parabens that remain on the skin for protracted periods, this may have consequences for their child's subsequent weight development. This is demonstrated in a study published in the journal Nature Communications by researchers from the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) in collaboration with colleagues from Leipzig University, Charité University Hospital in Berlin and the Berlin Institute o...
Tags: Science, Berlin, Nature Communications, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research UFZ, Leipzig University Charité University Hospital

Inner 'clockwork' sets the time for cell division in bacteria

Researchers at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel have discovered a 'clockwork' mechanism that controls cell division in bacteria. In two publications, in 'Nature Communications' und 'PNAS', they report how a small signaling molecule starts the 'clock', which informs the cell about the right time to reproduce.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, PNAS, University of Basel

Choice of anesthesia may affect breast cancer metastases

A new study led by Stony Brook University Cancer Center researchers to be published in Nature Communications suggests that the choice of anesthesia may change the metastatic process of breast cancer by affecting the cytokine and microenvironment.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Stony Brook University Cancer Center

Got slime? Using regenerative biology to restore mucus production

Mucus production is essential to health, and an imbalance can be life-threatening. Doctors and medical researchers have long sought the origins of goblet cells and have been eager to control processes that regenerate them and maintain balanced populations. Pitt bioengineer Lance Davidson published an article in Nature Communications that reveals that tissue mechanics can drive the regeneration of mucus-producing goblet cells on the outside surface of frog embryonic organoids.
Tags: Science, Pitt, Nature Communications, Lance Davidson

Single-cell sequencing of CLL therapy: Shared genetic program, patient-specific execution

Researchers at the CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine and partners in Budapest have studied the response to targeted leukemia therapy in unprecedented detail, using single-cell sequencing and epigenetic analysis. The paper published in Nature Communications uncovers a precise molecular program in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who start treatment with ibrutinib. While this program was shared by all patients, the speed of its execution differed widely. These results wil...
Tags: Science, Budapest, Nature Communications, CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine

Preventing metastasis by stopping cancer cells from making fat

Olivier Feron, a University of Louvain researcher, studies how cancer spreads through the body via metastasis.His major discovery was that cancer cells multiply by using lipids as food. His latest discovery, published in the scientific journal Nature Communications, is that lipid storage promotes cancer invasiveness.A new drug currently being tested to treat obesity may also help fight metastasis.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, University of Louvain, Olivier Feron

New research finds Earth's oldest asteroid strike linked to 'big thaw'

Curtin University scientists have discovered Earth's oldest asteroid strike occurred at Yarrabubba, in outback Western Australia, and coincided with the end of a global deep freeze known as a Snowball Earth. The research, published in the leading journal Nature Communications, used isotopic analysis of minerals to calculate the precise age of the Yarrabubba crater for the first time, putting it at 2.229 billion years old -- making it 200 million years older than the next oldest impact.
Tags: Science, Earth, Western Australia, Curtin University, Nature Communications, Yarrabubba

New opportunity for cancer drug development

After years of research on cell surface receptors called Frizzleds, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden provide the proof-of-principle that these receptors are druggable by small molecules. The results, which are published in the scientific journal Nature Communications, open for new strategies to treat different types of cancer.
Tags: Science, Sweden, Nature Communications, Karolinska Institutet

Programmable nests for cells

Using DNA, smallest silica particles, and carbon nanotubes, researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) developed novel programmable materials. These nanocomposites can be tailored to various applications and programmed to degrade quickly and gently. For medical applications, they can create environments in which human stem cells can settle down and develop further. Additionally, they are suited for the setup of biohybrid systems to produce power, for instance. The results are present...
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT

How sensitive can a quantum detector be?

Measuring the energy of quantum states requires detecting energy changes so exceptionally small they are hard to pick out from background fluctuations, like using only a thermometer to try and work out if someone has blown out a candle in the room you're in. New research in Nature Communications from a team in Finland presents sensitive quantum thermometry hitting the bounds that nature allows.
Tags: Science, Finland, Nature Communications

New discovery on the activity and function of MAIT cells during acute HIV infection

In a new study published in Nature Communications, researchers at Karolinska Institutet show that MAIT cells (mucosa-associated invariant T cells), part of the human immune system, respond with dynamic activity and reprogramming of gene expression during the initial phase of HIV infection. The study fills a knowledge gap, as previously there has been a lack of awareness of the function of MAIT cells during this particular phase.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Karolinska Institutet

Ultrasound can make stronger 3D-printed alloys

A study just published in Nature Communications shows high frequency sound waves can have a significant impact on the inner micro-structure of 3D printed alloys, making them more consistent and stronger than those printed conventionally.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications

Single dose of antibodies can knock out HIV in newborns

A single dose of an antibody-based treatment can prevent HIV transmission from mother to baby, new nonhuman primate research suggests for the first time. The findings are being published in the journal Nature Communications. This is the first time a single dose of broadly neutralizing antibodies given after viral exposure has been found to prevent infection in nonhuman primate newborns.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications

Smart algorithm finds possible future treatment for childhood cancer

Using a computer algorithm, scientists at Uppsala University have identified a promising new treatment for neuroblastoma. This form of cancer in children, which occurs in specialised nerve cells in the sympathetic nervous system, may be life-threatening. In the long term the discovery, described in the latest issue of the scientific journal Nature Communications, may result in a new form of treatment for children in whom the disease is severe or at an advanced stage.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Uppsala University

Scientists link La Niña climate cycle to increased diarrhea

A study in Botswana by Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health scientists finds that spikes in cases of life-threatening diarrhea in young children are associated with La Niña climate conditions. The findings published in the journal Nature Communications could provide the basis for an early-warning system that would allow public health officials to prepare for periods of increased diarrhea cases as long as seven months ahead of time.
Tags: Science, Botswana, Nature Communications, La Niña

Telomere research at Marshall published in Nature Communications

The findings show a clear genetic link between components of ribosome biogenesis pathway and telomere length, mapping a new direction for understanding and potentially treating human diseases caused by mutations in genes that control both the ribosome and telomere.
Tags: Science, Marshall, Nature Communications

CRISPR-Cas9 datasets analysis leads to largest genetic screen resource for cancer research

A comprehensive map of genes necessary for cancer survival is one step closer, following validation of the two largest CRISPR-Cas9 genetic screens in 725 cancer models, across 25 different cancer types. Scientists at the Wellcome Sanger Institute and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard compared the consistency of the two datasets, independently verifying the methodology and findings. Published in Nature Communications, the study will help speed the discovery and development of new cancer drug...
Tags: Science, Harvard, Broad Institute of MIT, Nature Communications, Wellcome Sanger Institute

When cells cycle fast, cancer gets a jumpstart

Yale researchers have now identified another bit of cellular chicanery that jumpstarts cancer. In at least one form of blood cancer, they report Dec. 18 in the journal Nature Communications, cells with cancer-causing gene lesions can remain normal and healthy -- until cell division, or cycling, speeds up.
Tags: Science, Yale, Nature Communications

Big step in producing carbon-neutral fuel: Silver diphosphide

A new chemical process described in the journal Nature Communications does in the lab what trees do in nature -- it converts carbon dioxide into usable chemicals or fuels.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications

New findings could lead to improved vaccinations against sexually transmitted infections

In a study published today in the Nature Communications, researchers from King's College London have shown how skin vaccination can generate protective CD8 T-cells that are recruited to the genital tissues and could be used as a vaccination strategy for sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Tags: Science, London, Nature Communications, King s College

Scientists capture first-ever video of body's safety test for t-cells

For the first time, immunologists have captured on video what happens when T-cells undergo a type of assassin-training program before they get unleashed in the body. A new imaging technique that allowed for the videos, described today in the journal Nature Communications, holds promise for the fight against autoimmune disorders such as Type 1 diabetes.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications

Global health benefits of climate action offset costs

New research in Nature Communications finds that immediate, dramatic cuts in global emissions -- aggressive enough to meet the Paris Climate Agreement -- are economically sound if human health benefits are factored in.
Tags: Science, Paris, Nature Communications

Bats evolved diverse skull shapes due to echolocation, diet

Scientists at the University of Washington have discovered that two major forces have shaped bat skulls over their evolutionary history: echolocation and diet. Their findings, published May 2, 2019 in Nature Communications, help explain the wide diversity of skull shapes among bats and reveal the intricate details of how evolutionary pressures can shape animal bodies.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, University of Washington

Characterization of the structure of a member of the L-amino acid transporter (LAT) family

Mutations in L-amino acid transporters (LATs) can lead to a wide range of conditions, such as autism, hearing loss and aminoacidurias.Published in the journal Nature Communications, this study presents key data on how amino acids bind to these transporters.The work is a collaboration between IRB Barcelona, CIBERER, IBMB-CSIC and the Barcelona Supercomputing Center.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, CSIC, IRB Barcelona

Otago's atom interaction discovery valuable for future quantum technologies

By breaking with conventionality, University of Otago physicists have opened up new research and technology opportunities involving the basic building block of the world -- atoms.In a study, just published in Nature Communications, researchers put one atom inside each of two laser beams before moving them together until they started to interact with each other.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Otago, University of Otago

New automated biological-sample analysis systems to accelerate disease detection

Professor Thomas Gervais of Polytechnique Montréal and his students Pierre-Alexandre Goyette and Étienne Boulais, in partnership with the team led by Professor David Juncker of McGill University, have developed a new microfluidic process aimed at automating protein detection by antibodies. This work, the topic of an article in Nature Communications, points to the arrival of new portable instruments to accelerate the screening process and molecule analysis in biological laboratories to accelerate...
Tags: Science, McGill University, Nature Communications, Polytechnique Montreal, Thomas Gervais, Pierre Alexandre Goyette, Étienne Boulais, David Juncker

RNA transport in neurons -- Staufen2 detects its target transcripts in a complex manner

A team of scientists from Helmholtz Zentrum München and the University of Ulm has discovered that the neuronal transport factor Staufen2 scans and binds to its target transcripts in a much more complex manner than previously thought. RNA is transported within highly complex protein-RNA particles whose structure and specificity are still poorly understood. The team's findings, recently published in the journal Nature Communications, opens up new approaches to improve our understanding of the proc...
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Helmholtz Zentrum München, University of Ulm

Abundance of information narrows our collective attention span

New study in Nature Communications finds increasingly narrow peaks of collective attention over time, supporting a 'social acceleration' occurring across different domains.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications

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