Posts filtered by tags: Nature Communications[x]


This is how the visual system shows us a more persistent world

Imagine meeting a friend on the street, and imagine that with every step they take, your visual system has to process their image from scratch in order to recognize them. Luckily, our visual system is able to retain information obtained in motion, thereby presenting us with a consistent picture of our surroundings. These are the findings of a study conducted by SISSA, in collaboration with the Penn and KU Leuven and published in Nature Communications, which explains the neuronal underpinnings of...
Tags: Science, Penn, Nature Communications, KU Leuven, SISSA

A small molecule induces readthrough of cystic fibrosis CFTR nonsense mutations

An experimental drug reported in Nature Communications suggests that a "path is clearly achievable" to treat currently untreatable cases of cystic fibrosis disease caused by nonsense mutations. This includes about 11 percent of cystic fibrosis patients, as well as patients with other genetic diseases, including Duchenne muscular dystrophy, β-thalassemia and numerous types of cancers, that are also caused by nonsense mutations.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications

NIH-funded study finds gene therapy may restore missing enzyme in rare disease

A new study published in Nature Communications suggests that gene therapy delivered into the brain may be safe and effective in treating aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency. AADC deficiency is a rare neurological disorder that develops in infancy and leads to near absent levels of certain brain chemicals, serotonin and dopamine, that are critical for movement, behavior, and sleep.
Tags: Science, Nih, Nature Communications

Unconventional superconductor acts the part of a promising quantum computing platform

Scientists on the hunt for an unconventional kind of superconductor have produced the most compelling evidence to date that they've found one. In a pair of papers published in Science and Nature Communications, researchers at the University of Maryland's Quantum Materials Center and colleagues have shown that uranium ditelluride displays many of the hallmarks of a topological superconductor--a material that may unlock new ways to build quantum computers and other futuristic devices.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, University of Maryland s Quantum Materials Center

Researchers discover unusual competition between charge density wave and superconductivity

A research team led by Prof. CHEN Xianhui from University of Science and Technology of China of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) found an unusual competition between charge density wave (CDW) and superconductivity in CsV3Sb5, a layered kagome metal, which provides key experimental evidence for understanding novel CDW and superconductivity. The result was published on Nature Communications and recommended as featured article.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, CDW, University of Science and Technology of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, Chen Xianhui

Human molecule blocking toxic forms of Parkinson's-related protein identified

Researchers at the UAB and the UniZar have identified a human peptide found in the brain that blocks the α-synuclein aggregates involved in Parkinson's disease and prevents their neurotoxicity. The study, published in Nature Communications, suggests that this could be one of the organism's natural mechanisms with which to fight aggregation. The discovery may help to develop new therapeutic and diagnosis strategies for Parkinson's disease and other synuclein pathologies.
Tags: Science, Uab, Nature Communications

Dinosaurs were in decline before the end, according to new study

The death of the dinosaurs 66 million years ago was caused by the impact of a huge asteroid on the Earth. However, paleontologists have continued to debate whether they were already in decline or not before the impact.In a new study, published today in the journal Nature Communications, an international team of scientists, which includes the University of Bristol, show that they were already in decline for as much as ten million years before the final death blow.
Tags: Science, Earth, University of Bristol, Nature Communications

AI used to predict unknown links between viruses and mammals

A new University of Liverpool study could help scientists mitigate the future spread of zoonotic and livestock diseases caused by existing viruses.Researchers have used a form or artificial intelligence (AI) called machine-learning to predict more than 20,000 unknown associations between known viruses and susceptible mammalian species. The findings, which are published in Nature Communications, could be used to help target disease surveillance programmes.
Tags: Science, University Of Liverpool, Nature Communications

Future wood use assures long-term climate benefit from commercial forests

A new study published in Nature Communications demonstrates the important role that planting new commercial forests could play in the fight against climate change by including new accounting of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation achieved from future use of harvested wood. The study applied a novel, time-dependent assessment to capture the complex dynamics of carbon uptake, storage and partial eventual release back to the atmosphere, alongside product and energy substitution by wood products, over a...
Tags: Science, Nature Communications

Creating cooler cities

Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering used a Computational Fluid Dynamics model to find ways to decrease cost and increase usage of cooler surfaces. The paper, published in the journal Nature Communications, examined the possibility of applying cooler surfaces to just half the surfaces in a city.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Computational Fluid Dynamics

A tapeworm drug against SARS-CoV-2?

Researchers from the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the University of Bonn have examined the way in which SARS-CoV-2 reprograms the metabolism of the host cell in order to gain an overall advantage. According to their report in Nature Communications, the researchers were able to identify four substances which inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication in the host cell.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, University of Bonn, German Center for Infection Research DZIF

New geochemical study confirms cause of end-Permian mass extinction event

Laura Wasylenki of Northern Arizona University is co-author on a new paper in Nature Communications showing a direct link between global dispersion of nickel-rich aerosols, ocean chemistry changes and the end-Permian mass extinction event that took place 251 million years ago.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Northern Arizona University, Laura Wasylenki

An acceleration of coastal overtopping around the world

The combination of sea level rise, tides, storm surge and waves has increased the overtopping of natural and artificial coastal protection by nearly 50% in the last two decades. This revelation comes from an international study coordinated by IRD, involving international partners . The study was published in the prestigious scientific journal Nature Communications on June 18th 2021.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, IRD

Researchers reveal defect properties in Sb2S3 material

In a study published in Nature Communications, a research team led by CHEN Tao from University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences discovered the unique defect properties of low-dimensional materials particularly Sb2S3 through building the bridge between the deep-level defects of Sb2S3 and anion/cation ratio.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China USTC, Chen Tao

New combination of materials provides progress toward quantum computing

In research published today in Nature Communications, engineers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute demonstrated how, when the TMDC materials they make are stacked in a particular geometry, the interaction that occurs between particles gives researchers more control over the devices' properties. Specifically, the interaction between electrons becomes so strong that they form a new structure known as a correlated insulating state. This is an important step, researchers said, toward developing q...
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Say goodbye to your camera bump: uOttawa researchers miniaturize optics by discovering counterpart to lens

Can you imagine one day using a telescope as thin as a sheet of paper, or a much smaller and lighter high-performance camera? Or no longer having that camera bump behind your smartphone? In a paper published in Nature Communications, researchers from the University of Ottawa have proposed a new optical element that could turn these ideas into reality by dramatically miniaturizing optical devices, potentially impacting many of the applications in our lives.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, University of Ottawa

Losing nature impacts Black, Hispanic, and low-income Americans most

When nature vanishes, people of color and low-income Americans disproportionally lose critical environmental and health benefits--including air quality, crop productivity and disease control--a new study in Nature Communications finds. The research is the first national study to explore the unequal impacts on American society--by race and income--of projected declines in nature and its benefits.Researchers find multiple natural benefits will drop for people of color by an average of 224%-111% be...
Tags: Science, Nature Communications

Tracking RNA through space and time

A research team at the MDC has succeeded in tracking genes through space and time within a one-cell zebrafish embryo - even before cell division occurs. They have now described a method in the journal "Nature Communications" that may one day allow scientists to measure cell response to drugs, for example, in organoids.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, MDC

Monoclonal antibody prevents HIV infection in monkeys, study finds

The experimental, lab-made antibody leronlimab can completely prevent nonhuman primates from being infected with the monkey form of HIV, new research published in Nature Communications shows. The results will inform a future human clinical trial evaluating leronlimab as a potential pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, therapy to prevent human infection from the virus that causes AIDS.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications

Popularity runs in families

To investigate the role genes play in the evolution of social structure, Rice University researchers created an experiment they likened to the 1998 film 'The Truman Show.' Genetically identical versions of 20 fruit flies were placed in 98 controlled enclosures, and video cameras recorded their interactions. The study in this week's Nature Communications revealed the same clones occupied the same social positions in each enclosure, regardless of living conditions, providing evidence that populari...
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Rice University

Beyond synthetic biology, synthetic ecology boosts health by engineering the environment

In a new Nature Communications study, researchers from BU's Microbiome Initiative discovered that providing microbial communities with a broader variety of food sources didn't increase the variety of microbial species within their experiments, but more food did fuel more microbial growth. The team's ultimate goal is to learn how to direct microbiome behavior through environmental molecules like food sources.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Bu

Giving brown fat a boost to fight type 2 diabetes

Increasing a protein concentrated in brown fat appears to lower blood sugar, promote insulin sensitivity, and protect against fatty liver disease by remodeling white fat to a healthier state, a new study led by UT Southwestern scientists suggests. The finding, published online in Nature Communications, could eventually lead to new solutions for patients with diabetes and related conditions.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, UT Southwestern

Scientists discover new approach to stabilize cathode materials

UPTON, NY--A team of researchers led by chemists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory has studied an elusive property in cathode materials, called a valence gradient, to understand its effect on battery performance. The findings, published in Nature Communications, demonstrated that the valence gradient can serve as a new approach for stabilizing the structure of high-nickel-content cathodes against degradation and safety issues.
Tags: Science, Upton, Nature Communications

Metal ions help COVID-19 virus to disguise itself

Researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio are reporting a mechanism by which the COVID-19 virus takes advantage of changes in metal ion concentrations to disguise itself. Nature Communications published the findings on June 2.
Tags: Science, San Antonio, Nature Communications, The University of Texas Health Science Center, COVID

Intratumoral SIRPalpha-deficient macrophages activate tumor-specific cytotoxic T cells

In a study that will be published in Nature Communications on May 28, 2021, a research team led by Dr. Yuan Liu from Georgia State University reports that intratumoral SIRPalpha-deficient macrophages activate tumor antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells to eliminate various syngeneic cancers under radiotherapy. Their study identifies SIRPalpha as a master regulator controling macrophage immune responses and has demonstrated that intratumoral injection of SIRPalpha-depleted macrophages combined with ...
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Georgia State University, Yuan Liu

Versatile coronavirus antibody may be starting point for broader-acting vaccines

In a new study that appears in Nature Communications, scientists from Scripps Research investigated how the immune system's previous exposure to cold-causing coronaviruses impact immune response to COVID-19. In doing so, they discovered one cross-reactive coronavirus antibody that's triggered during a COVID-19 infection.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Scripps Research

Humans could live to be 150 according to new scientific research

Is there a limit on the human lifespan? While some transhumanists hope the answer is no, a new scientific study suggests that 150 years may be the max (barring any massive nano-bio breakthrough, I'd imagine). Researcher Timothy Pyrkov of Singapore longevity biotech firm Gero and colleagues published their findings in the journal Nature Communications positing that "the end of life is an intrinsic biological property of an organism that is independent of stress factors and signifies a fundamental...
Tags: Post, Science, News, Singapore, Aging, Longevity, Nature Communications, Gero, Transhumanism, Timothy Pyrkov

Gero scientists found a way to break the limit of human longevity

The research team of Gero, a Singapore-based biotech company in collaboration with Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center in Buffalo NY, announces a publication in Nature Communications, a journal of Nature portfolio, presenting the results of the study on associations between aging and the loss of the ability to recover from stresses.
Tags: Science, Singapore, Nature Communications, Buffalo NY, Gero, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center

Engineering matter at the atomic level

In a breakthrough that will contribute to this, published in Nature Communications, researchers from the RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research and RIKEN Center for Advanced Photonics, along with collaborators, have developed a way to use a "dry transfer technique"--a technique that uses no solvent--to position optical quality carbon nanotubes in a precise way.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research, RIKEN Center for Advanced Photonics

Harnessing next generation sequencing to detect SARS-CoV-2

Researchers at the Vienna BioCenter designed a testing protocol for SARS-CoV-2 that can process tens of thousands of samples in less than 48 hours. The method, called SARSeq, is published in the journal Nature Communications and could be adapted to many more pathogens.
Tags: Science, Vienna, Nature Communications

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