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Posts filtered by tags: Nature Communications[x]


 

Tiny worlds reveal fundamental drivers of abundance, diversity

Ecology is traditionally a data-poor discipline, but tiny microbial worlds offer the quantity of data needed to solve universal questions about abundance and diversity. New research in Nature Communications reveals the fundamental relationship between the environment and the species present in a microbial community and can be used as a starting point for investigating bigger systems.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


When painting reveals increases in social trust

Scientists from the CNRS, ENS-PSL, Inserm, and Sciences Po revealed an increase in facial displays of trustworthiness in European painting between the fourteenth and twenty-first centuries. The findings, published in Nature Communications on 22 September 2020, were obtained by applying face-processing software to two groups of portraits, suggesting an increase in trustworthiness in society that closely follows rising living standards over the course of this period.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, CNRS, PSL Inserm


Improving the efficacy of cellular therapies

A new study published in Nature Communications deepens the understanding of the development of T cell, an important component of the immune system.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


Worldwide loss of phosphorus due to soil erosion quantified for the first time

Phosphorus is essential for agriculture, yet this important plant nutrient is increasingly being lost from soils around the world. The primary cause is soil erosion, reports an international research team led by the University of Basel. The study in the journal Nature Communications shows which continents and regions are most strongly affected.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, University of Basel


Repulsion mechanism between neurons governs fly brain structure

Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Nature Communications the discovery that in the developing fly brain, neurons stemming from the same parent cell experience repulsion. This lineage-dependent repulsion is regulated by a protein known as Dscam1.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Kanazawa University


Viruses on glaciers highlight evolutionary mechanism to overcome host defenses

An international team of scientists led by Christopher Bellas from the University of Innsbruck, Austria, studying life on the surface of glaciers in the Arctic and Alps challenge assumptions on virus evolution. Their study, now published in the journal Nature Communications shows that, contrary to expectations, the viruses on glaciers in the Alps, Greenland and Spitsbergen are remarkably stable in the environment.
Tags: Science, Arctic, Alps, Spitsbergen, Nature Communications, University of Innsbruck Austria, Christopher Bellas, Alps Greenland


Fidelity of El Niño simulation matters for predicting future climate

A new study led by University of Hawai'i at Mānoa researchers, published in the journal Nature Communications this week, revealed that correctly simulating ocean current variations hundreds of feet below the ocean surface - the so-called Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent - during El Niño events is key in reducing the uncertainty of predictions of future warming in the eastern tropical Pacific.
Tags: Science, El Nino, Nature Communications, University of Hawai


A topography of extremes

An international team of scientists from Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, and colleagues from the USA and Switzerland have successfully combined various extreme experimental conditions in a unique way, revealing exciting insights into the conducting properties of the crystalline metal CeRhIn5. In Nature Communications, they report on their exploration of previously uncharted regions of the metal´s phase diagram, which is considered a prom...
Tags: Usa, Science, Switzerland, Nature Communications


Unravelling the potential of the unconscious mind

By using a combination of artificial intelligence and brain imaging technology, researchers have discovered that humans can be trained to rationally use the unconscious contents of their mental processes. The study, published in the journal Nature Communications, could open the way to important new approaches in neuroscience and artificial intelligence, but also lead to novel applications in clinical, educational or social settings.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


New study: MassBiologics discovers antibodies that may protect against COVID-19

A new study by researchers at MassBiologics of UMass Medical School published in Nature Communications suggests that COVID specific IgA monoclonal antibodies may provide effective immunity in the respiratory system against the novel coronavirus - a potentially critical feature of an effective vaccine.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, MassBiologics, MassBiologics of UMass Medical School


Researchers link end of Green Sahara with SE Asia megadrought

In a new study published by Nature Communications, an interdisciplinary team of researchers link the end of the Green Sahara with a previously unknown megadrought which caused mass population shifts in Southeast Asia during the mid-Holocene period.
Tags: Asia, Science, Southeast Asia, Nature Communications, Green Sahara


Genetic background influences disease risk from single-gene variants

Life can change dramatically when someone learns they are genetically predisposed to a disease. But these kinds of predictions are complicated: not everyone carrying such high-risk single-gene variants develops the condition. Researchers have now identified how a person's genetic background, in addition to any high-risk variants they carry, influences the risk of disease for three different conditions. The findings, published in Nature Communications, suggest ways to more accurately interpret pa...
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


UMD discovers a new role for a well-known molecule as a plant hormone

Researchers at the University of Maryland have discovered a new role for a well-known plant molecule, providing the first clear example of ACC acting as a likely plant hormone. In Nature Communications, researchers show that ACC has a critical role in pollination and seed production by activating proteins similar to those in human and animal nervous systems. Findings could change textbooks and open the door for research to improve plant health and crop yield.
Tags: Science, ACC, University Of Maryland, UMD, Nature Communications


Scientists Have Turned Bricks Into Batteries

We build homes out of bricks for lots of reasons. They’re resilient to high pressure and frost. They can withstand fluctuating temperatures without shrinking, expanding, or warping. They’re great at absorbing heat. They’re durable and can be reused. And according to a new study in Nature Communications, they can also…Read more...
Tags: Science, Buildings, Energy Storage, Brick, Nature Communications


Storing energy in red bricks

Red bricks -- some of the world's cheapest and most familiar building materials -- can be converted into energy storage units that can be charged to hold electricity, like a battery, according to new research from Washington University in St. Louis. Chemists have developed a method to make or modify "smart bricks" that can store energy until required for powering devices. A proof-of-concept published Aug. 11 in Nature Communications shows a brick directly powering a green LED light.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Washington University in St Louis Chemists


What violin synchronization can teach us about better networking in complex times

A new study published in Nature Communications suggests by using a model of violin synchronization in a network of violin players, there are ways to drown out distractions and miscommunications that could be used as a model for human networks in society.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


Land-use change disrupts wild plant pollination on a global scale

Human changes to the environment have been linked to widespread pollinator declines. New research published in Nature Communications shows that intensive land use will further decrease pollination and reproductive success of wild plants, especially of those plants that are highly specialized in their pollination.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


Previously undescribed lineage of Archaea illuminates microbial evolution

In a publication in Nature Communications last Friday, NIOZ scientists Nina Dombrowski and Anja Spang and their collaboration partners describe a previously unknown phylum of aquatic Archaea that are likely dependent on partner organisms for growth while potentially being able to conserve some energy by fermentation.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Archaea, Nina Dombrowski, Anja Spang


Florida current is weaker now than at any point in the past century

A key component of the Gulf Stream has markedly slowed over the past century--that's the conclusion of a new research paper in Nature Communications published on August 7, 2020.
Tags: Florida, Science, Nature Communications


Anode material for safe batteries with a long cycle life

Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and Jilin University in Changchun/China investigated a highly promising anode material for future high-performance batteries - lithium lanthanum titanate with a perovskite crystal structure (LLTO). As the team reported in the Nature Communications journal, LLTO can improve the energy density, power density, charging rate, safety, and cycle life of batteries without requiring a decrease of the particle size from micro to nano scale. (DOI: 10....
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT, Jilin University, Changchun China, LLTO


Stars rich in phosphorus: Seeds of life in the universe

The journal Nature Communications today is publishing the discovery of a new type of stars, very rich in phosphorus, which could help to explain the origin of this chemical element in our Galaxy. This achievement has been made by astronomers of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) and researchers in computer science from the Centre for Research in Information and Communication Technology (CITIC) at the University of La Coruña (Galicia).
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias IAC


Identifying the blind spots of soil biodiversity

Soils harbour a substantial part of the world's biodiversity, yet data on the patterns and processes taking place below ground does not represent all relevant ecosystems and taxa. For example, tropical and subtropical regions largely remain a blind spot when it comes to soil biodiversity. This is one of the results of a new study published in Nature Communications and led by scientists from the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenb...
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg MLU


Short wind turns with strong cooling effect

Why is the sea surface temperature of the northern tropics in the summer months often lower than expected? This question was investigated by a German-American team of scientists led by the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel. Their results, which have now been published in the international journal Nature Communications, show that a short-term, wind-driven wave phenomenon provides very efficient vertical mixing and cooling of the upper water layer.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel


The mystery of the less deadly mosquito nets

Research published in Nature Communications shows that insecticide-treated mosquito nets, the mainstay in the global battle against malaria, are not providing the protection they once did - and scientists say that's a cause for serious concern in tropical and subtropical countries around the globe.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


Gene variations at birth reveal origins of inflammation and immune disease

A study published in the journal Nature Communications has pinpointed a number of areas of the human genome that may help explain the neonatal origins of chronic immune and inflammatory diseases of later life, including type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and coeliac disease.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


Deep sea microbes dormant for 100 million years are hungry and ready to multiply

In a new study published in Nature Communications, researchers reveal that given the right food in the right laboratory conditions, microbes collected from subseafloor sediment as old as 100 million years can revive and multiply, even after laying dormant since large dinosaurs prowled the planet.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


New study: Brain tumors may be seeded from distant site

A mouse model of glioblastoma, an aggressive type of cancer that can occur in the brain, suggests that this recalcitrant cancer originates from a pool of stem cells that can be a significant distance away from the resulting tumors. The findings of a new study, led by Children's National Hospital researchers and published July 22 in the journal Nature Communications, suggest new ways to fight this deadly disease.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, Children s National Hospital


Humans need to do better if we're to avoid ocean system collapse

A new relationship between humanity and the ocean is required to secure the continuity of the diverse life support roles provided by the sea, according to a paper published in Nature Communications on 17 July 2020. Titled 'A transition to sustainable ocean governance,' it describes three key transition pathways that can make complex ocean systems more resilient and ensure a more sustainable future.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


Heatwave trends accelerate worldwide

The first comprehensive worldwide assessment of heatwaves down to regional levels has revealed that in nearly every part of the world heatwaves have been increasing in frequency and duration since the 1950's. The research published in Nature Communications has also produced a new metric, cumulative heat, which reveals exactly how much heat is packed into individual heatwaves and heatwave seasons. As expected, that number is also on the rise.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications


The combination of four drugs at low doses is more effective in the treatment of a lu

The study, published in the Nature Communications journal, and led by the Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), has had the collaboration of researchers from IDIBELL/ICO and HUB. This study demonstrates the beneficial effect of treatment with a cocktail drug at low doses to block a single signaling pathway in a lung cancer type.
Tags: Science, Nature Communications, IDIBELL ICO, Netherlands Cancer Institute NKI



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