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Neanderthals Enjoyed Seafood, Too, New Evidence Suggests

Neanderthals living in Portugal during the last ice age consumed copious amounts of seafood, according to new archaeological evidence. The discovery suggests Neanderthals, like our modern human ancestors, made the most of marine resources.Read more...
Tags: Science, Anthropology, Portugal, Seafood, Neanderthals, Human Origins


Cave find shows Neanderthals collected seafood, scientists say

Discovery adds to growing evidence that Neanderthals were very similar to modern humans Neanderthals made extensive use of coastal environments, munching on fish, crabs and mussels, researchers have found, in the latest study to reveal similarities between modern humans and our big-browed cousins.Until now, many Neanderthal sites had shown only small-scale use of marine resources; for example, scattered shells. But now archaeologists have excavated a cave on the coast of Portugal and discovered ...
Tags: Science, Anthropology, Portugal, Archaeology, Evolution, Neanderthals


Study Suggests Early Humans Had Even More Interspecies Sex

Before we became the only remaining humans on the planet, Homo sapiens mated with Neanderthals and the closely related Denisovans. New research is now revealing that the common ancestor of Neanderthals and Denisovans interbred with its own predecessor, a population of “superarchaic” hominids.Read more...
Tags: Science, Dna, Anthropology, Neanderthals, Denisovans, Human Evolution, Ancient Humans


Scientists discover Neanderthal skeleton that hints at flower burial

The fossils found in Iraqi cave provide fresh evidence the species buried their death with mortuary ritualsA Neanderthal skeleton unearthed in an Iraqi cave, already famous for fossils of these cousins of our species, is providing fresh evidence that they buried their dead – and intriguing clues that flowers may have been used in such rituals.Scientists said they had discovered the well-preserved upper body skeleton of an adult Neanderthal, who lived about 70,000 years ago, in Shanidar Cave in t...
Tags: Science, Iraq, World news, Archaeology, University of Cambridge, Kurdistan, Neanderthals, Shanidar Cave


Newly Discovered Neanderthal Skeleton Hints at Intentional 'Flower Burial'

New excavations at a well-known Neanderthal site have revealed a previously undiscovered Neanderthal skeleton, along with more evidence that these extinct hominins may have had “flower burials” for their dead.
Read more...
Tags: Science, Neanderthals, Shanidar Cave, Intentional Flower Burial


Scientists find evidence of 'ghost population' of ancient humans

Traces of unknown ancestor emerged when researchers analysed genomes from west African populationsScientists have found evidence for a mysterious “ghost population” of ancient humans that lived in Africa about half a million years ago and whose genes live on in people today.Traces of the unknown ancestor emerged when researchers analysed genomes from west African populations and found that up to a fifth of their DNA appeared to have come from the missing relatives. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Africa, World news, Anthropology, Archaeology, Neanderthals


Neanderthal genes found for first time in African populations

Findings suggest humans bred with Neaderthals before mass migration 60,000 years agoAfrican populations have been revealed to share Neanderthal ancestry for the first time, in findings that add a new twist to the tale of ancient humans and our closest known relatives.Previously it was believed that only non-African populations carried Neanderthal genes due to interbreeding that took place after a major human migration out of Africa and across the globe about 60,000 years ago. Continue reading...
Tags: Science, Biology, Africa, Genetics, Anthropology, Evolution, Neanderthals


All Humans Are a Little Bit Neanderthal, According to New Research

We’re all a little Neanderthal. That’s the conclusion of a study that used a new statistical technique to revise estimates of the degree to which modern humans have retained Neanderthal DNA. The research suggests that even people of African descent have Neanderthal heritage, something that was previously in doubt.Read more...
Tags: Science, Africa, Genetics, Neanderthals, New Research, Human Evolution, Human Origins, Interbreeding, Archaeogenetics


Free-Diving Neanderthals Gathered Tools From the Seafloor

New evidence suggests Neanderthals gathered clam shells and volcanic rock from the bottom of the Mediterranean, which they fashioned into tools. The work is yet more evidence that Neanderthals often ventured into the water, and it adds to the body of research showing that they were nothing like the unintelligent,…Read more...
Tags: Science, Anthropology, Neanderthals, Mediterranean, Human Evolution, Ancient Humans


Neanderthals dived for shells to make tools, research suggests

Study adds weight to claims that stereotype of knuckle-headed Neanderthals is wrongNeanderthals went diving for shells to turn into tools, according to new research, suggesting our big-browed cousins made more use of the sea than previously thought.The study focuses on 171 shell tools that were found in a now inaccessible coastal cave in central Italy, known as the Grotta dei Moscerini, which was excavated in 1949. Dating of animal teeth found within layers alongside the shell tools suggest they...
Tags: Europe, Science, World news, Italy, Anthropology, Archaeology, Shellfish, Neanderthals


Bad luck may have caused Neanderthals' extinction – study

Homo sapien invasion may not have prompted Neanderthals’ demise 40,000 years ago Perhaps it wasn’t our fault after all: research into the demise of the Neanderthals has found that rather than being outsmarted by Homo sapiens, our burly, thick-browed cousins may have gone extinct through bad luck alone.The Neanderthal population was so small at the time modern humans arrived in Europe and the Near East that inbreeding and natural fluctuations in birth rates death rates and sex ratios could have f...
Tags: Europe, Science, Biology, Anthropology, Evolution, Neanderthals, Near East, Homo


Yet More Evidence That Neanderthal Bling Included Eagle Talons

New fossil evidence suggests the Neanderthal practice of collecting eagle talons, which were likely worn as jewelry or used to create powerful symbols, was more extensive than previously thought. Remarkably, the dating of these artifacts suggests modern humans might have copied this practice.Read more...
Tags: Science, Neanderthals, Neanderthal Bling, Ancient Jewelry, Neanderthal Jewelry, Anthropology Science


How This Decade of Archaeology Changed What We Know About Human Origins

Unlike humans living today, our distant ancestors exerted a very small footprint on the planet, leaving barely anything behind to chronicle their time on Earth. With the discovery of each new skull fragment, femur, and stone tool, however, archaeologists are methodically piecing together the fractured history of our…Read more...
Tags: Science, Anthropology, Archaeology, Neanderthals, Denisovans, Human Evolution, Human Origins, Archaic Humans


New Evidence Suggests Neanderthals Were Capable of Starting Fires

Neanderthals were regular users of fire, but archaeologists aren’t certain if these extinct hominins were capable of starting their own fires or if they sourced their flames from natural sources. New geochemical evidence suggests Neanderthals did in fact possess the cultural capacity to spark their own Paleolithic…Read more...
Tags: Science, Chemistry, Fires, Anthropology, Neanderthals, Paleo Pyros, Fire Use


Modern Humans Inherited Even More DNA from Neanderthals and Denisovans Than We Thought

A comprehensive analysis of DNA from modern Melanesian people suggests an assortment of mutated genes inherited from extinct Neanderthals and Denisovans provided evolutionary advantages, such as the ability to consume new foods and avoid infections, among other important benefits.Read more...
Tags: Science, Dna, Genetics, Anthropology, Evolution, Neanderthals, Denisovans, Human Evolution, Human Origins, Archaeogenetics, Hominins, Melanesians


Tooth Analysis Suggests Neanderthals and Modern Humans Split Apart Far Earlier Than We Thought

Dental evidence suggests Neanderthals and modern humans diverged from a common ancestor around 800,000 years ago—hundreds of thousands of years earlier than standard estimates. The finding could finally reveal the provenance of our shared ancestry, but some experts say the new evidence is unconvincing. Read more...
Tags: Science, Neanderthals, Human Evolution, Human Origins, Neanderthal Evolution, Tooth Analysis Suggests Neanderthals


Happy Birthday to Dorothy Garrod, One of the First Women Archaeologists

Equipped with only dining hall spoons, the clothes on their backs, and pure archaeological curiosity, undergraduates at Cambridge’s Newnham College in 1939 were given a crash course in field work when their professor, Dorothy Garrod, led them through the excavation of skeletal remains that had been unearthed on campus…Read more...
Tags: Science, Cambridge, Neanderthals, Women In Science, Newnham College, Dorothy Garrod


Jawbone Fossil Reveals More About the Denisovans, a Mysterious Species that Mated With Modern Humans

In 2010, archaeologists found evidence of a previously unknown hominin, the Denisovans, in a Siberian cave. Researchers are now reporting the discovery of a 160,000-year-old Denisovan jawbone pulled from a cave on the Tibetan Plateau. The fossil is now the first evidence of this mysterious human species outside of…Read more...
Tags: Science, Biology, Anthropology, Evolution, Neanderthals, Denisovans, Human Evolution, Denisovan, Ancient Humans, Human Origins


'Spectacular' jawbone discovery sheds light on ancient Denisovans

Scientists extracted proteins from one of the molars to help uncover the fossil’s evolutionary originA human jawbone found in a cave on the Tibetan plateau has revealed new details about the appearance and lifestyle of a mysterious ancient species called Denisovans.The 160,000-year-old fossil, comprising a powerful jaw and unusually large teeth, suggests that these early relatives would have looked something like the most primitive of the Neanderthals. The discovery also shows that Denisovans li...
Tags: Science, Biology, World news, Anthropology, Evolution, Neanderthals, Denisovans


New species of ancient human discovered in Philippines cave

Homo luzonensis fossils found in Luzon island cave, dating back up to 67,00 yearsA new species of ancient human, thought to have been under 4ft tall and adapted to climbing trees, has been discovered in the Philippines, providing a twist in the story of human evolution.The specimen, named Homo luzonensis, was excavated from Callao cave on Luzon island in the northern Philippines and has been dated to 50,000-67,000 years ago – when our own ancestors and the Neanderthals were spreading across Euro...
Tags: Europe, Science, Biology, World news, Asia Pacific, Philippines, Anthropology, Evolution, Fossils, Neanderthals, Luzon, Luzon Island, Asia Continue, Callao


Climate Change Drove Neanderthals to Cannibalism, New Research Suggests

Neanderthals are famous for having lived through the last major ice age, yet for a period of around 14,000 years they had to endure the effects of a naturally occurring global warming cycle. Struggling to adapt to the changing conditions, the Neanderthals turned to cannibalism in desperation, according to a…Read more...
Tags: Science, Cannibalism, Climate Change, Anthropology, Neanderthals, Neandercannibals


Neanderthals and Denisovans Shared a Siberian Cave for Thousands of Years, New Research Suggests

Denisova cave in southern Siberia was home to Neanderthals and Denisovans for thousands of years, but questions remain about the timing of their stay. A pair of new studies traces the history of archaic human occupation at the site, showing who lived there and when—including a possible era during which the two…
Tags: Science, Siberia, Neanderthals, Paleontology, Denisova Cave, Denisova, Denisovans, Human Evolution, Ancient Humans


AI Finds Traces of a Lost Species in Human DNA

Buried deep within the DNA of Asian individuals is a genetic clue pointing to the existence of an unknown human ancestor. Remarkably, it wasn’t a human who reached this startling conjecture, but rather an artificially intelligent algorithm. Welcome to archaeology in the 21st century.Read more...
Tags: Science, Artificial Intelligence, Genetics, Ai, Neanderthals, Denisovans, Human Evolution, Early Humans


Meet Denny, the ancient mixed-heritage mystery girl

After the unearthing of a Neanderthal-Denisovan fossil, UK scientists are using groundbreaking techniques to learn more of the species’ complex bonds with humansOf all the ancient peoples that have been studied by scientists, none has set puzzles quite so profound as those left behind by the Denisovans. Only a few tiny pieces of bone and teeth have ever been found of this long extinct species – fragmentary remains that would all fit snugly inside a cigarette packet.Yet these fossil scraps sugges...
Tags: UK, Science, Biology, Research, Anthropology, Evolution, University of Oxford, Neanderthals, Denny, University of Manchester, Denisovans


Neanderthals Weren't the Violent Brutes We Thought, New Research Finds

The stereotype of a typical Neanderthal life is that it was extraordinarily difficult, violent, and traumatic. But a comparative analysis of the remains left behind by Neanderthals and contemporaneous humans is finally overturning this unwarranted assumption.Read more...
Tags: Science, Neanderthals, Human Evolution, Human Origins, Neanderthal Behavior


Analysis of Neanderthal Teeth Reveals Unexpected Exposure to Lead

Around 250,000 years ago, two Neanderthal children were exposed to excessive levels of lead in what is now France, according to new research. It’s the oldest known case of lead exposure in hominin remains—a discovery that’s presenting an obvious question: How could this have possibly happened so long ago?Read more...
Tags: Science, France, Breastfeeding, Neanderthals, Human Evolution, Lead Exposure


Neanderthals Survived in Ice Age Europe Thanks to Effective Healthcare

Neanderthals cared for their sick and wounded, and new research suggests this well-documented behavior was more than just a cultural phenomenon or an expression of compassion—it really did help them survive.Read more...
Tags: Europe, Science, Biology, Healthcare, Neanderthals, Human Evolution, Effective Healthcare


Did Neanderthals Go Extinct Because of the Size of Their Brains?

Using computers and MRI scans, researchers have created the most detailed reconstruction of a Neanderthal brain to date, offering new insights into the social and cognitive abilities of these extinct humans. But as to whether these characteristics were responsible for their ultimate demise remains an open question.Read more...
Tags: Science, Anthropology, Brains, Neanderthals, Paleontology, Human Evolution, Early Humans, Early Modern Humans, Neanderthal Behavior, Computational Anatomy, Neanderthal Brains, Neanderthal Intelligence


Why Neanderthals Had Faces That Were So Different From Ours

Compared to modern humans, Neanderthals had heavy eyebrows, huge noses, and large, long faces that bulged forward. Using 3D computer models, an international team of scientists has analyzed these facial features in detail, uncovering some likely explanations for these dramatic physical differences. Read more...
Tags: Science, Biology, Anthropology, Archaeology, Evolution, Neanderthals, Physiology, Paleontology, Human Evolution, Computer Models, Neanderthal Physiology, Neanderthal Faces, Neanderthal Behavior


World’s oldest art is in Africa, not Europe | Letters

Didn’t you report 2002 that two tiny pieces of engraved ochre found in Blombos Cave in South Africa were the oldest works of art ever discovered, writes John PictonGiven all the recent publicity about the attribution of European cave paintings to Neanderthal artists at an earlier date than expected for Homo sapiens (Neanderthals were artists 65,000 years ago, 23 February), it is a pity the Guardian does not recall its own previous headlines. In an article 16 years ago (World’s first artwork foun...
Tags: Europe, Books, Science, Biology, Africa, Spain, World news, History, Culture, South Africa, Art and design, Anthropology, Archaeology, Evolution, Neanderthals, Blombos Cave



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