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Stanford experts recommend strict, costly approaches for reopening schools

The American Academy of Pediatrics recently highlighted the importance of students' returning to the classroom in its COVID-19 return-to-school guidance. Jason Wang, MD, PhD, of Stanford Health Policy also believes it's time for kids in the United States to get back to school. But he believes school districts could better protect their 55 million K-12 students by adhering to an additional set of strict measures.
Tags: Science, Stanford, United States, American Academy of Pediatrics, Jason Wang, Stanford Health Policy

Vaping linked to COVID-19 risk in teens and young adults, Stanford-led study finds

Vaping is linked to a substantially increased risk of COVID-19 among teenagers and young adults, according to a new study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
Tags: Science, Stanford

Stanford study reveals immune-system paralysis in severe COVID-19 cases

A Stanford study shows that in severely ill COVID-19 patients, 'first-responder' immune cells, which should react immediately to signs of viral or bacterial presence in the body, instead respond sluggishly.
Tags: Science, Stanford

COVID-19 provides rare opportunities for studying natural and human systems

Researchers at Stanford and other institutions hypothesize outcomes of the pandemic's unprecedented socioeconomic disruption and outline research priorities for advancing our understanding of humans' impact on the environmentWatch related video:
Tags: Science, Stanford

Groundbreaking new research suggests removing drug-associated memories could prevent relapse

Once the mice in the study had become dependent on the morphine, "switching off" (or silencing) that PVT pathway completely abolished their preference for the morphine. Stanford associate professor Xiaoke Chen's team was able to precisely control the activity of various pathways at different points of the animals' drug-use experience. Extinction training attempts to reduce the strength of those cue-drug memories which, if successful, could decrease the number of factors that induce cravings and ...
Tags: Health, Science, Learning, Biology, Stanford, Animals, Memory, Neuroscience, Innovation, Addiction, Chen, Cognitive Science, Human body, Chen You, PVT, Xiaoke Chen

Arctic Ocean 'regime shift'

Stanford scientists find the growth of phytoplankton in the Arctic Ocean has increased 57 percent over just two decades, enhancing its ability to soak up carbon dioxide. While once linked to melting sea ice, the increase is now propelled by rising concentrations of tiny algae.
Tags: Science, Stanford, Arctic Ocean

Researchers develop a new ultrafast insulin

Stanford researchers tested a new insulin drug in diabetic pigs and found that it was twice as fast-acting as traditional insulin.
Tags: Science, Stanford

Stanford-led team shows how to store data using 2D materials instead of silicon chips

The researchers stacked layers of tungsten ditelluride like a nanoscale deck of cards. By injecting electricity into the stack they caused each odd-numbered layer to shift ever-so slightly relative to the even-numbered layers above and below it. The offset was permanent, or non-volatile, until another jolt of electricity caused the odd and even layers to once again realign. The arrangement of the layers became a method for encoding binary data.
Tags: Science, Stanford

Stanford researchers reveal air pollution's connection to infant mortality

The study of sub-Saharan Africa finds that a relatively small increase in airborne particles significantly increase infant mortality rates. A cost-effective solution may lie in an exotic-sounding proposal. WATCH RELATED VIDEO:
Tags: Science, Stanford, Saharan Africa

SLAC and Stanford scientists home in on pairs of atoms that boost a catalyst's activity

A study identified which pairs of atoms in a catalyst nanoparticle are most active in a reaction that breaks down a harmful exhaust gas in catalytic converters. The most active particles contained the biggest proportion of one particular atomic configuration -- one where two atoms, each surrounded by seven neighboring atoms, form pairs to carry out the reaction steps. The results are a step toward engineering cheaper, more efficient catalysts.
Tags: Science, Stanford, SLAC

New battery electrolyte developed at Stanford may boost the performance of electric vehicles

Stanford researchers have designed a new electrolyte for lithium metal batteries that could increase the driving range of electric cars.
Tags: Science, Stanford

R&D Roundup: Automated peach sniffers, orbital opportunity and AI accessibility

I see far more research articles than I could possibly write up. This column collects the most interesting of those papers and advances, along with notes on why they may prove important in the world of tech and startups. In this week’s roundup: a prototype electronic nose, AI-assisted accessibility, ocean monitoring, surveying of economic conditions through aerial imagery and more. Accessible speech via AI People with disabilities that affect their voice, hearing or motor function must use alt...
Tags: TC, Astronomy, Space, Science, Stanford, Tech, Mit, Surveillance, Artificial Intelligence, Cambridge, Gps, New Horizons, Stanford University, Wolf, Anne, Market Analysis

Stanford researchers develop artificial synapse that works with living cells

Researchers have created a device that can integrate and interact with neuron-like cells. This could be an early step toward an artificial synapse for use in brain-computer interfaces.
Tags: Science, Stanford

Self-swabbing tests for COVID-19 accurate and safe, Stanford study reports

Test samples collected by people who swabbed their own nasal passages yielded results for the COVID-19 virus that were as accurate as samples collected by a health care worker, according to a small study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
Tags: Science, Stanford

DNAnexus raises $100M for a cloud-based analytics platform aimed at genomics and other clinical big data

DNAnexus, which provides a cloud platform for governments, universities, doctors, and pharmaceutical companies to tap into DNA and other clinical datasets and collaborate on scientific research projects, is today announcing a big step ahead in its efforts to grow its reach and purpose. The 10 year-old startup, originally spun out of Stanford’s school of medicine, has raised $100 million in funding. The round, technically a Series G, is being co-led by Perceptive Advisors and Northpond Ventures (...
Tags: Startups, UK, Science, Microsoft, Stanford, Funding, Tech, Food And Drug Administration, Biotech, Rosetta Stone, Michael Rubin, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Perceptive Advisors, Recent Funding, Northpond Ventures, Richard Daly

NUS and Stanford researchers uncover a new mindset that predicts success

To succeed in modern life, people need to accomplish challenging tasks effectively. Many successful entrepreneurs, businesspeople, students, athletes and more, tend to be more strategic -- and hence, more effective -- than others at meeting such challenges. A new study published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that one important psychological factor behind their success may be a 'strategic mindset'.
Tags: Science, Stanford, Nus, National Academy of Sciences

Scientists engineer one protein to fight cancer and regenerate neurons

A team led by Stanford bioengineer and department chair Jennifer Cochran has tweaked one ligand in slightly different ways to produce two startlingly different results. One set of alterations caused neuronal cells to regenerate, while different tweaks to the same protein inhibited lung tumor growth.
Tags: Science, Stanford, Jennifer Cochran

Stanford-led study suggests a new approach to reducing spread of mosquito-borne diseases

Stanford researchers working in rural Kenya have identified the most productive breeding habitats for mosquitoes that spread a range of untreatable viruses. Their findings point to more effective health interventions that focus on the purpose of water-holding containers.
Tags: Science, Stanford, Kenya

Scientists aim gene-targeting breakthrough against COVID-19

Scientists at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry have joined forces with a research team at Stanford to aim a gene-targeting, antiviral agent called PAC-MAN against COVID-19.
Tags: Science, Stanford, Berkeley Lab s Molecular Foundry, COVID

Stanford team develops an inexpensive technique to show how decisions light up the brain

A technique called COSMOS will help researchers understand how our brains work and aid in the development of new drugs. The inventors have created an instructional website to help other researchers build their own relatively-inexpensive COSMOS systems.
Tags: Science, Stanford

Loss of land-based vertebrates is accelerating, according to Stanford biologist and others

Analysis of thousands of vertebrate species reveals that extinction rates are likely much faster than previously thought. The researchers call for immediate global action, such as a ban on the wildlife trade, to slow the sixth mass extinction.
Tags: Science, Stanford

Stanford study shows dry air drives overlooked changes in how plants drink and breathe

New research suggests dry air combined with warmer temperatures may prompt bigger than expected changes in how water moves through plants. The adjustment may allow plants to survive with less water in future droughts, while downshifting how much carbon they absorb.
Tags: Science, Stanford

As wildfire season approaches, AI could pinpoint risky regions using satellite imagery

The U.S. has suffered from devastating wildfires over the last few years as global temperatures rise and weather patterns change, making the otherwise natural phenomenon especially unpredictable and severe. To help out, Stanford researchers have found a way to track and predict dry, at-risk areas using machine learning and satellite imagery. Currently the way forests and scrublands are tested for susceptibility to wildfires is by manually collecting branches and foliage and testing their water c...
Tags: TC, Science, Stanford, Tech, Earth, Artificial Intelligence, Wildfires, European Space Agency, Satellite Imagery, GreenTech, Stanford University, U S Forest Service, Alexandra Konings

Stanford coronavirus research: Did politically-motivated scientists hype their speedy study?

In the race to combat the COVID-19 pandemic, the world’s scientists have embraced a radically new method of disseminating information about their research, offering it quickly and without filters in the effort to understand and control this deadly disease. But their new communication model is striking at the heart of scientific integrity, publicizing research that has been corrupted by speed, sloppiness and opacity. And now the academic world is being roiled by a question for which millions of l...
Tags: Health, Science, News, Medicine, La, Stanford, California News, Sport, Palo Alto, Soccer, New York Times, Npr, John, Donald Trump, UC Berkeley, Wall Street Journal

Tracking the tinderbox: Stanford scientists map wildfire fuel moisture across western US

Researchers have developed a deep-learning model that maps fuel moisture levels in fine detail across 12 western states, opening a door for better fire predictions.
Tags: Science, Stanford, US

Stanford researcher envisions energy and environment landscape after COVID-19

Global carbon dioxide emissions are down dramatically in the wake of COVID-19. A new study pinpoints where energy demand has dropped the most, estimates the impact on annual emissions and points the way to a less polluted future.
Tags: Science, Stanford

How we might recharge an electric car as it drives

Stanford engineers demonstrate a technology that could one day be scaled up to power a car moving down the road. In the nearer term, the system could soon make it practical to wirelessly recharge robots as they move around in warehouses and on factory floors -- eliminating downtime and enabling robots to work almost around the clock.
Tags: Science, Stanford

Police stop fewer black drivers at night when a 'veil of darkness' obscures their race

After analyzing 95 million traffic stop records, filed by officers with 21 state patrol agencies and 35 municipal police forces from 2011 to 2018, a Stanford-led research team concluded that 'police stops and search decisions suffer from persistent racial bias.'
Tags: Science, Stanford

CZI teams up with UCSF and Stanford to research COVID-19’s prevalence in the Bay Area

With $13.6 million in funding from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, a new  collaboration will pull together researchers at UCSF, Stanford and CZI-adjacent medical research nonprofit the Chan Zuckerberg Biohub to study the spread of COVID-19 in the Bay Area. The research team will conduct two separate large-scale studies over the course of nine months as part of the data-intensive public health effort, which seeks to answer some key questions about the virus that have eluded researchers. For th...
Tags: TC, Science, Stanford, Tech, Priscilla Chan, Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, Bay Area, UCSF, CZI, Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, UCSF Stanford, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Zuckerberg Biohub

Fracking and earthquake risk

Earthquakes caused by hydraulic fracturing can damage property and endanger lives. Stanford researchers have developed new guidelines for when to slow or halt fracking operations based on local risks.
Tags: Science, Stanford

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