Posts filtered by tags: Stanford University[x]


New brain cell-like nanodevices work together to identify mutations in viruses

In the September issue of the journal Nature, scientists from Texas A&M University, Hewlett Packard Labs and Stanford University have described a new nanodevice that acts almost identically to a brain cell. Furthermore, they have shown that these synthetic brain cells can be joined together to form intricate networks that can then solve problems in a brain-like manner.
Tags: Science, Stanford University, Texas A M University Hewlett Packard Labs

Scientists uncover the brain circuitry that causes mysterious dissociative experiences

Researchers have identified the key rhythmic brain activity that triggers a bizarre experience called dissociation in which people can feel detached from their identity and environment. This phenomena is experienced by about 2 percent to 10 percent of the population. Nearly 3 out of 4 individuals who have experienced a traumatic event will slip into a dissociative state either during the event or sometime after. The findings implicate a specific protein in a certain set of cells as key to the fe...
Tags: Science, Stanford, Neuroscience, Mental Health, Brain, Ptsd, Innovation, Mind, Stanford University, Stanford Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Karl Deisseroth, Deisseroth, Ken Solt, Oluwaseun Akeju

Allergic immune responses help fight bacterial infections

Researchers from CeMM, MedUni Vienna and Stanford University, have found that a module of the immune system, best known for causing allergic reactions, plays a key role in acquiring host defense against infections triggered by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. This allergy module, constituted by mast cells and Immunoglobulin E, can grant protection and increased resistance against secondary bacterial infections in the body. These findings published in Immunity indicate a beneficial function f...
Tags: Science, Vienna, Stanford University

Fighting cardiovascular disease with acne drug

Researchers from the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) in Heidelberg and Stanford University have found the cause of dilated cardiomyopathy - a leading cause of heart failure - and identified a potential treatment for it: a drug already used to treat acne. The study was published on 8 September in Cell Reports.
Tags: Science, Stanford University, Heidelberg, European Molecular Biology Laboratory EMBL

Pursuing herd immunity is a non-strategy that could cause mass death without boosting the economy. A Trump adviser may be pushing for it.

President Trump talks to staff and guests as he checks out the stage where he would later deliver his acceptance speech as the 2020 Republican presidential nominee during the 2020 Republican National Convention on the South Lawn of the White House, August 27, 2020. Scott Atlas, who's serving as a pandemic adviser to President Trump, has pushed for the US to take the Swedish approach, The Washington Post reported.Sweden allowed the coronavirus to spread in a bid for herd immunity — a point...
Tags: Post, New York, Science, News, Sweden, Washington Post, White House, US, Trends, Analysis, Atlas, New Jersey, Finland, Who, World Health Organization, Denmark

Memory in a metal, enabled by quantum geometry

Berkeley researchers led by Professor Xiang Zhang in collaboration with a Stanford University team invented a new data storage method by making odd numbered layers slide relative to even-number layers in tungsten ditelluride, which is only 3nm thick. The arrangement of these atomic layers represents 0 and 1 for data storage. The researchers make use of quantum geometry to read information out. This material platform works ideally for memory, with independent 'write' and 'read' operation.
Tags: Science, Berkeley, Stanford University, Xiang Zhang

This looping aquatic treadmill lets tiny ocean creatures swim forever under the microscope

Observing the microscopic creatures that fill our oceans is important work, but keeping your eye on one in the wild is practically impossible — and doing so in a dish isn’t the same. This ‘hydrodynamic treadmill’ however provides the best of both worlds: An unending water column for the creatures to swim in, without ever leaving the watchful eye of an automated microscope. The Gravity Machine, as it’s called, is the brainchild of Stanford researchers under bioengineering professor Manu Prakash. ...
Tags: TC, Gadgets, Science, Hardware, Biology, Stanford, Tech, Artificial Intelligence, Madagascar, Robotics, Stanford University, Hardy, Prakash, Krishnamurthy, Deepak Krishnamurthy, Manu Prakash He

Link between education, income inequality has existed for a century

Income is inextricably linked to access to education in America and it has been for a century, according to a new study from researchers at Stanford University and Rice University.
Tags: Science, America, Stanford University

New model of breast cancer's causes developed by UCSF-led team

A new model of the causes of breast cancer, created by a team led by researchers at UC San Francisco, Genentech and Stanford University, is designed to capture the complex interrelationships between dozens of primary and secondary breast cancer causes and stimulate further research.
Tags: Science, Stanford University, UCSF, UC San Francisco Genentech

Airborne mapping sheds light on climate sensitivity of California redwoods

To better understand redwood habitat suitability, a team of researchers from the University of Texas, Arizona State University, University of Miami, and Stanford University combined high-resolution redwood distribution maps with data on moisture availability to identify the environmental factors that shape redwood distribution
Tags: Science, California, Miami, Stanford University

R&D Roundup: Automated peach sniffers, orbital opportunity and AI accessibility

I see far more research articles than I could possibly write up. This column collects the most interesting of those papers and advances, along with notes on why they may prove important in the world of tech and startups. In this week’s roundup: a prototype electronic nose, AI-assisted accessibility, ocean monitoring, surveying of economic conditions through aerial imagery and more. Accessible speech via AI People with disabilities that affect their voice, hearing or motor function must use alt...
Tags: TC, Astronomy, Space, Science, Stanford, Tech, Mit, Surveillance, Artificial Intelligence, Cambridge, Gps, New Horizons, Stanford University, Wolf, Anne, Market Analysis

Early clinical trial supports tumor cell-based vaccine for mantle cell lymphoma

A phase I/II clinical trial by researchers at Stanford University suggests that vaccines prepared from a patient's own tumor cells may prevent the incurable blood cancer mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) from returning after treatment. The study, which will be published June 19 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine (JEM), reveals that the vaccines are a safe and effective way to induce the body's immune system to attack any tumor cells that could cause disease relapse.
Tags: Science, Stanford University

Free self-hypnosis therapy in your home? Just ask Alexa

Hypnosis refers to a trance state that is characterized by extreme suggestibility, relaxation, and heightened imagination.Hypnotherapy can be used to help you quit smoking, to manage chronic and acute pain, during labor and childbirth, as well as to ease stress and anxiety.Reveri Health, headed by Ariel Poler and Dr. David Spiegel, has launched several self-hypnosis skill programs through Amazon Alexa and Google Assistant, one of which is designed to combat the anxiety surrounding the COVID-19 g...
Tags: Psychology, Google, Science, Mental Health, Brain, Therapy, United States, Innovation, Fear, Consciousness, Visualizations, Emotions, Mind, Hypnosis, Stanford University, Alexa

As wildfire season approaches, AI could pinpoint risky regions using satellite imagery

The U.S. has suffered from devastating wildfires over the last few years as global temperatures rise and weather patterns change, making the otherwise natural phenomenon especially unpredictable and severe. To help out, Stanford researchers have found a way to track and predict dry, at-risk areas using machine learning and satellite imagery. Currently the way forests and scrublands are tested for susceptibility to wildfires is by manually collecting branches and foliage and testing their water c...
Tags: TC, Science, Stanford, Tech, Earth, Artificial Intelligence, Wildfires, European Space Agency, Satellite Imagery, GreenTech, Stanford University, U S Forest Service, Alexandra Konings

Airborne science discovers complex geomorphic controls on Bornean forests

Using tree chemistry maps created by ASU's Global Airborne Observatory, high-resolution topography data, and computer models, researchers at Stanford University and Arizona State University's Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science uncovered new insights into the processes behind how life coevolved with our planet.
Tags: Science, Stanford University, Asu, Global Airborne Observatory

Stanford coronavirus research: Did politically-motivated scientists hype their speedy study?

In the race to combat the COVID-19 pandemic, the world’s scientists have embraced a radically new method of disseminating information about their research, offering it quickly and without filters in the effort to understand and control this deadly disease. But their new communication model is striking at the heart of scientific integrity, publicizing research that has been corrupted by speed, sloppiness and opacity. And now the academic world is being roiled by a question for which millions of l...
Tags: Health, Science, News, Medicine, La, Stanford, California News, Sport, Palo Alto, Soccer, New York Times, Npr, John, Donald Trump, UC Berkeley, Wall Street Journal

New urine testing method holds promise for kidney stone sufferers

An improved urine-testing system for people suffering from kidney stones inspired by nature and proposed by researchers from Penn State and Stanford University may enable patients to receive results within 30 minutes instead of the current turnaround time of a week or more.
Tags: Science, Stanford University, Penn State

Coronavirus: How we decide the risks we’re willing to take to venture out

As an infectious disease expert, Dr. George Rutherford knows all about the horrors of COVID-19. But there’s one risk that the UC San Francisco professor, wearing a mask, is willing to take: hugging his 2-year-old granddaughter. For two months, we’ve been diligent about staying home. But, as Bay Area residents start to venture out with parts of the state gradually loosening lockdown restrictions, how do we navigate this new landscape of peril and promise? We can’t stay isolated and fearful foreve...
Tags: Health, Science, News, Medicine, California News, San Francisco, Sport, Soccer, Aclu, UC Berkeley, Costa Rica, Stanford University, Bay Area, UCSF, Los Angeles County, Alameda

Gene variants that protect against glaucoma identified, opening therapeutic possibilities

An international research collaboration led by researchers from the University of Helsinki and Stanford University has identified rare changes in a gene called ANGPTL7 that lower intraocular pressure and significantly reduce the risk of glaucoma. The results open important new therapeutic possibilities.
Tags: Science, Stanford University, University of Helsinki

Study: Football offensive linemen should start plays upright to avoid hits to the head

Just a simple change to the starting stance of players on the offensive line in American football could significantly reduce hits to the head, a study conducted by Purdue University and Stanford University researchers now shows.
Tags: Science, Stanford University, Purdue University

Maybe the coronavirus emanated from a China research lab after all, say US and UK intelligence

“[U.S.] officials are seriously pursuing the possibility that a natural sample of the virus escaped a laboratory.” The question was dismissed as a conspiracy theory in the early days of the coronavirus outbreak. But now, some intelligence experts admit they are seriously looking into the possibility that the COVID-19 pandemic might have been touched off by an accident at a research facility in China, various news outlets report. “It’s definitely a real possibility being bandied about at the...
Tags: Post, UK, Science, News, Medicine, China, US, World news, Intelligence, State Department, Wuhan, US Embassy, Stanford University, Business Insider, State Dept, Jenna McLaughlin

Researchers create soft, free-wheeling hybrid robot

A team of Stanford researchers created a new type of soft robot that can morph into new shapes and freely move around like an octopus.They call it an "isoperimetric robot": a human-safe soft robot that can grasp and manipulate objects as well as roll around in controllable directions. It's possible that this kind of robot could be used in space travel in the future, because of its malleability and dynamic qualities. Researchers at Stanford University have developed a revolutionary type of r...
Tags: Space, Science, Technology, Stanford, Future, Robots, Innovation, Stanford University, University of California Santa Barbara, Sean Follmer, Zachary Hammond, Science Robotics, Allison Okamura, Elliot Hawkes, Nathan Usevitch

Inverse design software automates design process for optical, nanophotonic structures

Stanford University researchers created an inverse design codebase called SPINS that can help researchers explore different design methodologies to find fabricable optical and nanophotonic structures. In the journal Applied Physics Reviews, Logan Su and colleagues review inverse design's potential for optical and nanophotonic structures, as well as present and explain how to use their own inverse design codebase.
Tags: Science, Stanford University, Applied Physics Reviews Logan Su

Microbiome species interactions reveal how bacteria collaborate to cheat death

When a doctor prescribes antibiotics, it sets up a multi-faceted experiment in your gastrointestinal system. What can this teach us about the molecular principles of species interactions in nature? New work led by Ludington and Stanford University's K.C. Huang set out to answer this challenging question and discovered a new form of antibiotic tolerance.
Tags: Science, Stanford University, Ludington, K C Huang

You Can Learn a Lot About Yourself From a DNA Test. Here’s What Your Genes Cannot Tell You

“Have you found an article of clothing with a suspicious stain?” asks the website of one Florida-based company called All About Truth DNA Services, which informs readers that “aprrpoximately [sic] 60% of husbands and 40% of wives will have an affair at some point,” and recommends consumers wait for their “suspicious item” to dry and then send it in for testing. Also accepted: cigarette butts, toothpicks, hair. The landscape of the consumer genomics market now would have been barely recogniz...
Tags: Florida, Science, News, Dna, Uncategorized, Bloomberg, Walgreens, Atlantic, United States, Bill Clinton, Fifa, Food And Drug Administration, Helix, Fda, University of Oxford, Human Genome Project

Electrolyte drinks and supplements aren't doing as much good as you think after exercising, according to a study

New research by Stanford University suggests electrolyte drinks aren't enough to rebalance your sodium levels during an endurance event.
Tags: Science, Stanford University

Algorithms 'consistently' more accurate than people in predicting recidivism, study says

In a study with potentially far-reaching implications for criminal justice in the United States, a team of California researchers has found that algorithms are significantly more accurate than humans in predicting which defendants will later be arrested for a new crime. The researchers -- from Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley -- found that risk assessment tools approached 90% accuracy in predicting which defendants might be arrested again, compared to about 60% for ...
Tags: Science, California, United States, University Of California Berkeley, Stanford University

How electric fields affect a molecular twist within light-sensitive proteins

A team of scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University has gained insight into how electric fields affect the way energy from light drives molecular motion and transformation in a protein commonly used in biological imaging.
Tags: Science, Department Of Energy, Stanford University, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Scientists Turned a Normal Jellyfish Into a Speedy Cyborg Jellyfish

Jellyfish are the most efficient swimmers in the ocean, albeit fairly slow ones. Researchers at Stanford University made a jellyfish swim three times faster by sticking a motor to it, creating a biohybrid robot with the jellyfish as the “scaffold.” Read more...
Tags: Science, Biology, Robotics, Biomimetics, Stanford University, Jellyfish, Cyborgs

Scientists make jellyfish swim faster to prepare for deep-sea exploration

Scientists at Caltech and Stanford University want to turn jellyfish into deep-sea explorers that could be directed around the ocean, recording info as they travel. In a paper published in the journal Science Advances, the team explains how they've developed a tiny, microelectronic prosthetic that can be attached to jellyfish, causing them to swim faster and more efficiently.
Tags: Science, Stanford University, Caltech

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