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Research: Moon colonies could be (partially) built with human urine

Colonies on the Moon or Mars could, one day, be manufactured — in part — from using human urine. The waste we flush away on Earth could play an important role in constructing the first permanent colonies in space, a new study finds. Urea extracted from urine could be used as a plasticizer, forming concrete for use in building living quarters, a new study finds. These structures could then shape the makeshift concrete using large 3D printers. The European and Chinese space agencies, along with NA...
Tags: Startups, Space, Science, Nasa, World, Moon, Mars, Syndication

New math theory suggests time travel is impossible

A physicist named Nicolas Gisin from the University of Geneva recently published a series of papers that could change our entire view on the concept of “time.” Gisin’s work attempts to reconcile modern-day quantum mechanics theory with an alternative math theory developed by Dutch mathematician Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer in the early 20th century called “intuitionistic mathematics.” That may sound like the math version of “holistic medicine” but Brouwer’s theory has persisted for more than a c...
Tags: Startups, Science, Insights, Brouwer, University of Geneva, Gisin, Nicolas Gisin, Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer

Why conspiracy theories flourish during pandemics

A bioengineered virus, a genetic mutation induced by 5G technology, a big pharma conspiracy, a plot single-handedly masterminded by Bill Gates or Georges Soros. Since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, conspiracy theories have spread like the virus itself. The whiff of the conspiracy that inevitably seems to trail pandemics is nothing new. When the 1918 flu pandemic hit the Americas, it was blamed on German submarines spreading the virus. During the 1630 plague in Milan, the combination ...
Tags: Startups, Science, Milan, Americas, World, Bill Gates, Syndication, Coronavirus, Georges Soros

Tribalism might be in our DNA — but it doesn’t control us

Is bigotry in our DNA, a remnant of our fear of “the other” way back when that was necessary? If so, why do some battle with their instincts while others embrace them? Peter, 71, Darlington I, Pencil, simple though I appear to be, merit your wonder and awe … if you can become aware of the miraculousness which I symbolize, you can help save the freedom mankind is so unhappily losing. I have a profound lesson to teach. And I can teach this lesson better than can an automobile or an airplane or a m...
Tags: Startups, Science, World, Peter, Syndication, Darlington I Pencil

Psychedelic mushrooms could affect the brain long after their active ingredient leaves the system

New research shows that the active ingredient in hallucinogenic mushrooms, called psilocybin, could affect the brain long after it has left the user’s system. To date, most studies of this type focused on the acute effects of psilocybin — or how the brain functioned while under the influence of the drug. In this study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, researchers instead looked at the enduring effects of the drug. According to Fredrick S. Barrett, an assistant professor at Johns Hopk...
Tags: Startups, Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Scientific Reports, Fredrick S Barrett

Researchers want your voice to train coronavirus-detecting AI

Researchers behind an AI app that detects coronavirus in your voice have asked for volunteers to help by uploading audio of them coughing, breathing, and talking. Scientists from Cambridge University will use the data to develop machine learning algorithms that analyze a voice for symptoms of COVID-19. The COVID-19 Sounds App joins a growing list of tools using voice analysis to diagnose the coronavirus. The method remains unproven, but the team believes the sounds made by COVD-19 patients are s...
Tags: Startups, UK, Science, Artificial Intelligence, Cambridge University, Neural, Coronavirus, COVD

Alternative electrode materials could unlock the secret to faster-charging EV batteries

Over the past 10 years or so, electric vehicle battery technology has evolved to the point where cars can be charged from zero to 80% in a matter of minutes. But a group of scientists in the US believe they have made a breakthrough that could lead to even faster-charging batteries. In highly simplistic terms, the researchers witnessed how electrically charged particles move around inside a battery. [Read: Scientists invent a faster and cheaper way to repurpose EV batteries] The scientists, led b...
Tags: Startups, Science, Cars, US, Tech, World, Shift, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

This smart toilet offers advanced poop analysis and analprinting

An international team of researchers recently developed a fully automated sensor package that turns any regular toilet into the Tesla Model S of commodes. Designed to monitor your health, the system comes complete with nearly a dozen sensors that can do everything from perform an on-site specimen exam (it checks your poop and urine for things like consistency, color, and glucose and red blood cell count) to time your movements. And it even has built-in cameras and a fingerprint sensor for securi...
Tags: Startups, Science, Tech, Artificial Intelligence, Neural

AI can’t predict a child’s future success, no matter how much data we give it

A trio of Princeton social scientists recently conducted a mass experiment with 160 research teams to see if any of them could predict how children’s lives would turn out. The participants were given fifteen years of data and were allowed to use any technique they wanted, from good old fashioned statistical analysis to modern-day artificial intelligence.  Nobody even came close. That’s because artificial intelligence – much like psychics and headless chickens – cannot predict the future. Sure, i...
Tags: Startups, Science, Tech, Artificial Intelligence, Princeton, Neural

MIT researchers use AI to turn the coronavirus into a haunting melody

An AI system that turns the coronavirus‘ structure into music could help scientists spot details about COVID-19 that a microscope would miss. The AI-generated tune is an audible representation of the coronavirus’ “spike” proteins, which spread the infection by poking out of the virus and binding to human cells. These spikes make the surface of the virus look like a crown — or “corona” in Latin. The spikes are formed of protein building blocks called amino acids. Researchers from the Massachusett...
Tags: Startups, Science, Mit, Artificial Intelligence, Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT, Neural, Coronavirus

Coronavirus is growing exponentially — here’s what the numbers mean

You may have seen a version of the infographic (below) that explains the potential impact of social distancing. It nicely illustrates that reducing the total number of disease-spreading contacts each infected person has can have a dramatic effect on the total number of infections a short time later. The numbers rely on the mathematical concept of “exponential growth”. Recently, Boris Johnson, the British prime minister, told the press that “it looks as though we’re now approaching the fast growt...
Tags: Startups, Science, Boris Johnson, Syndication

AI reveals that mice’s faces express a range of emotions — just like humans

AI has revealed that mice have a range of facial expressions that show they feel — offering fresh clues about how emotional responses arise in human brains. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Germany made the discovery by recording the faces of lab mice when they were exposed to different stimuli, such as sweet flavors and electric shocks. The researchers then used machine learning algorithms to analyze how the rodents’ faces changed when they experienced different feeling...
Tags: Startups, Science, Germany, Artificial Intelligence, Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, Neural

Use this 4-step method to block unwanted thoughts and improve focus

While we can’t control the feelings and thoughts that pop into our heads, we can control what we do with them. Research of smoking cessation programs performed by Dr. Jonathan Bricker, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, suggests we shouldn’t keep telling ourselves to stop thinking about an urge; instead, we must learn better ways to cope. The same applies to other distractions like checking our phones too much, eating junk food, or excessive shopping. Rather than trying to fight the ...
Tags: Startups, Science, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Syndication, Growth Quarters, Jonathan Bricker

R&D Roundup: Ultrasound/AI medical imaging, assistive exoskeletons and neural weather modeling

In the time of COVID-19, much of what transpires from the science world to the general public relates to the virus, and understandably so. But other domains, even within medical research, are still active — and as usual, there are tons of interesting (and heartening) stories out there that shouldn’t be lost in the furious activity of coronavirus coverage. This last week brought good news for several medical conditions as well as some innovations that could improve weather reporting and maybe sav...
Tags: Startups, TC, Gadgets, Science, Hardware, Stanford, Tech, Artificial Intelligence, Cambodia, Columbia University, Satellite Imagery, Ultrasound, Deep Learning, Retina, Emerging-technologies, Ozone

Supermassive black holes: How did they grow so fast?

Whilst astronomers are fairly certain that supermassive black holes, billions of times more massive than our  Sun, dwell at the center of almost every galaxy in the Universe, they are still unsure how these cosmic monsters reach such tremendous sizes. The problem seems to be one of time, the Universe is 14 billion years old, and recent observations seem to confirm that such black holes were already present when it was just 800 million years old — thus in its relative infancy. How could these bla...
Tags: Startups, Space, Science, Syndication

The future of black hole images is bright

This month marks the first anniversary of the image of the environment directly surrounding the black hole at the center of the M87 galaxy —captured by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT). In the twelve months since this spectacular achievement, researchers have not rested on their laurels. Several teams have been hard at work imagining and theorizing ways to build a better black hole image. Just this week, as that anniversary approaches, researchers have published a study that promises to both im...
Tags: Startups, Space, Science, Syndication

Scientists are using AI to predict which coronavirus patients need ventilators

Computer scientists from the University of Copenhagen are using AI to calculate which coronavirus patients need ventilators and intensive care. The system will help doctors identify the symptoms that seriously ill patients have in common. Hospitals could use the insights provided by the AI to work how many patients will need a ventilator at specific times in the future, and plan their resources accordingly. “We are aware of certain things that increase risk, such as age, smoking, asthma and hear...
Tags: Startups, Europe, Science, Artificial Intelligence, Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Neural, Frederiksberg Hospitals, Espen Solem

Estimote launches wearables for workplace-level contact tracing for COVID-19

Bluetooth location beacon startup Estimote has adapted its technological expertise to develop a new product designed specifically at curbing the spread of COVID-19. The company created a new range of wearable devices that co-founder Steve Cheney believes can enhance workplace safety for those who have to be colocated at a physical workplace even while social distancing and physical isolation measures are in place. The devices, called simply the “Proof of Health” wearables, aim to provide contact...
Tags: Apple, Amazon, Startups, TC, Gadgets, Internet Of Things, Science, Technology, Hardware, Bluetooth, Tech, Smartphone, Smartphones, Poland, World Health Organization, Gps

How AI can determine which coronavirus patients require hospitalization

As the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to spread across the world, governments and hospitals are being overwhelmed with an influx of patients. Under such circumstances, one of the key challenges they must address is managing their resources and developing care and hospitalization strategies that can prioritize the riskiest patients. This is one area where artificial intelligence can help, experts at Jvion believe. The company, which specializes in clinical AI, is undertaking a data analys...
Tags: Startups, Science, Artificial Intelligence, Syndication, Neural, Jvion

The importance of engineers in the battle against the coronavirus

The coronavirus outbreak has shone a bright light on the use of experts and scientific advice. In the UK the prime minister, Boris Johnson, is flanked by his chief scientist and chief medical officer when giving updates about his response to the outbreak – emphasizing that it is driven by scientific advice. Similarly, the Canadian prime minister, Justin Trudeau, has urged people to “trust in science” while Germany’s chancellor, Angela Merkel, has referred to “consensus among experts.” But the qu...
Tags: Startups, UK, Science, Germany, Angela Merkel, World, Boris Johnson, Justin Trudeau, Syndication, Coronavirus

All the coronavirus antivirals and vaccine research projects being fast-tracked right now

Just three months after China first notified the World Health Organization about a deadly new coronavirus, studies of numerous antiviral treatments and potential vaccines are already underway. Never has science advanced so much in such a short period of time to combat an epidemic. Many of the proposals now under study come from research groups that have spent years working to combat similar coronaviruses, particularly SARS and MERS. All that accumulated knowledge has allowed scientists to advanc...
Tags: Startups, Science, China, World, World Health Organization, Syndication, Coronavirus

Color is launching a high-capacity COVID-19 testing lab and will open-source its design and protocols

Genomics health technology startup Color is doing its part to address the global COVID-19 pandemic, and has detailed the steps it’s taking to support expansion of testing efforts in a new blog post and letter from CEO Othman Laraki on Tuesday. The efforts include development of a high-throughput lab that can process as many as 10,000 tests per day, with a turnaround time of within 24 hours for reporting results to physicians. In order to provide the most benefit possible from the effort of stand...
Tags: Health, Startups, TC, Science, Education, Tech, Mit, Harvard, Genomics, Biotech, Test, Cornell, Broad Institute, Weill Cornell Medicine, Color Genomics, Othman Laraki

Leading VCs discuss how COVID-19 has impacted the world of digital health

In December 2019, Extra Crunch spoke to a group of investors leading the charge in health tech to discuss where they saw the most opportunity in the space leading into 2020. At the time, respondents highlighted startups in digital therapeutics, telehealth and mental health that were improving medical practitioner efficiency or streamlining the distribution of care, amongst a variety of other digital health markets that were garnering the most attention. Where top VCs are investing in digital h...
Tags: Health, Fundings & Exits, Startups, TC, Science, Funding, Medical, Tech, Policy, Mental Health, Healthcare, Venture Capital, Biotech, Telemedicine, Diagnosis, Kleiner Perkins

Scientists are working on new ways to recycle chemicals from electronic waste

Our connected consumer society generates a lot of electronic waste, around 50 million tonnes per year worldwide. It is even currently the waste that shows the strongest growth from one year to the next. The value of the raw materials included in this waste is estimated at 50-60 billion euros, depending on materials prices. Legislation and recycling channels for this waste are organized in many countries, thanks to extended producer responsibility systems, but currently, only 20% is recycled in a...
Tags: Startups, Science, World, Syndication

Hubble telescope discovers Galaxy-ripping quasar tsunamis in space

Quasar tsunamis discovered by astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope erupt in the most energetic outflows of material ever seen. This outpouring of energy wrecks havoc with galaxies in which these enigmatic objects reside, altering the evolution of these families of stars. Quasars are energetic cores of galaxies, composed of supermassive black holes fed by vast quantities of gas, stars, and planets. These bodies are capable of emitting a thousand times as much energy as the entire galaxies...
Tags: Startups, Space, Science, Syndication

Scientists use AI system to translate brain activity into text

A new AI system that converts brain activity into text could transform communication for people who can’t speak or type. The mind-reading machine uses brain implants to track what neurons do when someone speaks. An algorithm then converts the data into a string of numbers, which another system then translates into a sequence of words. For one participant, just 3% of sentences needed to be corrected. This made the AI more accurate than professional human transcribers, whose error rates have been ...
Tags: Startups, Science, Tech, Artificial Intelligence, Neural

FDA grants emergency authorization to system that decontaminates N95 respirator masks for re-use

The global coronavirus pandemic has meant that there’s a widespread effort to develop and advance creative solutions to new problems, like worldwide shortages of necessary front-line medical equipment. One piece of gear that’s necessary for protecting the health of medical workers treating COVID-19 patients are N95 respirator masks, which are masks that specifically filter out very fine particles, including shed virus, with high efficacy. These are in extremely short supply, but a new FDA emerge...
Tags: Health, Startups, TC, Science, Hardware, Safety, Public Health, United States, Healthcare, Microbiology, Ohio, Fda, Columbus, Filters, Duke University, EUA

Cell and gene therapy startup ElevateBio raises $170M

While economic conditions and the ongoing global coronavirus pandemic may not make for the best atmosphere for raising funding, some companies are still announcing round closures with significant money committed. Cambridge-based ElevateBio, for instance, revealed a $170 million Series B funding on Monday, with participation from new investors The Invus Group, Surveyor Capital, EDBI, and Vertex Ventures, along with existing investors F2 Ventures, MPM Capital, EcoR1 Capital, Redmile Group and Sams...
Tags: Health, Startups, TC, Science, Biology, Drugs, Massachusetts, Tech, Cambridge, Manufacturing, Biotech, Stem Cell, Pharma, Biotechnology, Life Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine

Cell and gene therapy startup ElevateBio raises $170 million

While economic conditions and the ongoing global coronavirus pandemic may not make for the best atmosphere for raising funding, some companies are still announcing round closures with significant money committed. Cambridge-based ElevateBio, for instance, revealed a $170 million Series B funding on Monday, with participation from new investors The Invus Group, Surveyor Capital, EDBI, and Vertex Ventures, along with existing investors F2 Ventures, MPM Capital, EcoR1 Capital, Redmile Group and Sams...
Tags: Health, Startups, TC, Science, Biology, Drugs, Massachusetts, Tech, Cambridge, Manufacturing, Biotech, Stem Cell, Pharma, Biotechnology, Life Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine

COVID-19: All you need to know about testing for this coronavirus

One of the key factors in tackling the spread of COVID-19 across the globe is testing. In South Korea, for example, mass testing has been used to try and quickly identify and isolate those with the disease. Testing is also vital to calculate accurate infection and survival rates – data that is critical for getting public safety measures right. And as this coronavirus continues to spread, people are being offered tests for sale, either at a high price from private clinics – including one for £375...
Tags: Startups, South Korea, Science, World, Syndication, Coronavirus

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