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Impact of COVID-19 on racial-ethnic minorities among persons with opioid use disorder

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted health disparities for people of color, who have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic. People with opioid use disorder (OUD) faced unique challenges when many mental health and addiction services reduced services or temporarily closed.UConn researchers recently published their findings in the Journal of Substance Abuse and Treatment about the experiences of racial-ethnic minorities during the COVID-19 pandemic among people with OUD.
Tags: Science, UConn, Journal of Substance Abuse

UConn researchers find bubbles speed up energy transfer

An international collaboration of scientists witnessed bubble-mediated enhancement between two helium atoms using ultrafast lasers. Their results are now published in Physical Review X.
Tags: Science, UConn

UConn researcher develops successful Zika vaccine in preclinical studies

Paulo Verardi from UConn's College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources has demonstrated the success of a vaccine against Zika virus and recently published his findings in Scientific Reports. The vaccine was generated using Verardi's novel patent-pending platform technology.
Tags: Science, UConn, Zika, Verardi

UConn researcher finds 'Goldilocks problem' in child welfare decision-making

According to new study coauthored by a researcher in the UConn School of Social Work, a major tool used in child welfare decision-making - and the way agencies try to implement it - may be part of the problem.
Tags: Science, UConn, Goldilocks, UConn School of Social Work

For students of color, online racism leads to real-world mental health challenges

For college students of color who encounter online racism, the effect of racialized aggressions and assaults reaches far beyond any single social media feed and can lead to real and significant mental health impacts - even more significant than in-person experiences of racial discrimination, according to a recently published study from researchers at UConn and Boston College.
Tags: Science, UConn

UConn researcher offers lessons learned from a pre-pandemic study of telemedicine use

With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, telemedicine has become a new norm for many routine and non-emergency medical needs. But there are lessons to be learned from telemedicine's use - or lack thereof - prior to the pandemic, and a new study from a UConn School of Social Work researcher offers insight for policymakers, administrators, and public health officials when considering the implementation of new services.
Tags: Science, UConn, UConn School of Social Work

Beetles reveal how to hide the body

A corpse is a home to the burying beetle, and UConn researchers are learning how this specialist critter keeps its home free of unwanted visitors.
Tags: Science, UConn

First meta-analysis shows promise for yoga, meditation, mindfulness in concussion

Chronic concussion symptoms are notoriously difficult to treat. But Rebecca Acabchuk - a UConn researcher who is also a yoga instructor and has been teaching yoga for 17 years - is hoping that a recently published InCHIP study, the first-ever meta-analysis looking at the use of yoga, meditation, and mindfulness-based interventions for the effective treatment of chronic concussion symptoms, will offer hope to those still struggling with their symptoms. The study was recently published in the jour...
Tags: Science, UConn, Rebecca Acabchuk

Proving viability of injection-free microneedle for single-administration of vaccines

A single-use, self-administered microneedle technology developed by UConn faculty to provide immunization against infectious diseases has recently been validated by preclinical research trials.Recently published in Nature Biomedical Engineering, the development and preclinical testing of the microneedle patches was reported by UConn researchers in the lab of Thanh Nguyen, assistant professor in the Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering.
Tags: Science, UConn, Thanh Nguyen

UConn researcher identifies genetic elements involved in heart development

Justin Cotney, assistant professor of genetics and genome sciences in the UConn School of Medicine, has identified a suite of genes and regulatory elements critical to normal heart development.
Tags: Science, UConn, UConn School of Medicine, Justin Cotney

Got science questions? Skype A Scientist can help

A non-profit dedicated to science communication has made a splash during COVID, offering video calls with science experts. Interested groups can fill out a form requesting particular topics. Individuals can also participate in events both online and in person. It is no secret that there is a lot of anti-intellectualism these days. Lots of people are increasingly distrustful of scientists, rejecting the scientific consensuses they disagree with, and holding a negative view of experts in general....
Tags: Science, Technology, Education, Communication, Connecticut, Innovation, Skype, UConn, Forbes, University of Connecticut, Sarah McAnulty, Kavli Foundation Scientists, Nichole Broderick, McAnulty

After developing CRISPR test, UConn researchers validate clinical feasibility for COVID-19 testing

In March, researchers in the Department of Biomedical Engineering-- a shared department in the schools of Dental Medicine, Medicine, and Engineering--began to develop a new, low-cost, CRISPR-based diagnostic platform to detect infectious diseases, including HIV virus, the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). Today, the method is one step closer to being a cutting-edge diagnostics technology for rapid detection of infectious diseases.
Tags: Science, UConn, Department of Biomedical Engineering

A spillover effect: Medicaid expansion leads to healthier dietary choices

Besides providing health care to millions, the Medicaid program helps recipients make healthier food choices, according to work UConn research recently published in the journal Health Economics.
Tags: Science, UConn

More carbon in the ocean can lead to smaller fish

As humans continue to send large quantities of carbon into the atmosphere, much of that carbon is absorbed by the ocean, and UConn researchers have found high CO2 concentrations in water can make fish grow smaller.
Tags: Science, UConn

Buzzing to rebuild broken bone

Healing broken bones could get easier with a device that provides both a scaffold for the bone to grow on and electrical stimulation to urge it forward, UConn engineers report. Although minor bone breaks usually heal on their own, large fractures with shattered or missing chunks of bone are more difficult to repair. A biocompatible, dissolving polymer device can mimic the body's natural electrical field and help the cells regenerate.
Tags: Science, UConn

Life-hack: Rituals spell anxiety relief

UConn Assistant Professor of Anthropology Dimitris Xygalatas studies rituals and how they impact our health. In new research published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Xygalatas and collaborators from Masaryk University, Czech Republic, including former UConn student Martin Lang, examine the important roles rituals play in reducing our anxiety levels.
Tags: Science, Czech Republic, UConn, Masaryk University, Martin Lang, Dimitris Xygalatas

Nanoparticle for overcoming leukemia treatment resistance

One of the largest problems with cancer treatment is the development of resistance to anticancer therapies. A research team found that repurposing a commonly used chemotherapy drug using a nanoparticle developed at UConn was more effective than both a solution of the pure drug and other available treatments.
Tags: Science, UConn

UConn researchers overcome a vexing problem in vaccine research

Researchers at UConn's Center of Excellence in Vaccine Research (CEVR) have made a breakthrough in vaccine development for a common and difficult to treat pneumonia-causing pathogen. Their research was recently published in the NPJ Vaccines
Tags: Science, UConn, Vaccine Research CEVR

UConn study examines how Americans are coping with COVID-19 stress

Almost overnight, the rapid emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and subsequent state and federal prevention measures dramatically altered daily behavior. A unique early study by researchers from the University of Connecticut provides the first snapshot of the immediate impact of COVID-19 on Americans' stress levels, coping strategies, and adherence to public health guidelines.
Tags: Science, United States, UConn, University of Connecticut

Gestures heard as well as seen

Gesturing with the hands while speaking is a common human behavior, but no one knows why we do it. Now, a group of UConn researchers reports in the May 11 issue of PNAS that gesturing adds emphasis to speech--but not in the way researchers had thought.
Tags: Science, UConn, PNAS

Mismanagment, not tampering, at root of supply problems for Ugandan farmers

For years, speculation about the poor quality of vital agricultural supplies in the African nation of Uganda has focused on questions of deliberate tampering with products -- adding rocks to bags of seed in order to charge more money for the heavier product, for instance. But in a recent publication, two UConn researchers found no evidence of deliberate adulteration -- but plenty of proof that mismanagement and inadequate infrastructure pose a significant problem for Ugandan farmers.
Tags: Science, Uganda, UConn

UConn researchers discover new stem cells that can generate new bone

A population of stem cells with the ability to generate new bone has been newly discovered by a group of researchers at the UConn School of Dental Medicine.
Tags: Science, UConn

UConn biomedical engineer creates 'smart' bandages to heal chronic wounds

A new 'smart bandage' developed at UConn could help improve clinical care for people with chronic wounds.
Tags: Science, UConn

Exploring the school-age social, emotional, and behavioral health landscape

Through a four-year federally funded project, UConn researchers looked at school districts across the country to better understand how social, emotional, and behavioral health screening tools are being employed, and what factors influence their use.
Tags: Science, UConn

Delivery of healthy donor cells key to correcting bone disorder, UConn researchers find

n the journal STEM CELLS, research group of Dr. Ivo Kalajzic, lead investigator and professor, presents a study with potential for new treatments to address the root cause of weak and brittle bones.
Tags: Science, UConn, Ivo Kalajzic

Popular gyms undermining health with tanning beds, UConn researcher says

Popular gym chains across the country capitalize on the broad desire to get healthy in the New Year with persuasive post-holiday marketing campaigns, but they're also undermining public health warnings about the dangers of indoor tanning, according to a new study from UConn researchers published today by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Network Open.
Tags: Science, UConn

Artificial skin could give superhuman perception

A new type of sensor could lead to artificial skin that someday helps burn victims 'feel' and safeguards the rest of us. UConn researchers wanted to create a sensor that can mimic the sensing properties of skin. Such a sensor would need to be able to detect pressure, temperature, and vibration. But why limit it? Perhaps it could do other things too.
Tags: Science, UConn

A carcinogen at the gym

Gyms are places people go to get healthier. But nearly half the gyms in the U.S. contain a potentially addictive carcinogen -- tanning beds, report UConn researchers in the July 18 issue of JAMA Dermatology. Exercise reduces the risk of every cancer except melanoma. Tanning beds in gyms make tanning seem like part of a healthy lifestyle, undermine public health messaging and target a vulnerable population.
Tags: Science, UConn, JAMA Dermatology Exercise

Strain improves performance of atomically thin semiconductor material

UConn materials scientists show conclusively for the first time that the properties of atomically thin materials can be mechanically manipulated to enhance their performance. The finding could lead to faster computer processors and more efficient optical sensors.
Tags: Science, UConn

Spider silk key to new bone-fixing composite

UConn researchers have created a biodegradable composite made of silk fibers that can be used to repair broken load-bearing bones without the complications sometimes presented by other materials.
Tags: Science, UConn

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