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A future mono vaccine may have a shot at defeating multiple sclerosis, a new study suggests

Particles of the mononucleosis virus (dark circles) inside a cell.CDC A study provides the strongest evidence to date suggesting the Epstein-Barr virus may lead to multiple sclerosis.  Scientists disagree about whether EBV definitively causes MS. Experts hope a vaccine may one day prevent some MS cases, but it may take decades. Scientists have found the strongest evidence to date that an infection from the Epstein-Barr virus could significantly increase the risk of developing multiple scleros...
Tags: UK, Science, News, Trends, Multiple Sclerosis, Harvard, News UK, National Institutes of Health, Vaccine, Thompson, University College London, Epidemiology, Epstein Barr, EBV, Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health, Alan Thompson

Scientists say a previous infection from the common cold could help protect against COVID-19 — but don't ditch getting a vaccine

Common colds may only offer one form of protection against COVID-19. Experts urged people to get vaccinated.AP Photo/David Zalubowski Immunity from other coronaviruses, like a cold, can offer some protection against COVID-19, a study found. The T cell immune response recognizes parts of the virus that are similar, the study authors said. Experts said the best way to prevent COVID-19 is to get vaccinated. Scientists say a previous infection from a common cold could offer some protection agains...
Tags: Health, UK, Science, News, Trends, Healthcare, Delta, Clarke, Imperial College London, University College London, Imperial, David Zalubowski, University of Reading, Medical Research Council, Simon Clarke, Lalvani

Omicron infections often start with a scratchy throat, doctors say — evidence of the changing nature of COVID-19 symptoms

Dr. Carlos Ramirez conducts an examination on Juan Perez, 50, in Oakland, California, on May 12, 2020.Jessica Christian/The San Francisco Chronicle/Getty Images Sore throat appears to be a common, early symptom of an Omicron infection. Patients in South Africa, the UK, and the US reported scratchy throats prior to other symptoms. Omicron could infect the throat before the nose, unlike other variants, some experts say. At the end of December, Dr. Jorge Moreno and his colleagues were monitoring...
Tags: UK, Science, London, News, US, San Francisco, Trends, South Africa, Connecticut, Delta, Norway, Symptoms, University College London, Oakland California, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Moreno

A step-by-step guide to swabbing your throat for COVID-19, which may help detect Omicron on rapid tests

How to swab your throat the right way for a COVID-19 at-home test kit.Shayanne Gal/Insider Swabbing your nose and throat could help detect COVID-19 on rapid tests, some disease experts say. To collect a throat sample, stick out your tongue, find your tonsils, and swab back and forth. Swab your throat before your nose! Wash your hands and refrain from eating or drinking for 30 minutes before performing the swab. A throat swab, if done properly, might just be the difference between a "positive"...
Tags: UK, Science, News, US, Trends, South Africa, Food And Drug Administration, Fda, University College London, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Throat, Shayanne Gal, Coronavirus, Covid-19 testing, BI Graphics, Andy Pekosz

'Swab your throat first and then your nose': 4 disease experts offer new guidance on COVID-19 rapid tests

A woman uses a swab to take a sample from her mouth at a NHS Test and Trace COVID-19 testing unit in west London on May 25 2021.ADRIAN DENNIS/AFP/Getty Images New research suggests Omicron may be easier to detect in saliva than nasal samples. Some experts recommend swabbing your throat then your nose for a COVID-19 rapid test, even if the test doesn't say to. The FDA and testing manufacturers advise against performing throat swabs at home. The FDA has authorized just one method of taking ...
Tags: UK, Science, London, News, US, Trends, European Union, Public Health, Moscow, Fda, University Of Southern California, University College London, Abbott, Petersen, Campbell, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

People with Omicron don't gasp for air as much as with other variants, but are getting 'really sick in a different way,' an ER doctor says

New York City has more than 5,000 COVID-19 hospital admissions as of January 3, official data shows.Angela Weiss/AFP/Getty Omicron is making people sick in a different way to Delta and other variants, an ER doctor has said. The variant exacerbates other medical conditions and there's "so much of it," Dr. Craig Spencer said. "The nightmare is over, but this is scary too," he tweeted on Tuesday.  COVID-19 caused by Omicron is "making people really sick in a different way" to the original va...
Tags: Health, UK, New York, Science, News, New York City, Trends, Hospital, Craig Spencer, Healthcare, Delta, Symptoms, University College London, Spencer, Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, Delgado

People with Omicron don't gasp for air as much as with other variants, but are getting 'really sick in a different way,' an ER doctor said

New York City has more than 5,000 COVID-19 hospital admissions as of January 3, official data shows.Angela Weiss/AFP/Getty Omicron is making people sick in a different way than the original virus, an ER doctor has said. The variant exacerbates other medical conditions and there's "so much of it," Dr. Craig Spencer said. "The nightmare is over, but this is scary too," he tweeted on Tuesday.  COVID-19 caused by Omicron is "making people really sick in a different way" compared to the origin...
Tags: Health, UK, England, New York, Science, News, New York City, Trends, Hospital, NHS, Craig Spencer, Healthcare, Symptoms, University College London, Spencer, Penn Presbyterian Medical Center

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captures photos of dark red storms raging in Jupiter's Northern hemisphere

A photo of Jupiter snapped by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope on September 4, 2021.NASA, ESA, Amy Simon (NASA-GSFC), Michael H. Wong (UC Berkeley), Joseph DePasquale (STScI) NASA's Hubble Space Telescope snapped new photos of Jupiter's turbulent surface. The photos depict dark red cyclones in the gas giant's Northern hemisphere. Decades-old Hubble is set to be replaced by the James Webb Space Telescope next month. The latest photos of Jupiter, taken by NASA's Hubble Space Te...
Tags: Space, Science, News, Trends, Nasa, Earth, Hubble, News UK, University Of California Berkeley, Jupiter, James Webb Space Telescope, Hubble Space Telescope, University College London, Arrows, Wong, Jr

A scientist tracking the coronavirus predicts it will keep mutating to avoid the immune response — but at a slower rate than before

A nurse practitioner administers COVID-19 tests in the parking lot at Brockton High School in Brockton, MA under a tent during the coronavirus pandemic on Aug 13 2020David L. Ryan/The Boston Globe via Getty Images The virus causing COVID-19 probably isn't finished mutating, a scientist tracking it said. Mutations might happen less often than before but could help the virus avoid the immune reponse, he said. The virus has been mutating at a slower rate since October 2020, Trevor Bedford, o...
Tags: Health, UK, England, Science, News, India, US, Trends, Healthcare, Delta, Phe, Centers For Disease Control And Prevention, University College London, Variant, Bedford, Scripps Research Institute

Don't assume that a runny nose, headache, or sore throat is just a cold - get a COVID-19 test to avoid spreading the coronavirus, experts say

Luis Mostacero receives a Covid-19 test from testing technician Jamie Kunzer at Doctors Test Centers at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport on Thursday, May 20, 2021. Chris Sweda/Chicago Tribune/Tribune News Service/Getty Images A runny nose, headache, or sore throat could be symptoms of either COVID-19 or a bad cold. Experts said it's tough to know the difference between the two from symptoms alone - so don't self-diagnose. If you have respiratory symptoms, stay at h...
Tags: Health, England, Science, News, Cold, Youtube, Trends, Chicago, Healthcare, Symptoms, University of Edinburgh, University College London, Don, University of Birmingham, Hare International Airport, Zoe

Some countries are limiting teens to 1 dose of COVID-19 vaccine, citing very rare heart complications which can follow a 2nd shot

A 12-year-old in Los Angeles received a COVID-19 vaccine in May 2021. Patrick Fallon/AFP/Getty Images Norway, Hong Kong, and the UK moved to give young people only a single dose of COVID-19 vaccine. Data suggests that a type of heart inflammation is slightly more common in adolescent males. Authorities in the US - where more children are badly ill - decided full vaccination outweighs the risk. See more stories on Insider's business page. Some countries are offering only one dose of CO...
Tags: Hong Kong, UK, Science, Sweden, Cdc, Israel, US, Los Angeles, Trends, Britain, New York Times, News UK, The Times, Finland, Vaccination, Heart

Gorilla moms carry their dead babies around with them, which could be proof that they grieve, scientists say

A gorilla with her living newborn baby on August 20 in Bristol Zoo. Ben Birchall/PA Images/Getty Images Primates seen carrying babies after their death could be experiencing forms of grief, new research found. The evidence suggests that the mothers could learn what death is over time. The findings provide clues into the evolution of emotions. See more stories on Insider's business page. Scientists studying how chimpanzees and gorillas cope with the death of a newborn believe that th...
Tags: Grief, Science, Animals, Trends, Monkey, News UK, Behavior, Bristol, Motherhood, Gorilla, University College London, Carter, Biological Sciences, APE, Chimpanzee, Alecia Carter

As denying climate change becomes impossible, fossil-fuel interests pivot to 'carbon shaming'

Marianne Ayala/Insider Fossil-fuel interests no longer bother denying that climate change is real. So they've pivoted to new tactics, including painting climate advocates as hypocrites. Drawing attention to advocates' non-eco-friendly habits undermines their credibility and distracts from policy changes. See more stories on Insider's business page. After Prince Harry told Oprah Winfrey that climate change and mental health are two of the "most important issues facing the world...
Tags: Post, New York Post, UK, New York, Hollywood, Science, London, News, Obama, Climate Change, Colorado, Abc, France, New York City, Environment, Stephen King

A survey of long-haulers found 66 symptoms that lasted more than 6 months. Tiredness and brain fog were most common.

Maria Romero, a coronavirus long-hauler in Stamford, Connecticut, on December 22, 2020. John Moore/Getty Images Researchers at University College London say there may be up to 203 symptoms related to long COVID. In a survey of more than 3,600 long-haulers, fatigue and brain fog were commonly reported. The leader of the research said there may be "thousands of long COVID patients suffering in silence." See more stories on Insider's business page. Long haulers may experience up to 203 di...
Tags: Health, UK, Science, Trends, Healthcare, Imperial College London, University College London, John Moore, Stamford Connecticut, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Catherine Schuster Bruce, Maria Romero, Athena Akrami

Peru's COVID-19 death toll more than doubled after a government review, making it the country with the world's highest death rate per capita

A worker digs a grave in the San Juan Bautista cemetery in Iquitos, Peru. AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd Peru's COVID-19 death rate nearly tripled on Monday after it updated its definition for virus cases. The new figure puts the country's COVID-19 death per capita as the highest in the world. The previous estimate did not align with the number of excess deaths in the country, the country said. See more stories on Insider's business page. The COVID-19 death rate in Peru nearly tripled af...
Tags: Science, Trends, Bbc, News UK, Peru, Abc News, San Juan Bautista, University College London, Reuters, Iquitos Peru, Coronavirus, COVID, Marianne Guenot, Rodrigo Abd Peru, Oscar Ugarte, Gianluca Baio

The most detailed map yet of all dark matter in the universe reveals cosmic voids where the laws of physics seem not to apply

Earth-based telescopes like the Victor M. Blanco Telescope dome in Chile have helped scientists map our universe. Reidar Hahn/Fermilab Astronomers have created the most comprehensive map yet of all dark matter in the universe. Though invisible, scientists can measure dark matter's gravity because it pulls galaxies into clumps. The new map indicates dark matter's gravity may work differently than Einstein's theory of relativity suggests. See more stories on Insider's busines...
Tags: Astronomy, Space, Science, News, Trends, Earth, Chile, Universe, Albert Einstein, Map, Einstein, Dark Matter, Telescope, University College London, JEFFREY, Des

Dominic Cummings tells MPs Boris Johnson embraced chaos as ‘everyone has to look to me to see who’s in charge’ – live

Latest updates: PM’s former top adviser says the government failed the public and did not realise the severity of the situation until too lateBoris Johnson refuses to deny dismissing Covid as ‘scare story’Matt Hancock should be sacked for lying, says Dominic CummingsCummings says Covid chaos at No 10 was like ‘out-of-control movie’UK government failed public on Covid response, says CummingsFact-checked: Dominic Cummings’ evidence to MPs on Covid crisis 1.34pm BST This is from Prof Christina ...
Tags: Politics, Science, UK News, Infectious Diseases, NHS, House Of Commons, Boris Johnson, Vaccines and immunisation, Pmqs, Johnson, Keir Starmer, University College London, Cummings, Dominic Cummings, Matt Hancock, Coronavirus

Coronavirus live news: India variant found in 44 countries – WHO; Taiwan faces new outbreak

Another record rise in India deaths; samples show UK is most affected by B.1.617 strain outside India; Taiwan outbreak ‘could lead to tighter curbs’Spike in India variant poses threat to UK reopening, scientists sayAustralia: fresh outbreak blamed on hotel quarantine leakExplainer: the deadly ‘black fungus’ seen in Covid patients in IndiaSee all our coronavirus coverage 6.09am BST The dramatic rise in UK cases of the India variant could undermine the country’s roadmap for reopening, scientis...
Tags: UK, Science, India, Americas, Bloomberg, UK News, World news, US news, Taiwan, Brazil, University College London, TAIEX, Coronavirus, COVID, Christina Pagel, Independent Sage

Using contrast MRI after a heart attack could increase survival

A new study from the University of Surrey and University College London has revealed that treatment for heart attacks could be improved thanks to a novel method of evaluating heart function using contrast-based MRI scans.
Tags: Science, University College London, University of Surrey

The rare clots people get after taking COVID-19 vaccines are different from other clots and require special treatment

A file photo shows a woman receiving a COVID-19 vaccine. MediaNews Group/Boston Herald via Getty Images Experts are learning more about the very rare clots some people get after taking COVID-19 vaccines. The clots - called vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia - differ from other types. The CDC advises different treatments, warning that treating VITT like other clots may be harmful. See more stories on Insider's business page. As scientists research the rare blood clots de...
Tags: Europe, UK, Science, Australia, Cdc, Germany, US, Trends, Austria, News UK, Astrazeneca, Norway, Melbourne, Wall Street Journal, New England, Bruce Campbell

You are more likely to get a blood clot on birth-control pills than from the J&J vaccine - but not the same type of clot

A woman receives a Johnson & Johnson vaccine from nurse Gina Reed at a vaccination center at the Hilton Chicago O'Hare Airport Hotel in Chicago, Illinois, on March 5, 2021. Kamil Krzaczynski/AFP via Getty Images The CDC and FDA have recommended a pause in the rollout of J&J's COVID-19 vaccine. Of the 6.8 million Americans who got the shot, six women are known to have developed blood clots. Blood clots linked to birth-control pills are more common than that, but they're typical...
Tags: Science, London, News, Cdc, US, Trends, Hawaii, Athens, Food And Drug Administration, Dallas, Fda, Birmingham, Centers For Disease Control And Prevention, Mayo Clinic, University College London, University Of Alabama

Anticoagulation and cerebral small vessel disease

Researchers from the University College London and the Inselspital, University Hospital Bern have clarified the role of anticoagulation in intracerebral haemorrhages in two coupled studies. The team of David Werring and David Seiffge succeeded in establishing cerebral small vessel disease as the most probable cause. Prevention of cerebral haemorrhages to focus on detection and treatment of small vessel disease. Re-establishing anticoagulation after intracerebral haemorrhage to protect against is...
Tags: Science, University College London, Inselspital University Hospital Bern, David Werring, David Seiffge

Researchers Develop a Digital Model of the 2,200-Year-Old Antikythera Mechanism, “the World’s First Computer”

What’s the world’s oldest computer? If you answered the 5-ton, room-sized IBM Mark I, it’s a good guess, but you’d be off by a couple thousand years or so. The first known computer may have been a handheld device, a little larger than the average tablet. It was also hand-powered and had a limited, but nonetheless remarkable, function: it followed the Metonic cycle, “the 235-month pattern that ancient astronomers used to predict eclipses,” writes Robby Berman at Big Think. The ancient art...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Astronomy, Science, College, History, Earth, Ibm, University College London, Facebook Twitter, Josh Jones, Greek Island, Ian Sample, Antikythera, Durham NC Follow, University College of London

Millennia after Stonehenge was built, archaeologists are finally solidifying where its stones came from and why it was erected

A couple take a selfie near Stonehenge, June 20, 2020. Toby Melville/Reuters The mysterious Stonehenge monument is 5,000 years old and consists of two semi-circles of stones. A new study shows it was built in Wales first, then moved to England centuries later. The research suggests Stonehenge is a burial ground that its builders erected after they migrated. Visit the Business section of Insider for more stories. Stonehenge's origin story has baffled archaeologists for centuries. The myster...
Tags: Europe, UK, England, Science, News, Wales, Trends, Washington Dc, Archaeology, Merlin, Stonehenge, Pearson, University College London, Nash, Salisbury Plain, David Nash

Russia approved a coronavirus vaccine before confirming it was safe and effective. Experts say the nation's risky bet paid off.

Left: Russian president Vladimir Putin. Right: Doses of the Sputnik V vaccine. Left: Aleksey Nikolskyi/AP; Right: Shamil Zhumatov/Reuters Russia's coronavirus vaccine, called Sputnik V, is 91.6% effective at preventing symptomatic COVID-19, according to a peer-reviewed analysis published Tuesday. The country approved its vaccine in August, before conducting late-stage clinical trials. Experts worried the controversial approach might overlook potentially dangerous side effects — but the new...
Tags: UK, Science, News, Vladimir Putin, Russia, US, Trends, Ministry Of Defence, Sputnik, Moscow, Pfizer, Vaccine, Tunisia, University College London, Moscow Russia, UK Russia

Lost touch: how a year without hugs affects our mental health

Humans are designed to touch and be touched – which is why so many who live on their own have suffered during the pandemic. Will we ever fully recover?There’s only so much a dog can do, even if that is a lot. I live alone with my staffy, and by week eight of the first lockdown she was rolling her eyes at my ever-tightening clutch. I had been sofa-bound with Covid and its after-effects before lockdown was announced, then spring and summer passed without any meaningful touch from another person. I...
Tags: Psychology, Science, Life and style, University College London, Katerina Fotopoulou

Astronomers spotted a galaxy dying after a major collision. It's bleeding out 10,000 suns' worth of gas each year.

An artist's impression shows galaxy ID2299 losing a tail of gas after being formed in a galactic collision. ESO/M. Kornmesser Astronomers can see a distant galaxy dying as it bleeds cold gas into space. Such gas is critical for forming stars. Galaxies die when they can no longer do so. This galaxy formed from a collision in which two galaxies merged into one. That left a "tail" that's shedding 10,000 suns' worth of gas each year. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. For ...
Tags: England, Science, News, France, Trends, Nasa, Stars, Hubble Space Telescope, Galaxies, Milky Way Galaxy, University College London, Durham University, Telescopes, Alma, JHU, Andromeda Galaxy

A new coronavirus strain surging to dominance in the UK appears to spread faster despite lockdowns, prompting panic and a wave of border closures

A sign on England’s M56 motorway informs drivers that all routes into France are closed on December 21, 2020. PAUL ELLIS/AFP via Getty Images The UK government plunged millions of people into harsher restrictions this weekend, warning of a mutated coronavirus strain that appears to infect people more easily. Multiple countries also moved quickly to block travel from the UK, expressing concern over the new strain. The government said the new strain could increase the country's R number by 0...
Tags: Europe, UK, England, Science, London, Australia, France, Berlin, Trends, Bbc, News UK, Who, Boris Johnson, Pfizer, The New York Times, Johnson

Covid-19: Pooled testing among recommendations to fix test, trace and isolate system

In a series of recommendations to fix the struggling Covid-19 test, trace and isolate system in England, health researchers from University College London and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine say that pooled testing for Covid-19 could significantly increase testing capacity in a relatively short space of time and help with the identification of asymptomatic cases in key workers.
Tags: England, Science, University College London, London School of Hygiene Tropical Medicine

Nerve cells let others "listen in"

How many "listeners" a nerve cell has in the brain is strictly regulated. This is shown by an international study led by the University College London and the universities of Bonn, Bordeaux and Milton Keynes (England). In the environment of learning neurons, certain processes are set in motion that make signal transmission less exclusive. The results have now been published in the journal Neuron.
Tags: England, Science, Milton Keynes, University College London, Bonn Bordeaux

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