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The recipient of a historic pig-heart transplant stabbed a man years ago. Ethicists say criminal history shouldn't affect who gets live-saving organs.

David Bennet (right) with his surgeon, Dr. Bartley Griffith, at University of Maryland Medical Center.University of Maryland School of Medicine A man with a life-threatening heart condition received a heart from a genetically altered pig Friday. The patient in the historic procedure had been convicted of stabbing a man, according to The Washington Post. Criminal history shouldn't be a reason to deny anyone an organ transplant, medical ethicists say. In a groundbreaking eight-hour transpla...
Tags: Post, Science, Crime, News, Washington Post, Stabbing, US, Trends, Heart Disease, Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Ed, Baltimore, New York University, Bennett, Downey

An anti-vaxx scientist said 'mass formation psychosis' caused people to follow COVID-19 measures. Psychologists say there's no such thing.

Dr. Robert Malone talks on his phone as he works from his office on his horse farm Wednesday July 22, 2020, in Madison, Va.AP Photo/Steve Helber A scientist coined the phrase "mass formation psychosis" on a podcast with Joe Rogan.  Dr. Robert Malone said millions of people were "hypnotized" to believe established COVID-19 facts. Psychology experts told the Associated Press there's no merit to Malone's claims.  A scientist promoting anti-vaccine conspiracies attributed cooperation with...
Tags: UK, Science, News, Germany, Trends, Ap, Gop, Associated Press, University of Pennsylvania, Vaccines, Anthony Fauci, New York University, University Of St Andrews, Misinformation, University of Sussex, Perelman School of Medicine

A basic-income pilot in Florida will give formerly incarcerated people $600 per month for a year, no strings attached

People gather for COVID-19 vaccinations at the Bolivar County Correctional Facility in Cleveland, Mississippi, on April 28, 2021. Spencer Platt/Getty Images A basic-income pilot program in Florida will give monthly stipends to 115 formerly incarcerated people. Participants will receive $1,000 in January 2022, then $600 every month for a year. The program hopes to lift recipients out of poverty and prevent reincarceration. The letters are already in the mail: Hundreds of formally incarcera...
Tags: Florida, Science, News, Prison, Incarceration, US, Trends, Poverty, Homelessness, Richmond California, Stockton, University of Pennsylvania, Inmates, Jack Dorsey, Orlando, Recidivism

There's no Delta-specific booster coming to save you - what we have is good enough

Nurse Alix Zacharski receives a Pfizer COVID-19 booster shot in Miami, Florida on October 5, 2021. AP Photo/Lynne Sladky The technology behind Pfizer and Moderna's vaccines makes it easy to tweak shots to target coronavirus variants. Current booster shots aren't specific to Delta, because the original vaccines are still effective against the variant. If spread of COVID-19 gets under control through vaccinations, there may never be a need to change them. When the Delta variant ruine...
Tags: Health, Science, News, US, America, Trends, Analysis, Delta, University of Pennsylvania, Pfizer, St Louis, Miller, Miami Florida, Perelman School of Medicine, Johnson Johnson, Washington University School of Medicine

The US could see a brighter fall and winter as COVID-19 cases and deaths decline, a new model shows

Customers toast on the Eataly Flatiron Rooftop in New York City on April 15, 2021. Taylor Hill/Getty Images A new model suggests the US's COVID-19 cases and deaths aren't likely to climb higher between now and March. That means the US could expect a much rosier national picture this fall and winter. But hospitals might still be strained in states with cold climates or low vaccination rates. See more stories on Insider's business page. The pandemic has thrown its share of curveb...
Tags: Science, News, New York City, US, West Virginia, Trends, Wyoming, Delta, Food And Drug Administration, Deaths, Columbia University, University of Pennsylvania, Pfizer, Salt Lake City, States, Birmingham

Delta cases may finally be reaching a peak in the US. Future surges are likely to be weaker.

People walk near Little Island park in New York City on May 27, 2021. Noam Galai/Getty Images The US's Delta cases are rising at a slower rate than earlier in the summer. In countries like the UK and India, Delta surges seemed to spike quickly then fizzle. Experts say the US is still vulnerable to more Delta outbreaks, but future surges will likely be weaker. See more stories on Insider's business page. The Delta variant appears to be loosening its hold on the US.Roughly two months...
Tags: Florida, UK, Science, News, Indonesia, France, India, New York City, US, Trends, Delta, University of Pennsylvania, Variant, Morris, Miami Florida, Harvard Medical School

Doctors in North Texas considered taking COVID-19 patients’ vaccination status into account when determining who gets ICU beds

Dr. Mark Casanova, spokesperson for the North Texas Critical Care Guidelines Task Force. WFAA The Dallas Morning News obtained an internal memo from a North Texas doctors group. It said COVID-19 vaccination status could be taken into account when assigning ICU beds in a crisis. A group leader later walked back the memo, saying vaccination status wouldn't be a factor in triage. See more stories on Insider's business page. A North Texas doctors group released an email to members thi...
Tags: Texas, Science, Nbc, Trends, News UK, University of Pennsylvania, Vaccines, Dallas Morning News, SCHMIDT, North Texas, Baylor University Medical Center, NBC Dallas Fort Worth, Robert Fine, Coronavirus, COVID, Coronavirus Vaccine

Policing the digital divide: How racial bias can limit Internet access for people of color

A new study from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania investigated the ways that institutions control who has access to Wi-Fi. The findings indicate that powerful institutions and privileged people use quality-of-life policing -- the report and/or arrest of individuals engaged in nonviolent offenses such as loitering, noise violations, and public intoxication -- to keep those with less privilege, including people of color, from accessing resources like the int...
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Annenberg School for Communication

Study finds surprising source of social influence

New research from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania found that social influencers are unlikely to change a person's behavior by example. To stimulate a shift in people's thinking, target small groups of people in the outer edge or fringe of a network.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Annenberg School for Communication

Obscuring the truth can promote cooperation

Obscuring the truth can promote cooperation, according to new research by theoretical biologists from the University of Pennsylvania. Inspired by the example of the file-sharing platform Napster, they show that overstating the level of cooperation in a community can push the community to cooperate more overall.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Napster

Protein's 'silent code' affects how cells move

Two forms of the ubiquitous protein actin differ by only four amino acids but are dissimilar in 13% of their nucleotide coding sequences due to silent substitutions. A new study led by the University of Pennsylvania reveals that these supposedly "silent" differences have an impact on how fast actin mRNA gets translated into protein and subsequently on the protein's function in propelling cell movement.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania

What parents should know about rare cases of heart inflammation in young people after a COVID-19 vaccine

A nurse gives Malikai McPherson, 16, a shot of a COVID-19 vaccine at a vaccination clinic at Health First Medical Centre in Florida. Paul Hennessy/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images The CDC acknowledged Wednesday that mild heart inflammation may be a rare side effect of COVID-19 vaccination. The condition, called myocarditis, is more common in young men and teenage boys, especially after their second dose. COVID-19 is still a greater threat to the heart, though, which is why health ...
Tags: Florida, Science, News, Cdc, US, Trends, Getty Images, Public Health, University of Pennsylvania, Pfizer, Centers For Disease Control And Prevention, Cleveland Clinic, R, Daniel Morales, Paul Hennessy, L

CDC acknowledges a likely link between COVID-19 vaccines and heart inflammation for young men, but says it's 'extremely rare' and the Delta variant is a bigger threat

Simon Huizar, 13, receives a first dose of the Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine at a mobile vaccination clinic at the Weingart East Los Angeles YMCA on May 14, 2021 in Los Angeles, California. Patrick T. Fallon/AFP via Getty Images Myocarditis, a heart inflammation, has affected 0.004% of men aged 12-29 after their second shot of a COVID-19 vaccine. CDC advisors met Wednesday and acknowledged a likely link between COVID-19 vaccination and myocarditis in young men. But myocarditis risk from COVID-19...
Tags: Florida, Science, News, Cdc, US, Trends, Public Health, Delta, University of Pennsylvania, Pfizer, Department of Health and Human Services HHS, HHS, R, Daniel Morales, Paul Hennessy, L

Shifting sands, creeping soils, and a new understanding of landscape evolution

A new study by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and Vanderbilt University finds that piles of sand grains, even when undisturbed, are in constant motion. These experimental results challenge existing theories in both geology and physics about how soils and other types of disordered materials behave.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Vanderbilt University

Having a strong life purpose eases loneliness of COVID-19 isolation

Why can some people weather the stress of social isolation better than others, and what implications does this have for their health? New research from the Communication Neuroscience Lab at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania found that people who felt a strong sense of purpose in life were less lonely during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Annenberg School for Communication, Communication Neuroscience Lab

Designing public institutions that foster cooperation

People are more likely to cooperate with those they see as 'good.' Using a mathematical model, University of Pennsylvania researchers found it's possible to design systems that assess and broadcast participants' reputations, leading to high levels of cooperation and adherence.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania

How gender norms and job loss affect relationship status

Research from Pilar Gonalons-Pons of the University of Pennsylvania shows that, in cultures that value men as breadwinners, their unemployment can affect the long-term success of a romantic relationship. "Cultural ideas create support for those who conform to these norms," she says. "The flip side is, they create pressure that can negatively affect people who do not."
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Pilar Gonalons Pons

A link between childhood stress and early molars

Research from the University of Pennsylvania's Allyson Mackey and graduate student Cassidy McDermott shows that children from lower-income backgrounds and those who go through greater adverse childhood experiences get their first permanent molars sooner. The findings align with a broader pattern of accelerated development often seen under conditions of early-life stress.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Allyson Mackey, Cassidy McDermott

People who've had COVID-19 vaccines should get a state-issued 'driver's license' to party, top bioethicist says

COVID-19 vaccine cards from the CDC are bulky, and subject to fraud. Maybe the DMV should be in charge? Leonard Ortiz/MediaNews Group/Orange County Register via Getty Images, Ben Hasty/MediaNews Group/Reading Eagle via Getty Images, Hilary Brueck/Insider The CDC's COVID-19 vaccine cards are subject to fraud, and too big to carry around. A top bioethicist says we should get DMV-style licenses for vaccination, with a QR code. See more stories on Insider's business page. Dr. Ezekiel E...
Tags: New York, Science, Jay Leno, Cdc, White House, US, Trends, Eu, Getty Images, Public Health, DMV, Switzerland, Food And Drug Administration, University of Pennsylvania, Lindsay Lohan, Centers For Disease Control And Prevention

ADHD medications associated with reduced risk of suicidality in certain children

ADHD medications may lower suicide risk in children with hyperactivity, oppositional defiance and other behavioral disorders, according to new research from the Lifespan Brain Institute (LiBI) of Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the University of Pennsylvania. The findings, published today in JAMA Network Open, address a significant knowledge gap in childhood suicide risk and could inform suicide prevention strategies at a time when suicide among children is on the rise.
Tags: Science, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania

Scientists say active early learning shapes the adult brain

Through the Abecedarian Project, an early education, randomized controlled trial that has followed children since 1971, researchers from Virginia Tech and the University of Pennsylvania have discovered an enhanced learning environment during the first five years of life shapes the brain in ways that are apparent four decades later. The study appears in the June edition of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Virginia Tech

3 lingering questions about COVID-19 vaccines will shape the pandemic's trajectory into 2022 and beyond

A medical assistant administers a COVID-19 vaccine dose to a woman at a clinic in Los Angeles on March 25, 2021. Mario Tama/Getty Images Coronavirus vaccines have been a stunning success story of the pandemic. But there are still a few key unanswered questions about the COVID-19 vaccines we have. Some of the biggest: How long does vaccine protection last, and how good will it be against new variants? See more stories on Insider's business page. Hot vax summer is here.More than half o...
Tags: Science, News, Cdc, India, New York City, US, Toronto, Los Angeles, Trends, South Africa, Healthcare, Poland, World Health Organization, Fda, University of Pennsylvania, Pfizer

Penn doubles the percentage of Black participants in cancer clinical trials

A five-year community outreach and engagement effort by the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania to increase enrollment of Black patients into cancer clinical trials more than doubled the percentage of participants, improving access and treatment for a group with historically low representation in cancer research.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Penn, Abramson Cancer Center

A new theory for what's happening in the brain when something looks familiar

Research from University of Pennsylvania neuroscientist Nicole Rust and colleagues presents a new theory for what's happening in the brain when something looks familiar. The work brings the field one step closer to understanding how memory functions. Long-term, it could have implications for treating diseases like Alzheimer's.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Nicole Rust

What happens in the brain when we imagine the future?

What happens in the brain when people think about the future? Research from University of Pennsylvania neuroscientist Joseph Kable finds that two sub-networks play a role. One focuses on creating the new event. Another evaluates whether that event is positive or negative.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Joseph Kable

Blocking viruses' exit strategy

The Marburg virus, a relative of Ebola, likewise causes a dangerous and often fatal disease. In a study co-led by the University of Pennsylvania's Ronald Harty, an experimental antiviral drug, which prevents the virus from exiting host cells and spreading to new cells, showed promising results. The researchers are also encouraged by similarities in the drug's response against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Ronald Harty

The origin of reproductive organs

Early in fetal development, a mass of cells known as the bipotential gonad has the possibility of giving rise either to ovaries or testes, reproductive organs that contribute to many of the characteristics that define a person's sex. In a new study, the University of Pennsylvania's Kotaro Sasaki and colleagues pinpoint the origins of that precursor gland.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Kotaro Sasaki

The immune link between a leaky blood-brain barrier and schizophrenia

Research from the the University of Pennsylvania and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia points to the involvement of the immune system the brain as a contributor to mental disorders such as schizophrenia.
Tags: Science, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Children s Hospital

Moderna's mRNA technology could help in the decades-long search for an HIV vaccine

Biotechnology company Moderna protocol files for COVID-19 vaccinations are kept at the Research Centers of America in Hollywood, Florida, on August 13, 2020. Photo by CHANDAN KHANNA/AFP via Getty Images Moderna's mRNA tech could change the game in the decades-long effort to develop an HIV vaccine. The company said it expects to begin two vaccine trials in humans by the end of 2021. While "excited" by the prospect, HIV researchers caution there's a long road ahead for mRNA vaccines....
Tags: Science, Massachusetts, New York City, Trends, Thailand, South Africa, Healthcare, University of Pennsylvania, Pfizer, Lincoln Center, Biotech, National Bureau of Economic Research, Nih, Frank, Emory University, Johnson Johnson

Pandemic eviction bans found to protect entire communities from COVID-19 spread

A new study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins and the University of Pennsylvania uses computer modeling to suggest that eviction bans authorized during the COVID-19 pandemic reduced the infection rate and not only protected those who would have lost their housing but also entire communities from the spread of infections.
Tags: Science, University of Pennsylvania, Johns Hopkins, COVID

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