Posts filtered by tags: Biological Sciences[x]


Gorilla moms carry their dead babies around with them, which could be proof that they grieve, scientists say

A gorilla with her living newborn baby on August 20 in Bristol Zoo. Ben Birchall/PA Images/Getty Images Primates seen carrying babies after their death could be experiencing forms of grief, new research found. The evidence suggests that the mothers could learn what death is over time. The findings provide clues into the evolution of emotions. See more stories on Insider's business page. Scientists studying how chimpanzees and gorillas cope with the death of a newborn believe that th...
Tags: Grief, Science, Animals, Trends, Monkey, News UK, Behavior, Bristol, Motherhood, Gorilla, University College London, Carter, Biological Sciences, APE, Chimpanzee, Alecia Carter

Plant droplets serve as nutrient-rich food for insects

Small watery droplets on the edges of blueberry bush leaves are loaded with nutrients for many insects, including bees, wasps and flies, according to a Rutgers-led study, the first of its kind. The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, suggests that these droplets are an important but underexplored feature in plants, with profound implications for insects in agricultural and natural ecosystems.
Tags: Science, Rutgers, Biological Sciences

Unnatural: Conservation is yet another legacy of colonialism

Using assumptions and faulty tools leads to racist conclusions about why so few black students are taking up biological sciences The post Unnatural: Conservation is yet another legacy of colonialism appeared first on The Mail & Guardian.
Tags: Opinion, Curriculum, Conservation, Police Brutality, Openaccess, Biological Sciences, UCT, FeesMustFall, Kruger Park, World Values Survey, Decolonisation, Collins Khosa, RhodesMustFall, Black Students, Elma Robyn Montsumi, SaveTheRhino

Fasting mimicking diet (ProLon) by Valter Longo, PhD

Interventions that promote longevity, remembered by mnemonic: DEEP purple - “eat colorful plant foods: Dietary modification, Exercise, active Engagement, Purposeful living (click here to enlarge the image).Valter D. Longo (born October 9, 1967) is an Italian-American biogerontologist and cell biologist known for his studies on the role of fasting and nutrient response genes on cellular protection aging and diseases and for proposing that longevity is regulated by similar genes and mechanisms in...
Tags: Health, Facebook, Diet, Fasting, Usc, Longevity, Biological Sciences, Longo, FMD, Mark Hyman, Valter Longo, University of Southern California He, USC Longevity Institute, Valter D Longo, USC Davis School of Gerontology, L Nutra

UCI professor shows how plastics have become a killing machine for coral reefs

With her bare hands, UCI Professor Joleah Lamb on Monday fished out pieces of plastic waste she had collected that morning from Newport Beach: a sports drink bottle, a trash bag, child’s sand toy, crumpled foam cup and some straws. “Oh, wait,” she said, letting go of a particularly grimy piece. “I am going to use these gloves,” and she slipped on the latex protectors before picking up the degraded water bottle again. “There are a million bacteria on it.” Students from the UCI School of Biolo...
Tags: Asia, News, Indonesia, Australia, California, Southeast Asia, Environment, Sport, Britain, Soccer, United States, Oceans, Ocean, Prince Charles, Local News, Lamb

Reply to Gilbert: On the relationship between association and altruism [Biological Sciences]

Gilbert (1) contends that the observed heritability and fitness consequence of helping behavior in ground tits (2) should be explained by mechanisms involved in individual association, instead of by those underlying altruism per se. This contention rests largely on the association theory proposed by Gilbert himself, which was believed to...
Tags: Gilbert, Biological Sciences

The fungus that’s worth $900 billion a year

From the dawn of history, human civilizations have prospered through partnership with the simple single-cell fungus we call yeast. It transforms sugars into alcohol, puffs up bread dough with bubbles of carbon dioxide, and is used to produce an assortment of fermented foods. It has become the workhorse of modern biotechnology as the source of life-saving medicines and industrial chemicals. And, most recently, the manufacture of ethanol as a biofuel from corn and sugarcane has launched yeast onto...
Tags: Books, Featured, US, European Union, Beer, United States, United Kingdom, Islam, Fungi, Wine, Brewing, Yeast, Biological Sciences, Homo, Rift Valley, Science & Medicine

What makes a good egg?

In approximately 15 percent of cases where couples are unable to conceive, the underlying cause of infertility is not known. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and in the Division of Biological Sciences at UC San Diego have identified a protein in mice that must be present in eggs for them to complete normal development. Without the protein, called ZFP36L2 or L2 for short, the eggs appear ordinary, but they cannot be fertilized by sperm.
Tags: Biological Sciences, UC San Diego

Eminent bioengineering scholar to lead UChicago’s Center for Physics of Evolving Systems

The University of Chicago is launching the Center for Physics of Evolving Systems to study the secrets behind the extraordinary efficiency, flexibility and robustness of biological systems designed via evolution. The new center will span the Division of the Biological Sciences and the Institute for Molecular Engineering, bringing together faculty across biology, physics and engineering, and potentially the humanities. Nature is full of systems that boggle the minds of engineers. Built by evolu...
Tags: University, University Of Chicago, University Of California Berkeley, Biological Sciences, Argonne National Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Ranganathan, Institute for Molecular Engineering, Kenneth Polonsky, Biological Sciences Division, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern, Center for Physics of Evolving Systems, Rama Ranganathan, Matt Tirrell, Institute for Molecular Engineering Ranganathan

Three UC San Diego Professors Named Recipients of 2018 Breakthrough Prize

Two full-time University of California San Diego faculty members o Don Cleveland, who studies fundamental cellular mechanisms in the search for new treatments for diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and James McKernan, a mathematician who investigates algebraic geometry and multivariate polynomials o are recipients of the 2018 Breakthrough Prize, along with Joanne Chory, a plant biologist at Salk Institute for Biological Studies and adjunct professor in the Division of Biological ...
Tags: Science, University Of California San Diego, Biological Sciences, UC San Diego, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Joanne Chory, Don Cleveland, James McKernan

Animal of the month: badgers at Wytham Woods [video]

Distinctive and familiar, loved and loathed by different sections of the public, the badger is iconic of the British countryside. But Oxford University’s Wildlife Conservation Research Unit (WildCRU) has discovered that, due to their sensitivity to prevailing weather, badgers, like the proverbial canary in a coal mine, are also sentinels of climate change. Led by Professor David Macdonald, the WildCRU team has studied the intricacies of badger society for over 30 years at Wytham Woods, Oxford’s ...
Tags: Books, Featured, Biology, Scotland, Ireland, Animal behaviour, Zoology, Animal Behavior, Frost, Life Sciences, Mammals, Badgers, Biological Sciences, MacDonald, Badger, David Macdonald

Marshall Chin elected to National Academy of Medicine

University of Chicago Medicine physician Marshall Chin has been elected a member of the National Academy of Medicine. Chin was one of 80 new members elected to the Academy, it was announced Oct. 16. Election to the Academy is one of the highest honors in the fields of health and medicine. It indicates that an individual has made major contributions to medicine and health care and demonstrated outstanding professional achievement and commitment to service. Chin, the Richard Parrillo Family Prof...
Tags: Nih, Academy, Chin, University of Chicago Medicine, Biological Sciences, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National Academy of Medicine, Polonsky, Pritzker School of Medicine, Kenneth S Polonsky, Marshall Chin, National Academy of Medicine Chin, Chin the Richard Parrillo, Section of General Internal Medicine, Health Disparities Collaboratives Chin co, Society of General Internal Medicine In

A research journey from jungles to genomes

As the small propeller plane came in towards the airstrip, we could see the flat plains stretching away ahead of us, and the forested slopes of the Andes passing below. This was Villa Garzón, in the province of Putumayo, a remote corner of Colombia with a turbulent history. Until recently the Amazonian fields and forests stretching ahead of us were prime cocaine growing territory, and largely controlled by the FARC guerilla group—definitely not recommended for tourists or biologists alike. Howev...
Tags: Books, Featured, Biology, America, Colombia, Genomics, Evolution, Ecology, South America, Himalayas, Farc, Butterflies, Life Sciences, Genomes, Andes, Biological Sciences

Reply to Bridgewater and Babin: Need for a new protected area category for ecosystem services [Biological Sciences]

We thank Bridgewater and Babin (1) for their perspective. We are aware of, and appreciate, the consideration of ecosystem services in the management of Biosphere Reserves. However, we see a strong imperative for establishing a protected area (PA) category focused specifically on protecting ecosystem services, for several key reasons articulated...
Tags: Bridgewater, Biological Sciences, Babin

$100 million gift establishes The Duchossois Family Institute at the University of Chicago Medicine

A Chicago-area family with a deep commitment to supporting science and medicine is giving $100 million to establish The Duchossois Family Institute at the University of Chicago Medicine, which seeks to accelerate research and interventions based on how the human immune system, microbiome and genetics interact to maintain health. The gift from The Duchossois Group Inc. Chairman and CEO Craig Duchossois, his wife, Janet Duchossois, and The Duchossois Family Foundation will support development of ...
Tags: Chicago, University, University Of Chicago, Richard, Craig, University of Chicago Medicine, Janet, Biological Sciences, The University, Medical Center, Robert J Zimmer, University of Chicago Booth School of Business, David Booth, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago Women 's Board, Craig Duchossois

Brains or beauty? People perceive attractive scientists as more interesting but less able, studies show

A new study published today in Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) from researchers at the University of Cambridge and the University of Essex suggests that when it comes to judging scientists, we are more likely to find an attractive scientist interesting, but more likely to consider their less attractive colleagues to be better scientists. “Given the importance of science to issues that could have a major impact on society, such as climate change, food sustainability and ...
Tags: UK, US, Neil Degrasse Tyson, University of Cambridge, Creative Commons Attribution, National Academy of Sciences PNAS, PNAS, Biological Sciences, Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Skylark, Callan, Gheorghiu, Will Skylark, Physics and Genetics, Skylark WJ Facial

An antivascular vaccine to boost self-immunity and strike the tumor [Biological Sciences]

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family members and their receptors have long been considered suitable anticancer targets (1) because of their role in angiogenesis. Although their full potential remains to be realized, two monoclonal antibodies have been Food and Drug Administration-approved against human cancer: bevacizumab (humanized anti-VEGFA) and ramucirumab (fully...
Tags: Food And Drug Administration, Biological Sciences

Both rare and common ERAP1 allotypes have distinct functionality defined by polymorphic context and are important in AS association [Biological Sciences]

We read with interest the study by Roberts et al. indicating that the association between endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidase 1 (ERAP1) genotypes and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is by common genotypes rather than rare haplotype combinations (1). The authors also suggest that the data presented by Reeves et al. (2) indicated that...
Tags: Reeves, Roberts, Biological Sciences

Melina Hale

As Vice Provost for Academic Initiatives, Melina works with faculty and deans on University-wide academic initiatives. She supports efforts at the Marine Biological Laboratory, the University’s international centers, as well as interdisciplinary initiatives in Chicago including processes related to external awards and prizes and limited funding opportunities. She works to establish clear lines of communication between the Provost’s Office, the divisions and schools, faculty, and students regardi...
Tags: Chicago, University, University Of Chicago, Biological Sciences, Marine Biological Laboratory, William Rainey Harper, Melina

Faculty members recognized with named, distinguished service professorships

Sixteen faculty members have received named professorships or have been named distinguished service professors. Mark Bradley, Young-Kee Kim, J. Keith Moffat, David Nirenberg, Raghuram Rajan and Amanda Woodward received distinguished service professorships; Erin Adams, Christopher Blattman, Oeindrila Dube, Robert L. Grossman, William Mazzarella, Curtis McMillen, Magne Mogstad, James Robinson, James L. Skinner and Nathan Tarcov received named professorships. Biological Sciences Division ...
Tags: South Korea, Europe, UK, Washington Post, India, America, Mit, Colombia, David, University, United States, Judaism, Islam, Korea, Ethiopia, Norway

World Turtle Day: a reading list

World Turtle Day is celebrated on 23 May every year since its inception in 2000. The American Tortoise Rescue sponsors this day of awareness to bring attention to one of the world’s oldest reptiles, and encourage humans to help in the conservation and protection of these grand animals. In honour of these grandiose creatures, we have compiled a reading list of biology titles and articles that have helped to further research into the conservation biology of all chelonians. A Field Guide to the Rep...
Tags: Books, Biology, Animals, Earth, Reading List, Thailand, Conservation, Oxford, Journals, Ecology, Tortoise, Reptiles, Turtle, Biological Sciences, Kemp, Conservation Biology

AAAS Selects Danforth Center Principal Investigator to Serve as Chair-Elect for the Biological Sciences

Elizabeth (Toby) Kellogg, Ph.D., was selected by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) to serve as Chair-Elect for the Biological Sciences Section
Tags: AAAS, Biological Sciences, Elizabeth Toby Kellogg Ph D

Electric Eel: Most Remarkable Predator in Animal Kingdom

That is the conclusion of Kenneth Catania, Stevenson Professor of Biological Sciences at Vanderbilt University, who has spent the last three years studying the way this reclusive South American fish uses electric fields to navigate through the muddy waters of the Amazon and Orinoco basins where it lives, locate hidden prey and stun them into submission. Electric eels can grow to lengths exceeding eight feet and weights of more than 44 pounds.
Tags: Amazon, Electric, Animal Kingdom, Vanderbilt University, Biological Sciences, Orinoco, Kenneth Catania Stevenson

NDSU Researchers Studying White Nose Syndrome Seek Bat Populations in North Dakota

While many people find bats scary, they actually play very important roles in our environment, according to Dr. Erin Gillam, associate professor in Biological Sciences at NDSU. Bats eat crop pests, such as cutworms, potato beetles, grasshoppers and corn-borer moths. Gillam and her students are partnering with the North Dakota Game and Fish Department and researchers at the United Tribes Technical College in Bismarck to better understand how bat populations in North Dakota may be vulnerable to th...
Tags: North Dakota, Bismarck, Biological Sciences, Erin Gillam, Gillam, United Tribes Technical College

Atmospheric Release of BPA May Reach Nearby Waterways

Summary: Water contamination by hormone-disrupting pollutants is a concern for water quality around the world Chemicals released in the air by industrial sites and wastewater treatment sites could adversely affect wildlife and humans Contact Information: Jennifer LaVista, USGS ( Phone: 303-202-4764 ); Jeff Sossamon, University of Missouri ( Phone: 573-882-3346 ); Water contamination by hormone-disr...
Tags: Pr, United States, Missouri, University of Missouri, U S Geological Survey, Office of Communications and Publishing, Biological Sciences, BPA, NPL, Jennifer LaVista, Jeff Sossamon University of Missouri Phone, Chris Kassotis, Don Tillitt, USGS Columbia Environmental Research Center, Kassotis

University announces COVID-19 vaccine requirement for employees

Editor’s note: This message was sent July 13 from Provost Ka Yee C. Lee and Executive Vice President Katie Callow-Wright to members of the campus community. In May, the University announced that starting with the 2021 Autumn Quarter the University will require all students to be fully vaccinated for COVID-19. Since then, a group of leaders and medical experts from across the University has examined whether to introduce a vaccine requirement for University employees. Today we are announcing that ...
Tags: Chicago, University, Biological Sciences, UChicago Charter School, Ka Yee C Lee, Katie Callow Wright, COVID, Any University, University of Chicago Medical Center UCMC, UCMC, UChicago Medicine Thank

21 UChicago faculty receive named, distinguished service professorships

Twenty-one University of Chicago faculty members have received distinguished service professorships or named professorships. President Robert J. Zimmer and incoming President Paul Alivisatos have received distinguished service professorships, along with Profs. Bariş Ata, Jing Chen, Frederick de Armas, Jean-Pierre Dubé, Martha Feldman, Michael Kremer, Thomas Lamarre, David Levin, Susan Levine, Adekunle Odunsi and Esteban Rossi-Hansberg. Profs. Sanjay Dhar, Roberto Lang, Stacy Tessler Lindau, Jose...

University awards alumni for scholarly and professional achievements

The University of Chicago has a long tradition of honoring distinguished and committed alumni who have shaped the world and strengthened our global alumni community. This year, the Alumni Association and the Alumni Board have honored 11 alumni for their scholarly and professional achievements by bestowing the Alumni Professional Achievement Awards, Early Career Achievement Awards, Alumni Service Medal and Alumni Service Awards. The virtual ceremony, held last month, also honored the winner of th...
Tags: UK, New York, London, New York City, Brown University, San Francisco, Bloomberg, Chicago, Austin, University, United States, Coalition, Barclays, United Nations, Nba, Un

Faculty members receive named, distinguished service professorships Jan 2019

Fifteen faculty members received named professorships or were appointed distinguished service professors. Sendhil Mullainathan was named the Roman Family University Professor; Elisabeth Clemens, Michael Greenstone, Robert Grossman, Wayne Hu, Jens Ludwig and Larry F. Norman received distinguished service professorships; and Fernando Alvarez, Robert J. Chaskin, Margaret Gardel, Ralph S.J. Koijen, Derek Neal, Russell Reid, Pietro Veronesi and Amy R. Ward received named professorships. Biological S...
Tags: London, Obama, France, America, European Central Bank, Rome, Chicago, United States, Korea, National Institutes of Health, Philadelphia, University Of Chicago, National Bureau of Economic Research, Mumbai, Norman, American Physical Society

UChicago awarded $20 million to host COVID-19 medical imaging center

A new center hosted at the University of Chicago—co-led by the largest medical imaging professional organizations in the country—will help tackle the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic by curating a massive database of medical images to help better understand and treat the disease. Led by Prof. Maryellen Giger of UChicago Medicine, the Medical Imaging and Data Resource Center (MIDRC) will create an open-source database with medical images from thousands of COVID-19 patients. The center will be funded by ...
Tags: University Of Chicago, Nih, Acr, Biological Sciences, Giger, The University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine, National Cancer Institute 's Genomic Data Commons, Maryellen Giger, COVID, National Institutes of Health NIH Giger, American Association of Physicists, ACR RSNA, Food and Drug Administration Within, MIDRC, Kenneth S Polonsky Dean