Posts filtered by tags: Brain[x]


Global Health: A Silver Bullet Against the Brain-Eating Amoeba?

Minuscule particles coated with anti-seizure drugs seem to halt microbes that feed on brain tissue.
Tags: News, Brain, Malaysia, Microbiology, Swimming, Lakes, Global Health, Naegleria Fowleri, Southern States (US, Drugs (Pharmaceuticals, Brain-eating Amoeba, Chemical Neuroscience journal, Ayaz Anwar

When should we stop trying to save the patient and focus on saving the organs?

The latest Hastings Center Report is dedicated to the question of defining death. Definitions of death are not only biological, but cultural, leading to important questions about organ donation. The brain can continue to be electrically active for five minutes after cardiac death—valuable time for patients in need of transplants. None One of the most disturbing movies I've ever watched is The Diving Bell and the Butterfly. Based on French fashion editor Jean-Dominuqe Bauby's book of the same nam...
Tags: Death, Biology, Berlin, Religion, America, Turkey, Brain, New Jersey, Innovation, Consciousness, Romania, Ai, Cincinnati, Derek, Arthur Caplan, Caplan

Researchers have identified an area of the dog brain dedicated to processing human faces

If you want to know about the special relationship between human and canine you need only watch a dog owner slavishly feed, cuddle and clean up after her furry companion, day after day after day. But is this unique cross-species relationship also reflected at a deeper level, in the workings of the canine brain? A recent study in Learning and Behavior suggests so, finding that highly trained dogs have a dedicated neural area for processing human faces, separate from the area involved in processin...
Tags: Psychology, Dogs, Animals, Intelligence, Brain, Nature, Innovation, Evolution, Emotions, BPS Research Digest, Auburn University, Andie Thompkins

THE BUREAU: Part Eleven, "Your Supervisor Disintegrates" — with a Gysin Dream Machine, an Altman Brain Machine, and Other Hallucinatory Hardware

Aloha, Office Participant! This is the second to last installment of the Bureau series. Today has you pondering life's meaning. Meditation is a helpful way to consider our role in the world and find deeper connections and ideas. Regrettably, the modern world is very loud and tangentially distracting, particularly with notification-driven devices. A long attention span to properly meditate can be very difficult to achieve. Let's begin by pressing play to enjoy some kaleidoscopic peace of mind: ...
Tags: Feature, Comics, Music, Technology, Hardware, News, Austin, Brain, David, Comic, Marseilles, Mitch, Sxsw, Bureau, Adafruit, Brion Gysin

Music is emotional and for some of us our brains are wired to “feel” music more

Research suggests that there is a biological reason that some of us get shivers when we listen to a powerful piece of music as some of us are more predisposed to emotionally respond to songs. Some people are total music fanatics who listen from the moment they wake up to the second they go to sleep and others might just listen to the radio in the car. Whatever your obsession level is pretty much everyone likes at least some music. It has an ability to transcend established forms of communica...
Tags: Music, Featured, Study, Neuroscience, Brain, Survey, Emotion, Mri, Emotional, University Of Southern California, Response, Scan, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Matthew Sachs, Enjoy, Shivers

Time For A Fresh Approach To Learning Difficulties? The Cognitive Profile Of Kids Struggling At School Bore No Relation To Their Official Diagnoses

By Emma Young. The research involved over 500 children who had been referred to a research clinic.
Tags: Psychology, Brain, Educational, Developmental, Emma Young

Body Fat May Affect Your Brain Volume, Study Says

New research suggests a possible connection
Tags: News, Obesity, Uncategorized, Brain, Healthytime

A Lifelong Biodome Experiment Could Reveal How the Immune System Shapes Personality

It’s the sort of realization that ought to make you existentially terrified: All of your thoughts and actions are influenced by countless interconnected factors, most of which you are never conscious of. Read more...
Tags: Science, Mental Health, Brain, Immune System, Genetics, Dream Experiment

Study of lookalikes refutes popular personality theory

Scientists looked at pairs of people who looked like each other but were not twins.The results showed that genetics plays a stronger role in personality formation than how alike people were treated by others.Behaving similarly is a stronger social glue than physical resemblance. None People have many misconceptions and strange theories about twins and people who look alike. One great one courtesy of the Internet claimed that Nic Cage is actually a vampire on account of a Civil-War-era photo of a...
Tags: Psychology, Identity, Memory, Mental Health, Brain, Genetics, Personality, Innovation, Emotions, Rosenberg, University of Connecticut, California State University Fullerton, Segal, University of Texas at Austin, Nic Cage, Nancy L Segal

People With Advantageous Personality Traits Have More Nerve-Fibre Insulation (Myelination) In Key Brain Areas

By Christian Jarrett. Researchers are getting closer to understanding the neurological basis of personality.
Tags: Psychology, Brain, Personality

Study: Americans have become less biased—explicitly and implicitly—since 2004

The study examined the results of more than 4 million tests designed to measure implicit and explicit biases.The tests measured attitudes toward groups defined by age, disability, body weight, race, skin tone, and sexuality.All explicit biases decreased during the study's timeframe, while several categories of implicit bias diminished. None In an era when identity is brought to the forefront of nearly every cultural conversation, a new study highlights a somewhat counterintuitive trend: Since 20...
Tags: Psychology, Gender, Nbc, Lgbt, Brain, Harvard University, Innovation, Gender Equality, Inequality, Pew Research Center, Association, Charlesworth, Psychological Science, Associated Press NORC Center, Tessa E S Charlesworth

Freud versus Jung: a bitter feud over the meaning of sex

On 27 February 1907, at Berggasse 19 in Vienna, Sigmund Freud fell in love. The object of his affection was Carl Gustav Jung: 19 years younger than Freud, the young psychiatrist was already the clinical director of the prestigious Burghölzli Hospital and a professor at the University of Zurich. Jung had gained international recognition for his invention of the word-association test, and his practice was renowned for its gentle incisiveness. But when Jung read Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams...
Tags: Psychology, Sex, US, Mental Health, Brain, Vienna, Munich, United States, Judaism, Innovation, Consciousness, Mind, Sigmund Freud, Freud, Psychoanalysis, Clark University

These Are the Best Ways to Improve Your Memory

All day every day, your brain is bombarded with new information. Confronted with this tsunami of sensory and cerebral input, it’s no wonder much of it slips through your memory’s grasp. But if you feel like you’re forgetting more than you should—or if you just want to pump up your retention and recall—there are some…
Tags: News, Uncategorized, Brain

Jazmine Barnes Case Shows How Trauma Can Affect Memory

Eyewitness testimony is unreliable because people try to understand a traumatic event by using what they know about the world and fill in gaps, experts said.
Tags: News, Memory, Brain, Murders, Barnes, Attempted Murders and Homicides, Psychology and Psychologists, Cortisol (Hormone, Jazmine Barnes, Jazmine (d 2018

Reach out, listen, be patient. Good arguments can stop extremism

Many of my best friends think that some of my deeply held beliefs about important issues are obviously false or even nonsense. Sometimes, they tell me so to my face. How can we still be friends? Part of the answer is that these friends and I are philosophers, and philosophers learn how to deal with positions on the edge of sanity. In addition, I explain and give arguments for my claims, and they patiently listen and reply with arguments of their own against my – and for their – stances. By excha...
Tags: Politics, Activism, Race, Society, Brain, Innovation, Philosophy, Morality, Extremism, Durham, Durham North Carolina, Ellis, Duke University, Socrates, Ku Klux, Atwater

​How AI is learning to convert brain signals into speech

The technique involves training neural networks to associate patterns of brain activity with human speech.Several research teams have managed to get neural networks to "speak" intelligible words.Although similar technology might someday help disabled people regain the power to speak, decoding imagined speech is still far off. None Several research groups have recently made significant progress in using neural networks to convert brain activity into intelligible computer-generated speech, develo...
Tags: Intel, Brain, Disability, Medical Research, Netherlands, Innovation, Machine Learning, Stephen Hawking, SwiftKey, Columbia University, Ai, Chang, University of California San Francisco, Maastricht University, Nima Mesgarani, Mesgarani

Commute wearing you out? Try looking at this

With an unfortunate abundance of traffic jams and train delays, getting to and from work can sometimes be a job in itself — and a stressful one at that. But your surroundings might just hold the solution you've been looking for.Science backs this up: A recent study from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) shows that commuting through stretches of nature everyday can work wonders for your well-being.But just how much of an impact could this have on your morning or evening travel?...
Tags: Transportation, Science, Happiness, Stress, Hack, Brain, Nature, Work-life balance, Innovation, Lithuania, Commute, Barcelona Institute for Global Health ISGlobal, UK Netherlands Spain, Wilma Zijlema

Humans take psychedelics. Should robots?

The illegal status of psychedelic substances is a terrible thing, says Ben Goertzel. With everything happening behind closed doors, our societies are not developing the right set of cultural institutions to guide people in the productive use of psychedelics.Once scientists have mastered artificial general intelligence (AGI), the psychedelic experience could be engineered for the modern world – it would be safer, less haphazard, and more meaningful. We would "trip" by jacking our brains into the ...
Tags: Science, Technology, Drugs, Future, Neuroscience, Computers, Artificial Intelligence, Brain, Innovation, Consciousness, Mind, Agi, Narcotics, Ben Goertzel, Goertzel

Researchers Have Identified An Area of The Dog Brain Dedicated To Processing Human Faces

By Christian Jarrett. The special human-canine relationship is reflected in the workings of the dog brain.
Tags: Psychology, Brain, Faces, Comparative

An ant colony has memories that its individual members don’t have

Like a brain, an ant colony operates without central control. Each is a set of interacting individuals, either neurons or ants, using simple chemical interactions that in the aggregate generate their behaviour. People use their brains to remember. Can ant colonies do that? This question leads to another question: what is memory? None For people, memory is the capacity to recall something that happened in the past. We also ask computers to reproduce past actions – the blending of the idea of the...
Tags: Europe, Biology, Memory, Neuroscience, Brain, Innovation, Evolution, Sahara Desert, Cognitive Science, Rainer Rosengren, Deborah M GordonThis

Some perfectly healthy people can’t remember their own lives

Psychologists in Canada think they've identified an entirely new memory syndrome in healthy people characterised by a specific inability to re-live their past. This may sound like a form of amnesia, but the three individuals currently described have no history of brain damage or illness and have experienced no known recent psychological trauma or disturbance.In light of the recent discovery that some people have an uncanny ability to recall their lives in extreme detail, known as hyperthymesia o...
Tags: Science, Cc, Memory, Neuroscience, Brain, Canada, Innovation, Christian Jarrett, BPS Research Digest, Palombo, Cognitive Science, Pscyhology, Daniela Palombo

Superhumans: The remarkable brain waves of high-level meditators

People who have meditated for thousands of hours exhibit a remarkable difference in their gamma brainwaves. "All of us get gamma for a very short period when we solve a problem we've been grappling with, even if it's something that's vexed us for months. We get about half second of gamma; it's the strongest wave in the EEG spectrum," explains Goleman. In high-level mediators, gamma is a lasting state they experience constantly. Science has never seen it before.Psychologist and author Daniel Gole...
Tags: Science, Neuroscience, Meditation, Mindfulness, Brain, Innovation, Problem Solving, Mind, Daniel Goleman, Goleman

Personal Health: Hearing Loss Threatens Mind, Life and Limb

Poor hearing is not just an annoying inconvenience.
Tags: News, Brain, Noise, Elderly, Dementia, Hearing Aids, Health Insurance and Managed Care, Mental Health and Disorders, Ears and Hearing

Intellectual activity and dementia: It's more of a help than a cure.

A remarkable seven-decade cognition studied 498 people from Scotland. People who test well as children retain that ranking through life. Study finds remaining engaged has no effect on the trajectory of dementia's "cognitive burden." All of them were born in Scotland in 1936. And according to the Scottish Council for Research in Education archives, all of them took the same intelligence test on June 4, 1947 when they were 11 or 12, depending on where their birthdays fell on the calendar. (The t...
Tags: Health, Scotland, Aging, Memory, Mental Health, Brain, Innovation, Bmj, British Medical Journal, University of Aberdeen, Alzheimer’s, Cognitive Science, Scottish Council for Research in Education

Bored at work? Your brain is trying to tell you something.

We've all been bored on the job at least once in our lives, but that boredom is actually very old human wiring. We constantly seek out new information to keep our minds sharp, and when tasks get repetitive we get bored and move on. But what if you can't move on? What if the tasks are your job and you have to repeat them day after day to keep a roof over your head? That, says London Business School professor Dan Cable, is why boredom has become an epidemic. Our brains aren't used to staying in th...
Tags: Work, Motivation, Neuroscience, Brain, Innovation, Mind, London Business School, Dan Cable

Social media has made Gen Z less engaged in the classroom, says math lecturer Clio Cresswell

Mathematics lecturer noticed the changes in her students after returning to teaching after a five-year break.She says her students are noticeably less engaged, increasingly on their smartphones or computers, and ask more "stupid questions."A batch of results from an ongoing National Institutes of Health study recently showed alarming results about the impacts that screen use has on developing brains. None Clio Cresswell, a mathematics lecturer at the University of Sydney and author of Mathematic...
Tags: Google, Math, Technology, Education, Brain, Innovation, National Institutes of Health, Mind, Nih, University of Sydney, Cresswell, Dowling, Tristan Harris, Gaya Dowling, Clio Cresswell

The science behind why our brains make us cooperate (or disagree)

Neuroscientists identify the parts of the brain that affect our social decision-making.Guilt has a large affect on social interactions, find the researchers.To find ways to cooperate, people need to let go of fear and anxiety, suggest studies None Why do we decide to work on a project or pursue a goal with someone? Or why do we treat some people like there's no way we can find any common language? Neuroscience says that the human brain contains underlying causes to all human cooperation and soci...
Tags: Health, Communication, Neuroscience, Brain, Innovation, Community, Emotions, University Of Arizona, Cooperation, Society For Neuroscience, University of Texas, University of Southern Mississippi, Bowdoin College, Robert Greene, Charles Koch Institute, Charles Koch Foundation

A high-carb diet may have a devastating effect on your brain

The re-release of David Perlmutter's Grain Brain continues the doctor's plight against high-carbohydrate diets. Perlmutter believes excess carbohydrates and gluten can lead to anxiety, depression, and Alzheimer's disease. A half-decade of research on brain health and the microbiome backs up Perlmutter's argument. None Sustainability and prevention are counterintuitive to human biology, which likely explains why we tweet out screeds against climate change from smartphones that are contributing...
Tags: Psychology, Health, Cdc, Brain, Depression, Innovation, Cbs, Alzheimer's, Derek, Men s Health, The Lancet, Perlmutter, Cognitive Science, David Perlmutter

A high-carb diet may lead to brain inflammation, says Dr. David Perlmutter

The re-release of David Perlmutter's Grain Brain continues the doctor's plight against high-carbohydrate diets. Perlmutter believes excess carbohydrates and gluten can lead to anxiety, depression, and Alzheimer's disease. A half-decade of research on brain health and the microbiome backs up Perlmutter's argument. None Sustainability and prevention are counterintuitive to human biology, which likely explains why we tweet out screeds against climate change from smartphones that are, themselves,...
Tags: Psychology, Health, Cdc, Brain, Depression, Innovation, Cbs, Alzheimer's, Derek, Men s Health, The Lancet, Perlmutter, Cognitive Science, David Perlmutter

Wired that way: genes do shape behaviors but it’s complicated

Many of our psychological traits are innate in origin. There is overwhelming evidence from twin, family and general population studies that all manner of personality traits, as well as things such as intelligence, sexuality and risk of psychiatric disorders, are highly heritable. Put concretely, this means that a sizeable fraction of the population spread of values such as IQ scores or personality measures is attributable to genetic differences between people. The story of our lives most definit...
Tags: Psychology, Science, Biology, Dna, Neuroscience, Brain, Genetics, Personality, Innovation, Genes, Kevin Mitchell, Princeton University Press Kevin MitchellThis