Posts filtered by tags: Brookhaven National Laboratory[x]


 

Could muons point to new physics?

The first question ever asked in Western philosophy, "What's the world made of?" continues to inspire high energy physicists.New experimental results probing the magnetic properties of the muon, a heavier cousin of the electron, seem to indicate that new particles of nature may exist, potentially shedding light on the mystery of dark matter. The results are a celebration of the human spirit and our insatiable curiosity to understand the world and our place in it.If brute force doesn't work, then...
Tags: Physics, Particle physics


Did we just discover new physics? These theoretical physicists don’t think so

When the results of an experiment don’t match predictions made by the best theory of the day, something is off. Fifteen years ago, physicists at Brookhaven National Laboratory discovered something perplexing. Muons – a type of subatomic particle – were moving in unexpected ways that didn’t match theoretical predictions. Was the theory wrong? Was the experiment off? Or, tantalizingly, was this evidence of new physics? Physicists have been trying to solve this mystery every since. One group from F...
Tags: Startups, Science, Fermilab, Brookhaven National Laboratory


Did we just discover new physics? These theoretical physicists don’t think so

When the results of an experiment don’t match predictions made by the best theory of the day, something is off. Fifteen years ago, physicists at Brookhaven National Laboratory discovered something perplexing. Muons – a type of subatomic particle – were moving in unexpected ways that didn’t match theoretical predictions. Was the theory wrong? Was the experiment off? Or, tantalizingly, was this evidence of new physics? Physicists have been trying to solve this mystery every since. One group from F...
Tags: Startups, Science, Fermilab, Brookhaven National Laboratory


A new experiment has broken the known rules of physics, hinting at a mysterious, unknown force that has shaped our universe

The superconducting magnetic storage ring at the Fermilab is 50 feet in diameter. Reidar Hahn/Fermilab A new study suggests subatomic particles called muons are breaking the laws of physics. This may mean a mysterious force is affecting muons, which would make our understanding of physics incomplete. It could be the same force that's responsible for dark matter, which shaped the early universe. See more stories on Insider's business page. One of the most ubiquitous subatomic parti...
Tags: Space, New York, Science, News, Trends, Nasa, Physics, Egypt, University Of Chicago, Illinois, Dark Matter, University Of Liverpool, Fermilab, US Department of Energy, Long Island New York, Brookhaven National Laboratory


Particle Mystery Deepens, As Physicists Confirm That the Muon Is More Magnetic Than Predicted

sciencehabit writes: A potential chink in physicists' understanding of fundamental particles and forces now looks more real. New measurements confirm a fleeting subatomic particle called the muon may be ever so slightly more magnetic than theory predicts, a team of more than 200 physicists reported this week. That small anomaly -- just 2.5 parts in 1 billion -- is a welcome threat to particle physicists' prevailing theory, the standard model, which has long explained pretty much everything they'...
Tags: Europe, Tech, Albert Einstein, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Wayne State University, Sally Dawson, Alexey Petrov


Physics Mystery Gets Even Deeper After Long-Awaited Muon Reveal

Inside a locked cabinet, an envelope held a number that was poised to rock the physics community, regardless of its contents. The value, a clock measurement deliberately hidden to keep physicists’ data analysis unbiased, would be used in a calculation that could either bring one of particle physics’ foremost…Read more...
Tags: Science, Physics, Atlantic, Particle physics, Large Hadron Collider, Fermilab, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Paul Dirac, Physical Sciences, Natural Sciences, Muon, Joe Lykken, Muon G 2, Julian Schwinger, Technology Internet, Quantum Field Theory


Building tough 3D nanomaterials with DNA

Columbia Engineering researchers, working with Brookhaven National Laboratory, report today that they have built designed nanoparticle-based 3D materials that can withstand a vacuum, high temperatures, high pressure, and high radiation. This new fabrication process results in robust and fully engineered nanoscale frameworks that not only can accommodate a variety of functional nanoparticle types but also can be quickly processed with conventional nanofabrication methods.
Tags: Science, Columbia Engineering, Brookhaven National Laboratory


Structure of SARS-CoV-2 envelope protein-epithelial cell junction protein complex explains virulence

A new study by researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University in the U.S. describes the key interaction between the viral envelope (E) protein and the human cell junction protein, PALS1. The latter is necessary to establish and maintain cell polarity and tight junctions between cells.
Tags: Health, Stony Brook University, Brookhaven National Laboratory


Chemists settle battery debate, propel research forward

A team of researchers led by chemists at Brookhaven National Laboratory has identified new details of the reaction mechanism that takes place in batteries with lithium metal anodes. The findings are a major step towards developing smaller, lighter, and less expensive batteries for electric vehicles.
Tags: Science, Brookhaven National Laboratory


Light-induced twisting of Weyl nodes switches on giant electron current

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and collaborators at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the University of Alabama at Birmingham have discovered a new light-induced switch that twists the crystal lattice of the material, switching on a giant electron current that appears to be nearly dissipationless.
Tags: Science, Birmingham, University Of Alabama, Brookhaven National Laboratory, U S Department of Energy s Ames Laboratory, Weyl


Scientists streamline process for controlling spin dynamics

Marking a major achievement in the field of spintronics, researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory and Yale University have demonstrated the ability to control spin dynamics in magnetic materials by altering their thickness. The study, published today in Nature Materials, could lead to smaller, more energy-efficient electronic devices.
Tags: Science, Yale University, Brookhaven National Laboratory


Research suggests New York City may have reached coronavirus herd immunity threshold

A new study by researchers at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Brookhaven National Laboratory and published on the preprint server medRxiv in July 2020 discusses the effect of a factor called persistent contact heterogeneity on the final epidemic size of COVID-19.
Tags: Health, New York City, University Of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Brookhaven National Laboratory


From start screens to coin counters — a guide to video game UI

Sixty years ago the Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, NY held an open house. Visitors who toured the lab were treated to an interactive exhibit, a game titled Tennis for Two. The setup was simple—a 5-inch analog display and two controllers, each with one knob and one button. The world’s first video game was born, but after two years, the exhibit was closed. Twelve years passed, and an eerily similar arcade game showed up in a bar called Andy Capp’s Tavern. The name of the game? Pong. Its ...
Tags: Startups, Gaming, Tech, Design & Dev, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Andy Capp, Syndication, UPTON NY


Four years of calculations lead to new insights into muon anomaly

Two decades ago, an experiment at Brookhaven National Laboratory pinpointed a mysterious mismatch between established particle physics theory and actual lab measurements. A multi-institutional research team (including Brookhaven, Columbia University, and the universities of Connecticut, Nagoya and Regensburg, RIKEN) have used Argonne National Laboratory's Mira supercomputer to help narrow down the possible explanations for the discrepancy, delivering a newly precise theoretical calculation that ...
Tags: Science, Mira, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory, Brookhaven Columbia University, Connecticut Nagoya, Regensburg RIKEN


New technique for imaging proteins in 3D

A team of scientists including researchers at the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II)--a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory--have demonstrated a new technique for imaging proteins in 3-D with nanoscale resolution.
Tags: Health, DOE, Brookhaven National Laboratory


Scientists see energy gap modulations in a cuprate superconductor

Scientists studying high-Tc superconductors at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have definitive evidence for the existence of a state of matter known as a pair density wave -- first predicted by theorists some 50 years ago. Their results show that this phase coexists with superconductivity in a well-known bismuth-based copper-oxide superconductor.
Tags: Science, US Department of Energy, Brookhaven National Laboratory


Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers design platinum-based catalyst

In New York state, scientists from Brookhaven National Laboratory have designed a catalyst composed of very low concentrations of platinum (single atoms and clusters smaller than billionths of a meter) on the surface of titanium dioxide. They demonstrated how this catalyst significantly enhances the rate of breaking a particular carbon-oxygen bond for the conversion of a plant derivative (furfuryl alcohol) into a potential biofuel (2-methylfuran). Their strategy—described in a paper published i...
Tags: New York, Research, Brookhaven National Laboratory


Scientist Creates a Working Rotary Cellphone

In popular histories of the mobile phone, and of the smartphone in particular, you will rarely see mention of IBM’s 1992 Simon, a smartphone invented before the word “smartphone.” “You could… use the Simon to send and receive emails, faxes, and pages,” writes Business Insider. “There were also a suite of built-in features including a notes collection you could write in [with a stylus], an address book that looked like a file folder, calendar, world clock, and a way to schedule appointments.” Ni...
Tags: Google, Technology, College, Ibm, Simon, Facebook Twitter, Josh Jones, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Wim Wenders, Haupt, Lynda Barry, Durham NC Follow, J G Ballard, Instrumentation Division, Justine Haupt


Space Engineer Justine Haupt’s DIY Rotary Cell Phone

In an attempt to remedy the harm of an always-on lifestyle, Brookhaven National Laboratory astronomy instrumentation engineer Justine Haupt stripped a mobile phone down to its essentials in order to assemble her handheld rotary cellphone. For the DIY invention, three years in the making, Haupt paired a rotary mechanism from an old Trimline telephone with a microcontroller and Adafruit Fona 3G cell transceiver. She then …
Tags: Design, Diy, Tech, Mobile Phones, Phones, Linkaboutit, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Haupt, Justine Haupt, Rotary Phones, Space Engineers, Adafruit Fona


Engineer Creates Functional, Practical Rotary Cell Phone with ePaper Screen

Justine Haupt is difficult to summarize. Her official job title is Instrumentation Developer for Cosmology, Astronomy, and Quantum Networking at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, where she's been for ten years; she's run Sky's Edge Robotics, her own company, for the past year; she's an engineer for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, which when complete will "produce the deepest, widest image of the universe;" and she's Director of Radio Astronomy at the Custer Institute, an observatory on Lo...
Tags: Design, Long Island, Object Culture, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Haupt, Radio Astronomy, Justine Haupt, Edge Robotics, Custer Institute


Cathode 'defects' improve battery performance

Chemists at Brookhaven National Laboratory have made a new finding about battery performance that points to a different strategy for optimizing cathode materials. Their research, published in Chemistry of Materials and featured in ACS Editors' Choice, focuses on controlling the amount of structural defects in the cathode material.
Tags: Science, Brookhaven National Laboratory


The US is building its first new particle collider in decades on Long Island. Stephen Hawking called the technology a 'time machine.'

A new particle collider is set to be built at the Brookhaven National Laboratory in Long Island, New York.  Particle colliders smash charged particles against one another at nearly the speed of light to reveal some of their fundamental properties.  The only operating one in the US is Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. It will shut down in 2024 to make room for the new machine, which could be operational by 2030. Visit Businessinsider.com for more stories. A machine that will invest...
Tags: Congress, US, Trends, Earth, Stephen Hawking, Department Of Energy, Long Island, EIC, Thomas Jefferson, Rick, US Department of Energy, Long Island New York, Brookhaven National Laboratory, RHIC, Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider RHIC, Brookhaven


Tethered chem combos could revolutionize artificial photosynthesis

Scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory have doubled the efficiency of a chemical combo that captures light and splits water molecules so the building blocks can be used to produce hydrogen fuel. Their approach provides a platform for developing revolutionary improvements in so-called artificial photosynthesis -- a lab-based mimic of the natural process aimed at generating clean energy from sunlight.
Tags: Brookhaven National Laboratory


Scientists design organic cathode for high performance batteries

Researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory have designed a new, organic cathode material for lithium batteries. With sulfur at its core, the material is more energy-dense, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly than traditional cathode materials in lithium batteries.
Tags: Brookhaven National Laboratory


Brookhaven researchers discover ways plants control oil levels in cells

In New York state, biochemists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered two ways that autophagy, or self-eating, controls the levels of oils in plant cells. The study, published in The Plant Cell on April 29, 2019, describes how this cannibalistic-sounding process actually helps plants survive. It also provides mechanistic details scientists might leverage to get plants to accumulate more oil. The Brookhaven team used plants they had already modified to s...
Tags: New York, Research, Plants, U S Department of Energy, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Brookhaven


Plant cells eat their own ... membranes and oil droplets

(DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory) Biochemists at Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered two ways that autophagy, or self-eating, controls the levels of oils in plant cells. The study describes how this cannibalistic-sounding process actually helps plants survive, and suggests a way to get bioenergy crops to accumulate more oil.
Tags: Brookhaven National Laboratory, DOE Brookhaven National Laboratory Biochemists


Illuminating water filtration

For the first time, a team of researchers from Stony Brook University and the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have revealed the molecular structure of membranes used in reverse osmosis. The research is reported in a recently published paper in ACS Macro Letters, a journal of the American Chemical Society.
Tags: Stony Brook University, US Department of Energy, Brookhaven National Laboratory


Cause of cathode degradation identified for nickel-rich materials

A team of scientists including researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have identified the causes of degradation in a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, as well as possible remedies. Their findings, published on Mar. 7, 2019 in Advanced Functional Materials, could lead to the development of more affordable and better performing batteries for electric vehicles.
Tags: Science, U S Department of Energy, Brookhaven National Laboratory, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory


Cause of cathode degradation identified for nickle-rich materials

A team of scientists including researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have identified the causes of degradation in a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, as well as possible remedies. Their findings, published on Mar. 7, 2019 in Advanced Functional Materials, could lead to the development of more affordable and better performing batteries for electric vehicles.
Tags: Science, U S Department of Energy, Brookhaven National Laboratory, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory


X-rays reveal catalyst growth details for more efficient hydrogen fuel cells

In New York, scientists at the DOE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and the University of Akron are searching for more affordable catalysts that provide the same efficiency in hydrogen fuel cells as pure platinum. “Like a battery, hydrogen fuel cells convert stored chemical energy into electricity. The difference is that you’re using a replenishable fuel so, in principle, that ‘battery’ would last forever,” said Adrian Hunt, a scientist at the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II), a U....
Tags: New York, Research, DOE, Hydrogen Fuel Cells, Brookhaven National Laboratory, University of Akron, Brookhaven, Brookhaven National Lab, Adrian Hunt