Posts filtered by tags: CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal[x]


 

Spike in new nut anaphylaxis in children at Halloween and Easter

A new study looking at the link between peanut and tree-nut anaphylaxis in children and holidays found spikes at Halloween and Easter. The study, published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) found that most were previously unknown allergies, calling for increased awareness http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.200034.
Tags: Halloween, Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


COVID-19 and the decolonization of Indigenous public health

Indigenous self-determination, leadership and knowledge have helped protect Indigenous communities in Canada during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, and these principles should be incorporated into public health in future, argue the authors of a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.200852.
Tags: Science, Canada, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Illicit fentanyl, stimulants found in majority of overdose deaths in BC

Nonprescribed fentanyl and stimulants were the primary contributors to overdose mortality, while few people had prescribed opioids in their systems, according to new toxicology research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.200191.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


New obesity guideline: Address root causes as foundation of obesity management

besity management should focus on outcomes that patients consider to be important, not weight loss alone, and include a holistic approach that addresses the root causes of obesity, according to a new clinical practice guideline published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.191707.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Low-cost moist heat treatment of N95 masks eliminates SARS-CoV-2, bacteria

A new study shows that moist heat treatment of N95 masks eliminates severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and bacteria, which would allow reuse of these scarce resources. The study is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) https://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2020/07/30/cmaj.201203.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


For-profit long-term care homes have COVID-19 outbreaks with more cases, deaths

For-profit status is associated with the extent of an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in long-term care (LTC) homes and the number of resident deaths from COVID-19, but not the likelihood of an outbreak, which was related to the infection rate in the surrounding local public health unit and the total number of beds in the home, found new research published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) https://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2020/07/22/cmaj.201197.1.
Tags: Science, LTC, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal, COVID


Diagnosing acute aortic syndrome: New guideline for hard-to-diagnose condition

A new guideline aimed at helping clinicians identify the difficult-to-diagnose acute aortic syndrome is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.200021.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


School-based vision screening programs found 1 in 10 kids had vision problems

A school-based vision screening program in kindergarten, shown to be effective at identifying untreated vision problems in 1 in 10 students, could be useful to implement widely in diverse communities, according to new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.191085.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Pasteurizing breast milk inactivates SARS-CoV-2

Pasteurizing breast milk using a common technique inactivates severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) making it safe for use, according to new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). ttps://www.cmaj.ca/content/cmaj/early/2020/07/09/cmaj.201309.full.pdf
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


New guideline: Don't routinely screen for EAC in patients with chronic GERD

A new guideline from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care, based on a rigorous systematic review of the latest evidence, found no benefit of routine screening for esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and precursor conditions (Barrett esophagus and dysplasia) in patients with chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The guideline, published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal), recommends physicians in Canada continue current practice to not screen routinely http://www.cm...
Tags: Science, Canada, Don, Eac, Barrett, Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Study provides an overview of personal protective equipment in health care settings

An article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) provides an overview on personal protective equipment (PPE) in health care settings, including evidence on effectiveness of N95 masks, as well as the importance of including health care worker perspectives on usage of this equipment.
Tags: Health, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Indirect adverse effects of COVID-19 on children and youth's mental, physical health

Despite reports that children and young people may be less likely to get coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) than older adults, there may be substantial indirect adverse effects of the disease on their physical and mental health, according to an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.201008
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


New strategy for Canada's National Emergency Stockpile System

To manage Canada's emergency stockpile of medical supplies and personal protective equipement (PPE), the government could consider several approaches, including a "prime-vendor" model selling directly to health care organizations to minimize financial and equipment waste, according to an article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.200946
Tags: Science, Canada, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Managing personal protective equipment in health care settings

An article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) provides an overview on personal protective equipment (PPE) in health care settings, including evidence on effectiveness of N95 masks, as well as the importance of including health care worker perspectives on usage of this equipment. http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.200575
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Capital funding of health care in Canada is critical, yet declined in last 20 years

Capital funding of health care, used to build new hospitals, redesign or upgrade existing facilities and invest in new technologies, has declined in Canada over the last 20 years, according to an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.191126.
Tags: Science, Canada, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Undisclosed financial conflicts of interest in Canadian clinical guidelines on medications

Failure to disclose organizational financial conflicts of interest by producers of Canadian clinical practice guidelines on medications is widespread, pointing to the need for reform, a new research paper highlights in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.191737.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


An approach for caring patients in COVID-19 units

Toronto and Spanish physicians describe in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) an approach to create dedicated COVID-19 patient units, infection control protocols and care teams to help other hospitals safely care for patients.
Tags: Health, Toronto, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal, COVID


Caring for patients on COVID-19 units: an approach for hospitals

Toronto and Spanish physicians describe in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) an approach to create dedicated COVID-19 patient units, infection control protocols and care teams to help other hospitals safely care for patients.
Tags: Science, Toronto, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy being overdiagnosed, overtreated

The current practice of testing most pregnant women for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) may be leading to overdiagnosis and overtreatment, according to new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.191664
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Loss of smell, taste changes associated with COVID-19: Canadian study

Loss of smell (anosmia) and changes in taste (dysgeusia) were strongly associated with SARS-CoV-2, according to a Canadian study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) https://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2020/05/27/cmaj.200869.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Canadian study of critically ill patients with COVID-19 found lower death rate

A Canadian case series of all patients with COVID-19 admitted to six intensive care units (ICUs) in Metro Vancouver found patient outcomes were substantially better than reported in other jurisdictions. The paper is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) https://www.cmaj.ca/content/cmaj/early/2020/05/27/cmaj.200794.full.pdf.
Tags: Science, Metro Vancouver, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Digital contact tracing for COVID-19: an analysis of strengths and limitations

An article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) analyzes the strengths and limitations of digital contact tracing for people infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) to help governments decide if and how they might adopt this technology.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Fatal Lyme carditis in a 37-year-old man shows need for awareness of unusual symptoms

Physicians and the public should be aware of the different presentations of Lyme disease, as people spend more time outside in the warmer weather and as areas in Canada where the black legged tick is found expand. Three articles in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal), which describe a fatal case in a 37-year-old man, atypical skin lesions in a 56-year-old woman and severe neurological symptoms in a 4-year-old boy, illustrate the diversity in presentations.
Tags: Science, Canada, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Temperature and latitude not associated with COVID-19 spread, study finds

Temperature and latitude do not appear to be associated with the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study of many countries published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.200920, but school closures and other public health measures are having a positive effect.
Tags: Health, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Canadian study finds temperature, latitude not associated with COVID-19 spread

Temperature and latitude do not appear to be associated with the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study of many countries published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal), but school closures and other public health measures are having a positive effect.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Five things to know about egg freezing

Egg freezing for age-related fertility is becoming more common, and a short article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) provides quick reference points on the topic for primary care providers.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Review of evidence finds excessive smartphone, social media use may be linked to youth mental health

A new article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) reviews evidence that suggests an association between excessive smartphone and social media use and mental distress and suicidality among adolescents. The authors say this should be among the factors considered by clinicians and researchers who work in the field of youth mental health.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


New frailty index may help determine adverse outcomes in older patients after hospital discharge

A new frailty index shows promise in determining how acute illness affects functional ability in older patients admitted to hospital, according to a new study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) co-led by researchers from Dalhousie University, Canada, and University College London (UCL), United Kingdom.
Tags: Science, CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


New type of e-cigarette vaping injury described in CMAJ

A research case report describing lung injury related to e-cigarette use in a 17-year-old Canadian may be the first documented case of a new form of damage from vaping products. The article, published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) provides new evidence on forms of lung injury that can result from vaping.
Tags: CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal


Five things to know about melanoma

'Five things to know about ... melanoma' in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) provides a brief overview of this malignant skin cancer for physicians and patients.
Tags: CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal