Posts filtered by tags: Epidemiology[x]


 

A future mono vaccine may have a shot at defeating multiple sclerosis, a new study suggests

Particles of the mononucleosis virus (dark circles) inside a cell.CDC A study provides the strongest evidence to date suggesting the Epstein-Barr virus may lead to multiple sclerosis.  Scientists disagree about whether EBV definitively causes MS. Experts hope a vaccine may one day prevent some MS cases, but it may take decades. Scientists have found the strongest evidence to date that an infection from the Epstein-Barr virus could significantly increase the risk of developing multiple scleros...
Tags: UK, Science, News, Trends, Multiple Sclerosis, Harvard, News UK, National Institutes of Health, Vaccine, Thompson, University College London, Epidemiology, Epstein Barr, EBV, Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health, Alan Thompson


Scientists found a 2nd type of Omicron that's harder to track since tests struggle to distinguish it from other variants

A healthcare worker conducts a COVID-19 test on a traveller at O.R. Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg on November 28, 2021.Phill Magakoe/AFP via Getty Images Scientists have spotted a version of Omicron that appears harder to track. BA.2, the new lineage, has been seen seven times across South Africa, Australia, and Canada. Its genetics mean that it is harder to tell apart from other virus variants via a PCR test. A new version of the Omicron coronavirus variant was designated on Tu...
Tags: UK, Science, Trends, Canada, News UK, Johannesburg, Oxford University, Ba, Epidemiology, Variant, Afp, Tambo International Airport, University of Basel, University of Edinburgh UK, South Africa Australia, Theo Sanderson


Omicron's 'wacko' combination of mutations has scientists split over whether it developed in humans or animals

A health staff member prepares a COVID-19 test at the Histopath Diagnostic Specialists pre-departure area at Sydney International Airport on November 28, 2021.James D. Morgan/Getty Images The Omicron variant has a strange set of mutations. It doesn't resemble Delta, the dominant strain. That has led scientists to wonder about its origin — namely, whether it came from humans or animals. One of the most promising theories suggests Omicron emerged in an immunocompromised person. Omicron look...
Tags: Europe, UK, Science, News, Animals, Trends, Read, South Africa, Delta, Evolution, Humans, Haiti, South Carolina, Botswana, Epidemiology, New England Journal of Medicine


Blood Donor Study Estimates Over 80% of American Adults Now Have Coronavirus Antibodies

New research indicates that over 80% of American adults now have antibodies to the coronavirus, earned either through infection or vaccination. The study, based on data collected from blood donors, estimates that over 80% of Americans over the age of 16 had these antibodies as of May 2021. The authors do caution,…Read more...
Tags: Science, Medicine, Virus, Vaccination, Vaccine, Immunology, Antibodies, Epidemiology, Clinical Medicine, Covid 19, Medical Specialties, Zoonoses, Health Medical Pharma, Hiv Vaccine Development


United Phosphorus Ltd cleans up spill after chemical blaze in Durban

Scientists have been sent to handle the fallout from the warehouse fire, which stored about 1 600 hazardous materials that can contaminate the air, sea and rivers The post United Phosphorus Ltd cleans up spill after chemical blaze in Durban appeared first on The Mail & Guardian.
Tags: Environment, Marine, South Africa, Pollution, Oceans, Pesticides, Durban, Fungicides, Kwazulu Natal, Epidemiology, Top Six, United Phosphorus Ltd, Chemical Plant, Groundwork, Barbara Creecy, Zuma unrest


UK coronavirus cases have been dropping dramatically over the last week. Vaccines aren't the only reason why.

The UK economy officially reopened on July 19. Andrew Milligan - PA Images / Getty The UK's daily coronavirus cases dropped to 25,000 on Monday after a recent peak of nearly 55,000 on July 17. Experts think a combination of warm weather and fewer public gatherings may have helped. The UK's promising trajectory may bode well for the US, where cases are surging. See more stories on Insider's business page. The UK's daily coronavirus cases are falling almost quickly as they ro...
Tags: UK, Science, London, News, US, Trends, Bbc, United States, Wembley Stadium, United Kingdom, Astrazeneca, Pfizer, Cnbc, Epidemiology, US Food and Drug Administration, University of East Anglia


UK coronavirus cases have been dropping dramatically over the past week. Vaccines aren't the only reason.

England removed most of its remaining coronavirus restrictions on July 19. Andrew Milligan - PA Images / Getty The UK reported 25,000 new COVID-19 cases on Monday after a recent peak of nearly 55,000 on July 17. Experts think a combination of warm weather and fewer public gatherings may have helped. The UK's promising trajectory may bode well for the US, where cases are surging. See more stories on Insider's business page. The number of coronavirus cases reported each day in the UK...
Tags: UK, England, Science, London, News, US, Trends, Bbc, United States, Wembley Stadium, United Kingdom, Wembley, Cnbc, Epidemiology, Soho, US Food and Drug Administration


15,000-Year-Old Viruses Were Pulled From a Tibetan Glacier

A team of microbiologists studying glacier ice in Tibet found 33 different viruses dating back to the Pleistocene in the core samples they pulled up. They suspect that the viral communities may have been active on glacier surfaces before being frozen and that some may be active even within the ice cores.Read more...
Tags: Health, Science, Tibet, Environment, Articles, Computer Virus, Viruses, Microbiome, Pandemics, Epidemiology, Matthew Sullivan, Ice Core, Branches Of Biology, Zoonoses, Zhi Ping Zhong, Marine Viruses


Being Clean Doesn't Have to Be Bad for Our Immune System, Scientists Say

Staying clean might not be as bad for your immune system as is sometimes believed, researchers in the UK say. In a new paper this week, the authors argue that claims about the so-called hygiene hypothesis are overblown and people do benefit overall from keeping their home environment relatively clear of germs. But we…Read more...
Tags: UK, Science, Medicine, Immune System, Hygiene, Immunology, Allergy, Hand Washing, Cleanliness, Epidemiology, David Strachan, Clinical Medicine, Hygiene Hypothesis, Medical Specialties, Health Medical Pharma, Allergology


Miami's Bitcoin Conference May Be the Latest Covid-19 Super Spreader Event

Several crypto fans that descended on Miami, Florida, last weekend for the largest bitcoin conference in history are now saying they’ve tested positive for covid-19. Read more...
Tags: Health, Science, Articles, Bitcoin, Miami, Cryptocurrencies, Pandemics, Digital Currencies, Epidemiology, Miami Florida, Global Health, Luke Martin, Health Medical Pharma, Larry Cermak, Superspreading Event


What It Really Means That the U.S. Won't Reach Herd Immunity

An article in the New York Times today highlights a growing attitude among public health experts about the near future of the covid-19 pandemic: Herd immunity, at least for the time being, is likely out of reach in the U.S. But as upsetting as that sounds, it doesn’t mean the pandemic won’t be substantially contained…Read more...
Tags: Science, Medicine, Medical Research, New York Times, Vaccination, Vaccine, Prevention, Immunology, Epidemiology, Health Sciences, Herd Immunity, Medical Specialties, Covid 19 Vaccine, Health Medical Pharma, Breakthrough Infection


A historian identifies the worst year in human history

Harvard professor Michael McCormick argues the worst year to be alive was 536 AD. The year was terrible due to cataclysmic eruptions that blocked out the sun and the spread of the plague.536 ushered in the coldest decade in thousands of years and started a century of economic devastation.The past year has been nothing but the worst in the lives of many people around the globe. A rampaging pandemic, dangerous political instability, weather catastrophes, and a profound change in lifestyle that mo...
Tags: Asia, Europe, Environment, Society, History, Harvard, Egypt, Harvard University, Middle East, Innovation, Archaeology, Iceland, Plague, Epidemiology, Roman, Orono


Mysterious vomiting disease in dogs is due to novel coronavirus

A different coronavirus outbreak in late 2019 made many dogs in the UK very ill. The strangeness of the disease led veterinarians to send questionnaires to their peers and pet owners.The findings point toward the need for better systems to identify disease outbreaks in animals.A recent study suggests that a mysterious disease plaguing dogs in the UK is caused by a novel coronavirus. This virus, which coincidentally appeared in late 2019 and began to concern veterinarians in early 2020, is not r...
Tags: UK, England, Cdc, Animals, United Kingdom, Innovation, Disease, Edinburgh, Illness, Epidemiology, COVID


How to Tell Someone You're Still Not Comfortable Going to Their Big Event During COVID

Though it’s really difficult to look at a global pandemic that is responsible for more than 566,000 deaths in the United States alone and identify anything positive that has come from it, there have been a few aspects of the public health measures that some people have found convenient. Read more...
Tags: Health, Etiquette, Articles, Virus, United States, Lifehacks, Epidemiology, Diane Gottsman, Mary Grace Garis, Wedding Invitation, Aimee Daramus


6 Mysterious Disease Outbreaks That Were Never Solved

As the past year has painfully made clear, infectious diseases remain one of humanity’s greatest perils. It only took weeks for scientists to identify the cause of our ongoing pandemic—a previously unknown species of coronavirus—but there have been plenty of outbreaks, past and present, whose true cause isn’t so…Read more...
Tags: Food, Science, Medicine, Water, Infectious Diseases, Tropical Diseases, Epidemiology, Encephalitis, Biological Weapons, Medical Specialties, Encephalitis Lethargica, Picardy Sweat, Sweating Sickness, Cocoliztli Epidemics, Viral Hemorrhagic Fever


Researchers Are Working on a Virtual Phone Virus That 'Mimics' the Spread of Covid-19

In an effort to assist the evolving science of contact tracing, researchers have created a virtual phone virus that is meant to “mimic” the spread of Covid-19. By “infecting” phones within a controlled environment, the researchers hope to gain a better understanding of the trajectory of viruses as they proliferate…Read more...
Tags: Health, Science, Environment, Articles, Virus, Public Health, Pandemics, Mass Surveillance, Epidemiology, Contact Tracing, Coronavirus Disease, Zoonoses, Technology Internet, Covid 19 Apps


COVID-19 survivor’s guilt is a growing problem as we confront our losses

People are eager to return to normal after a year of coronavirus, but is the U.S. there yet? Hardly. The ongoing psychological and spiritual damage caused by the pandemic is rising, too. Guilt and shame are two prevailing emotions surrounding COVID-19. This guilt stems in part from the fact that anyone could be a potential carrier of the virus – so anyone, then, could unwittingly pass it to another person. Guilt can also arise when a person looks at the national and global death tolls and wonder...
Tags: Psychology, Virus, Public Health, Innovation, Epidemiology, Bergamo Italy, Coronavirus, Mark S McIntosh, Emergency Medicine University of FloridaThis


What the CDC's COVID Vaccination Guidelines Mean for Families

Any grandparent will tell you that occasional video chats or socially distanced, masked get-togethers on the back porch don’t count as sufficient quality time with their grandkids. What grandparents want—what they have craved—all these long months are big hugs and grins they can actually see in real life. And finally,…Read more...
Tags: Health, Medicine, Cdc, Lifehacks, Centers For Disease Control And Prevention, Epidemiology, Health Sciences, United States Public Health Service, Social Distancing, Health Medical Pharma, Druid Hills Georgia


Can you still spread coronavirus after getting the vaccine?

Editor's note: So you've gotten your coronavirus vaccine, waited the two weeks for your immune system to respond to the shot and are now fully vaccinated. Does this mean you can make your way through the world like the old days without fear of spreading the virus? Deborah Fuller is a microbiologist at the University of Washington School of Medicine working on coronavirus vaccines. She explains what the science shows about transmission post-vaccination – and whether new variants could change this...
Tags: Virus, Public Health, South Africa, Innovation, Vaccines, Centers For Disease Control And Prevention, Epidemiology, National Institute of Allergy, University of Washington School of Medicine, Deborah Fuller, Coronavirus


Eight women at the forefront of the world’s COVID-19 response

The gender gap persists, as only 33% of the world's researchers are women.Here are just some of the women making lasting contributions in the fight against COVID-19.They include Dr Özlem Türeci, co-founder of BioNTech, which helped produce the first vaccine.Women across the world have made an enormous contribution to the global efforts to tackle COVID-19. Not only do women make up 70% of the world's health workers and first responders, women in STEM fields have been leading research into the vir...
Tags: Health, Europe, UK, Indonesia, Germany, India, Time, Virus, Afghanistan, Unesco, Innovation, West Africa, Kenya, World Health Organization, Un, Health Care


The Murky Connection Between the Coronavirus and Climate Change

Climate change is basically messing up everything in our lives. It’s tempting to find a way to pin the coronavirus pandemic on it, and a new study released today does just that, claiming that climate change “may have driven the emergence” of coronavirus. But it may be more complicated than it seems at first blush.Read more...
Tags: Health, Science, Environment, Articles, Virus, Pandemics, Bat, Epidemiology, Global Health, Health Sciences, Coronavirus, Zoonoses, Animal Virology, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus


Conspiracy theories: Do your research and question ‘facts’

People’s powerful belief in their views, in defiance of specialists in a subject, are amplified by social media and are then viewed as fact — when in fact it’s false The post Conspiracy theories: Do your research and question ‘facts’ appeared first on The Mail & Guardian.
Tags: Social Media, Research, Pcr, Epidemiology, Openaccess, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Thought Leader, Dunning-Kruger effect, Conspiracy Theorist


Why Is 'Herd Immunity' Suddenly a Good Thing?

In the early days of the pandemic, there was an idea being thrown around that we should attempt to reach “herd immunity” as soon as possible. It was a terrible, horrible, no-good, very bad idea, because it amounted to giving up and letting millions of people die. And yet, now that we have a vaccine, herd immunity is…Read more...
Tags: Health, Medicine, Vaccination, Vaccine, Prevention, Lifehacks, Immunology, Epidemiology, Pediatrics, Immunity, Herd Immunity, Medical Specialties, Health_medical_pharma, Smallpox Vaccine


3 doctors explain why COVID-19 prevention doesn't stop at immunization

Authors not pictured. Jeffrey Basinger/Newsday via Getty Images Over 31 millions doses of the coronavirus vaccines have been distributed in the US as of January 31, according to the CDC. Doctors Syra Madad, Komal Bajaj, and Saskia Popescu explain that despite this progress, COVID-19 prevention doesn't stop at immunization. Immunity takes time and none of the vaccines are 100% effective, so the doctors say it's important to maintain safety precautions during this time. Visit Business Inside...
Tags: News, Cdc, Opinion, US, Trends, Healthcare, Doctors, Fda, Pfizer, Cic, Nordic, Epidemiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, NYC Health Hospitals, Moderna, Getty Images Over


How to Know If Your Kid's School Is 'Safe'

We’ve spent the better part of the past year grappling with what is and what isn’t safe. It’s almost as if the word has no meaning anymore, because nothing short of “no one in your family ever goes anywhere or sees anyone” is completely safe during a pandemic. But while we may have accepted that missing extended…Read more...
Tags: Medicine, Epidemics, Lifehacks, Epidemiology, Quarantine, Health Sciences, Social Distancing, Medical Specialties, Covid 19 Pandemic


The scent of sickness: 5 questions answered about using dogs – and mice and ferrets – to detect disease

As COVID-19 continues to spread worldwide, scientists are analyzing new ways to track it. One promising approach is training dogs to detect people who are infected by smelling samples of human urine or sweat. Research scientist Glen Golden, who has trained dogs and ferrets to detect avian flu in birds, explains why certain animals are well suited to sniff out sickness. 1. Which species have a nose for disease? Some animals have highly developed senses of smell. They include rodents; dogs and the...
Tags: Health, Colorado, Animals, Public Health, Pennsylvania, Innovation, Epidemiology, Colorado State University, Kimball, Monell Chemical Senses Center, Glen Golden, Pandemic, Monell, National Wildlife Research Center, Coronavirus, University of Auburn


People in these countries think their government did a good job of dealing with the pandemic

How well did your country respond to the pandemic?It's a subjective question, the answers to which are reflected in new research recording the diversity of opinion around the world.Spoiler alert: globally, more people approved of their own country's response than disapproved.A Pew Research Center survey of more than 14,000 adults across 14 advanced economies in Europe, Asia, North America and Australia, found 73% thought their own country had done a good job of tackling the coronavirus outbreak....
Tags: South Korea, Europe, Japan, UK, Sweden, Australia, France, Government, US, Spain, Public Health, Canada, Netherlands, Innovation, Belgium, Denmark


Antarctica Got the 'Rona

The virus responsible for covid-19, SARS-CoV-2, has now reached all seven continents on Earth, with Antarctica reporting its first batch of cases.Read more...
Tags: Science, Earth, Infectious Diseases, Antarctica, Pandemics, Epidemiology, Rona, Coronavirus, Covid 19


We asked doctors and researchers for their top face masks that balance comfort and safety

Tom Bihn's multi-layered face mask. TOM BIHN Medical experts understand the challenge of finding a face mask that's both comfortable and protective. Four doctors and one mask researcher told Business Insider the masks they recommend for situations outside of hospitals and clinics. Some recommended DIY options, while others suggested multi-layer masks that have undergone independent filtration tests.  Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. To pick the right face mask, docto...
Tags: Amazon, Facebook, Science, News, Cdc, Virginia, US, Trends, Features, Doctors, University Of Chicago, Duke, Centers For Disease Control And Prevention, Epidemiology, Omaha Nebraska, Gandhi


How to safely form a 'social bubble' this winter, according to 5 disease experts — and what risks to avoid

A social distancing bubble at Cafe Du Soleil in New York City on September 29, 2020. Tayfun Coskun/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images As the weather gets cold, many Americans are considering forming "pods" or "social bubbles" — small groups that only see each other. That can keep members' coronavirus risk relatively low, depending on their behavior. Five infectious-disease share advice for creating a safe social bubble and highlight risks to avoid. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stori...
Tags: Texas, Science, News, Cdc, New York City, US, Trends, Nba, Department Of Health, Epidemiology, Don, Los Angeles County, Cohen, Virginia Tech, George Mason University, Popescu