Posts filtered by tags: Evolutionary Psychology[x]


 

A pleasure to burn: Why do people like spicy foods?

Humans are the only animals known to willingly eat foods that cause irritation, discomfort, and even pain.Theories for why range from thrill-seeking behavior to an evolutionary adaptation for seeking foods that reduce pathogens.Taste results from an interplay of genes, culture, memory, and personality, a complex design that scientists are only now beginning to understand. None If a Martian anthropologist found its way to a Clifton Chili Club Chili Eating Contest, it would discover one the univer...
Tags: Psychology, Food, Europe, Earth, Bacteria, Nature, Birds, Innovation, Evolution, University of Pennsylvania, Sherman, University Of Southern California, Evolutionary Psychology, Microbes, Biomechanics, Padron


Why your favourite film baddies all have a truly evil laugh

Towards the end of the Disney film Aladdin (1992), our hero's love rival, the evil Jafar, discovers Aladdin's secret identity and steals his magic lamp. Jafar's wish to become the world's most powerful sorcerer is soon granted, and he then uses his powers to banish Aladdin to the ends of the Earth. What follows next is a lingering close-up of Jafar's body. He leans forward, fists clenched, with an almost constipated look on his face. He then explodes in uncontrollable cackles that echo across th...
Tags: Psychology, Media, Jack Nicholson, Film, Kung Fu, Disney, Innovation, Nintendo, Philosophy, Mario, Denmark, Emotions, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Evolutionary Psychology, Wario, Aladdin


Short men are indirectly aggressive toward taller men, study finds

A recent study examined the Napoleon complex through economic games.The results showed that shorter men are more likely than taller men to keep a disproportionate amount of resources for themselves, but only when the other player can't retaliate.The study suggests that the Napoleon complex is most likely to manifest in situations where the shorter man has all the power. None In the early 19th century, Napoléon Bonaparte was perhaps best known for leading successful military campaigns and serving...
Tags: Psychology, Gender, Competition, Innovation, Men, Evolution, Napoleon Bonaparte, Napoleon, Evolutionary Psychology, Iredale Van Vugt Dunbar, Jill E P Knapen Nancy M Blaker


Women — not men — are more willing to punish 'sexually-accessible' women, researchers find

It's commonly thought that the suppression of female sexuality is perpetuated by either men or women.In a new study, researchers used economics games to observe how both genders treat sexually-available women.The results suggests that both sexes punish female promiscuity, though for different reasons and different levels of intensity. None Researchers from the University of Warwick recently sought to answer the following questions: "Who's suppressing female sexuality — and why?" They started by ...
Tags: Gender, Sex, Women, Innovation, University of Warwick, Evolutionary Psychology, Warwick, Tracy Vaillancourt, New York Times Accordingly, Naomi K Muggleton Sarah R Tarran, Corey L Fincher


Psychology Around the Net: December 8, 2018

Do you know what a psychiatric advance directive is? How mental health apps make money from your information? Why you need to fail before you can succeed? Don’t worry! This week’s Psychology Around the Net has these answers and more! Giving Patients a Voice in Their Mental Health Care Before They’re Too Ill to Have a Say: Could psychiatric advance directives help transform the mental health system? Specifically, how mental health patients are treated when their symptoms overwhelm them? A psy...
Tags: Psychology, Technology, Goals, Failure, Success, Voice, Evolutionary Psychology, Psychology Around The Net, Industrial And Workplace, Success & Achievement, Social Psychology, Don, Chris Gethard, Akilah Hughes, Workplace Mental Health, Mental Health Apps


Innovating for Mind, Body and Soul

We all know that we need to capture both the hearts and minds of the consumer if we want an innovation to be successful.  That logic alone does not always sell is clear from the science of psychology, which tells us that emotions play a crucial role in most, if not all consumer decisions.  And ...
Tags: Psychology, Innovation, Consumer Psychology, Shopper Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Mind Body, Behavioral Science, Innovation Psychology, Affordences, Embodied Cognition, Retail Psychology, System One


How politics became our identity

Dinner parties used to be where you avoided politics. Now talking about politics at dinner parties is the norm. Years ago, we avoided politics because we assumed the people at our table had diverse political identities, and we didn’t want to introduce a topic that might lead to an argument. Today, we assume our guests share a single identity, after all, why else would we have invited them? Something has changed in the United States, and for many of us, it’s only at Thanksgiving dinner, a gatheri...
Tags: Post, News, Podcasts, Paypal, United States, Yanss, University Of Maryland, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Mason, Cognitive Biases, Lilliana Mason, Genetic Fallacy, New York Times the Washington Post CNN, Mason Right


Thoughtful, devastating critique of Jordan Peterson's "12 Rules for Life"

Jordan Peterson is really easy to make fun of -- what with the mystical nonsense and the pseudoscientific evolutionary biology -- but there are millions of (largely white, largely young, largely male) readers who've found his "12 Rules for Life" to be a balm for their souls and a rallying cry for a movement that has legitimized the most murderous strains of toxic masculinity. (more…)
Tags: Post, Books, News, Junk Science, Authoritarianism, Evolutionary Psychology, Lobsters, Alt-right, Jordan Peterson, Toxic Masculinity, Kate Manne, Intellectual Dark Web


Explaining marine invertebrate reproductive strategies to the lobster-obsessed Jordan Peterson

Alt-right darling Jordan Peterson is a big fan of hierarchies, which he says are innate to the human condition, something he knows because lobsters have social hierarchies. (more…)
Tags: Twitter, Post, News, Evolutionary Psychology, Jordan Peterson, Lobstermen Of Gor


Eleven Essential Behavioral Science Books for Innovators

No matter how great an innovation is, it is only useful if people notice it, understand it, desire it, acquire it and use (and reuse) it. To achieve this, we need to understand human perception, motivations, decision making and ultimately, influence behavior. Below, in no particular order, are my favorite eleven books that have taught ...
Tags: Psychology, Education, Marketing, Book Review, Innovation, Consumer Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Organizational Psychology, Books Review, Innovation Psychology, Businessinnovation, Books as Tools


The Saad Truth About Sex, Cars, and Consumers

Gad Saad is an evolutionary behavioral scientist who is a professor of marketing at Concordia University in Canada. He’s also an associate editor of the journal Evolutionary Psychology and writes a popular blog for Psychology Today. Some have called him part of the “intellectual dark web”, a diverse group of heterodox academics who are willing to tack […] The post The Saad Truth About Sex, Cars, and Consumers appeared first on The Truth About Cars.
Tags: Sex, Women, Canada, Editorials, Autos, Men, Gender Differences, Consumers, Evolutionary Psychology, Ferraris, Concordia University, Consuming Instinct, Gad Saad, Saad Truth About Sex Cars


What scam artists can teach us about the human brain

For centuries, scam artists, con artists, and magicians were the world’s leading experts on biases, fallacies, heuristics and all the other quirks of human reasoning and perception. On this episode, magician and scam expert Brian Brushwood explains why people fall for scams of all sizes, how to avoid them, and why most magicians can spot a fraudster a mile away. Download – iTunes – Stitcher – RSS – Soundcloud — This episode is sponsored by The Great Courses Plus. Get unlimited access to a ...
Tags: Post, Podcast, News, Podcasts, Nigeria, Blue Apron, Yanss, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Cognitive Biases, Brian Brushwood, Jason Murphy, Genetic Fallacy, Steven Novella Learn


How to fix the mistakes that celebrity scientists and charismatic doctors make

The facts don’t speak for themselves. Someone always speaks for them. From the opioid crisis to vaccines, vitamin and health supplements to climate change — even the widespread use of lobotomies to quiet problem mental patients — celebrity scientists and charismatic doctors have made tremendous mistakes. Thanks to their fame, they escaped the corrective mechanisms of science itself and spread their wrongness far and wide. Science always deals the problem. The truth wins. But before it does, many...
Tags: Post, News, Podcasts, Pandora, Blue Apron, Yanss, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Cognitive Biases, Facebook and Twitter, Paul Offit, ZipRecruiter, Genetic Fallacy, Steven Novella Learn


How debate changes minds, no matter who wins

Parker Wiseman ran for student office in high school with photocopied flyers. He debated the public school system in social studies class. In college he took the courses and shook the hands that would help him join that peculiar Southern subculture of the embattled Mississippi Democrat, a pugnacious sort who plays darts and drinks whiskey while wearing penny loafers and forces smiles meant to fool no one. People close to Parker Wiseman were not surprised when, at the age of 28, he became the you...
Tags: Post, News, Podcasts, Mississippi, Yanss, HRC, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Human Rights Campaign, Chad Griffin, Hattiesburg, The Board, Cognitive Biases, Alderman, Starkville, Wiseman


Why we are prone to optimism and hope over realism and the skepticism of experience

When you think about your future health, career, finances, and even longevity — you imagine a rosy, hopeful future. For everyone else, though, you tend to be far more realistic. In other words, if you are a smoker, everyone else is going to get cancer. You’ll probably be in the that lucky portion who smokes into your 90s, or so you think. Similarly, the odds of success for a new restaurant change depending on who starts that venture. If its you, the odds are pretty good. If it is someone else, y...
Tags: Post, News, Podcasts, Blue Apron, Yanss, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Cognitive Biases, University College London In, Tali Sharot, Genetic Fallacy, Sharot


Evolutionary psychologists are very butthurt about the new Scientific American

Scientific American dedicates its September issue to The New Science of Sex and Gender, and sociobiologists haven't been in this kind of tizzy since the Emmy-nominated Bill Nye episode about sex and gender. (more…)
Tags: Post, Gender, Science, News, Biology, Sex, Research, Sexuality, Bill Nye, Evolutionary Psychology, Eugenics, Sociobiology, Sex Differentiation


When future desires and past beliefs are incongruent, desire usually wins out

Confirmation bias is our tendency to seek evidence that supports our beliefs and that confirms our assumptions — when we could just as well seek disconfirmation of those beliefs and assumptions instead. It feels like we are doing the hard work — doing the research required to build good beliefs — but since we can so easily find that confirmation, when we stop searching at those moments when we think we have made sense of the world, we can grow ever more wrong over time. This is such a prevalent ...
Tags: Post, Usa, News, Podcasts, Yanss, Squarespace, Clinton, Evolutionary Psychology, Trump, Self Delusion, Ben, Cognitive Biases, Tappin, Genetic Fallacy, Steven Novella Learn, Ben Tappin


Science is wrong about everything, but you can trust it more than anything

Psychology is working on the hardest problems in all of science. Physics, astronomy, geology — those are easy, by comparison. Understanding consciousness, willpower, ideology, social change – there’s a larger-than-Large-Hadron-Collider level of difficulty to each one of these, but since these are more relatable ideas than quarks and bosons and mass coronal ejections — this a science about our minds and selves — it’s easier to create eye-catching headlines and, well, to make podcasts about them. ...
Tags: Post, News, Podcasts, Yanss, Squarespace, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Cognitive Biases, Nosek, Daniel Engber, Genetic Fallacy, Steven Novella Learn, Center for Open Science, Engber


The half life of facts

In medical school, they tell you half of what you are about to learn won’t be true when you graduate — they just don’t know which half. In every field of knowledge, half of what is true today will one day be updated with better information, and it turns out that we actually know when that day will come for many academic pursuits. Download – iTunes – Stitcher – RSS – Soundcloud This episode is sponsored by The Great Courses Plus. Get unlimited access to a huge library of The Great Course...
Tags: Facebook, Post, News, Podcasts, Yanss, Sam, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Cognitive Biases, ZipRecruiter, Genetic Fallacy, Steven Novella Learn, Sam Arbesman


Why we often choose to keep useful information out of our heads

The cyberpunks, the Founding Fathers, the 19th Century philosophers, and the Enlightenment thinkers — they each envisioned a perfect democracy powered by a constant multimedia psychedelic freakout in which all information was free, decentralized, democratized, and easy to access. In each era, the dream was the same: A public life for the average citizen that was no longer limited by any kind of information deficit; a life augmented by instant and full access to all the information anyone could e...
Tags: Podcast, News, Podcasts, Yanss, Benjamin Franklin, Squarespace, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Leary, Cognitive Biases, George Loewenstein, George Lakoff, Genetic Fallacy, Steven Novella Learn, George Loewenstein David Hagmann


Is progress inevitable?

In his book on the history of human progress, Our Kind, anthropologist Marvin Harris asked in the final chapter, “Will nature’s experiment with mind and culture end in nuclear war?” The book came out in 1989, in the final years of our Cold War nuclear paranoia, and his telling of how people developed from hunter gatherers all the way to McDonald’s franchise owners, he said, couldn’t honestly end with him gazing optimistically to the horizon because never had the fate of so many been under the co...
Tags: Post, Hbo, News, Podcasts, Mississippi, Blue Apron, Yanss, University Of Chicago, Ada, Evolutionary Psychology, Trump, Self Delusion, Gene Roddenberry, Soviet Union, HARRIS, McDonald


Men Have Always Used 'Science' to Explain Why They're Better Than Women

On Saturday, Gizmodo published a 10-page-long screed written by Google software engineer James Damore blasting the company’s diversity policies. In the now-viral document entitled “Google’s Ideological Echo Chamber,” Damore asserts that women are biologically ill-equipped to handle the rigors of the tech industry. The…Read more...
Tags: Google, Science, Tech, Pseudoscience, Gizmodo, Evolutionary Psychology, Damore, James Damore, Google Anti Diversity Document


Human evolution: why we’re more than great apes

Palaeoanthropologists have used the anatomical signs of bipedalism to identify our earli­est ancestors, demonstrating our shared genetic heritage with great apes. However, despite this shared history, human evolution set out on a trajectory that has led to significant distinctions from other primates. In this shortened excerpt from Human Evolution: Our Brains and Our Behavior, evolutionary psychologist Robin Dunbar explains the link between culture and the human brain—and how that connection dis...
Tags: Books, Featured, Religion, Brain, Genetics, Culture, Heritage, Evolution, Neurology, Primates, Apes, Story Telling, Evolutionary Psychology, Robin Dunbar, Science & Medicine, Psychology & Neuroscience


How to fight back against the backfire effect

The final show in my three-part series about the pitfalls associated with trying to debunk myths, battle fake news, and correct misinformation is up. In this episode I interview scientists who have great advice on how to both avoid the backfire effect and eventually overcome it. If you ask a social scientist familiar with motivated reasoning and the backfire effect if there is any hope to ever reach people who refuse to accept facts – is there any chance to change people’s minds with evidence, ...
Tags: Post, News, Podcasts, Yanss, Squarespace, Evolutionary Psychology, Cognition, Self Delusion, Cognitive Biases, John Cook, Genetic Fallacy, David P Redlawsk Andrew J W Civettini, Karen M Emmerson, Redlawsk, Steven Novella Learn, Stephan Lewandowsky


How motivated skepticism strengthens incorrect beliefs

This is part two in my "The Backfire Effect" series. This one focuses on motivated reasoning, specifically something called motivated skepticism. In addition, it features interviews with the scientists who coined the backfire effect term itself and who have extended their original research outside of politics and into health issues. By now you’ve likely heard of confirmation bias. As a citizen of the internet the influence of this cognitive tendency is constant, and its allure is pervasive. In ...
Tags: Post, News, Podcasts, MMR, Yanss, Denver, Squarespace, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Perkins, Voss, Jane, Cognitive Biases, Segal, Richey, Sarah Hendrickson


The neuroscience of changing your mind

This is the first of three You Are Not So Smart episodes about the "backfire effect." In it, I interview a team of neuroscientists who put people in a brain scanner and then challenged their beliefs, some political and some not, with counter-evidence and then compared which brain regions lit up for which beliefs. The crazy takeaway was that for political beliefs, but not for others, people seemed to react as if their very bodies were being threatened by the challenging evidence. We don’t treat ...
Tags: Podcast, News, Podcasts, Wikipedia, Yanss, Casper, Great Wall Of China, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Kaplan, Cognitive Biases, Sam Harris, Gimbel


Questioning the nature of reality with cognitive scientist Donald Hoffman

Back in the early 1900s, the German biologist Jakob Johann Baron von Uexküll couldn’t shake the implication that the inner lives of animals like jellyfish and sea urchins must be radically different from those of humans. Uexküll was fascinated by how meaty, squishy nervous systems gave rise to perception. Noting that the sense organs of sea creatures and arachnids could perceive things that ours could not, he realized that giant portions of reality must therefore be missing from their subjective...
Tags: Post, News, Podcasts, Earth, Broadway, Yanss, Michelin, University Of California, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Squarespace, Donald Hoffman, Evolutionary Psychology, David Eagleman, Self Delusion, Plato, Hoffman


James Burke’s new project aims to help us deal with change, think connectively, and benefit from surprise

In this episode of the YANSS Podcast, we sit down with legendary science historian James Burke, who returns to the show to explain his newest project, a Connections app that will allow anyone to search and think “connectively” when exploring Wikipedia. He launched the Kickstarter for the app this month. This is a link to learn more. Download – iTunes – Stitcher – RSS – Soundcloud For much of his career, science historian James Burke has been creating documentaries and writing boo...
Tags: Google, Podcast, News, Podcasts, Wikipedia, Yanss, Charles Darwin, Squarespace, Darwin, James, Evolutionary Psychology, Self Delusion, Burke, Ingram, James Madison University, Cognitive Biases


Why are online worlds often so toxic?

Why do people cheat? Why are our online worlds often so toxic? What motivates us to “catch ’em all” in Pokemon, grinding away for hours to hatch eggs? In this episode, psychologist Jamie Madigan, author of Getting Gamers, explains how by exploring the way people interact with video games we can better understand how brains interact with everything else. Download – iTunes – Stitcher – RSS – Soundcloud This episode is sponsored by The Great Courses Plus. Get unlimited access to a huge l...
Tags: Post, News, Yanss, Squarespace, Evolutionary Psychology, Cognitive Psychology


Seven Seconds to Success

When you first encounter someone they make a decision about you in seven seconds. Beyond a first impression which is made during the first three seconds and is relatively shallow about your appearance and attractiveness, the next four seconds is where you seal your fate. Seven seconds is all it takes to make it or break it, whether it is during a job interview, sales call, or annual performance review. A lifetime of preparation can boil down to a seven-second encounter. Why Seven Seconds? Al...
Tags: Psychology, Decision Making, Friends, Habits, Empathy, Self-help, Social Anxiety, Worry, Evolutionary Psychology, Anxiety And Panic, Motivation And Inspiration, Success & Achievement, Social Psychology, University of British Columbia, First Impressions, Fight-or-flight response