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Fossils unearthed in China reveal a new species of giant prehistoric rhino - the largest land mammal to ever walk the Earth

An illustration of the Paraceratherium linxiaense giant rhinoceros in the Linxia Basin during the Oligocene. Paleontologists have unearthed fossils in China that reveal a new species of giant rhinoceros. A three-foot-long skull came from the largest known land mammal - a rhino the size of six elephants. The find indicates giant rhinos migrated south, then back north via Tibet, as the climate changed. See more stories on Insider's business page. A batch of newly discovered fossils com...
Tags: Asia, Science, Tibet, News, China, US, Trends, Earth, Migration, Fossils, Rhino, Gansu Province, Prehistoric, Paleontology, Bones, Deng


Ancient megalodon shark was even bigger than estimated, finds study

A new method estimates the ancient megalodon shark was as long as 65 feet.The megalodon was one of the largest fish that ever lived.The new model uses the width of shark teeth to estimate its overall size.A Florida student figured out a way to more accurately measure the size of one of the largest fish that ever lived – the extinct megalodon shark – and found that it was even larger than previously estimated.The megalodon (officially named Otodus megalodon, which means "Big Tooth") lived between...
Tags: Florida, Maryland, Biology, France, Animals, History, Innovation, Natural History Museum, North Carolina, Sharks, Megalodon, Paleontology, Perez, University of Kansas, Leipzig Germany, Adrian Melott


Prehistoric megalodon sharks might have been even bigger than previously thought. The chance discovery was made thanks to high schoolers.

An illustration of a megalodon. Shutterstock A new calculation for megalodon length suggests they were bigger than previously thought. Scientists designed a new formula after students on found the previous one was inaccurate. It led to estimates being revised up from 60ft to 65ft, four times that of a great white shark. See more stories on Insider's business page. A high-school trip prompted a scientific discovery when students found that a long-standing calculation to determine the...
Tags: Science, Maryland, California, Trends, News UK, Natural History Museum, Megalodon, Paleontology, Perez, Leipzig Germany, University of Swansea, Florida Museum of Natural History, Victor Perez, Leder, Calvert Marine Museum, Marianne Guenot


Sharks once nearly disappeared in an abrupt extinction event 'twice as extreme' as the one that killed the dinosaurs

An oceanic whitetip shark at Elphinstone Reef in the Red Sea. Alexander Vasenin/Wikimedia Commons Nearly all sharks disappeared in a 100,000-year period about 19 million years ago, research shows. The total number of sharks declined by 90%, and the number of shark species decreased by 70%. Scientists don't know why the mass extinction happened - it didn't coincide with changes in climate. See more stories on Insider's business page. Sharks are the consummate survivors. They'...
Tags: Science, News, Biology, Trends, Earth, Atlantic, Oceans, Maine, Sharks, Pacific, Pacific Ocean, Jackson Pollock, Paleontology, Yale University, Rubin, Sibert


Massive fossil find in California includes mastodon, petrified forest

A ranger working for a San Francisco water utility discovers a massive petrified forest and its ancient residents. The forest dates from the Miocene era 10 million years ago.Mastodons, horses, and rhinoceroses lived there.As we go about our daily lives, it's easy to forget that the places we find ourselves weren't always the way they are now. While people driving down Highway 163 in Utah's Monument Valley may be awestruck by the towering red rocks, they may not think about what those rocks sign...
Tags: Utah, Monument Valley, California, Animals, San Francisco, Discovery, Geology, Innovation, Fossil, East Bay, Sierra Nevada, Paleontology, Mastodon, Shapiro, Pardee, EBMUD


One of the biggest fossil finds in California history has revealed ancient elephants, camels, and bone-crushing dogs

A fossilized mastodon skull and tusk discovered in an area of California east of Oakland. East Bay Municipal Utility District A ranger patrolling a watershed area east of Oakland, California discovered a trove of hundreds of fossils last summer from nearly a dozen ancient species. The site contains hundreds of petrified trees as well. It's one of the largest fossil finds in California history, and new fossils are still being unearthed there almost every day. The discovery include fossi...
Tags: Science, News, California, Trends, Earth, Features, North America, Fossils, San Francisco Bay, Sierra Nevada, Paleontology, Mastodon, Oakland California, Bones, East Bay Municipal Utility District, Shapiro


Hundreds of Fossilized Footprints From Ancient, Bear-Sized Mammals Found in Wyoming

For years, paleontologists and paleobotanists have spent time on Wyoming’s Hanna Formation, a 58-million-year-old zone of rock in the southern part of the state that contains a wealth of fossils of marine fauna like ammonites and various forms of ancient plant life. In 2019, though, Anton Wroblewski stumbled across…Read more...
Tags: Science, Environment, Wyoming, Fossil, Burj Khalifa, Paleontology, Eocene, Footprint, Mammal, Branches Of Biology, Geological History Of Earth, Fossil Track, Anton Wroblewski, 20th Century In Ichnology, Ungulate, Hanna Formation


From 1.8 million years ago, earliest evidence of human activity found

Researchers find evidence of early tool-making and fire use inside the Wonderwerk Cave in Africa.The scientists date the human activity in the cave to 1.8 million years ago.The evidence is the earliest found yet and advances our understanding of human evolution.One of the oldest activities carried out by humans has been identified in a cave in South Africa. A team of geologists and archaeologists found evidence that our ancestors were making fire and tools in the Wonderwerk Cave in the country's...
Tags: Africa, History, South Africa, Innovation, Archaeology, Evolution, University of Toronto, Kalahari Desert, Paleontology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Kalahari, Shaar, Human body, Quaternary Science Reviews, Wonderwerk Cave, Ron Shaar


T. rexes liked to walk as slowly as humans do - at a leisurely 3 miles per hour, a new study finds

The skeleton of a T. rex named Trix at Naturalis Biodiversity Center in the Netherlands. Mike Bink Tyrannosaurus rex couldn't run without shattering its bones, so its max walking speed was 25 mph. But a new study suggests the dinosaur's preferred walking pace was even slower: just 3 mph. The research indicates humans and T. rexes had similar walking speeds. See more stories on Insider's business page. For all the awe Tyrannosaurus rex inspires, the "king of the dinosaurs" was...
Tags: Science, London, News, New York City, Trends, Earth, Netherlands, Jurassic Park, Rex, Dinosaur, American Museum of Natural History, University Of California Berkeley, Fossils, Tyrannosaurus rex, Hutchinson, Paleontology


Dozens of Fossilized Neanderthal Footprints Found on a Beach in Spain

Paleoanthropologists have discovered more than 80 fossilized footprints in Southern Spain, on an uneven span of rock that used to be a sandbar. In their analysis, the research team determined the prints were made by 36 individuals, a group of Neanderthal adults and children.Read more...
Tags: Science, Spain, Fossils, Beach, Stone Age, Paleontology, Southern Spain, Foot, Footprint, Neanderthal, Forensic Evidence, Le Rozel, Fossil Track, Jeremy Duveau, Eduardo Mayoral


A whopping 2.5 billion fully grown T. rexes walked the Earth in the course of the species' existence, paleontologists found

A T. rex depicted in the 1993 film "Jurassic Park." Universal Pictures The Tyrannosaurus rex was around for 2.5 million years before the dinosaurs went extinct. A new study suggests that a total of 2.5 billion adult T. rexes lived and died during that period. Paleontologists arrived at the figure by calculating the T. rex life span and population density. See more stories on Insider's business page. An adult Tyrannosaurus rex required a lot of space - and the prey therein - to survive....
Tags: Science, News, Indonesia, California, New York City, San Francisco, Trends, Earth, Washington Dc, Manhattan, Dinosaurs, University Of California Berkeley, North America, Berkeley, Fossils, Tyrannosaurus rex


2.5 Billion T. rex May Have Roamed Earth

In total, some 2.5 billion Tyrannosaurus rex may have reached maturity and marauded the Cretaceous landscape, according to a new study published today in the journal Science. Though the researchers indicate a range in the plausible number of the apex predators, all signs point to an “absolute abundance” of the…Read more...
Tags: Science, Films, Jurassic Park, Rex, Paleontology, T, T Rex, Jordan Mallon, Tyrannosaurus, Cinema of the United States, Creative Works, Paleontology In Montana, Paleontology In Colorado, Tyrannosaurids, Denver Fowler, Paleontology In South Dakota


See the Fractal-Like Shells of Ammonites Like Never Before

Ammonites are a tale of two textures. The prehistoric cephalopods were composed of fleshy soft tissue (the living bit of the animals) and hard external shells, which, according to a paper published this week in Scientific Reports, may have helped the animals control their buoyancy.Read more...
Tags: Science, Paleontology, Nautilus, Suture, Cephalopod, Molluscs, Protostomes, Seashell, Mollusc Shells, David Peterman, Nautiloid, Phragmocone, Septum, Ammonoidea


Paleontologists Describe 'Monkeydactyl,' a Pterosaur That May Have Had an Opposable Thumb

A pterosaur with a 3-foot wingspan clambered around trees using claws and an opposable thumb some 160 million years ago in what is now Liaoning, China, according to a study published today in Current Biology. It’s the first pterosaur and oldest known animal to appear to have this trait.Read more...
Tags: Science, Environment, Darwin, Paleontology, Kevin Padian, Evolutionary Biology, Pterosaur, Liaoning China, Thumb, Branches Of Biology, Darwinopterus, Xuanyu Zhou, K Antipollicatus, Fion Waisum Ma, Forelimb, Monkeydactyl


Anteosaurus: Savage pre-mammalian hunter was no slowcoach

Evolutionary studies find that the Anteosaurus, previously assumed to be a sluggish animal, was actually a savage hunter The post Anteosaurus: Savage pre-mammalian hunter was no slowcoach appeared first on The Mail & Guardian.
Tags: Dinosaur, Reptile, Paleontology, Sci-tech, Top Six, Julien Benoit, South Africa (country, Anteosaurus, Ashley Kruger, Pre-mammal


Scientists found a fossilized dinosaur sitting on eggs containing fossilized embryos

Scientists have found a 70 million year-old fossilized dinosaur sitting on a nest of its eggs that contain fossilized embryos. "Dinosaurs preserved on their nests are rare, and so are fossil embryos," says co-lead researcher Shundong Bi, professor at Indiana University of Pennsylvania and research associate at Carnegie Museum of Natural History (CMNH). — Read the rest
Tags: Post, News, Dinosaurs, Paleontology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Carnegie Museum of Natural History CMNH


Humans still similar to first animals without heads, arms or skeletons

A new study finds genetic links between early oceanic animals and humans. The animals studied had no heads, skeletons, legs or arms.The creatures were from the Ediacaran era, living about 555 million years ago. As complex as modern humans can get, they still retain some features of the earliest animals on Earth, found new research. We are not as different as we might think from strange prehistoric organisms that didn't have any heads, arms, legs or skeletons.A study from UC Riverside identified...
Tags: Biology, Animals, History, Earth, Genetics, Geology, Innovation, Evolution, Evans, Paleontology, UC Riverside, National Museum of Natural History, Ikaria, Scott Evans, Human body, Dickinsonia


Incredible fossil shows dinosaur sitting on preserved nest of eggs

A new fossil from southern China shows a dinosaur incubating its eggs at the time of its death. The find sheds light on oviraptor eating and egg-tending behavior.The find will be the focus of further study for some time. Despite how many of them you can find at a museum, fossils are comparatively rare. They can only form when a plant or animal dies under certain conditions, and without them the remains are typically lost to time. These limitations mean that fossils depicting ancient creatures d...
Tags: Biology, China, Innovation, Dinosaurs, Fossils, Paleontology, GANZHOU China, Matthew Lamanna


Neanderthals could produce and hear human speech, new study finds

Neanderthals are emerging as having been much more advanced than previously suspected.Analysis of ear structures indicated by fossilized remains suggests they had everything they needed for understanding the subtleties of speech.The study also concludes that Neanderthals could produce the consonants required for a rich spoken language. Neanderthals' image has undergone quite an upgrade in recent years. Where we once we thought of them as knuckle-dragging just-slightly-more-evolved apes, we now ...
Tags: Spain, Unesco, Language, Innovation, Speech, Sound, Senses, New York State, Physiology, Paleontology, Ralph, Atapuerca Mountains, Neanderthal, Ignacio Martinez, Juan Luis Arsuaga, University of Binghamton


Record for oldest DNA ever sequenced broken by mammoth remains

Scientists extracting DNA from mammoth teeth have set a new record for the oldest DNA ever sequenced. The new record holder may also be a member of a new species of mammoth, but that remains to be proven. The findings suggest that DNA as old as 2.6 million years old could be decoded. Analysis of million-year-old mammoth remains has set a new record for the oldest DNA ever sequenced and revealed a potentially new mammoth species. The study containing these findings, published in Nature, sheds n...
Tags: Animals, Genetics, Nature, Innovation, Evolution, Siberia, Columbia, Eurasia, Paleontology, Ludovic Orlando, Krestovka, Chukochya, Deextiction, Krestovka Adycha


The space rock that doomed the dinosaurs was shrapnel from a comet that flew too close to the sun, a Harvard study suggests

An artist's depiction of the moment the Chicxulub asteroid struck present-day Mexico 66 million years ago. Chase Stone A space rock crashed into present-day Mexico 66 million years ago, dooming the dinosaurs. The object's origin has remained a mystery, but Harvard astrophysicists have a new theory.  They suggest the dinosaur-killer wasn't an asteroid, but shrapnel from a comet that had flown too close to the sun. Visit the Business section of Insider for more stories. About 66 million ...
Tags: Space, Science, News, Colorado, Mexico, Trends, Nasa, Earth, Harvard, South Africa, Harvard University, Arizona, Dinosaurs, The New York Times, Kazakhstan, Mars


Lair of giant predator worms from 20 million years ago found

Scientists in Taiwan find the lair of giant predator worms that inhabited the seafloor 20 million years ago.The worm is possibly related to the modern bobbit worm (Eunice aphroditois).The creatures can reach several meters in length and famously ambush their pray. If you happened to be traversing the seafloor of Eurasia about 20 million years ago, you'd likely come across giant predator worms as long as several meters, claims new research. Scientists discovered that super-long worms may have ta...
Tags: Biology, History, Taiwan, Innovation, Evolution, John, Eurasia, Paleontology, National Taiwan University, New Taipei City, Lorena Bobbitt, Yehliu Geopark, Ludvig Löwemark


This may be the largest creature in history

Paleontologists working in Argentina's Neuquén Province have uncovered the fossilized remains of one of the largest creatures ever to have lived on Earth. Based on the vertebrae and appendicular bones they found, the scientists estimate that the 98 million-year-old titanosaur, a kind of sauropod dinosaur, was likely more than 120 feet long and may have weighed more than 100 tons. — Read the rest
Tags: Post, News, Argentina, Dinosaurs, Paleontology, Neuquen province


The Story of Real-Life Dire Wolves Is Finally Emerging

Dire wolves menaced Pleistocene landscapes for tens of thousands of years, eventually going extinct at the end of the last ice age. Despite the long success of this species, very little is known about them, including their origins and reasons for their demise. New research is helping to fill these gaps.Read more...
Tags: Science, Genetics, Evolution, Wolves, Paleontology, Dire Wolves, Paleogenetics


Canadian Gold Miner Finds 57,000-Year-Old Wolf Pup Still Covered in Fur

Her life was short. Scientists estimate she lived for about six or seven weeks in the underground den, before it collapsed around her. This tragedy and the permafrost that preserved her body are the reasons we know of this wolf pup’s existence approximately 57,000 years later. Zhùr, or ‘wolf’ in the Hän language, is…Read more...
Tags: Science, Mining, Canada, Wolves, Paleontology, Pleistocene, Zhùr


Shipwreck Filled With Treasure and Elephant Tusks Sheds Light on 16th-Century Ivory Trade

A trove of elephant tusks found in the cargo hold of an old Portuguese shipwreck is yielding new insights into the 16th-century ivory trade and lost African elephants.Read more...
Tags: Science, Elephants, History, Ecology, Shipwrecks, Ivory, Ivory trade, Paleontology


Fancy Dinosaur With Bizarre Shoulder Decorations Was the Peacock of the Cretaceous

The re-analysis of an old fossil has revealed features never seen before in a dinosaur, including a long, fur-like mane along its back and a pair of stiff structures jutting out from its shoulders. Scientists say these elaborate decorations were likely used for display, in what is a very early version of peacocking.Read more...
Tags: Science, Dinosaurs, Paleontology, Ancient Peacocking


Scientists Find Mammoth Seemingly Butchered by Humans on Arctic Island

Kotelny Island sits high up in the Arctic, off the coast of Northern Siberia. It’s cold and barren now, mostly absent of humans. But over 20,000 years ago, this island was home to huge megafauna. Melting permafrost is exposing evidence of this past life, including three large woolly mammoth skeletons discovered there…Read more...
Tags: Science, Arctic, Archaeology, Paleontology, Ice Age, Mammoths, Northern Siberia, Arctic island, Kotelny Island


New Research Bolsters Claim That Neanderthals Buried Their Dead

A thorough re-analysis of a skeleton belonging to a 2-year-old Neanderthal and the archaeological site in which it was discovered some 50 years ago is providing some of the strongest evidence yet that Neanderthals deliberately buried their dead.Read more...
Tags: Science, Anthropology, Neanderthals, Paleontology, Burials, Death Rituals


Seemingly Ordinary Fossils May Be Hiding Some Major Clues to the Past

Paleontologists are lucky to find complete sets of fossilized bones. Sometimes, they get even luckier, finding preserved impressions of delicate features like feathers. Beyond those clues, though, most of the biology of extinct species—their DNA, internal organs, and unique chemistry—has been totally destroyed by the…Read more...
Tags: Science, Dinosaurs, Fossils, Paleontology