Posts filtered by tags: Paleontology[x]


The giant ancestors of today's sloths stood 10 feet tall and ate meat, a new study found

An artistic reconstruction of the South American giant ground sloth feeding on the carcass of a prehistoric herbivore related to modern llamas. Jorge Blanco Ground sloths occupied South America during the last ice age before going extinct 10,000 years ago. Scientists thought these giant creatures ate plants like their modern, tree-climbing counterparts. But a study found one ground sloth species also ate meat, scavenging from carcasses when it could. We think of sloths as slow-moving, gent...
Tags: New York, Science, News, Diet, Animals, Berlin, Trends, South America, American Museum of Natural History, Natural History Museum, Paleontology, Mylodon, Tejada, Aylin Woodward, Giant Sloth, Sloths

Terrifying proto-whale hunted on land and in the sea

Before migrating to the sea, whales were terrestrial herbivores. As they transitioned to the ocean and became carnivores, at least one proto-whale was an eating machine — both on land and in the sea.This fearsome fossil was found in the Sahara desert, which used to be an ocean bottom.Whales are carnivorous, although gigantic baleen whales feed on such tiny prey that it is hard to believe that they ever get enough food. Toothed whales dine on fish, squid, and octopi. (Fun fact: Orcas, also known...
Tags: Animals, Ocean, Innovation, Evolution, Whales, Orcas, Paleontology, Sahara, Hesham Sallam, Indo Pakistan, Mohamed Sameh Abdullah Gohar, Abdullah Gohar

Giant, Half-Billion-Year-Old Predator Fossil Pulled Out of Canadian Rockies

During the Cambrian Explosion over 500 million years ago, the oceans teemed with weird creatures that were busy redefining what life looked like on Earth. One of those creatures was just chiseled out of the Canadian mountains and is now one of the largest animals known from the time period.Read more...
Tags: Science, Articles, Rockies, Paleontology, Cambrian, Burgess Shale, Canadia, Paleozoic, Protostomes, Radiodonta, Burgess Shale Fossils, Jean Bernard Caron, Cambroraster, T Gainesi, Fossils Of The Burgess Shale, Joe Moysiuk

How Do We Know How Old Fossils Are?

Paleolithic hunters built mammoth traps in what is now Mexico some 14,700 years ago. An unknown sea creature left footprints in sand some 550 million years ago, making them the oldest known footprints on Earth. The mysterious Denisovan humans reached southeast Asia 160,000 years ago, as evidenced by a jawbone found on…Read more...
Tags: Asia, Science, Mexico, Fossil, Paleontology, California Institute of Technology, Michael Meyer, Physical Sciences, Natural Sciences, Radiocarbon dating, Eleanor Scerri, Academic Disciplines, Conservation And Restoration Of Cultural Heritage, Bridget Alex, Chronological Dating, Isotopes Of Carbon

Meet Phiomicetus anubis, doglike whale that ran and swam near Egypt 43m years ago

In A new protocetid whale offers clues to biogeography and feeding ecology in early cetacean evolution, we learn of a species of whale that lived near Egypt 43m years ago and why it earned the name Phiomicetus anubis. The new species differs from other protocetids in having large, elongated temporal fossae, anteriorly placed pterygoids, elongated parietals, an unfused mandibular symphysis that terminates at the level of P3, and a relatively enlarged I3. — Read the rest
Tags: Post, Science, News, Egypt, Evolution, Whales, Fossils, Paleontology, Whaleontology

Three Extinct Mammals Found in Wyoming Were Part of the Post-Dinosaur Revolution

Paleontologists have found a bed of ancient mammal bones amid the dry, brush-covered landscape of Southern Wyoming. Three of those fossil finds belong to previously unknown species, and all the animals on the site paint a different picture about mammalian evolution in the wake of the dinosaurs’ demise after the…Read more...
Tags: Science, Environment, Wyoming, Geology, Dinosaur, Earth Sciences, Paleontology, US Geological Survey, Mammal, Cretaceouspaleogene Extinction Event, Geological History Of Earth, Paleocene, Malcolm Mckenna, Robert Hettinger, Jeannine Honey, Evolution Of Mammals

The most terrifying pterosaur yet is discovered

Australian scientists identify a fossil as a previously unknown pterosaur. The pterosaur was large and savage.Only a part of its jaw was found, but that was enough to draw several conclusions about it.Who hasn't wondered what it would be like to live in the era of the dinosaurs? It certainly would be an amazing sight — but also utterly terrifying, once the reality set in that you were rather close to the bottom of the food chain, a tasty morsel for tyrannosaurs and pterosaurs alike.Now we know,...
Tags: Discovery, Queensland, Geology, Innovation, Dinosaur, University Of Queensland, Paleontology, Salisbury, Shaw, Richards, Tim Richards, Steve Salisbury, Pterosaur, Dinosaur Lab, Tim Richards University of QueenslandThe, Thapunngaka

New Dragonlike Species of Dinosaur Discovered in Australia

The fossil of a massive pterosaur found a decade ago in the Australian outback has been confirmed as a previously unknown species of dinosaur. The creature—with an estimated seven-meter wingspan and “40 razor-sharp teeth”—is being compared to a dragon. To explain the size, Tim Richards (a researcher at the University of Queensland) says to picture a wingspan only slightly smaller than a hang-glider. “It would …
Tags: Design, Australia, Animals, History, Culture, Archaeology, Dinosaurs, University Of Queensland, Fossils, Linkaboutit, Paleontology, Dragons, Paleontologists, Tim Richards

Look at this 28,000-year-old cave lion cub that was perfectly preserved in ice

This cave lion cub died 28,000 years ago. Nicknamed Sparta, the animal was preserved in permafrost and, according to scientists, "is probably the best preserved Ice Age animal ever found, and is more or less undamaged apart from the fur being a bit ruffled" "She even had the whiskers preserved," says Centre for Palaeogenetics professor Love Dalen who co-led a new study on the cub that was found several years ago at Russia's Semyuelyakh River by a group seeking mammoth tusks to sell. — Read th...
Tags: Post, News, Biology, Animals, Russia, Paleontology, Ice Age, Love Dalen, Paleogenetics, Semyuelyakh River

Ice-age humans stabbed a cave bear through the head 35,000 years ago. Researchers just found the damaged skull.

A small cave bear skull (left) and an arrowhead discovered in Russia's Imanay Cave. Ural Federal University Paleontologists discovered the 35,000-year-old skull of a small cave bear in a Russian cave. The skull had a distinct, oblong hole in it. A recent study suggests human hunters were to blame - they most likely stabbed the animal in the head while it hibernated. Although previous research has shown that humans targeted other types of cave bears, this is the first evidence that the...
Tags: Europe, Science, News, Russia, Trends, Ars Technica, Features, Hunting, Bear, Eurasia, Paleontology, Ural, Ural Mountains, Aylin Woodward, Ural Federal University, Bashkiria

Fossils unearthed in China reveal a new species of giant prehistoric rhino - the largest land mammal to ever walk the Earth

An illustration of the Paraceratherium linxiaense giant rhinoceros in the Linxia Basin during the Oligocene. Paleontologists have unearthed fossils in China that reveal a new species of giant rhinoceros. A three-foot-long skull came from the largest known land mammal - a rhino the size of six elephants. The find indicates giant rhinos migrated south, then back north via Tibet, as the climate changed. See more stories on Insider's business page. A batch of newly discovered fossils com...
Tags: Asia, Science, Tibet, News, China, US, Trends, Earth, Migration, Fossils, Rhino, Gansu Province, Prehistoric, Paleontology, Bones, Deng

Ancient megalodon shark was even bigger than estimated, finds study

A new method estimates the ancient megalodon shark was as long as 65 feet.The megalodon was one of the largest fish that ever lived.The new model uses the width of shark teeth to estimate its overall size.A Florida student figured out a way to more accurately measure the size of one of the largest fish that ever lived – the extinct megalodon shark – and found that it was even larger than previously estimated.The megalodon (officially named Otodus megalodon, which means "Big Tooth") lived between...
Tags: Florida, Maryland, Biology, France, Animals, History, Innovation, Natural History Museum, North Carolina, Sharks, Megalodon, Paleontology, Perez, University of Kansas, Leipzig Germany, Adrian Melott

Prehistoric megalodon sharks might have been even bigger than previously thought. The chance discovery was made thanks to high schoolers.

An illustration of a megalodon. Shutterstock A new calculation for megalodon length suggests they were bigger than previously thought. Scientists designed a new formula after students on found the previous one was inaccurate. It led to estimates being revised up from 60ft to 65ft, four times that of a great white shark. See more stories on Insider's business page. A high-school trip prompted a scientific discovery when students found that a long-standing calculation to determine the...
Tags: Science, Maryland, California, Trends, News UK, Natural History Museum, Megalodon, Paleontology, Perez, Leipzig Germany, University of Swansea, Florida Museum of Natural History, Victor Perez, Leder, Calvert Marine Museum, Marianne Guenot

Sharks once nearly disappeared in an abrupt extinction event 'twice as extreme' as the one that killed the dinosaurs

An oceanic whitetip shark at Elphinstone Reef in the Red Sea. Alexander Vasenin/Wikimedia Commons Nearly all sharks disappeared in a 100,000-year period about 19 million years ago, research shows. The total number of sharks declined by 90%, and the number of shark species decreased by 70%. Scientists don't know why the mass extinction happened - it didn't coincide with changes in climate. See more stories on Insider's business page. Sharks are the consummate survivors. They'...
Tags: Science, News, Biology, Trends, Earth, Atlantic, Oceans, Maine, Sharks, Pacific, Pacific Ocean, Jackson Pollock, Paleontology, Yale University, Rubin, Sibert

Massive fossil find in California includes mastodon, petrified forest

A ranger working for a San Francisco water utility discovers a massive petrified forest and its ancient residents. The forest dates from the Miocene era 10 million years ago.Mastodons, horses, and rhinoceroses lived there.As we go about our daily lives, it's easy to forget that the places we find ourselves weren't always the way they are now. While people driving down Highway 163 in Utah's Monument Valley may be awestruck by the towering red rocks, they may not think about what those rocks sign...
Tags: Utah, Monument Valley, California, Animals, San Francisco, Discovery, Geology, Innovation, Fossil, East Bay, Sierra Nevada, Paleontology, Mastodon, Shapiro, Pardee, EBMUD

One of the biggest fossil finds in California history has revealed ancient elephants, camels, and bone-crushing dogs

A fossilized mastodon skull and tusk discovered in an area of California east of Oakland. East Bay Municipal Utility District A ranger patrolling a watershed area east of Oakland, California discovered a trove of hundreds of fossils last summer from nearly a dozen ancient species. The site contains hundreds of petrified trees as well. It's one of the largest fossil finds in California history, and new fossils are still being unearthed there almost every day. The discovery include fossi...
Tags: Science, News, California, Trends, Earth, Features, North America, Fossils, San Francisco Bay, Sierra Nevada, Paleontology, Mastodon, Oakland California, Bones, East Bay Municipal Utility District, Shapiro

Hundreds of Fossilized Footprints From Ancient, Bear-Sized Mammals Found in Wyoming

For years, paleontologists and paleobotanists have spent time on Wyoming’s Hanna Formation, a 58-million-year-old zone of rock in the southern part of the state that contains a wealth of fossils of marine fauna like ammonites and various forms of ancient plant life. In 2019, though, Anton Wroblewski stumbled across…Read more...
Tags: Science, Environment, Wyoming, Fossil, Burj Khalifa, Paleontology, Eocene, Footprint, Mammal, Branches Of Biology, Geological History Of Earth, Fossil Track, Anton Wroblewski, 20th Century In Ichnology, Ungulate, Hanna Formation

From 1.8 million years ago, earliest evidence of human activity found

Researchers find evidence of early tool-making and fire use inside the Wonderwerk Cave in Africa.The scientists date the human activity in the cave to 1.8 million years ago.The evidence is the earliest found yet and advances our understanding of human evolution.One of the oldest activities carried out by humans has been identified in a cave in South Africa. A team of geologists and archaeologists found evidence that our ancestors were making fire and tools in the Wonderwerk Cave in the country's...
Tags: Africa, History, South Africa, Innovation, Archaeology, Evolution, University of Toronto, Kalahari Desert, Paleontology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Kalahari, Shaar, Human body, Quaternary Science Reviews, Wonderwerk Cave, Ron Shaar

T. rexes liked to walk as slowly as humans do - at a leisurely 3 miles per hour, a new study finds

The skeleton of a T. rex named Trix at Naturalis Biodiversity Center in the Netherlands. Mike Bink Tyrannosaurus rex couldn't run without shattering its bones, so its max walking speed was 25 mph. But a new study suggests the dinosaur's preferred walking pace was even slower: just 3 mph. The research indicates humans and T. rexes had similar walking speeds. See more stories on Insider's business page. For all the awe Tyrannosaurus rex inspires, the "king of the dinosaurs" was...
Tags: Science, London, News, New York City, Trends, Earth, Netherlands, Jurassic Park, Rex, Dinosaur, American Museum of Natural History, University Of California Berkeley, Fossils, Tyrannosaurus rex, Hutchinson, Paleontology

Dozens of Fossilized Neanderthal Footprints Found on a Beach in Spain

Paleoanthropologists have discovered more than 80 fossilized footprints in Southern Spain, on an uneven span of rock that used to be a sandbar. In their analysis, the research team determined the prints were made by 36 individuals, a group of Neanderthal adults and children.Read more...
Tags: Science, Spain, Fossils, Beach, Stone Age, Paleontology, Southern Spain, Foot, Footprint, Neanderthal, Forensic Evidence, Le Rozel, Fossil Track, Jeremy Duveau, Eduardo Mayoral

A whopping 2.5 billion fully grown T. rexes walked the Earth in the course of the species' existence, paleontologists found

A T. rex depicted in the 1993 film "Jurassic Park." Universal Pictures The Tyrannosaurus rex was around for 2.5 million years before the dinosaurs went extinct. A new study suggests that a total of 2.5 billion adult T. rexes lived and died during that period. Paleontologists arrived at the figure by calculating the T. rex life span and population density. See more stories on Insider's business page. An adult Tyrannosaurus rex required a lot of space - and the prey therein - to survive....
Tags: Science, News, Indonesia, California, New York City, San Francisco, Trends, Earth, Washington Dc, Manhattan, Dinosaurs, University Of California Berkeley, North America, Berkeley, Fossils, Tyrannosaurus rex

2.5 Billion T. rex May Have Roamed Earth

In total, some 2.5 billion Tyrannosaurus rex may have reached maturity and marauded the Cretaceous landscape, according to a new study published today in the journal Science. Though the researchers indicate a range in the plausible number of the apex predators, all signs point to an “absolute abundance” of the…Read more...
Tags: Science, Films, Jurassic Park, Rex, Paleontology, T, T Rex, Jordan Mallon, Tyrannosaurus, Cinema of the United States, Creative Works, Paleontology In Montana, Paleontology In Colorado, Tyrannosaurids, Denver Fowler, Paleontology In South Dakota

See the Fractal-Like Shells of Ammonites Like Never Before

Ammonites are a tale of two textures. The prehistoric cephalopods were composed of fleshy soft tissue (the living bit of the animals) and hard external shells, which, according to a paper published this week in Scientific Reports, may have helped the animals control their buoyancy.Read more...
Tags: Science, Paleontology, Nautilus, Suture, Cephalopod, Molluscs, Protostomes, Seashell, Mollusc Shells, David Peterman, Nautiloid, Phragmocone, Septum, Ammonoidea

Paleontologists Describe 'Monkeydactyl,' a Pterosaur That May Have Had an Opposable Thumb

A pterosaur with a 3-foot wingspan clambered around trees using claws and an opposable thumb some 160 million years ago in what is now Liaoning, China, according to a study published today in Current Biology. It’s the first pterosaur and oldest known animal to appear to have this trait.Read more...
Tags: Science, Environment, Darwin, Paleontology, Kevin Padian, Evolutionary Biology, Pterosaur, Liaoning China, Thumb, Branches Of Biology, Darwinopterus, Xuanyu Zhou, K Antipollicatus, Fion Waisum Ma, Forelimb, Monkeydactyl

Anteosaurus: Savage pre-mammalian hunter was no slowcoach

Evolutionary studies find that the Anteosaurus, previously assumed to be a sluggish animal, was actually a savage hunter The post Anteosaurus: Savage pre-mammalian hunter was no slowcoach appeared first on The Mail & Guardian.
Tags: Dinosaur, Reptile, Paleontology, Sci-tech, Top Six, Julien Benoit, South Africa (country, Anteosaurus, Ashley Kruger, Pre-mammal

Scientists found a fossilized dinosaur sitting on eggs containing fossilized embryos

Scientists have found a 70 million year-old fossilized dinosaur sitting on a nest of its eggs that contain fossilized embryos. "Dinosaurs preserved on their nests are rare, and so are fossil embryos," says co-lead researcher Shundong Bi, professor at Indiana University of Pennsylvania and research associate at Carnegie Museum of Natural History (CMNH). — Read the rest
Tags: Post, News, Dinosaurs, Paleontology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Carnegie Museum of Natural History CMNH

Humans still similar to first animals without heads, arms or skeletons

A new study finds genetic links between early oceanic animals and humans. The animals studied had no heads, skeletons, legs or arms.The creatures were from the Ediacaran era, living about 555 million years ago. As complex as modern humans can get, they still retain some features of the earliest animals on Earth, found new research. We are not as different as we might think from strange prehistoric organisms that didn't have any heads, arms, legs or skeletons.A study from UC Riverside identified...
Tags: Biology, Animals, History, Earth, Genetics, Geology, Innovation, Evolution, Evans, Paleontology, UC Riverside, National Museum of Natural History, Ikaria, Scott Evans, Human body, Dickinsonia

Incredible fossil shows dinosaur sitting on preserved nest of eggs

A new fossil from southern China shows a dinosaur incubating its eggs at the time of its death. The find sheds light on oviraptor eating and egg-tending behavior.The find will be the focus of further study for some time. Despite how many of them you can find at a museum, fossils are comparatively rare. They can only form when a plant or animal dies under certain conditions, and without them the remains are typically lost to time. These limitations mean that fossils depicting ancient creatures d...
Tags: Biology, China, Innovation, Dinosaurs, Fossils, Paleontology, GANZHOU China, Matthew Lamanna

Neanderthals could produce and hear human speech, new study finds

Neanderthals are emerging as having been much more advanced than previously suspected.Analysis of ear structures indicated by fossilized remains suggests they had everything they needed for understanding the subtleties of speech.The study also concludes that Neanderthals could produce the consonants required for a rich spoken language. Neanderthals' image has undergone quite an upgrade in recent years. Where we once we thought of them as knuckle-dragging just-slightly-more-evolved apes, we now ...
Tags: Spain, Unesco, Language, Innovation, Speech, Sound, Senses, New York State, Physiology, Paleontology, Ralph, Atapuerca Mountains, Neanderthal, Ignacio Martinez, Juan Luis Arsuaga, University of Binghamton

Record for oldest DNA ever sequenced broken by mammoth remains

Scientists extracting DNA from mammoth teeth have set a new record for the oldest DNA ever sequenced. The new record holder may also be a member of a new species of mammoth, but that remains to be proven. The findings suggest that DNA as old as 2.6 million years old could be decoded. Analysis of million-year-old mammoth remains has set a new record for the oldest DNA ever sequenced and revealed a potentially new mammoth species. The study containing these findings, published in Nature, sheds n...
Tags: Animals, Genetics, Nature, Innovation, Evolution, Siberia, Columbia, Eurasia, Paleontology, Ludovic Orlando, Krestovka, Chukochya, Deextiction, Krestovka Adycha