Posts filtered by tags: Parmenides[x]


Can you step in the same river twice? Wittgenstein vs. Heraclitus

'I am not a religious man,' the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein once said to a friend, 'but I cannot help seeing every problem from a religious point of view.' These problems that he claims to see from a religious point of view tend to be technical matters of logic and language. Wittgenstein trained as an engineer before he turned to philosophy, and he draws on mundane metaphors of gears, levers and machinery. Where you find the word 'transcendent' in Wittgenstein's writings, you'll likely find ...
Tags: Psychology, Religion, Innovation, Philosophy, Mind, Debate, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Heraclitus, Wittgenstein, Meister Eckhart, Ancient World, Parmenides, David EganThis

Say yes to the world: On Nietzsche and affirmation

There cannot be any comparable sentence in the history of Western thought. Although it is exactly 148 years old, to this day some still interpret it in a manner contrary to its author's intentions. Nor can one conceal the fact that it brought him an extremely bad reputation. But meanwhile its meaning – however ominous it may sound – is actually very simple.The sentence is: "God is dead."It appeared for the first time in 1882, in The Gay Science by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, one ...
Tags: Happiness, Austria, Innovation, Fear, Philosophy, Nazi, Mind, Morality, Hitler, Personal Growth, Friedrich Nietzsche, Nietzsche, Immanuel Kant, Nazi Party, Zarathustra, Parmenides

What’s An Idea Versus What’s Real

The notion of reality is one of the most basic and most abstract ones we have. Raising questions about the very idea of what’s real has led to some of the most important, classic work in philosophy – from Parmenides to Aristotle to Avicenna to Aquinas to Immanuel Kant. It also, however, has a tendency to produce the kind of frustrating, easily caricatured work that leads people – including many philosophers – to wonder whether certain questions are simply pointless or even illegitimate, and to...
Tags: Art, Ideas, Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, Aquinas, Avicenna, Parmenides, 02.07.19

Gunk as you never knew it

“Is everything entirely made up of atoms?…Or is everything made up of atomless ‘gunk’—as Lewis (1991: 20) calls it—that divides forever into smaller and smaller parts?” (Varzi 2014) The thought that matter is divisible has both intuitive appeal and empirical justification, and is a widespread position amongst ancient and modern philosophers. The thought that matter is unlimitedly divisible on the other hand has intuitive appeal, but not empirical justification, which is why there are only few ph...
Tags: Books, Featured, Philosophy, Atoms, Elements, Lewis, Anaxagoras, Leibniz, Arts & Humanities, Metaphysics, Parmenides, Gunk, Anna Marmodoro, Everything In Everything, History Of Metaphysics, Varzi

Eubulides and his paradoxes

Who was the greatest paradoxer in Ancient Western Philosophy? If one were to ask this question of a person who knows something of the history of logic and philosophy, they would probably say Zeno of Elea (c. 490-460 BCE). (If one were to ask the same question about Ancient Eastern Philosophy, the person might well say Hui Shi (c. 370-310 BCE). However, my story here is about the Western side of the Euphrates.) According to Plato in the Parmenides, Zeno wrote a book in defence of Parmenides, cont...
Tags: Books, Featured, Philosophy, Plato, Zeno, Wikimedia Commons, Quine, Arts & Humanities, Very Short Introductions, Anselm Feuerbach, Diogenes Laertius, Paradoxes, Parmenides, Liar paradox, Graham Priest, Eublides

Sample IELTS essays

Article from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy which discusses the various divisions of Parmenides' poem On Nature.
Tags: Beauty, Parmenides

Velia: Guide to the Greek and Roman Excavations

Velia is the site of a city founded in 540 BC by the Greeks fleeing the Persian invasion of Ionia. It lies on a promontory overlooking the Tyrrhenian Sea in the Cilento territory of Campania near the modern town of Ascea. Along with the better-known sites of Paestum, the Certosa of Padula, the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, Velia is the part of this UNESCO World Heritage group you probably haven’t hear of. After researching the site, I was prepared to be disappointed. There did...
Tags: Travel, Italy, Unesco World Heritage, Campania, Acropolis, Ionia, Tyrrhenian Sea, Paestum, Cilento, Parmenides, Vallo

Why bad ideas refuse to die | Steven Poole

They may have been disproved by science or dismissed as ridiculous, but some beliefs, such as that the Earth is flat, endure. In theory they should wither away – but it’s not that simpleIn January 2016, the rapper BoB took to Twitter to tell his fans that the Earth is really flat. “A lot of people are turned off by the phrase ‘flat earth’,” he acknowledged, “but there’s no way u can see all the evidence and not know … grow up.” At length the astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson joined in the conve...
Tags: Science, Greece, Cyprus, Earth, Egypt, Neil Degrasse Tyson, Bob, Science and scepticism, Columbus, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Steven Poole, Parmenides

The View from Somewhere

When we ask for someone's point of view on a topic or subject, what we mean is the opinion or feelings they have from their experience or situation. Point of view is the angle of considering things.  The philosophical aspect of point of view is perspective. In their work, Heraclitus and Parmenides discussed the relation between “appearance” and reality —as in what is appearance, what is reality, and the relationships between the two. In literature, point of view is the mode of narration that...
Tags: Business, Hollywood, Tim Burton, Marketing, Disney, Creativity, Culture, Jane Austen, Jeffrey Katzenberg, Pixar, Toy Story, Ernest Hemingway, Pete Docter, Woody, Boulevard, Nathaniel Hawthorne

Western Philosophy - The Beginnings of Rationalistic Thinking

The word philosophy comes from two Greek roots meaning “the love of wisdom.” Thus philosophers are (supposed to be) lovers of wisdom. In the western world, philosophy traces its beginnings to the ancient Ionian city of Miletus, the richest city in the ancient Greek world. There, on the eastern edge of the Mediterranean in the sixth century B.C.E., the Greeks began to systematically apply human reason to questions concerning nature and human life without reference to the supernatural.The first Gr...
Tags: Greece, Middle East, Catholic Church, Carl Sagan, Newton, Mediterranean, Alexandria, Zeno, Cyril, Achilles, Heron, Heraclitus, Hypatia, Thales, Miletus, Ptolemy