Posts filtered by tags: Royal Society Open Science[x]


 

Brain Scans Of Actors Find Different Neural Functioning When They’re In Character

“Writing in the journal Royal Society Open Science, [Canadian researchers] report how 15 method actors, mainly theatre students, were trained to take on a Shakespeare role – either Romeo or Juliet – in a theatre workshop, and were asked various questions, to which they responded in character. They were then invited into the laboratory, where their brains were scanned in a series of experiments.” – The Guardian
Tags: Art, Theatre, Romeo, Royal Society Open Science, 03.13.19


Future Humans May Call Us the 'Chicken People,' and Here's Why

If today's humans ever get a similar moniker, we might be known as the Chicken People. Domesticated chickens, it turns out, could be a signpost for future archaeologists that screams, "Humans were here!" The total weight of the species Gallus gallus domesticus not only exceeds the weight of all wild birds combined, domesticated chickens also carry distinctive signs of industrialized farming in their very bones. "They're an example, really, of how we've changed the biosphere to suit our needs a...
Tags: Science, Royal Society Open Science, Gallus, Carys Bennett, Chicken People, Chicken People Domesticated


Age of the chicken: why the Anthropocene will be geologically egg-ceptional

The age of man will not be defined by space flight, medical innovation or the rise of the internet but instead by the humble chicken, according to scientists. Broiler chickens are now so ubiquitous on the planet that their bones will be written into the fossil record as a delineating species marking out the Anthropocene - the proposed new period in which humans started to have a lasting impact on the planet dating from around the 1950s. Previous epochs, such as the Pleistocene, Jurassic or Devon...
Tags: Science, US, Earth, Bennett, Royal Society Open Science, University of Leicester Writing, Carys Bennett


Farmers should 'smile' at their livestock to produce better meat

Farmers should try to look happy around their livestock to make sure the meat tastes better after slaughter, a new study suggests. Research into goats has revealed for the first time than non-domesticated farmyard animals can recognise human emotions and respond accordingly. A team at Queen Mary University of London used black and white pictures of humans showing them with either a happy of said face, noticing greater interaction among the goats after they had seen the happy faces. While the abi...
Tags: Science, Dogs, Farmers, Kent, Royal Society Open Science, Queen Mary University of London, Alan McElligott


Kid you not: Goats can read your face

Shown two pictures of the same person -- one with a happy expression and the other angry -- 20 domesticated goats in an experiment were more likely to approach the smiling image and touch it with their snout, said researchers from Europe and Brazil. "Goats looked and interacted on average 1.4 seconds with the happy faces and 0.9 seconds with the angry faces," study co-author Christian Nawroth of the Queen Mary University of London told AFP. The study, published in the journal Royal Society Ope...
Tags: Europe, Science, Brazil, Afp, Royal Society Open Science, Queen Mary University of London, Christian Nawroth


Polish, US researchers find tuberculosis in prehistoric reptile

Polish researchers on Wednesday announced that they had discovered traces of tuberculosis on a 245-million-year-old skeleton of a prehistoric marine reptile. Until now, "the oldest known traces of tuberculosis went back 17,000 years," Dawid Surmik, paleontologist and principal author of the study that appeared in the journal Royal Society Open Science, told AFP. The skeleton of the prehistoric reptile, which looked like a small crocodile, was discovered in the southern Polish town of Gogolin a...
Tags: Science, US, Afp, Royal Society Open Science, Dawid Surmik, Gogolin


Chimp Beds Are Way Less Filthy Than Human Beds

In a twist that rivals cinema’s best, a new study published Tuesday in Royal Society Open Science suggests a horrible truth: We’ve been the damn dirty apes all along. It found that beds made by one of our closest primate relatives, chimpanzees, contain little personal filth, meaning germs and parasites from their own…Read more...
Tags: Science, Sleep, Bacteria, Poop, Apes, Chimpanzees, Chimps, Royal Society Open Science, Hygiene Hypothesis


Study Of Pop Music Finds Rise In Sadness

A study of hundreds of thousands of popular songs over the past three decades has found a downward sonic trend in happiness and an increase in sadness, as the chirpy band Wham! gave way to the moody Sam Smith. For the report in the journal Royal Society Open Science, researchers at the University of California … More »
Tags: Music, News, Sam Smith, University Of California, Royal Society Open Science


Scott Pruitt’s science legacy

While Scott Pruitt’s tenure as EPA administrator is uncertain, no matter what is ultimately resolved, he will leave a giant legacy with regard to EPA science. Pruitt has introduced three major new guidelines. The first, from last October, is to rid the Agency’s Science Advisory Boards of conflicts of interest.  The second, from last month, is — when basing regulations on science — to use only science that allows access to its underlying data and methods. The third, and most recent, is to use onl...
Tags: Opinion, Sport, Harvard, Soccer, Epa, University Of Arizona, University Of Virginia, Scott Pruitt, National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation, Cato Institute, Royal Society Open Science, Pruitt, Eric Holthaus, National Association of Manufacturers, Brian Nosek


Sheep Trained To Identify Celebrity Faces Display Primate-Like Intelligence

Sheep have been notoriously associated with the "herd mentality" insult. In fact, the Miriam-Webster dictionary, included into its list of recognized words this April, the word "sheeple," — which is a derogatory term directed at "people who are docile, compliant, or easily influenced," or just plain simple-minded. But a major study published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, has now debunked the stupidity that we have come to associate with sheep.
Tags: News, Royal Society Open Science


It's Official: Scientific Studies Say Lack of Beauty Sleep Makes You Unattractive

You already know that a good night's sleep and weight loss have a strong correlation, but now studies officially show that there's a connection between shuteye and perceived attractiveness. That's right: beauty sleep is real. In a scientific study published by Royal Society Open Science journal and funded by Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, researchers photographed 25 participants after days of both restricted and normal sleep. Then, they asked 65 women to rate the study's partic...
Tags: Beauty, Royal Society Open Science, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm University, Beauty News


Ancient Mammoth Hunters Make This Country’s Men The Tallest In The World

Men in one European country are taller than anywhere else because their ancestors hunted mammoths. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, a certain gene passed from fathers to sons can be found in about 70 percent of the people there. That same gene has roots in ancient people called Gravettians who walked the Earth more than 20,000 years ago. A study in the journal Royal Society Open Science says the DNA helps to explain why the modern men have such a large stature.
Tags: News, Earth, World, Bosnia, Royal Society Open Science, Herzegovina


Hawaiian pigs aggressive and spreading everywhere.

Everybody’s got a pig story. Unless you live in a highrise or a yacht harbor, chances are you’ve come across some of the feral pigs that are increasing their range throughout the Islands, even moving into urban areas. (Image: Feral pig with native ferns. Credit Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.) People in the Hawai`i suburbs are waking to find their lawns chewed up. Gardens are at constant risk. Pastures are torn brown by hogs looking for worms and grubs. In the forests, pigs cre...
Tags: Travel, Texas, Virginia, Americas, Conservation, Hawaii, Oxford, Agriculture, Volcanoes, Zoology, Botany, Gardens, Islands, Royal Society Open Science, Tahiti, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park People


Do Babies Understand Their Native Language? New Study Shows Babies Will Remember Birth Language Even If They 'Forget' As Adults

A recent study published in the Royal Society Open Science shows that babies can retain languages spoken to them in the first few months of life even if they move elsewhere and "forget" the language. Babies will always have some sort of familiarity with the language as long as that language was heard in its early life, researchers concluded. Dr. Jiyoun Choi and colleagues at Hanyang University in Seoul conducted the research by testing Dutch-speaking adults, who were adopted from South Korea.
Tags: News, Seoul, Royal Society Open Science, Hanyang University


Human interactions with dolphins proving to be dangerous to the marine animals

(Phys.org)—A team of researchers with members from institutions in Australia, the U.S. and the U.K. has found evidence that suggests increased dolphin familiarity with humans has led to an increase in injury and death to the marine mammals. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the team describes their study and why they believe current trends could lead to a drop in the dolphin population along the Florida coast. In a related paper in the same journal, a team of re...
Tags: Florida, Science, Australia, Plants & Animals, Royal Society Open Science


Deer study shows bigger brains in females lead to longer lives and more offspring

(Phys.org)—A team of researchers working on the Scottish Isle of Rum has found evidence of larger brains in female red deer conferring longer lifespans and more offspring raised to adulthood. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the researchers describe their study and what they found.
Tags: Science, Plants & Animals, Royal Society Open Science


Production and shedding of tissues in sponges found to be slower than believed

(Phys.org)—A pair of researchers with the University of Alberta in Canada has found that shedding and production of new tissue in sponges is much more complicated and slower than has been thought. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the researchers describe their multi-year study of sponges, what they found and what their findings might mean for future ocean management.
Tags: Science, Canada, Plants & Animals, University Of Alberta, Royal Society Open Science


Huddled mice could change the way we think about evolution

Adapt or die. That's the reality for an animal species when it is faced with a harsh environment. Until now, many scientists have assumed that the more challenging an animal's environment, the greater the pressure to adapt and the faster its genes evolve. But we have just published new research in Royal Society Open Science that shows that genes might actually evolve faster when the pressure to adapt is reduced.
Tags: Science, Evolution, Royal Society Open Science


DNA analysis of ancient teeth shows dogs gained ability to digest starches at the same time as humans

(Phys.org)—A team of researchers from France, Sweden and Romania has found genetic evidence that indicates that domesticated dogs developed an ability to digest starch during the same time period as humans. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the team describes how they conducted a DNA analysis of ancient dog teeth and other bones and what they found by doing so.
Tags: Science, Romania, Plants & Animals, Royal Society Open Science, France Sweden


Humans eating wild mammals into extinction: study

More than 300 wild mammal species in Asia, Africa and Latin America are being driven to extinction by humanity's voracious appetite for bushmeat, according to a world-first assessment released Wednesday. The findings, published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, are evidence of a "global crisis" for warm-blooded land animals, 15 top conservation scientists concluded. "Terrestrial mammals are experiencing a massive collapse in their population sizes and geographical ranges around the ...
Tags: News, Latin America, Royal Society Open Science, Asia Africa


5,000 Years Ago, White People Ate Rodents

According to a new study published in the journal Royal Society Open Science on Tuesday, 5,000 years ago people in Europe likely ate rodents as snacks. Ew!Read more...
Tags: Food, Europe, Science, Rats, Royal Society Open Science


5,000 Years Ago, Europeans Ate Rodents

According to a new study published in the journal Royal Society Open Science on Tuesday, 5,000 years ago people in Europe likely ate rodents as snacks. Ew!Read more...
Tags: Food, Europe, Science, Rats, Royal Society Open Science


Dwarf lemur found able to sleep during hibernation

(Phys.org)—A team of researchers affiliated with Duke University and Hamburg University has found that a species of dwarf lemur sometimes actually goes to sleep while it is hibernating. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the team describes their study involving measuring bodily conditions of the lemurs, two close cousins, and comparing the results with other non-primates.
Tags: Science, Plants & Animals, Royal Society Open Science, Duke University


Piltdown breakdown: new details about a famed scientific hoax

By Will Dunham WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Researchers applying modern forensic techniques to a century-old puzzle have laid bare intriguing new details about one of the most notorious scientific hoaxes on record, the so-called Piltdown Man, and are confident in the culprit's identity. The phony fossil remains of a "missing link" between apes and humans, planted in gravel near the English village of Piltdown, were concocted using the jawbone and teeth from a single orangutan, two or three sets of...
Tags: Science, Washington, Will Dunham, Royal Society Open Science, Dawson, Reuters Researchers


Smarter than the average bird?

Have humans underestimated the intelligence of birds? A new study suggests one species of bird - the great-tailed grackle - may be able to learn to adapt its behaviour when faced by new challenges. The research, published in the Royal Society Open Science journal today, is the first to test the cognitive abilities of great-tailed grackles which are native to the Americas. In Colombia, the great-tailed grackle is the official bird of Cartagena de Indias and many Colombian monuments and arti...
Tags: Colombia, North, University of Cambridge, Costa Rica, Central America, Santa Barbara, Aesop, Logan, Creative Commons Attribution, University of California Santa Barbara, Royal Society Open Science, Corina, Cartagena de Indias, Gates Cambridge


Study exposes possible reason for 'drop out' fish in aquaculture salmon farms

(Phys.org)—A team of researchers from Norway, Denmark and the Netherlands has found evidence that might explain "drop out" fish in salmon and other fish farms. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the team describes their studies of salmon brain chemistry of specimens taken from fish farms and what their findings might mean for improving fishery results.
Tags: Netherlands, Ecology, Royal Society Open Science, Norway Denmark


Women are twice as likely to yawn, study finds

Researchers say the finding can be explained by the fact that women are the more empathetic sex [Author: Lexi Finnigan]
Tags: Lexi Finnigan, Royal Society Open Science, Yawn


150 Friends on Facebook? You're Close to Only 4

Social media may make managing friendships logistically easier, but perhaps unsurprisingly, Facebook and the like aren't actually helping you grow your circle of true friends. So reports evolutionary psychologist Robin Dunbar this month in the journal Royal Society Open Science, after analyzing research conducted in April and May of 2015 involving 3,375 people ages 18 to 65. While women typically have larger social circles than men, the average number of Facebook friends among this sample was 15...
Tags: Facebook, Robin Dunbar, Royal Society Open Science


Facebook should have 'acquaintance' category: study

People cannot have 1,000 real friends on Facebook. Limitations on brain capacity and free time meant that humans can nurture no more than about 150 true friendships on social media, just as in real life, said a paper in the journal Royal Society Open Science. The rest are acquaintances, or people recognised on sight.
Tags: Facebook Limitations, Royal Society Open Science