Posts filtered by tags: Wittgenstein[x]


Can you step in the same river twice? Wittgenstein vs. Heraclitus

'I am not a religious man,' the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein once said to a friend, 'but I cannot help seeing every problem from a religious point of view.' These problems that he claims to see from a religious point of view tend to be technical matters of logic and language. Wittgenstein trained as an engineer before he turned to philosophy, and he draws on mundane metaphors of gears, levers and machinery. Where you find the word 'transcendent' in Wittgenstein's writings, you'll likely find ...
Tags: Psychology, Religion, Innovation, Philosophy, Mind, Debate, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Heraclitus, Wittgenstein, Meister Eckhart, Ancient World, Parmenides, David EganThis

An Animated Introduction to Baruch Spinoza: The “Philosopher’s Philosopher” The so-called Enlightenment period encompasses a surprisingly diverse collection of thinkers, if not always in ethnic or national origin, at least in intellectual disposition, including perhaps the age’s most influential philosopher, the “philosopher’s philosopher,” writes Assad Meymandi. Baruch Spinoza did not fit the image of the bewigged philosopher-gentleman of means we tend to popularly associate with Enlightenment thought. He was born to ...
Tags: Google, College, Judaism, Philosophy, Alain De Botton, Facebook Twitter, Loyola, Voltaire, Josh Jones, Sagan, Nietzsche, Baruch Spinoza, Leibniz, Descartes, Al Farabi, Spinoza

Claire Messud On Observing The Heady Mixture Of Life, But Only Observing, As A Writer

Messud: “In some ways, to be a writer is to stand at the side, to be the observer, to be liminal. Wittgenstein said that all philosophy is neurosis. If you’re not neurotic then you don’t even have to write anything down, you’re just busy living.” – The Guardian (UK)
Tags: Art, Words, Claire Messud, Messud, Wittgenstein, 11.07.20

How Wittgenstein and Other Thinkers Dealt With a Decade of Crisis

Wolfram Eilenberger’s “Time of the Magicians” elegantly traces the life and work of four figures who transformed philosophy in the 1920s.
Tags: News, Wittgenstein, Wolfram Eilenberger

How G. E. M. Anscombe revolutionised 20th-century western philosophy

Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe (b. 1919-d. 2001) was an important figure and gave significant contributions to the field of analytic philosophy, philosophy of mind, and moral and religious philosophy. Born in Limerick in March 1919 to Allen Anscombe and Gertrude Anscombe (nee Thomas), the family returned to England when her father returned from the British Army to teach as a schoolmaster. With an impressive academic career, Anscombe attended St. Hugh’s College at the University of Oxford, ...
Tags: Books, England, Featured, Oxford, British Army, Cambridge, Philosophy, University of Oxford, Cambridge University, Limerick, Nagasaki, Aristotle, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Truman, Anscombe, Thomas Aquinas

The remarkable life of philosopher Frank Ramsey

Frank Ramsey, the great Cambridge philosopher, economist, and mathematician, was a superstar in all three disciplines, despite dying at the age of 26 in 1930. One way to glimpse the sheer genius of this extraordinary young man is by looking at some of the things that bear his name. My favourite was coined by Donald Davidson: the Ramsey Effect is the phenomenon of discovering that your exciting and apparently original philosophical discovery has been already presented, and presented more elegantl...
Tags: Books, Cambridge, Oxford University, Canterbury, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Ramsey, John Maynard Keynes, Richards, Wittgenstein, Donald Davidson, Frank Ramsey, Frances Marshall, Economic Journal, Frank Ramsey Ramsey, Ramsey Cass Koopmans, Keynes Ramsey

The First Real Museum of Philosophy Prepares to Launch: See the Museo della Filosofia in Milan

You've almost certainly been to more art museums than you can remember, and more than likely to a few museums of natural history, science, and technology as well. But think hard: have you ever set foot inside a museum of philosophy? Not just an exhibition dealing with philosophers or philosophical concepts, but a single institution dedicated wholly to putting the practice of philosophy itself on display. Your answer can approach a yes only if you spent time in Milan last November, and mo...
Tags: Google, Facebook, Milan, College, Museums, Philosophy, Seoul, Aristotle, Facebook Twitter, Plato, University of Milan, Wittgenstein, Colin Marshall, 21st Century Los Angeles, School of Athens, First Real Museum of Philosophy Prepares

A Flowchart of Philosophical Novels: Reading Recommendations from Haruki Murakami to Don DeLillo

Do you want to read a philosophical novel? Sure, we all do. But the question of exactly what kind of philosophical novel you want to read, let alone which individual book, isn't quite so easily answered. But now a professional has come to the rescue: "Ben Roth, a philosopher who teaches in the Harvard College Writing Program, has put together a kind of ," reports Daily Nous' Justin Weinberg. "With categories like 'about a philosopher,' 'by a Ph.D.,' 'horror,' 'the complications of history,' an...
Tags: Google, College, Edgar Allan Poe, Literature, Philosophy, Donna Tartt, Anthony Burgess, Don DeLillo, Haruki Murakami, Seoul, Orwell, Virginia Woolf, Milan Kundera, David Foster Wallace, Jorge Luis Borges, Facebook Twitter

In A Novel About New Music, Do Re Mi Meets DNA

It’s no wonder that some composers of new music feel neglected. Not only do they have trouble finding an audience for their music, but they, unlike writers and detectives, are rarely portrayed in novels. One notable exception is the 2014 novel Orfeo, by Richard Powers, whose protagonist is a contemporary composer who inadvertently demonstrates how avant-garde music can reach “hundreds of thousands of listeners.” Just set up a home laboratory to insert musical patterns into the genome of a common...
Tags: Religion, America, Analysis, Steve Reich, Homeland Security, Darmstadt, Alex Ross, University Of Illinois, John Cage, Reich, Melville, Davenport, Olivier Messiaen, Mahler, Mann, Faust

Google Translate Is Actually Wittgenstein In Action

“Google employees have previously acknowledged that Wittgenstein’s theories gave them a breakthrough in making their translation services more effective, but somehow, this key connection between philosophy of language and artificial intelligence has long gone under-celebrated and overlooked.” Here’s an explanation. – Quartz
Tags: Google, Art, Words, Wittgenstein, 02.13.19

Lindsay Stern's Playlist for Her Novel "The Study of Animal Languages"

In the Book Notes series, authors create and discuss a music playlist that relates in some way to their recently published book. Previous contributors include Jesmyn Ward, Lauren Groff, Bret Easton Ellis, Celeste Ng, T.C. Boyle, Dana Spiotta, Amy Bloom, Aimee Bender, Heidi Julavits, Hari Kunzru, and many others. Lindsay Stern's novel The Study of Animal Languages is an exceptionally funny and thought-provoking debut. Publishers Weekly wrote of the book: "Thought-provoking…A taut, brainy t...
Tags: Europe, Music, Andrew Bird, David, Iowa, Paris, Cambodia, States, Belle, Leonard Cohen, Central Park, Vega, Phnom Penh, Frank, Kirkus, Publishers Weekly

Link About It: This Week’s Picks

Endangered insects, ending robocalls, women who pioneered auto design and more Efforts Underway to Stop Robocalls With estimated robocalls at 167.3 million per day in the US, many Americans simply ignore unknown numbers or “Scam Likely” calls. This doesn’t assuage the anxiety of missing something important or the sense of violation. Two programs—STIR (Secure Telephone Identity Revisited) and SHAKEN (Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs)—aim …
Tags: Auto, Design, Animals, Environment, Cars, US, Tech, Nature, Insects, Google Translate, Linkaboutit, Link About It, Wittgenstein, Automotive Design, Language Theory

Google Translate Employs Decades-Old Language Theory

Google Translate uses complex neural and numeric systems to find equivalencies in speech and text across languages. The tool is seemingly simple—at least for users. But on the backend, developers worked tirelessly to get the application to where it is now. One fascinating breakthrough came when Google employees applied Wittgenstein’s language theory: a posthumously published theory that words hold no supreme meaning and that meaning …
Tags: Google, Design, Tech, Language, Linguistics, Philosophy, Ai, Google Translate, Wittgenstein, Language Theory

"If you could speak to animals, which animals would you want to talk to?"/"Deep-sea fish."

From "The Stylist Embracing Messy Hair/Meet Dylan Chavles." Just a New York Magazine set of questions for a person, this one happening to be a hair stylist who stole the idea that I had when I was 10. I became famous in my own fantasy as the designer of The Mess-Up, the brilliant new approach to hairstyling done by messing it up.And I'm also pretty sure that deep sea fish have nothing interesting to say. You know, they're under a lot of pressure, but they don't even notice.ADDED: There's always ...
Tags: Law, New York Magazine, Hairstyles, Wittgenstein, Ann Althouse, Young Althouse, Animals Are Jerks

The Stone: Knowledge, Ignorance and Climate Change

Philosophers have been talking about skepticism for a long time. Some of those insights can shed light on our public discourse regarding climate change.
Tags: News, Global Warming, Philosophy, Trump, Socrates, Rene, Ludwig, Descartes, Wittgenstein, Donald J

Trumpy Bear: 22-inch toy with US flag stuffed inside

Trumpy Bear [Amazon] is a thing this holiday season: an incredibly expensive teddy bear with a blond wig stapled on and a flag stuffed into a "hidden zipper". Wittgenstein's advice is recommended: "What we cannot speak about we must pass over in silence." [via Snopes]
Tags: Video, News, US, Hell, Gifts, Mistakes, Trump, Wittgenstein, Trumpy Bear

The Stone: Wittgenstein’s Confession

Like Socrates, he knew that being honest with oneself is the most philosophical act of all.
Tags: News, Philosophy, Confessions, Socrates, Ludwig, Wittgenstein

Thought for the day, Sept. 16, 2018

Ludwig Wittgenstein (Photo by Ben Richards, 1947/public domain) Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian-British philosopher “Raisins may be the best part of a cake; but a bag of raisins is not better than a cake, and someone who is in a position to give us a bag full of raisins still cannot bake a cake with them, let alone do something better. I am thinking of Karl Kraus (an Austrian journalist and writer) and his aphorisms, but of myself too and my philosophical remarks. A cake is not as it were: ...
Tags: Sport, Soccer, Local News, Ludwig Wittgenstein, San Fernando Valley, Ben Richards, Wittgenstein, Thought For The Day, Karl Kraus

Let's explore ADHD with owls.

David Sedaris has a book title, "Let's Explore Diabetes with Owls." The book has nothing to do with diabetes, but there is a chapter titled "Understanding Understanding Owls," which is about a book called "Understanding Owls," which he owns because his partner Hugh (a painter) needed reference photographs of owls. Sedaris and Hugh found the book title so funny that they had a routine, something like...“You know,” I’ll say. “There’s something about nocturnal birds of prey that I just don’t get. I...
Tags: Eyes, Law, Brain, Birds, Bob Dylan, Npr, Bad Science, Baltimore, Gloves, Johns Hopkins, Paying Attention, Jones, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Dylan, David Sedaris, Hugh

Billy Goats, Trademark Twins, and the Descriptive Limits of Language

I’ve been thinking about the nature of language lately, ever since I listened to a podcast about various philosophers who devoted their study to language. For example, Ludwig Wittgenstein, one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century, is famous for his work on the logic of language. A fundamental premise to his philosophy is that “the limits of my language mean the limits of my world.” In other words, language, although purposed on painting a picture of reality, is fundament...
Tags: Apple, Food, Advertising, Articles, Infringement, Industry, Chicago, Fox, Language, Words, Chips, St Louis, Twins, Trademark, Chicago Cubs, Branding

"How much apes really do resemble us in their emotional range and mental capacity will probably remain a mystery for longer than many of us will live."

"But when it comes to Koko, that may not really matter. Our response to a creature at once so like us and so different was to seek out the similarities — to experience empathy and to trust that Koko experienced it, too. It didn’t matter that she didn’t speak English the way we did, or even that she wasn’t human the way we were. What mattered was that somewhere in Koko’s eyes, we saw ourselves."From "How Koko the gorilla spoke to us" (WaPo). Koko died this week, at the age of 46.Here's something ...
Tags: Law, America, Language, Donald Trump, Apes, Nipples, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Koko, Mardi Gras, Wittgenstein, Ann Althouse, WaPo Koko

Thomas Kuhn and the T. S. Kuhn Archives at MIT

After I completed a book on Thomas Kuhn, the author of Structure of Scientific Revolutions, I thought I knew a lot about him. In my book, I argue that Kuhn’s recent, less frequently read work is key to understanding his views. Then I began to look in detail at Kuhn’s past and the influence his early work had in fields other than philosophy of science. I came across an intriguing and unexpected remark by Thomas Walker, a political scientist, in Perspectives on Politics. Walker reports that “while...
Tags: Books, Featured, Mit, Harvard, Cambridge, Philosophy, Archives, Princeton, Frank, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Massachusetts Institute Of Technology, Walker, Popper, Kuhn, CC BY SA, Thomas Kuhn

Hear a 19-Hour Playlist of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Favorite Music: Schubert, Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, and… Yvette Guilbert

Among his many varied interests—which, in addition to philosophy, included aeronautical engineering and architecture—Ludwig Wittgenstein was also a great lover of music. Given his well-deserved reputation for intellectual austerity, we might assume his musical tastes would tend toward minimalist composers of the early 20th century like fellow Austrian Arnold Schoenberg. The “orderly serialism,” of Schoenberg’s atonal music “does seem an obvious complement to Wittgenstein’s philosophy,” w...
Tags: Google, Music, Labor, College, Philosophy, Ludwig Wittgenstein, PAUL, Facebook Twitter, Wagner, Mahler, Haydn, Brahms, Georges Bizet, Josh Jones, Mendelssohn, Schoenberg

Hear a 19-Hour Playlist of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Favorite Music: Schubert, Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, and… Yvette Guibert

Among his many varied interests—which, in addition to philosophy, included aeronautical engineering and architecture—Ludwig Wittgenstein was also a great lover of music. Given his well-deserved reputation for intellectual austerity, we might assume his musical tastes would tend toward minimalist composers of the early 20th century like fellow Austrian Arnold Schoenberg. The “orderly serialism,” of Schoenberg’s atonal music “does seem an obvious complement to Wittgenstein’s philosophy,” w...
Tags: Google, Music, Labor, College, Philosophy, Ludwig Wittgenstein, PAUL, Facebook Twitter, Wagner, Mahler, Haydn, Brahms, Georges Bizet, Josh Jones, Mendelssohn, Schoenberg

On our craving for generality

Ludwig Wittgenstein, in his Blue Book, chastised philosophers for what he called “our craving for generality.” Philosophers (including the earlier Wittgenstein of the Tractatus) certainly have exhibited this craving, and despite his admonishment, we continue to do so. Philosophers seek general accounts of the nature of propositions, properties, virtues, mental states–you name it. Wittgenstein portrays the craving for generality as a kind of philosophical sin, but it is not that. First, it is har...
Tags: Books, Featured, Philosophy, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Hume, Mendel, Wittgenstein, Arts & Humanities, Blue Book, Craving For Generality, Humean puzzle, Logical Empiricism, Philosophical Sin, Principle Of Induction, Stuart Glennan, The New Mechanical Philosophy

Ask Dr. Time: Orality and Literacy from Homer to Twitter

Dr. Time is a nickname some friends gave me within the last couple of years. Its origin is silly, as nicknames’ often are: “Tim” autocorrects to “Time,” so hasty typing in a private Slack turns into a pseudo-persona. I also like that it’s a slant rhyme on Doctor Doom, my favorite supervillain. And in case you haven’t noticed, I have a pretty strong interest in time. When Jason and I started talking about different ways we could collaborate on the site, the wildest was his suggestion that I wr...
Tags: Time, Siri, Watson, Oscar Wilde, Jason, Alexa, Balkans, Wilson, Yugoslavia, Tim, Plato, Ong, Homer, Kottke, Marshall McLuhan, Parry

2018 Jeep Wrangler First Drive – Finally Modern, Still Not Soft

It’s always risky trying to soften up an object that’s known for being badass in order to better please the larger market. After all, who wants to see a movie in which Danny Trejo and Norman Reedus debate Wittgenstein over a game of backgammon while sipping on tea? That’s the challenge Jeep faced with the […] The post 2018 Jeep Wrangler First Drive – Finally Modern, Still Not Soft appeared first on The Truth About Cars.
Tags: Norman Reedus, Autos, Car Reviews, Jeep, Jeep Wrangler, Danny Trejo, Wittgenstein, Wrangler, 2018 Jeep Wrangler, Jeep Wrangler JL

The plot thins

In The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie by Muriel Spark, the heroine teaches in Edinburgh in the 1930s. She has a special set of favourites amongst her pupils, loves one-armed Roman Catholic art teacher and WW1 veteran Teddy Lloyd, and sympathises with Mussolini. A member of her set, Sandy, eventually sleeps with Lloyd and then becomes a nun, writing a book called The Transfiguration of the Commonplace.    What else is true in this novel? Is Venezuela the world’s leading oil exporter? Is the Indian ...
Tags: Art, Books, Featured, Scotland, Fiction, Literature, Jane Austen, Philosophy, Venezuela, Edinburgh, Catholic, Sherlock Holmes, Arthur Conan Doyle, Charlotte Brontë, Muriel Spark, Hitler

Information Over Insight? Is That what We’ve Become?

“Wittgenstein was hostile to modern philosophy as he found it. He thought it the product of a culture that had come to model everything that matters about our lives on scientific explanation. In its ever-extending observance of the idea that knowledge, not wisdom, is our goal, that what matters is information rather than insight, and […]
Tags: Art, Ideas, Wittgenstein, 10.10.17

One hand, one finger, one change

Once upon a time in Austria there was a young concert pianist, a man who had a father who did not believe that art in any form was suitable as a way to make a living. Unfortunately, that father lost three of his five sons to suicide because they did not want to follow in his footsteps. Of the two remaining, one chose to follow philosophy as a career. The last son became a concert pianist, well known but with no clue that he would become not only famous but an innovator one day. Fast forward to t...
Tags: Steve Jobs, China, Germany, Religion, Austria, United States, Shanghai, Jesus, Las Vegas, Lithuania, Jericho, Parkinson, Episcopal Church, Desmond Tutu, Caesar, Ravel